Presentation on theme: "Grab a VOF book from the front and read/skim Doc #7 Don’t just merely look for the reasons for colonization, but rather, categorize them."— Presentation transcript:
Grab a VOF book from the front and read/skim Doc #7 Don’t just merely look for the reasons for colonization, but rather, categorize them.
I will learn the motivations of English settlement in the New World. I will look for events that caused delay, events that jumpstarted colonization, and what those experiences were. I will know I’ve learned this when I can list these items in comparison with previous efforts of Euro. colon.
Students will analyze the second permanent English settlement in the New World, Plymouth. Students will compare and contrast Jamestown with Plymouth.
“Mayflower Compact” -- Modern version In the name of God, Amen. We, whose names are underwritten, the loyal subjects of our dread Sovereign Lord King James, by the Grace of God, of Great Britain, France, and Ireland, King, defender of the Faith, etc. Having undertaken, for the Glory of God, and advancements of the Christian faith and honor of our King and Country, a voyage to plant the first colony in the Northern parts of Virginia, do by these presents, solemnly and mutually, in the presence of God, and one another, covenant and combine ourselves together into a civil body politic; for our better ordering, and preservation and furtherance of the ends aforesaid; and by virtue hereof to enact, constitute, and frame, such just and equal laws, ordinances, acts, constitutions, and offices, from time to time, as shall be thought most meet and convenient for the general good of the colony; unto which we promise all due submission and obedience. In witness whereof we have hereunto subscribed our names at Cape Cod the 11th of November, in the year of the reign of our Sovereign Lord King James, of England, France, and Ireland, the eighteenth, and of Scotland the fifty-fourth, 1620.
I will analyze the trial of Anne Hutchinson to better comprehend founding Puritan principles. (Grab Disco book off of shelf)
The Five Points of Calvinism (often remembered through the acronym T U L I P) 1. Total depravity. Man is naturally unable to exercise free will, since through Adam's fall he has suffered hereditary corruption. 2. Unconditional election. Election manifests itself through God's wisdom to elect those to be saved, despite their inability to perform saving works. 3. Limited atonement. Man's hereditary corruption is partially atoned for by Christ, and this atonement is provided to the elect through the Holy Spirit. 4. Irresistible and prevenient grace, made only to the elect. Grace was a "motion of the heart" that was God's gift to the elect-unconditional, irresistible, and inexorable. It came to each directly and could not be taken away. It promised "ecstatic intimacy with the divine" or "soul liberty." 5. Perseverance of saints. Those who are predetermined as elect inevitably persevere in the path of holiness.
The Great Remonstrance published in 1610 by the Arminian clergy codified Arminius's beliefs into five major points: Rejection of the doctrine of election Rejection of predestination Rejection of the belief that Christ died for the elect alone Rejection of the belief in irresistible grace Assertion of the belief that saints could fall from grace.
Jonathan Winthrop Sermon… God Almighty in his most holy and wise providence hath so disposed of the condition of mankind as in all times some must be rich, some poor, some high and eminent in power and dignity, others mean and in subjection... that every man might have need of other, and from hence they might be all knit more nearly together in the bond of brotherly affection.... Fourthly, All the parts of this body being thus united are made so contiguous in a special relation as they must needs partake of each other's strength and infirmity, joy, sorrow, weal and woe... In such cases as this the care of the public must oversway all private respects… We are entered into covenant with Him for this work… We have hereupon besought Him of favor and blessing.
Now if the Lord shall please to hear us, and bring us in peace to the place we desire, then hath he ratified this covenant and sealed our comission, and will expect a strict performance of the articles contained in it. But if we shall neglect the observation of these articles, which are the ends we have propounded, and dissembling with our God shall fall to embrace this present world and prosecute our carnal intentions--seeking great things for ourself and our posterity--the Lord will surely break out in wrath against us, be revenged of such a perjured people, and make us know the price of the breach of such a covenant... If our hearts shall turn away so that we will not obey, but shall be seduced and worship other gods, our pleasures and profits, and serve them, it is propounded to us this day, we shall surely perish out of the good land-whither we pass over this vast sea to possess it.“Christian Charity, A Model Thereof” 1630
Questions to Consider 1. What had Anne Hutchinson done? 2. Why did Massachusetts leaders finder her “a woman not fit for our society?” 3. Why was she too dangerous to remain in the Puritan colony? 4. What does the Anne Hutchinson case tell us about how Puritans understood religious freedom?
I will analyze transitions from Puritanical influence to that of “English Liberty.”