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Sunday, February 9 th Please sit compactly toward the front since we’ll take a group picture before we start the meeting. don’t leave seats empty…get to.

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Presentation on theme: "Sunday, February 9 th Please sit compactly toward the front since we’ll take a group picture before we start the meeting. don’t leave seats empty…get to."— Presentation transcript:

1 Sunday, February 9 th Please sit compactly toward the front since we’ll take a group picture before we start the meeting. don’t leave seats empty…get to know your fellow brigaders ;-)

2 ARCHITECTURE.BUSINESS.ENVIRONMENTAL.HUMAN RIGHTS.MEDICAL.MICROFINANCE.PUBLIC HEALTH.WATER Sunday, February 9 th, 2014

3 Health Topic: Contagious Diseases and the Vaccine “Controversy” Presented by: Emily Qin

4 Measles Highly contagious—90% transmission In developed countries, 0.1% fatality Up to 28% fatality in underdeveloped countries

5 Measles Vaccine licensed 1963 MMR combination introduced 1971 >99% immunity after two doses Side effects: fever and pain at the injection site Life threatening in, at most, 1 in 1 million cases ~Actual number probably closer to 1 in 10 million

6 Measles Elimination 1978: CDC vowed to eliminate measles by : endemic measles eliminated from U.S. Today, 5 out of 6 WHO regions have set goals to eliminate measles

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8 Record number of U.S. Measles Outbreaks in 2013 January 1–August 24, 2013: 159 cases reported to CDC

9 Hospital Pneumonia

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12 Herd Immunity If enough people in an area are vaccinated (>90%), diseases won’t be able to spread! Protects the most vulnerable: Too young Vaccine doesn’t work Get your flu shots!

13 Measles was eliminated in the U.S., but people aren’t getting vaccines anymore and children are getting sick. Why? How can we help? Summary so far…

14 Who isn’t being vaccinated? Children from upper-class families. Certain churches and other close-knit communities In Malibu, one public elementary school has a 58% vaccination rate. Eagle Mountain Church in Texas: Outbreak with 21 cases

15 Obstacle: Parents want to protect their children. Few Americans contract preventable diseases. Consequence (why is this a problem?) Parents hate taking risks they deem unnecessary. The risk of diseases like measles is no longer apparent. Solution Put the risks in perspective. 1 in 1,000,000 is tiny! Average risk of dying in a car accident is 1-2% and it’s the leading cause of death for children 2-14.

16 Obstacle: Backfire effect: people react to disconfirming evidence by strengthening their beliefs Consequence Telling a parent they are wrong will alienate them. Solution: Provide a slow accumulation of evidence that culminates in your point. Do not treat parents as opponents.

17 Obstacle: Confirmation Bias: a tendency to search for or interpret information in a way that confirms one's preconceptions Consequence Parents use anecdotes as evidence.

18 Common Example Your niece developed signs of autism soon after her first MMR vaccine… You heard vaccines might cause autism. Now you believe it. ~12-18 months: First vaccines are given First symptoms of autism appear

19 Obstacle: Widespread Misinformation! Especially on the Internet.

20 Internet Culture Published January 27, 2014

21 Graph taken from childhealthsafety.wordpress.com Widespread Misinformation

22 Graph taken from childhealthsafety.wordpress.com = introduction of vaccine

23 More Misinformation: Comparisons to dissimilar diseases Scurvy: Malnutrition Typhoid Water infected with feces

24 The MMR vaccine causes Autism? NO. Debate originated by Andrew Wakefield’s study in 1998 that suggested a correlation. The media blew it up. Results were not replicable.

25 The MMR vaccine causes Autism? NO. Andrew Wakefield faked his data for money. All 12 patients in study recruited by lawyer who wanted to sue MMR vaccine company. Wakefield tried to patent a rival vaccine. Wakefield’s study is the only medical study that establishes any correlation.

26 Anti-vaxxers originally blamed thiomersal (also thimerosal), organic mercury-containing preservative; no documented side effects. 1999: FDA ordered thiomersal to be removed as a purely precautionary measure in response to the controversy. Other countries did the same. Peer-Reviewed Studies: Vaccination status did not influence the incidence of autism. No change in rate after thiomersal removed.

27 Anti-vaxxers also point to increase in autism incidence since introduction of vaccine. Brief History of Autism: Late 1960s 1963 Autism recognized as separate from schizophrenia 1970s Autism Month (April) 1990s Autism definition broadened Vaccine!

28 “I do believe sadly it's going to take some diseases coming back to realize that we need to change and develop vaccines that are safe. If the vaccine companies are not listening to us, it's their f___ing fault that the diseases are coming back. They're making a product that's s___. If you give us a safe vaccine, we'll use it. It shouldn't be polio versus autism.” ~Jenny McCarthy, 2009

29 “It wasn’t so bad when a child gets one or two or three vaccines… Mercury accumulates in the brain until it has to be chelated.” “I’m convinced that the mercury in vaccinations is a contributing factor to neurological diseases such as autism.” November 29, 2012 Vaccination Safety Hearing Held in Congress Chelation: Treats heavy metal toxicity. Toxic to liver, kidneys. Unapproved alternative treatment for autism. 5 year old boy killed in ~Dan Burton, Indiana Congressman

30 Vaccines are good.

31 Spring 2014 Schedule Mass Meetings Sundays, 6 PM in BH 310 Feb 23 rd March 9 th March 30 th April 13 th April 27 th **As always, if you know you have to miss a meeting, Ellen and I and more than 24 hours in advance with the reason you have to

32 Spring 2014 Schedule Mass Meetings Sundays, 6 PM in BH 310 Feb 23 rd March 9 th March 30 th April 13 th April 27 th **As always, if you know you have to miss a meeting, Ellen and I and more than 24 hours in advance with the reason you have to

33 FundSponge FundSponge – make any purchases from Amazon from this link and we automatically get 4% of the sale. Share this link with family and friends ASAP. Post it to Facebook, Twitter, it to your contacts.

34 Upcoming Events -1 spreadsheet to sign-up for events name, number, ALWAYS; add leader’s contact every time -Canning For now, keeping the Fri./Sat. times from 10 pm – 2 am at Brothers. Sign-ups available in the spreadsheet -Pizza Sales Every Thursday from 11 am – 2 pm, we’ll sell pizza in the Ballantine ground floor lobby.

35 Upcoming Events GB-specific events: -Mother Bear’s Dine & Donate https://www.facebook.com/events/ / (Facebook link for the event).https://www.facebook.com/events/ / For every large pizza, $4 is donated to IU Global Brigades −GB Exchange Information Saturday, April 19 th We encourage all members to attend. The link to register is here: https://docs.google.com/a/umail.iu.edu/forms/d/1xaYj GJVvaEJ7QeqtGsZ6ExHkigLM4BdGPM5sgvW5QXI/ viewform?edit_requested=true https://docs.google.com/a/umail.iu.edu/forms/d/1xaYj GJVvaEJ7QeqtGsZ6ExHkigLM4BdGPM5sgvW5QXI/ viewform?edit_requested=true

36 Handprint Activity!

37 Ghana Flight Info. ‒ Cost: $ brigaders Departure Date: Sunday, May 11 th Arrival Date: Wednesday, May 21 st LocationDeparture TimeArrival Time Chicago  NYC7:00 am10:06 am NYC  Accra11:14 pm1:20 pm (on the 12 th ) LocationDeparture TimeArrival Time Accra  NYC10:10 pm (the 20 th )7:00 am (the 21 st ) NYC  Chicago12:40 pm2:10 pm

38 Empowered payments Keep up-to-date with your Empowered payments!! It is YOUR responsibility to do so. We cannot emphasize enough the usefulness of sending out personalized donation request letters to family and friends. Amanda, a fellow Panama brigader raised hundreds just from sending out letters! Medication fee: To be paid to the general fund on Empowered. We will let you know the exact amount in a few days, but it will NOT be $100 (it’ll be less than that)

39 Vaccination Information Panama Required: none Highly recommended: Hepatitis A, Typhoid If you haven’t had chicken pox, the Varicella Zoster is highly recommended Most also get: Hepatitis B, Malaria, Yellow Fever Ghana Required: Yellow Fever Highly recommended: Hepatitis A, Malaria, Typhoid Most also get: Hepatitis B Vaccination Records Panama brigaders: Give Becki a copy of your vaccination records by March 9 th. Don’t make us track you down before we leave! Ghana brigaders: Schedule your time with the IU Travel Clinic now (the appointments fill up quickly!). Don’t procrastinate!

40 Passports Panama brigaders If you have not given us your passport copies by tonight, it is likely you will not be on the same flight as us (and that means an different flight with more expensive ticket prices) Visa requirements If you have a non-US passport, you have to check your own requirements about whether you need a visa. It will have to be your responsibility to get the appropriate documentation/visa for whichever trip you’re going on.

41 Passports Ghana brigaders DO NOT WAIT to get your passport. You must also tell us right now if you don’t have a passport yet Visa requirements Everyone is required to get a Visa to go to Ghana. More information about getting your Visa will be sent out soon.

42 Pre-Departure Packet Check the Ariel sent to everyone a few days ago. We will go over it now in detail

43 Packing List The Packing list in the PDP isn’t complete. We’ve prepared a little more detailed packing list for you here: https://docs.google.com/document/d/1Ds DkZt0Rzc6JBTbEzvNQfBDP- Uh6f1shMr0Jp8uwS_I/edit?usp=sharinghttps://docs.google.com/document/d/1Ds DkZt0Rzc6JBTbEzvNQfBDP- Uh6f1shMr0Jp8uwS_I/edit?usp=sharing We’ll keep making additions as we remember more tips, but for now, start thinking about what you’ll take and what you need to get.

44 Important Dates Feb. 16 th – Panama brigader trip meeting (Webinar with Daniel as well as Panamanian culture presentation) Feb 23 rd – normal mass meeting with trip meeting afterward March 1 st and/or 8 th – REQUIRED; med. packing day; 9 am – noon, pizza for lunch, then mock brigade after lunch March 2 nd – Panama brigader trip meeeting March 9 th – normal mass meeting with trip meeting afterward

45 ARCHITECTURE.BUSINESS.ENVIRONMENTAL.HUMAN RIGHTS.MEDICAL.MICROFINANCE.PUBLIC HEALTH.WATER Questions? Meeting minutes will be sent out Tuesday/Wednesday. If you have an questions, talk to us after the meeting or Arooj at


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