Presentation on theme: "U.S Entry in World War II By: Emily Stallings Sierra Maddox"— Presentation transcript:
1U.S Entry in World War II By: Emily Stallings Sierra Maddox Caroline KarnatzTyler ParkerBen SchniederjansHannah Bengtson
2Franklin D. RooseveltWas the President of the United States during World War IIMade many new laws in order to keep the U.S neutral including the Neutrality Act, Lend-Lease act, and the cash and carry actHelped convince the citizens of the United States in was in their best interest to join the war
3FDR cont.Made new programs to help the United States come out of the depression such as the New Deal and the Fair DealHelped congress make the decisions on which law should be passed when and which ones should not be passed at allTried to help keep the U.S. Neutral as long as he could without putting the citizens lives in dangerContinued to help other countries through their times of need and establishing relationships with those countriesHe was one of the greatest presidents to ever take over the United States
4Dwight D. Eisenhower 5 star general for the United States Army Helped led American troops into essential battles in the Cold WarSigned the treaty with Russia that ended the Cold War after Stalin diedWas the 34th President of the United States of AmericaContinued most of the New Deal and Fair Deal ProgramsHelped maintain World Peace
5Dwight D. Eisenhower cont. Helped aid in the desegregation of schoolsDesegregated the Armed Forces“There must be no second class citizens”-D. D. EisenhowerHelped keep military power so that it was strong but not strong enough to threaten other countries with its sizeFinally helped end the war and signed the treaty that officially ended World War II
6George S. Patton Graduated at West Point in 1909 First officer to be assigned to the United States Tank Corps and therein saw French actionThe “slapping incident” of 1943 nearly ended his military careerGeneral Dwight D. Eisenhower took over for Patton afterward, but Patton was given command of the U.S. Third Army afterward.During the Invasion of Normandy, Patton positioned himself so that the air fleet would be at his flank and therein demonstrated his understanding of battle tactics.
7U.S. NeutralityThe U.S. was hesitant to join in other world affairs because they had lost so many young man in World War IThis was reflected in Congress and they soon elected the Neutrality Act of 1937This act made it unlawful to trade with BelligerentsThe European War then broke out and Congress decided to amended the act in order to permit trading with France and Great BritainIn March of 1941, Congress made some more changed to the Neutrality act so they could send more help to France and Britain
8U.S. Neutrality cont.The Lend-Lease act then gave one of the final blows to U.S. Neutrality1941-Britain and the U.S. meet to see if the United States should join World War IIThey decided that if the United States entered the war, that they would focus on taking down GermanyThe President moved naval patrols in the Western Half of the AtlanticBy July, American troops were stationed in Britain ready to go into battle
9U.S. Neutrality cont.President Roosevelt still did not enter the war completely because U.S. citizens were still invested in NeutralityIn December, the Japanese bombed Pearl Harbor and the Americans were ready to go to warOn December 8, 1941, the day after the attack on Pearl Harbor, America declared war on Germany and Japan
10Lend-Lease ActThis policy was adopted by the United States to help aid its Allies during World War IIThe system provided the Allies with:PlanesFoodWaterAmmunitionTanksTrucksRaw Materials
11Lend-Lease Act cont.$49 Billion went to aid British Commonwealth countriesThe Soviet Union, China, and many other countries also received some form of help from the United StatesUnited States troops stationed all over the world received about $8 billion in aid from the countries they were in
12Lend-Lease Act cont.Franklin D. Roosevelt promised in 1940 to materially aid the alliesHowever, France had to spend their money on growing arm purchases from the United States.France could not pay, so the President urged Congress to let the allies pay them back “in kind or property”The Lend-Lease Act was Passed in 1941, even though some said that it led the United States closer to the war
13Cash and Carry Policy of 1939 Replaced the Neutrality Act of 1936This policy said the U.S. would sell war material to all warring countries if they were to ship over to the U.S. and assume all responsibility at sea.This was done to continue selling to Britain while not playing an active part in the war.They also did this because they knew Germany did not have sufficient funds to successfully sail across the English-controlled Atlantic.This also prevented any investments in any one country, so technically this policy was neutral.However, this left the Allies short on funds and they had to revise the plan.
14Pearl Harbor Japanese bombed Hawaii’s Pearl Harbor The attack took place on the morning of December 7, 1941The attack damaged or sunk 19 ships, including 8 battleshipsMore than 2,300 Americans were killedPresident Roosevelt and Congress declared war on Japan and it’s allies on the same day (December 8, 1941)“A date that will live in infamy” –President Roosevelt
15The Allies Strike Back (Pearl Harbor Cont.) In April 1942, 16 B-25 bombers bombed Tokyo and several other Japanese cities under Lieutenant Colonel James H. Doolittle’s commandThe bombs did little damage to the citiesThe raid made an important psychological point to Americans and Japanese: Japan was vulnerable to attackJapanese resources began to thin as Japan was under attack“We started to doubt that we were invincible”– Japanese citizen
16An Allied Offensive (Pearl Harbor Cont.) General Douglas MacArthur was the commander of the allied forces in the PacificHe developed a plan to handle Japanese troopsHe believed storming each island would be a long costly effort (island-hop)August 7, 1942, several thousand U.S. Marines, with Australian support landed on Guadalcanal and the neighboring island of Tulagi“Hell is an enemy… so fanatic that it used its own dead bodies as booby traps.” – Ralph G. Martin
17Battle of Midway Fought in June 1942 One of the most decisive battle of World War IIFour Japanese naval ships were destroyed by the Americans and this greatly destroyed Japan’s naval strengthJapan’s navy never really recovered from this U.S. victory which might have cost them the war
18Battle of Guadalcanal August 7, 1942 to February 9, 1943 This occurred on and around the island of Guadalcanal in the Pacific theatre of WWIIIt was part of the Allied strategic plan to protect the convoy routes between the U.S. and New Zealand.The Allies overwhelmed the outnumbered Japanese defenders, who had occupied the islands since May 1942, and captured Tulagi and Florida, as well as the airfield that was under construction on Guadalcanal.
19Battle of OkinawaThe U.S. planned to capture Okinawa which would help them win the far eastThey wanted to destroy Japan’s merchant fleet and used near by air strips for bombing raids on Japan’s industrial heartlandAmerican losses on land totaled 7,373 to death and 32,056 to woundsAt sea, the American losses were 5,000 killed and 4,600 wounded
20Battle of Okinawa cont.Japan’s losses totaled 107,000 killed and 7,400 men taken as prisonersOut of the 193 Kamikaze attacks launched against the American flee, 169 were destroyedThis was a significant win for the American troops
21Battle of the BulgeThe Battle of the Bulge started in December of 1944Also known as the Battle if the ArdennesMarshal von Rundstedt led a strong German force against the U.S.The Germans tried to take advantage of the foggy weather by attacking Belgium groundsWas the last major Nazi offensive attack against the alliesCalled the Battle of the Bulge because the Germans created a bulge in the allies front line
22Battle of Bulge cont.American forces suffered 81,000 men to death, injuries, and captureGerman forces lost 100,000 men to death, injuries, and capture600,000 U.S soldiers were involved in this battleIt was one of the bloodiest battle in World War II
23Battle of Iwo Jima Fought from February 19, 1945 to March 26, 1945. Battle where the U.S. fought for and captured Iwo Jima from Japan.The invasion was charged with the mission of capturing three airfields in Iwo Jima.The battle produced some of the bloodiest and fiercest fighting in the Pacific Campaign of WWII.The Japanese positions on the island were heavily fortified with fast bunkers, hidden artillery, and 18 km (11 miles) of underground tunnels.
24Battle of Berlin April 16, 1945 The final battle on the eastern front Soviet troops attempted to capture BerlinGerman troops fought to the last man, but the Soviet victory was inevitable.This battle finally ended the war and the German’s surrenderedMay 8th the German’s stopped firing and it is now known as V-E or Victory Day in all European counties
25WWII Tactics Employed by the U.S. The U.S. was better at air warfare than land combatAir warfare consisted of two parts: tactical and strategicU.S. bombers were slow, heavily armed, and in the beginning were unescortedAir warfare efforts were costly but effective in the United StatesUnited States employed its strategic warfare during the day, which was considerably more accurate than flying by night
26WWII U.S Tactics Cont.The U.S. dropped its forces off in North Africa and wanted to defeat the enemies quicklyThe U.S. adopted the German tactic of attack submarines by the “wolf-pack” techniqueU.S. was going to use the atomic bomb on Germany, but they withdrew before the U.S had the chance toJapanese cities of Nagasaki and Hiroshima were used as test subjects
27Effects on the Homefront Rationing was very important because the leftover food was sent to the slodiers for them to eatThe women back home took the jobs of menDonating was very helpful“Baby Boom” ; 1942Women were urged by organized propaganda campains
29Impact of World War II on the U.S. The economy was increased greatly, even more than World War IThe depression was endedNew technological advances were taking placeMore and more jobs were createdNew industries were built anywhere and everywhere over the United StatesThe U.S. economy dominated all othersBecame one of the world’s leading militariesThey became a more apparent world leader
30Impact cont. Medical advancements led to a healthier life A feeling of nationalism and safety was established among the peopleMore support of the governmentMany people were lostFamilies were torn apartAir conditioning was inventedUrbanizationUnexpected economy growth
31QuizWhat Policy was adopted by the United States to help aid its allies during World War II?The Allies ActLend-Lease ActNeutrality ActThe Strike Tact
32Quiz2. The Allies strike back against Pearl Harbor attack. To whom was the U.S. attack on?GermanyChinaIndonesiaJapan
33Quiz3. What was the United State’s main tactic that was costly but highly effective?Nuclear BombingPoison GasAir WarfareSubmarine Warfare
34Quiz 4. The Neutrality Act of 1937 was passed because of… U.S. was hesitant to join other world affairs because of the losses in World War IBecause they wanted to enter the warThey wanted to focus on their economyThey did not have enough money to go into the war
35Quiz 5. Which of the following is NOT an impact of World War II The economy was increaseMore jobs became availableTechnological advances were sinking and making no progressThe depression was ended after several years
36QuizWhat were some of Roosevelt’s main accomplishment during his time in the army and as the president of the United States?List some of the ways the home front was effected by the war and how the women were able to keep the country up and runningExplain the events that finally made the United States enter World War II
37Answers B, The Lend-Lease Act D, Japan C, Air warfare A, U.S. was hesitant to join other world affairs because of the losses in World War IC, Technological advances were sinking and making no progress
38AnswersHe keep the United States neutral as long as he could but still continued to help other countries entered in the war. He was one of the most respected presidents because he created laws the keep the U.S. out of the war. He also created acts such as the New Deal and the Fair Deal in order to get the United States out of the depression that had dropped their economy so badly.
39Answers2. The home front was effected in many ways from the war. The people at home had to ration their food out so they could send some to the soldiers. Also, they have to give up things such as toys and new clothes to send the materials to the war effort. Many people planted “victory gardens” and bought war bonds in order to help out the war and the women had to work in the factories making guns and other objects to send to the army.
40Answers3. The event that finally caused the U.S. to enter the world would be the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor. On the morning of December 7, 1941 the Japanese attack Pear Harbor killing 2, 300 Americans. The Americans were filled with pride for their country and urged congress to drop the Neutrality act so they could go to war. They then declared war on Japan the very next day December 8, 1941