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Wind energy in Poland. State of the art and looking ahead. Author: Dr Robert Sobolewski, Bialystok University of Technology, Poland

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Presentation on theme: "Wind energy in Poland. State of the art and looking ahead. Author: Dr Robert Sobolewski, Bialystok University of Technology, Poland"— Presentation transcript:

1 Wind energy in Poland. State of the art and looking ahead. Author: Dr Robert Sobolewski, Bialystok University of Technology, Poland e-mail: robsob@pb.edu.pl Presenter: Anna Józefowicz, Polish Embassy in Brazil e-mail: anna.jozefowicz@msz.gov.pl Joint Seminar about research and innovation between the European Union and the state of Ceará Place: UECE – Fortaleza 7th of April 2014

2 Wind energy potential in Poland – facts and numbers OnshoreOffshore CapacityEnergyCapacityEnergy GWTWhGWTWh Theoretical potential31006830130380 Technical potential14003600130380 Technical potential reduced by environmental limitations 60015002060 Economic potential822107.522.5 Market potential 202011.5281.54.5 Source: Wind Power in Poland 2010, BiznesPolska.pl, BizPoland Magazine  Central Europe  Temperate climate zone  At about 2/3 area – total amount of wind energy of the surface of 1 m 2 at hight of 30 m above ground level is 750 – 1500 kWh/year  Existence of favourable wind conditions for the professional development of wind energy 2

3 Wind energy potential in Poland - onshore Wind resource zones: I – extremely beneficial II – favourable III – quite favourable IV – advers V – very weak Wind energy potential in Poland Zone Wind energy density [kWh/m 2 ] I>2000 II1500 – 2000 III750 – 1500 IV500 – 750 V< 500 3

4 Wind energy potential in Poland - offshore Source: South Baltic Wind Atlas. South Baltic Offshore Wind Energy Regions Project. Riso-R-1775 (EN), May 2011 Averaged wind speed simulated for the period 2007 – 2009 and interpolated to the level of 100 m 4

5 State of the art of wind energy in Poland Source: Polish Wind Energy Association, www.psew.pl *) biogas, biomass, PV panels, wind and water 5

6 State of the art of wind energy in Poland Source: Polish Wind Energy Association, www.psew.pl Development of wind energy in Poland:  system of green certificates for renevable energy generated,  producers of electricity from RES get incomes from two sources – sale of electricity and sale of green certificates,  power stations operators and electricity suppliers are required to obtain and submit to redemption the certificates of origin, or to pay the replacement fee. 6

7 State of the art of wind energy in Poland Zachodniopomorskie Voivodeship (the seaside):  has highly favourable wind conditions  leads the way in harnessing wind power to produce electricity,  biggest wind farms: Białogard District – 90 MW, Kamien Pomorski District – 90.6 MW, Kolobrzeg District – 156.2 MW, Slawno District – 200.26 MW,  Cisowo – the first wind farm in Poland (1999) – 5 wind turbines 132 kW each one. 7 Source: Energy Regulatory Office, www.ure.gov.pl Wind power capacity at the end of 2013 [MW] Number of installations 157.36 9 306.69 226 2.15 5 56.6 7 313.19 178 2.69 11 155.67 64 96.15 11 84.18 25 122.7 20 378.43 36 12.75 17 7.76 15 217.07 26 430.54 130 1045.3 58

8 State of the art of wind energy in Poland Source: GWEC; www.gwec.net 8

9 State of the art of wind energy in Poland Source: Wind Energy Barometer-Euroobserv’er, February 2013 9

10 The future of wind energy in Poland Source: The wind power development in Poland by 2020 – a vision” report. Summary, www.psew.pl 10

11 The future of wind energy in Poland Source: The wind power development in Poland by 2020 – a vision” report. Summary; www.ieo.pl 11

12 The future of wind energy in Poland National RES industry RoadmapPolish NREAP** MW installed RES electricity generation [GWh] % in electricity consumption MW installed RES electricity generation % in electricity consumption Wind onshore 100002360013.96150137108.1 Wind offshore 50018001.150015000.9 Total RES*155044373725.8103353240019.1 Source: Mapping Renewable Energy Pathways Toward 2020, EU Roadmap; European Renewable Energy Council; www.pigeo.pl *) hydro, geothermal, photovoltaic, biomass, biogas **) National Renewable Energy Action Plan Projections for Renewable Energies in Poland, 2020 Barriers in wind energy sector development in Poland:  lack of grid connections possibilities (in many areas the connection capacity is blocked by a large number of wind farms which have recived grid connection terms already,  large number of wind farms projects in some areas raise unacceptance because of possible negative impact on the environment – local opponents,  critics argue that wind energy can have negative impact on landscape and tourists incomes,  development and investments processes in the offshore wind energy sector are significantly longer then in onshore one. 12

13 Future of off-shore wind farms in Poland Source: Project „South Baltic OFF.E.R”, www.southbaltic-offshore.eu Concept of the Polish Offshore Grid – forecast for 2030 13 Polish offshore grids (Concept) LEGEND: Areas of offshore WF sites Joints of offshore wind farms Onshore – offshore joints Substations Existing line HV DC Planned line HV DC Protected areas – Nature 2000

14 Wind energy industry in Poland Polish industry ready for manufacturing all components of wind turbines, foundations and other technical infrastructure: towers, nacelles, hubs – steel, metallurgy and shipbuilding industry, generators, transformers, control systems – electromechanical industry, gears, ramparts, clatches, breaks, bearings, hydraulical and pneumatic systems – mechanical industry, composite blades – aviation industry, automatic and control systems – control and electronics industry, specialized ships for installing and maintenance of offshore wind turbines – shipbuilding industry. 14

15 Wind energy industry in Poland >> Polish enterprises obtain orders for wind turbine elements from EU partners and Polish wind farm developers. >> Cooperation between Polish enterprises and EU wind turbine manufacturers in the field of advanced technologies. >> Manufacturing of wind turbine elements concentrates mainly in north and west region of Poland – localization of appriopriate industry, proximity of customers and accessibility of harbours for sea transport of the elements. >> There are no manufactures in Poland that offer complete wind turbines of high power. >> Some enterprises which operate in the wind energy sector are branches of international companies. 15

16 Wind energy industry in Poland – some examples Name of the companyAddresswwwArea of activity Celsa Huta Ostrowiec 27-400 Ostrowiec Świętokrzyski Samsonowicza 2 www.celsaho.com Ramparts and other steal elements Fabryka Maszyn Budowlanych FAMABA S.A. 67-200 Głogów Portowa 1 www.famaba-glogow.pl Towers for onshore and offshore wind turbines Wytwórnia Konstrukcji stalowych Ostrowiec 27-400 Ostrowiec Świętokrzyski Gulińskiego 30 www.wks.com.pl Bodies and nacelles Zakład Budownictwa Energetycznego Sp. z o.o. 75-221 Koszalin Morska 16 www.zbe.koszalin.pl Substations up to 1600 kVA Zakład Prefabrykacji HCZ PREMET Sp. z o.o. 42-200 Czestochowa Rejtana 6 huta.isd-poland.com Constructional elements ZASTA Sp. z o.o. 76-200 Slupsk Owocowa 4-8 www.zasta.eu Towers Stocznia Gdanska S.A. 80-873 Gdansk Na Ostrowiu 15/20 www.stocznia.gda.pl Towers for onshore and offshore wind turbines Aarselff 02-681 Warszawa Al. Wyscigowa 6 www.aarselff.com.pl Foundations to wind turbine towers Spomasz S.A. 68-200 Żary Okrzei 104 www.spomasz-zary.pl Platforms of ofshore towers LM Wind Power Blades Sp. Z o.o. 72-100 Goleniow, Lozienica Nowa 3 www.lmwindpower.com Blades 16

17 Name of the companyAddresswwwArea of activity Mostostal Chojnice S.A. 89-620 Chojnice Przemyslowa 4 mostostal.chojnice.pl Towers for wind turbines onshore and offshore Telefonika Kable S.A. 30-663 Krakow Wierlicka 114 www.tfkable.pl Cables Fabryka Transformatorow Zychlin 99-320 Zychlin Narutowicza 70 www.ftz.pl Transformers, range of rated power 2500 – 90000 kVA CRIST S.A. 80-867 Gdansk Swojska 12 www.crist.com.pl Working platform for offshore wind turbines EUROS Zory- Warszowice 43-254 Warszowice Gajowa 5A www.euros.de/pl/company_ warszowice.html Blades EUROS Ustron 43-450 Ustron J. Kreta 2 www.euros.de/pl/company_ ustron.html Blades Wind energy industry in Poland – some examples 17

18 Examples of research projects in the field of wind energy in Poland Title of the projectBeneficiary Opening date Closing date Budget [zl (US dollars)] Creation of the electrical generator prototype powered by wind turbine and its implementation Dolnoslaska Fabryka Maszyn Elektrycznych p. z o.o. 2009.03.192010.09.30 651 164 (217 000) Research and development leading to implementation of innovative wind turbine SIGMA S.A., Barak2009.11.062011.09.30 1 418 280 (473 000) The first in Poland vertical axis wind turbine based on Polish response MEPROZET Stare Kurowo Sp. z o.o. 2011.04.012014.06.30 5 393 766 (1 798 000) Research and development of innovative small wind turbines POLBUD S.A.2011.04.152013.12.31 3 265 156 (1 088 000) Comprehensive response of the variable rotating small wind turbine equipped with storage energy module and applied to distributed generating systems Warsaw University of Technology 2009.10.012012.12.31 1 136 600 (379 000) Optimization system of power control of wind farm under limited possibilities of grid capacity Lublin University of Technology 2009.10.012012.09.30 780 000 (260 000) The AC/DC/AC inverter for asynchronous machine powered by hydro and wind turbine Bialystok University of Technology 2009.08.012012.04.30 870 000 (290 000) Creation and implementation of the family of vertical axis wind turbines ARTBAU Sp. z o.o.2010.03.042012.03.30 1 645 000 (548 000) 18

19 Title of the projectBeneficiary Opening date Closing date Budget [zl (US dollars)] The AC/AC inverter with silicon carbide elements and applied to wind turbine generatos in aff-grid and on-grid systems Gdansk University of Technology 2010.05.012012.12.31 862 000 (287 000) Small wind turbine optimized for low wind speed conditions Military University of Technology in Warsaw 2013.10.012016.07.31 3 822 941 (1 274 000) Innovative vertical axis wind turbine of 1.5 MW equipped with highly effective power inverter STALPRODUKT S.A., Bochnia 2013.12.012016.09.30 27 599 808 (9 200 000) Designing and analysis of locating and anchoring systems of offshore wind turbine platforms for South Baltic sea Gdansk University of Technology 2013.12.012016.11.30 1 177 200 (392 000) Designing and analysis of locating and anchoring systems of offshore wind turbine platforms for South Baltic sea Stocznia Remontowa NAUTA S.A. Gdynia 2013.12.012016.11.30 402 016 (134 000) TOTAL 49 023 931 (16 341 000) Examples of research projects in the field of wind energy in Poland Source: The National Centre for Research and Development (NCBiR) 19

20 About the Author: Dr. Robert Adam Sobolewski Assistant Professor at Department of Power Engineering, Photonics and Ligthing Technics, Bialystok University of Technology, e-mail: robsob@pb.edu.pl Fields of research and possible cooperation with Brazilian researchers: - wind farm power output estimation and forecasting, - reliability of power systems with wind power integrated, - protective relaying within wind turbines and wind farms. Papers: 1. Sobolewski R.A., Feijoo A.E.: Semi-Markov model for evaluation of wind farm output power probabilistic characteristics (submitted, under review). 2. Sobolewski R.A., Feijoo A.E.: Estimation of wind farms aggregated power output distribution. In: International Journal of Electrical Power and Energy Systems 46(2013) 241-249. 3. Feijoo A., Villanueva D., Pazos J.L., Sobolewski R.: Simulation of correlated wind speeds: A review. In: Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 15(2011) 2826-2832. 4. Sobolewski R.A.: Analiza niezawodności układu wytwórczo-przyłączeniowego turbiny wiatrowej wykorzystująca kryterium ekonomiczne niezawodności. W: Przegląd Elektrotechniczny R. 86 Nr 10/2010, s. 324-329 (in Polish). 5. Feijoo A., Sobolewski R.: Simulation of correlated wind speeds. In: International Journal of Electrical Energy Systems. Volume 1, Number 2, July-December 2009, pp. 99-106. 20

21 Thank you for your attention! 21


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