Presentation on theme: "The Case for Truancy Intervention Prepared for The Center of Children and Youth Justice: Seattle, WA."— Presentation transcript:
The Case for Truancy Intervention Prepared for The Center of Children and Youth Justice: Seattle, WA
What is NCSE? The National Center for School Engagement is an Initiative of the Colorado Foundation for Families and Children Promoting truancy prevention and school engagement Provide training, evaluation and technical assistance Advocating policy development to improve attendance, attachment and achievement
Troubling Statistics In Colorado 70% of suspended youth are chronically truant in the previous 6 months. 97% of expelled youth are chronically truant in the previous year. 80% of dropouts were chronically truant in the past year. 90% of youth in detention for delinquent acts were truant.
Troubling Statistics in Colorado 25% of all expelled youth will be in youth corrections within 1 year. Truants are 2 to 8 times as likely to become adjudicated delinquents. Truants aged 12-15 are 10 to 15 times as likely to start marijuana use compared to non-truant or suspended youth or low academic performing youth.
Truancy and Delinquency Youth Ages 12-15 Onset of Serious Property Crimes * Class Skipper4.69 times as likely Minor Truant (1-3 Days)5.17 “ “ “ Moderate Truant (4-9Days)11.46 “ “ “ Chronic Truant (> 9 Days) 21.53 “ “ “ * Dr. Kimberly Henry, American Society of Criminology, Nov 2005
Effect of Truancy on Later Delinquency in Youth Ages 12-15 Onset of Serious Assault Crimes Class Skipper 4.12 times as likely Minor Truant (1-3 days) 4.03 Moderate Truant (4-9 days) 6.84 Chronic Truant (> 9 days) 12.15
Truancy and Drug Use Onset of Marijuana Use By Age 14 Class Skipper 4.11 times as likely Minor Truant (1-3 days) 7.17 Moderate Truant (4-9 days) 12.37 Chronic Truant (> 9 days) 16.08
Individual Data Background Including King County and Tacoma The following data are based on 595 students entered into an online database (TRAIN) from all 7 demonstration sites of the National Demonstration Site Study. Sites include Jacksonville, Houston, Suffolk County (NY), Hawaii, Contra Costa County (CA) Seattle and Tacoma (WA)
Numbers of Students with Common Challenges Family Stressors (283), Mobility (118), Emotional Stability (242), Family Relationship (130), Peer Relationship (122), Academic Problems (344)
Number of Students with Less Common Challenges Living Situation (91), Been Bullied (63), Transportation (84), Chronic Illness (97)
Improvements Of 520 update records, the greatest number of improvements were made in: Academic Achievement (135) Emotional Stability (116) Improving Peer Relationships (113) Family Relationship(111) / Family Stressor (108)
Attendance Since the project’s inception, the average excused absence rate dropped from 4.37 at intake to 3.55 at the first update (after 3 months in program) The average unexcused absence rate dropped from 14.64 at intake to 7.40 at the first update.
King County/ Seattle Model OJJDP Demonstration Site 2000-2004 –Based in Juvenile Diversion Office Linked to School and Truancy Courts –Letters from DA to truant and families –Monthly Workshops: DA/ Schools/Court –Contracts with family and school –Diversion counselor follow up to track kids –60-65% success rate (no further truancy for 1 year)
Latest Research on Truancy and Drugs From Youth Study in Rochester, NY Henry, K and Thornberry, T. 2008 ( In Press) Truancy is the most significant of all risk factors to predict first time marijuana use Truancy predicted 97% of first time drug use Linear relationship between truancy and amount of alcohol and drug use (The greater the # of truant days, the greater the use) Truancy occurs in pairs as does delinquency
New Evidence on Early Absence Chronic early absence (20 or more days) in K-3 is clearly associated with poor achievement, truancy in middle school, school drop out, delinquency and substance abuse (Mclusky, Bynum, and Patchin,2004) For low income students in an urban setting, each additional day absent from school in elementary grades is associated with a 7% lower probability of graduating from high school. For example an increase from 5-10 absences per year reduces the odds of school completion by 35%(Reynolds, 2007)
Truancy Reduction Saves Public Funds The RAND Corporation estimated that each high school dropout costs between $188,086 and $297,188 in 1999 dollars. (Vernez, Krop and Rydell, 2000. Closing the Education Gap, The RAND Corporation: Santa Monica, CA.)
Colorado Cost Study Court based Truancy Programs: Results
Truancy Reduction Saves Public Funds* Estimated Per Capita Savings in Public Spending and Income Taxes For Each Truant Student Who Completes High School Adams County, CO- $208,371 Denver, CO- $215,649 Pueblo, CO- $209,550 * From Saving Money Saving Youth, Published by NCSE, October 2003
YEAR JUVENILES SENTENCED TO FLORIDA STATE PRISON JUVENILES SENTENCED TO DUVAL COUNTY JAIL 199447201 199539105 1996885 199729132 199818149 19992772 20001635 20012639 20021635 20032333 2004522 Impact on Delinquency from Truancy + Diversion Program in Jacksonville