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Wind energy in Poland. State of the art and looking ahead. Author: Dr Robert Sobolewski, Bialystok University of Technology, Poland

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Presentation on theme: "Wind energy in Poland. State of the art and looking ahead. Author: Dr Robert Sobolewski, Bialystok University of Technology, Poland"— Presentation transcript:

1 Wind energy in Poland. State of the art and looking ahead. Author: Dr Robert Sobolewski, Bialystok University of Technology, Poland Presenter: Anna Józefowicz, Polish Embassy in Brazil Joint Seminar about research and innovation between the European Union and the state of Ceará Place: UECE – Fortaleza 7th of April 2014

2 Wind energy potential in Poland – facts and numbers OnshoreOffshore CapacityEnergyCapacityEnergy GWTWhGWTWh Theoretical potential Technical potential Technical potential reduced by environmental limitations Economic potential Market potential Source: Wind Power in Poland 2010, BiznesPolska.pl, BizPoland Magazine  Central Europe  Temperate climate zone  At about 2/3 area – total amount of wind energy of the surface of 1 m 2 at hight of 30 m above ground level is 750 – 1500 kWh/year  Existence of favourable wind conditions for the professional development of wind energy 2

3 Wind energy potential in Poland - onshore Wind resource zones: I – extremely beneficial II – favourable III – quite favourable IV – advers V – very weak Wind energy potential in Poland Zone Wind energy density [kWh/m 2 ] I>2000 II1500 – 2000 III750 – 1500 IV500 – 750 V< 500 3

4 Wind energy potential in Poland - offshore Source: South Baltic Wind Atlas. South Baltic Offshore Wind Energy Regions Project. Riso-R-1775 (EN), May 2011 Averaged wind speed simulated for the period 2007 – 2009 and interpolated to the level of 100 m 4

5 State of the art of wind energy in Poland Source: Polish Wind Energy Association, *) biogas, biomass, PV panels, wind and water 5

6 State of the art of wind energy in Poland Source: Polish Wind Energy Association, Development of wind energy in Poland:  system of green certificates for renevable energy generated,  producers of electricity from RES get incomes from two sources – sale of electricity and sale of green certificates,  power stations operators and electricity suppliers are required to obtain and submit to redemption the certificates of origin, or to pay the replacement fee. 6

7 State of the art of wind energy in Poland Zachodniopomorskie Voivodeship (the seaside):  has highly favourable wind conditions  leads the way in harnessing wind power to produce electricity,  biggest wind farms: Białogard District – 90 MW, Kamien Pomorski District – 90.6 MW, Kolobrzeg District – MW, Slawno District – MW,  Cisowo – the first wind farm in Poland (1999) – 5 wind turbines 132 kW each one. 7 Source: Energy Regulatory Office, Wind power capacity at the end of 2013 [MW] Number of installations

8 State of the art of wind energy in Poland Source: GWEC; 8

9 State of the art of wind energy in Poland Source: Wind Energy Barometer-Euroobserv’er, February

10 The future of wind energy in Poland Source: The wind power development in Poland by 2020 – a vision” report. Summary, 10

11 The future of wind energy in Poland Source: The wind power development in Poland by 2020 – a vision” report. Summary; 11

12 The future of wind energy in Poland National RES industry RoadmapPolish NREAP** MW installed RES electricity generation [GWh] % in electricity consumption MW installed RES electricity generation % in electricity consumption Wind onshore Wind offshore Total RES* Source: Mapping Renewable Energy Pathways Toward 2020, EU Roadmap; European Renewable Energy Council; *) hydro, geothermal, photovoltaic, biomass, biogas **) National Renewable Energy Action Plan Projections for Renewable Energies in Poland, 2020 Barriers in wind energy sector development in Poland:  lack of grid connections possibilities (in many areas the connection capacity is blocked by a large number of wind farms which have recived grid connection terms already,  large number of wind farms projects in some areas raise unacceptance because of possible negative impact on the environment – local opponents,  critics argue that wind energy can have negative impact on landscape and tourists incomes,  development and investments processes in the offshore wind energy sector are significantly longer then in onshore one. 12

13 Future of off-shore wind farms in Poland Source: Project „South Baltic OFF.E.R”, Concept of the Polish Offshore Grid – forecast for Polish offshore grids (Concept) LEGEND: Areas of offshore WF sites Joints of offshore wind farms Onshore – offshore joints Substations Existing line HV DC Planned line HV DC Protected areas – Nature 2000

14 Wind energy industry in Poland Polish industry ready for manufacturing all components of wind turbines, foundations and other technical infrastructure: towers, nacelles, hubs – steel, metallurgy and shipbuilding industry, generators, transformers, control systems – electromechanical industry, gears, ramparts, clatches, breaks, bearings, hydraulical and pneumatic systems – mechanical industry, composite blades – aviation industry, automatic and control systems – control and electronics industry, specialized ships for installing and maintenance of offshore wind turbines – shipbuilding industry. 14

15 Wind energy industry in Poland >> Polish enterprises obtain orders for wind turbine elements from EU partners and Polish wind farm developers. >> Cooperation between Polish enterprises and EU wind turbine manufacturers in the field of advanced technologies. >> Manufacturing of wind turbine elements concentrates mainly in north and west region of Poland – localization of appriopriate industry, proximity of customers and accessibility of harbours for sea transport of the elements. >> There are no manufactures in Poland that offer complete wind turbines of high power. >> Some enterprises which operate in the wind energy sector are branches of international companies. 15

16 Wind energy industry in Poland – some examples Name of the companyAddresswwwArea of activity Celsa Huta Ostrowiec Ostrowiec Świętokrzyski Samsonowicza 2 Ramparts and other steal elements Fabryka Maszyn Budowlanych FAMABA S.A Głogów Portowa 1 Towers for onshore and offshore wind turbines Wytwórnia Konstrukcji stalowych Ostrowiec Ostrowiec Świętokrzyski Gulińskiego 30 Bodies and nacelles Zakład Budownictwa Energetycznego Sp. z o.o Koszalin Morska 16 Substations up to 1600 kVA Zakład Prefabrykacji HCZ PREMET Sp. z o.o Czestochowa Rejtana 6 huta.isd-poland.com Constructional elements ZASTA Sp. z o.o Slupsk Owocowa 4-8 Towers Stocznia Gdanska S.A Gdansk Na Ostrowiu 15/20 Towers for onshore and offshore wind turbines Aarselff Warszawa Al. Wyscigowa 6 Foundations to wind turbine towers Spomasz S.A Żary Okrzei 104 Platforms of ofshore towers LM Wind Power Blades Sp. Z o.o Goleniow, Lozienica Nowa 3 Blades 16

17 Name of the companyAddresswwwArea of activity Mostostal Chojnice S.A Chojnice Przemyslowa 4 mostostal.chojnice.pl Towers for wind turbines onshore and offshore Telefonika Kable S.A Krakow Wierlicka 114 Cables Fabryka Transformatorow Zychlin Zychlin Narutowicza 70 Transformers, range of rated power 2500 – kVA CRIST S.A Gdansk Swojska 12 Working platform for offshore wind turbines EUROS Zory- Warszowice Warszowice Gajowa 5A warszowice.html Blades EUROS Ustron Ustron J. Kreta 2 ustron.html Blades Wind energy industry in Poland – some examples 17

18 Examples of research projects in the field of wind energy in Poland Title of the projectBeneficiary Opening date Closing date Budget [zl (US dollars)] Creation of the electrical generator prototype powered by wind turbine and its implementation Dolnoslaska Fabryka Maszyn Elektrycznych p. z o.o ( ) Research and development leading to implementation of innovative wind turbine SIGMA S.A., Barak ( ) The first in Poland vertical axis wind turbine based on Polish response MEPROZET Stare Kurowo Sp. z o.o ( ) Research and development of innovative small wind turbines POLBUD S.A ( ) Comprehensive response of the variable rotating small wind turbine equipped with storage energy module and applied to distributed generating systems Warsaw University of Technology ( ) Optimization system of power control of wind farm under limited possibilities of grid capacity Lublin University of Technology ( ) The AC/DC/AC inverter for asynchronous machine powered by hydro and wind turbine Bialystok University of Technology ( ) Creation and implementation of the family of vertical axis wind turbines ARTBAU Sp. z o.o ( ) 18

19 Title of the projectBeneficiary Opening date Closing date Budget [zl (US dollars)] The AC/AC inverter with silicon carbide elements and applied to wind turbine generatos in aff-grid and on-grid systems Gdansk University of Technology ( ) Small wind turbine optimized for low wind speed conditions Military University of Technology in Warsaw ( ) Innovative vertical axis wind turbine of 1.5 MW equipped with highly effective power inverter STALPRODUKT S.A., Bochnia ( ) Designing and analysis of locating and anchoring systems of offshore wind turbine platforms for South Baltic sea Gdansk University of Technology ( ) Designing and analysis of locating and anchoring systems of offshore wind turbine platforms for South Baltic sea Stocznia Remontowa NAUTA S.A. Gdynia ( ) TOTAL ( ) Examples of research projects in the field of wind energy in Poland Source: The National Centre for Research and Development (NCBiR) 19

20 About the Author: Dr. Robert Adam Sobolewski Assistant Professor at Department of Power Engineering, Photonics and Ligthing Technics, Bialystok University of Technology, Fields of research and possible cooperation with Brazilian researchers: - wind farm power output estimation and forecasting, - reliability of power systems with wind power integrated, - protective relaying within wind turbines and wind farms. Papers: 1. Sobolewski R.A., Feijoo A.E.: Semi-Markov model for evaluation of wind farm output power probabilistic characteristics (submitted, under review). 2. Sobolewski R.A., Feijoo A.E.: Estimation of wind farms aggregated power output distribution. In: International Journal of Electrical Power and Energy Systems 46(2013) Feijoo A., Villanueva D., Pazos J.L., Sobolewski R.: Simulation of correlated wind speeds: A review. In: Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 15(2011) Sobolewski R.A.: Analiza niezawodności układu wytwórczo-przyłączeniowego turbiny wiatrowej wykorzystująca kryterium ekonomiczne niezawodności. W: Przegląd Elektrotechniczny R. 86 Nr 10/2010, s (in Polish). 5. Feijoo A., Sobolewski R.: Simulation of correlated wind speeds. In: International Journal of Electrical Energy Systems. Volume 1, Number 2, July-December 2009, pp

21 Thank you for your attention! 21


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