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Nancy Iversen, RN, BSN, CIC

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1 Harnessing Positive Deviance to Reduce MRSA Infections at the Billings Clinic
Nancy Iversen, RN, BSN, CIC Director, Patient Safety & Infection Control Billings Clinic

2 Not-for-profit, community owned and governed
Integrated Delivery System 3400 employees 230+ employed physicians representing 35 specialty departments 272-bed hospital, 90-bed nursing home 7 regional branch clinic locations Multi-state management affiliations and support services

3 3

4 Incidence Rate = # cases / patient days x 1,000
Our Experience: MRSA Incidence Rates Incidence Rate = # cases / patient days x 1,000

5 Sending a rocket to the moon
Positive Deviance - MRSA Chaotic Waiting out a storm Far from Complex Raising a teenager Agreement Among Participants Complicated Sending a rocket to the moon Lean - Six Sigma Simple Close to Following a recipe Close to Certainty Clear Evidence Far from 5

6 What is Positive Deviance?
An approach used to solve problems requiring social and behavioral change Achieves sustainable results by changing cultural norms

7 Positive Deviance (PD) Key Principles
Community Ownership Self-Discovery The people are “the experts” Immediacy of action Emphasis on practice On-going measurement reinforcing change

8 Key Interventions ~ The “Science” Bundle
Hand hygiene Decontamination of the environment and equipment Contact precautions for infected and colonized patients Active surveillance cultures (ASCs)

9 Measurements Prevalence Study
Active Surveillance – nares culture on admission, discharge, transfer or death MRSA Infections Adherence to hand hygiene and contact isolation

10 The “Cultural” Bundle Make the invisible, visible
~ chocolate pudding to simulate contamination ~ Reinforce with Feedback Solutions that are co-created and owned ~ ownership vs. buy-in ~ discovery & action dialogues ~ Act your way to a new way of thinking ~ create experiences that allow self-discovery ~

11 Theatre In the Round A diverse audience, from many units
across the clinic, assembles in the conference room… now an inpatient medical room. For the next 60 minutes, no one knows what to expect.

12 Gown Use June 2003 – December 2008

13 The Power of “Improv” Experiential Allows self-discovery
Creating sustainable behavior change Enjoyable and highly effective learning experience

14 Questions ?

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