2DensityDensity is the amount of matter (mass) compared to the amount of space (volume) the object occupies.We will measure mass in grams andvolume in ml or cm3
3Density Formula Density is mass divided by volume. Density = mass/volumeRemember, all fractions are division problems.Since the unit for mass is grams, and the unit for volume is ml or cm3, then the unit for density is g/ml, or g/ cm3
4Understanding Density In the following illustrations, each will represent 1 cm3.Each g will represent 1 gram.Mass = 24gVolume = 8 cm3Density = 3g/cm3g gg
5Density Problem 2g gMass = gramsVolume = 6 cm3Density = 2 g/cm3In English we say the density of the object is 2 grams in every cubic centimeter.
6Density Problem 3 g g g g g g g g g g g g g Our previous problems were materials of uniform density. They were the same stuff throughout. But many materials are not. Gravel is a great example.Mass = 16 gramsVolume = 8 mLDensity = 2 g/mL
7Water and DensitySince 1-gram of water has a volume of 1-mL, then the density of water will always be 1 gram/ml.5o-mL of water will have a mass of 50 grams, so again the density of pure water will be 1 g/ml.A kg of water will have a volume of 1000-mL, so it’s density will be 1 gram/ml.
8Comparing Densities Where is the most dense object? Where is the least dense object?
9Floating and SinkingLess dense materials will float on top of more dense materials.Objects with a density of less than 1-g/mL will float on top of water.Objects with a density greater than 1 g/mL will sink in water.
10Neutral BuoyancyObjects with a density equal to the density of water will float in mid water, at what ever level you place the object.Fish and submarines control their depth by changing their density.
11Objects that Sink!Objects with a density greater than 1 g/mL will sink in water.
12Titanic Sails the Ocean Blue The Titanic is sailing on its maiden voyage.What is the density of this enormous, steel hulled ship, full of machinery, coal, people, and all sorts of heavy things?It’s floating, so it’s density must be less than 1 g/mL.How can this be?The Titanic is a hollow vessel full of air!
13Titanic verses Iceberg After HMS Titanic struck the iceberg, she started to fill with water.What happened to her density?As she took on more and more water, her density got closer and closer to 1 g/mL.The denser the ship became, the lower she settled into the water.
14Wreck of the TitanicWhat is the density of the Titanic resting on the ocean floor?Must be greater than 1 g/mL, as her steel hull is full of water instead of air.
15Density ReviewWe don’t actually count g’s to find the mass of objects. How would you find the mass of a rock?Use a balance scale.In real life, how would you find the volume of a rock?Use a graduated cylinder and see how much water the rock displaces.