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Classical Greece Classical Greece Regents Review Unit 2 7/2013Izydorczak1.

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Presentation on theme: "Classical Greece Classical Greece Regents Review Unit 2 7/2013Izydorczak1."— Presentation transcript:

1 Classical Greece Classical Greece Regents Review Unit 2 7/2013Izydorczak1

2 What effect did the geography of ancient Greece have on its early development? (1) The mountainous terrain led to the creation of independent city-states. (2) A lack of natural seaports limited communication. (3) An inland location hindered trade and colonization. (4) Abundant natural resources encouraged self-sufficiency. 7/2013Izydorczak2

3 Which societal condition was basic to the development of Greek philosophy and Renaissance art? 1. rigid social classes 2. emphasis on individualism 3. religious uniformity 4. mass education The flowering of civilization that occurred during Ancient Greece and Renaissance Italy can be attributed to the emphasis that both societies placed on individual worth. This emphasis caused contemporaries of both periods to excel in their endeavors and contributions to the world. 7/2013Izydorczak3

4 The Ancient Athenians are credited with 1. inventing and using the wheel 2. eliminating slavery 3.establishing governments that had democratic elements 4. inventing the printing press The Greek city-state of Athens was one of the earliest known places to incorporate direct democracy. 7/2013Izydorczak4

5 What was one cause of the development of many small independent city-states in ancient Greece? (1)Greece and Rome were often at war. (2) The mountainous terrain of Greece resulted in widely scattered settlements. (3) Military leaders found small Greek settlements easy to control. (4) The Greek people had many different languages and religions. 7/2013Izydorczak5

6 Which societal condition was basic to the development of Greek philosophy? 1. rigid social classes 2. emphasis on individualism 3. religious uniformity 4. mass education Education was an important part of life in the Greek City-State of Athens. However, education was limited to male citizens. 7/2013Izydorczak6

7 One effect of rugged, mountainous geography on the civilization of ancient Greece was the development of (1) absolute monarchies (2) separate, independent city-states (3) extensive trade with the Persians (4) belief in one God 7/2013Izydorczak7

8 Which characteristic was common to the Golden Age of Greece and the Italian Renaissance? 1. a strong military led to national unity 2.written constitutions led to the establishment of democratic governments 3. prosperity led to the creation of many works of art 4.political instability led directly to the formation of unified nation-states The wealth of both the Golden Age of Greece and the Italian Renaissance allowed these societies to concentrate on culture and support the arts. 7/2013Izydorczak8

9 Which ancient civilization established the basis of western democracy? 1. Phoenician 2. Egyptian 3. Sumerian 4. Greek The Greek city-state of Athens was one of the earliest known places to incorporate direct democracy. 7/2013Izydorczak9

10 An important factor that prevented the ancient Greek city-states from uniting to form a single nation was the (1) lack of a common language (2) size of the desert regions (3) mountainous topography of the region (4) cold, hostile climate 7/2013Izydorczak10

11 Important long-term contributions of Ancient Greek and Roman civilizations are primarily found in the area of 1. military technology 2. religious doctrine 3. economic policy and planning 4. government and law Both Ancient Greece and the Roman Republic are known for their use of democracy in government. Rome also contributed to the area of law through the creation of the Twelve Tables of Law. 7/2013Izydorczak11

12 How did geography influence the development of ancient Greece? (1) Rich farmland led to dependence on agriculture. (2) Excellent harbors encouraged seafaring trade. (3) Flat plains made centralized rule possible. (4) Tropical climate discouraged urban development. 7/2013Izydorczak12

13 The Ancient Greek city-state of Sparta 1.was primarily concerned with the health of their people 2. was a powerful military state 3. granted universal suffrage to their people 4. placed great emphasis on literature and the arts Sparta was a totalitarian Greek city-state that required all males to serve in the military. 7/2013Izydorczak13

14 The Ancient Greek city-state of Sparta (1) was primarily concerned with the health of their people (2) was a powerful military state (3) granted universal suffrage to their people (4) placed great emphasis on literature and the arts 7/2013Izydorczak14

15 A major impact of Ancient Greece and Rome on Western Civilization was that 1.the Greeks and Romans succeeded in achieving a classless society, which was later copied in Western Europe 2.Greek sculpture and Roman architecture were much admired and copied in the 18th and 19th centuries 3.Greece and Rome transmitted Islamic philosophy to the areas they conquered 4.Greek and Latin are still widely spoken in universities throughout the West With the reemergence of democracy, classical Greek and Roman architecture was copied during the 1700s and 1800s. 7/2013Izydorczak15

16 Alexander the Great’s conquests of Greece, Asia Minor, Egypt, and Persia led to the 1. spread of Hellenic culture 2. adoption of a feudal system 3. establishment of representative democracy 4. spread of Islamic culture throughout Europe Hellenistic culture was a blending of Greek, Asian, Persian, and Egyptian traditions. This culture was developed and spread as Alexander made his conquests across the ancient world. 7/2013Izydorczak16

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18 Base your answer to question 4 on the quotation below and on your knowledge of social studies....We give our obedience to those whom we put in positions of authority, and we obey the laws themselves, especially those which are for the protection of the oppressed, and those unwritten laws which it is an acknowledged shame to break.... — Pericles, quoted in History of the Peloponnesian War In this quotation, Pericles is praising Athenian (1) civic values (2) artistic creativity (3) military strengths (4) commercial success 7/2013Izydorczak18

19 One way in which the ancient city-state of Athens and the Gupta Empire are similar is that both (1) allowed universal suffrage (2) developed matriarchal societies (3) promoted art and literature (4) established plantation agriculture 7/2013Izydorczak19

20 Which statement about ancient Greece is an opinion rather than a fact? (1) Mountainous terrain was an obstacle to Greek political unity. (2) The Spartan culture placed an emphasis on military skills. (3) Athens granted voting rights to male citizens only. (4) Greek architecture was superior to Persian architecture 7/2013Izydorczak20

21 Mountainous Excellent harbors separate, independent city-states Seafaring traders Climate encouraged outdoor activities 7/2013Izydorczak21

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