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Hamburger & Bin-Dae-Duk 세계적 도전과 인간적 세계화 : Global Challenge and Humanistic Globalization 임길진 Gill-Chin Lim 미시간주립대 석좌교수 MSU Endowed Professor of Asian Studies.

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Presentation on theme: "Hamburger & Bin-Dae-Duk 세계적 도전과 인간적 세계화 : Global Challenge and Humanistic Globalization 임길진 Gill-Chin Lim 미시간주립대 석좌교수 MSU Endowed Professor of Asian Studies."— Presentation transcript:

1 Hamburger & Bin-Dae-Duk 세계적 도전과 인간적 세계화 : Global Challenge and Humanistic Globalization 임길진 Gill-Chin Lim 미시간주립대 석좌교수 MSU Endowed Professor of Asian Studies in a Global Context Professor of Geography and Urban Planning Michigan State University and Distinguished Institute Professor KDI School of International Policy and Management Seoul, Korea

2 Hamburger & Bin-Dae-Duk 환영합니다. Welcome Welcome. Good to see you all. Thank you for joining us. Why do we talk about Hamburgers and Bin-Dae-Duk?

3 Hamburger & Bin-Dae-Duk 미시간 주립대 Michigan State University 미시간 주립대 1855 년 창립 (Coca Cola 1886) 교정 : 5200 에이커 / 6 백 40 만평 학생수 : 4 만 3 천 명 교수 : 2,000 미시간 주 : 11,000 호수 / 33.000 마일 강

4 Hamburger & Bin-Dae-Duk 9 공 퀴즈 9 balls quiz 창의력 Creativity

5 Hamburger & Bin-Dae-Duk 5 Draw 4 lines continuously to go through all nine dots. Think Piece 0: 줄 4 개를 연속으로 그려서 공 9 개를 전부 지나가게 하세요.

6 Hamburger & Bin-Dae-Duk 6 Solution 1

7 Hamburger & Bin-Dae-Duk 7 Solution 2

8 Hamburger & Bin-Dae-Duk 8 Solution 3

9 Hamburger & Bin-Dae-Duk 9 Solution 4

10 Hamburger & Bin-Dae-Duk 10 Solution 5

11 Hamburger & Bin-Dae-Duk 11 Solution 6

12 Hamburger & Bin-Dae-Duk 12 왜 새로운 답이 나오지 않는가 ? Why you don’t get new solutions? 하라는 대로 만 한다. Follow the instructions rigidly. 제한조건을 감히 바꾸지 못한다. Do not dare to change the constraints. 생각하는 방법이 작고 소극적이다. Think small and modestly.

13 Hamburger & Bin-Dae-Duk 13 새로운 답을 얻으려면 ? What to do to get new solutions? 기존 관념을 버려라. Abandon old thinking. 하지 않았던 것을 해보라. Do something new. 위험을 두려워 말라. Take a risk. 나는 다 안다고 자부하지 말라. Do be complacent 새로운 것을 배워라. Learn something new. 배운 것을 실천하라. Practice what you know.

14 Hamburger & Bin-Dae-Duk 14 동양과 서양 East and West 무엇이 다르고 무엇이 같은가 ? Differences And Similarities

15 Hamburger & Bin-Dae-Duk 15 햄버거 Hamburger 빈대떡 Bin-Dae-Duk Cooking is exact science. Cooking is artistic approximation.

16 Hamburger & Bin-Dae-Duk 16 멕시코 타코 Taco 중국 닭 요리 Honey Chili Chicken Is it like hamburger or bin-dae-duk? Chinese cooking: Wok Serves 6Serves 6 chicken, green ginger, honey, corn flour, chili Is it art or science?

17 Hamburger & Bin-Dae-Duk 17 세계화 시대의 질문 Questions in the Global Era 여러 문화간의 다른 점은 ? What are differences among different cultures? 여러 문화간의 같은 점은 ? What are similarities among different cultures ? 내가 할 일은 ? What should I do? 내 자녀가 할 일은 ? What should my children do? 내 가족이 할 일은 ? What should my family do?

18 Hamburger & Bin-Dae-Duk 18 차이점 Differences 동양 East 서양 West

19 Hamburger & Bin-Dae-Duk 19 당신의 이름은 Your Name? East 이 순신 LEE Soon-Shin 성 / 이름 Family name/ Given Name West 죠지 부시 George BUSH 이름 / 성 Given name/ Family name

20 Hamburger & Bin-Dae-Duk 20 주소 적기 Tell me your Address East 대한민국 서울 동대문구 청량리동 334-2 Republic of Korea, Seoul Dongdaemoon-Gu Chungryanri-Dong 27-8 West 2345 Sunset St. Los Angeles, CALIFORNIA USA

21 Hamburger & Bin-Dae-Duk 21 그림 Painting 위계 Hierarchy East 투시법 Perspective West West 西洋畵 East 東洋畵

22 Hamburger & Bin-Dae-Duk 22 운동 Sports Return to the starting point. East Linear progression West Tae-Kwon-Do/Karate 跆拳道 Boxing

23 Hamburger & Bin-Dae-Duk 23 음악 Music East West 태평소 Tae-Pyong-So 클라리넷 Clarinet

24 Hamburger & Bin-Dae-Duk 24 종교 / 철학 Religion /Philosophy 人法地 : Human follows Earth 地法天 : Earth follows Heaven 天法道 : Heaven follows Tao 道法自然 : Tao follows nature Circulation East 창세기 Genesis 태초에 하느님께서 천지를 창조하 시다. In the beginning God created the heaven and the Earth 묵시록 Revelation Chapter 21 And I saw a new heaven and a new Earth: for the first heaven and first Earth were passed away: and there was no more sea Beginning and End West Lao-TzuBible 성경 老子

25 Hamburger & Bin-Dae-Duk 25 글자 Writing System Sun Tree 林 ( Forest) 森 (Big forest) Hieroglyphic character ( Pictograph 象形文字 A Character has a meaning. East a b c d e f g h I j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z Symbols have no meaning Only the sound does. The sound is a linear combination of elements. West SUN TREE Phonetic Symbols AlphabetChinese - 漢字

26 Hamburger & Bin-Dae-Duk 26 Korean – 한글 (Han-Geul) ㄱ ㄴ ㄷ ㄹ ㅁ ㅂ ㅅ ㅇ ㅈ ㅊ ㅋ ㅌ ㅍ ㅎ ㅏ ㅑ ㅓ ㅕ ㅗ ㅛ ㅜ ㅠ ㅡ ㅣ 한글은 표음문자이면서 글자체를 지닌다. Korean (Han-Geul) is at the middle of hieroglyphic character and phonetic symbols 해 (sun) 달 (moon)

27 Hamburger & Bin-Dae-Duk 27 문화적 사고방식의 차이 Cultural Thought Patterns in Inter-Cultural Education 영어 ENGLISH

28 Hamburger & Bin-Dae-Duk 28 동서양 사고방식의 차이 Comparison of Eastern & Western ways of Thinking East 큰 것  작 은 것 Big  Small 공간 Space 위계적 관계 Hierarchal Relationship 순환과 회귀 Circulation & Return 종합적 Comprehensive 다층적 Multi-Lateral 영험적 Intuitive West 작은 것  큰 것 Small  Big 선 Line 일대일 관계 One to One Relationship 시작과 종말 Beginning & End 특수적 Particular 직선적 Linear 논리적 Logical

29 Hamburger & Bin-Dae-Duk 29 도전과 새로운 방향 Challenges and New Directions 1. 세계적 도전 What are global challenges? 2. 서양적 사고의 한계 What are limits of Western thinking which dominates the world? 3. 미래를 위한 새로운 방향 What are new directions for the future?

30 Hamburger & Bin-Dae-Duk 30 세계적 도전 Current Global Challenges 1. 국제경제의 상호의존성 International Economic interdependency 2. 세계생태환경문제 Global Ecological Issues 3. 과학기술의 진보 Advances in Science and Technology 4. 조직적 변화 Organizational Change 5. 이념적 변화 / 민주주의와 시장경제 Ideological Change 6. 다중적 문화와 생활양식 Multi-cultural Life Style

31 Hamburger & Bin-Dae-Duk 31 서양적 사고의 한계 Limit of Western Thinking & Science 논리적 실증주의 확대와 그 문제점 Expansion of Logical Positivism & Its Problems Can not deal with issues related to values Preserves Status Quo Can be used for political purpose

32 Hamburger & Bin-Dae-Duk 32 비판적 대안 Critical Alternatives 1. 비판 철학 Critical Philosophy Technical Knowledge Inter-Subjective Knowledge Emancipatory Knowledge 2. 현상학 Phenomenology Data from 5 Senses Six Senses 3. 동양 철학 Oriental Philosophy 도가 Taoism (Lao-Tzu, Zhang-Tzu) 불가 Buddhism 서양적 사고의 한계 Limit of Western Thinking & Science

33 Hamburger & Bin-Dae-Duk 33 교육철학 Educational Philosophy 서양 교육철학의 발전 Development of Educational Philosophy in the West Platon (427-347 BC) Johann Comenius (1592-1670) Jean Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778) J. H. Pestalozzi (1746-1827) Robert Owen (1771-1858) Friedrich Wilhelm Frobel (1782-1852) John Dewey (1859-1952) M. Montessori (1870-1952) John Piaget (1896-1950) Lawrence Kohlberg

34 Hamburger & Bin-Dae-Duk 34 동양철학의 연구 Need to Study Eastern Educational Philosophy 공자 Confucius 노자 Lao-Tzu 불가 Buddhism 다산 정약용 Da-San Chung Yark-Young 율곡 Yul-Gok Yi 퇴계 Toi-Gye Yi 동학 Tong Hahk 교육철학 Educational Philosophy

35 Hamburger & Bin-Dae-Duk 35 Yeoh Rae Jang ( 如來藏 여래장 ) First Sense 일식 Second Sense 이식 Third Sense 삼식 Fourth Sense 사식 Fifth Sense 오식 눈, 귀, 코, 혀, 몸 Eye, Ear, Nose, Tongue, Body 5 관 Five Pre-Senses 前五識 Sixth Sense 육식 의식 Conscious Sense 意識 Synthesis of Five Pre-Senses 前五識 Seventh Sense ( 末那識 ) 개인적 의식 Individual, hidden, self-centered sense Eighth Sense ( 藏識 ) 해방적 의식 Sense that will emancipate a person 서양에 없음 Not in the West

36 Hamburger & Bin-Dae-Duk 36 햄버거와 빈대떡의 공통점 Similarities Between Hamburger & Bin-Dae-Duk 정말 다른가 ? Are they really different? 내용물 Ingredients: 곡식, 고기, 야채 / Grain, Meat, Vegetable 영양분 Nutrients: 탄수화물, 단백질, 지방질 / Carbohydrate, Protein, Oil 먹어야 산다. WE must eat. 먹는 것은 즐겁다. WE all love to eat.

37 Hamburger & Bin-Dae-Duk 37 윤리학과 해방의 공통점 Similarities in Ethics and Enlightenment 콜버그 : 도적적 의식의 6 단계 Kohlberg: Stages of Moral Consciousness 10 개의 소 길들이기 그림 Ten Oxherding Pictures

38 Hamburger & Bin-Dae-Duk 38 콜버그 Stages of Moral Consciousness (according to Lawrence Kohlberg)

39 Hamburger & Bin-Dae-Duk 39 Stages of Moral Consciousness (according to Lawrence Kohlberg)

40 Hamburger & Bin-Dae-Duk 40 The Ten Oxherding Pictures 1. Undisciplined With his horns fiercely projected in the air the beast snorts, Madly running over the mountain paths, farther and farther he goes astray! A dark cloud is spread across the entrance of the valley, And who knows how much of the fine fresh herb is trampled under his wild hoofs!

41 Hamburger & Bin-Dae-Duk 41 10 소 길들이기 그림 The Ten Oxherding Pictures 2. Discipline Begun I am in possession of a straw rope, and I pass it through his nose, For once he makes a frantic attempt to run away, but he is severely whipped and whipped; The beast resists the training with all the power there is in a nature wild and ungoverned, But the rustic oxherd never relaxes his pulling tether and ever-ready whip.

42 Hamburger & Bin-Dae-Duk 42 The Ten Oxherding Pictures 3. In Harness Gradually getting into harness the beast is now content to be led by the nose, Crossing the stream, walking along the mountain path, he follows every step of the leader; The leader holds the rope tightly in his hand never letting it go, All day long he is on the alert almost unconscious of what fatigue is.

43 Hamburger & Bin-Dae-Duk 43 The Ten Oxherding Pictures 4. Faced Round After long days of training the result begins to tell and the beast is faced round, A nature so wild and ungoverned is finally broken, he has become gentler; But the tender has not yet given him his full confidence, He still keeps his straw rope with which the ox is now tied to a tree.

44 Hamburger & Bin-Dae-Duk 44 The Ten Oxherding Pictures 5. Tamed Under the green willow tree and by the ancient mountain stream, The ox is set at liberty to pursue his own pleasures; At the eventide when a grey mist descends on the pasture, The boy wends his homeward way with the animal quietly following.

45 Hamburger & Bin-Dae-Duk 45 The Ten Oxherding Pictures 6. Unimpeded On the verdant field the beast contentedly lies idling his time away, No whip is needed now, nor any kind of restraint; The boy too sits leisurely under the pine tree, Playing a tune of peace, overflowing with joy.

46 Hamburger & Bin-Dae-Duk 46 The Ten Oxherding Pictures 7. Laissez Faire The spring stream in the evening sun flows languidly along the willow-lined bank, In the hazy atmosphere the meadow grass is seen growing thick; When hungry he grazes, when thirsty he quaffs, as time sweetly slides, While the boy on the rock dozes for hours not noticing anything that goes on about him.

47 Hamburger & Bin-Dae-Duk 47 The Ten Oxherding Pictures 8. All Forgotten The beast all in white now is surrounded by the white clouds, The man is perfectly at his case and care-free, so is his companion; The white clouds penetrated by the moon-light cast their white shadows below, The white clouds and the bright moon-light-each following its course of movement.

48 Hamburger & Bin-Dae-Duk 48 The Ten Oxherding Pictures 9. The Solitary Moon Nowhere is the beast, and the oxherd is master of his time, He is a solitary cloud wafting lightly along the mountain peaks; Clapping his hands he sings joyfully in the moon-light, But remember a last wall is still left barring his homeward walk.

49 Hamburger & Bin-Dae-Duk 49 The Ten Oxherding Pictures 10. Both Vanished Both the man and the animal have disappeared, no traces are left, The bright moon-light is empty and shadowless with all the ten- thousand objects in it; If anyone should ask the meaning of this, Behold the lilies of the field and its fresh sweet-scented verdure.

50 Hamburger & Bin-Dae-Duk 50 무엇을 할 것인가 ? What should we do?: We must develop commonality 차이점을 이해하라. Understand the differences 비슷한 점을 발견하라. Understand the similarities 공통성을 개발하라. Develop commonalities

51 Hamburger & Bin-Dae-Duk 51 인간적 교육의 조건 Conditions for Ideal Human Education 1. 일생 동안 배워라. Learn for the entire life. 2. 동양적 사고와 서양적 사고를 합쳐라. Combine the Eastern & Western thinking. 왼쪽 두뇌 + 오른쪽 두뇌 Left Brain + Right Brain 마음 + 몸 Mind + Body 모국어 + 영어 + 다른 외국어 Your Mother Tongue + English + other Language 3. 남에게서 배워라. Learn from Other People.

52 Hamburger & Bin-Dae-Duk 52 무엇을 할 것일까 ? What should I do? What should my children do? What should my family do? 이중 ( 다중 ) 적 문화교육 Dual(Multi) Cultural Education for all 1. 내 나라와 외국에서 교육시킨다.Educate your children both in your homeland and abroad. 2. 어른들도 평생 배운다. Never too late for adults ( Brain Reform). Start learning today. 3. 세계를 문화적으로 이해하고 행동한다. Understand the World culturally and act.

53 Hamburger & Bin-Dae-Duk 53 인간적 세계화 Humanistic Globalization 나 My Culture 그 Her/His Culture 너 Your Culture 나 My Culture 그 Her/His Culture 너 Your Culture 나 My Culture 그 Her/His Culture 너 Your Culture 분리 Separation No contact, No conflicts 접촉 Contact Contact without Understanding, Conflicts 공통성 Commonality Contact with Understanding, Common values 우리 OUR Culture:Love; Peace; Justice; Equality; Liberty; Affluence; Trust

54 Hamburger & Bin-Dae-Duk 54 인간적 세계화의 7 개 기둥 Cannons of Humanistic Globalization www.pohg.org Never doubt that a small group of thoughtful, committed citizens can change the world. Indeed, it’s the only thing that ever can. Margaret Mead The astounding and disruptive powers bequeathed to us by progress are too great to remain unused, if they do not in fact have a little life and energy of their own. The press of everyday affairs will thus require that we take a stand on our present mood—either by learning how to live safely with nothing much to do, or else by getting over the loss we have sustained and then proceeding resolutely with what is yet to be done. Melzer, Weinberger, and Zinman

55 Hamburger & Bin-Dae-Duk 55 “21 세기의 가장 중요한 획기적 진전은 기술 때문이 아니 고 인간적 개념의 확대 때문에 일어날 것이다.” - 나이스빗 (Naisbit) 과 애버딘 (Aburdene) – “ 전체는 아니지만 대부분의 문화의 근저에 하나의 본질적 인 유사함이 자리잡고 있다는 사실을 확신하면서 나는 늘 희망을 간직하고 있다. 그 유사함에 근거하여 인류공존의 새로운 장전을 제정하기 위한 준비를 할 수 있다. 이 장전 의 바탕은 거대하고 다양한 인간관계 위에 만들어질 것이 다.” – 바클레이브 하벨 (Vaclav Havel) -

56 Hamburger & Bin-Dae-Duk 56 Cannons of Humanistic Globalization 첫째, 문제점에 대하여 비판하라. 그러나 동시에 바람직한 방향으 로 사회를 이끌 수 있다는 낙관적 태도를 견지하라. 이것이 곧 동태 적 변화에 대한 비판적 낙관론의 철학이다. 비판적 분석과 낙관적 행동을 결합할 필요가 있다. 둘째, 다른 문화, 사고방식, 외국어를 끊임없이 학습하라. 자신의 그 리고 다른 문화의 훌륭한 서적들 — 책과 만화를 포함해서 — 을 읽어 라. 주변의 사람으로부터 배우고, 스스로 지식을 쌓아가는 것을 중 단하지 말아라. 매일 새롭게 태어나라. 셋째, 주변의 사람, 부모, 자녀, 친구, 선생님을 교육하라. 특히 옛 습 관을 버리지 못하고 이 뜻 깊은 변화의 시기에 행동방식의 변화를 거부하는 사람들을 교육하라. 인간적 세계화의 7 개 기둥 Cannons of Humanistic Globalization

57 Hamburger & Bin-Dae-Duk 57 Cannons of Humanistic Globalization 넷째, 자원봉사와 공공정책의 결정과정에 적극 참여하라. 실제의 행동에 그리고 비판적으로 대화하는데 참여하여 말하고, 쓰고, 투 표하고, 조직의 일원이 되어라. 이러한 참여의 목적은 단순히 갈등 을 격화시키는 것이 아니라 상황을 이해하고 합의를 도출하기 위한 것이다. 다섯째, 공공투자 결정의 우선 순위를 변화시키도록 해라. 공공투 자결정에서 기준이 되는 것은 평화, 사랑, 정의, 풍요, 평등의 인간 의 기본적 가치이다. 또한 시민의 복지향상에 더 많이 투자하라. 기 본식량의 확보, 주택, 건강, 교육에 보다 많은 자원을 배당할 필요가 있다. 교육부분에서는 세계적 과제, 여성, 아동과 관련된 계획에 보 다 많은 투자가 필요하다. 인간적 세계화의 7 개 기둥 Cannons of Humanistic Globalization

58 Hamburger & Bin-Dae-Duk 58 Cannons of Humanistic Globalization 여섯째, 상호 존중하라. 아는 사람이건 모르는 사람이건, 약한 자이 건 강한 자이건, 세력이 있는 사람이건 없는 사람이건, 가난한 자이 건 부유한 자이건, 무식한 사람이건 지식이 풍부한 사람이건, 모든 사람을 존경하라. 마지막으로, 출생국가, 문화, 민족, 철학이 자신과 다른 사람들과 친 구가 되어라. 도저히 친구가 될 수 없다고 생각한 사람들과 친구가 됨으로써, 놀랍게도 문명된 사회의 주춧돌인 평화, 사랑, 정의, 풍요, 평등과 같은 인간의 기본적 가치를 우리가 함께 공유하고 있음을 알게 된다. 이것이야말로 인간주의적 세계화를 성취하는데 가장 중 요한 것이다 인간적 세계화의 7 개 기둥 Cannons of Humanistic Globalization

59 Hamburger & Bin-Dae-Duk 59 Cannons of Humanistic Globalization Without actions which involve individual citizens, our society cannot meet the global challenges in ways which promote the ideas of social progress and human well-being. Eventually, each person must take action to pursue Humanistic Globalization. Without changing individual actions, nothing will happen. I propose the following canons for individuals. These canons are based on the concept of critical optimism for dynamic transformation

60 Hamburger & Bin-Dae-Duk 60 Cannons of Humanistic Globalization Without actions which involve individual citizens, our society cannot meet the global challenges in ways which promote the ideas of social progress and human well-being. Eventually, each person must take action to pursue Humanistic Globalization. Without changing individual actions, nothing will happen. I propose the following canons for individuals. These canons are based on the concept of critical optimism for dynamic transformation

61 Hamburger & Bin-Dae-Duk 61 Cannons of Humanistic Globalization Without actions which involve individual citizens, our society cannot meet the global challenges in ways which promote the ideas of social progress and human well-being. Eventually, each person must take action to pursue Humanistic Globalization. Without changing individual actions, nothing will happen. I propose the following canons for individuals. These canons are based on the concept of critical optimism for dynamic transformation

62 Hamburger & Bin-Dae-Duk 62 Cannons of Humanistic Globalization First, we should be critical about the obstacles. But, at the same time, we should be able to maintain an optimistic attitude about our ability to navigate our society toward the desirable destination. This is the philosophy of critical optimism for dynamic change. We need to combine critical analysis and optimistic behavior. Second, we should continue our learning. Learn about other cultures and ways of thinking. Learn more foreign languages. Read the great books and cartoons of our own and other cultures. Learn from people around us, and never stop emancipating ourselves through increased knowledge. Renew ourselves everyday. Third, we need to educate people around us--our parents, our children, our friends, and even our teachers. In particular, we have to educate those who adhere to old habits and resist altering the courses of action in this time of profound change. Education is a beginning of reform.

63 Hamburger & Bin-Dae-Duk 63 Cannons of Humanistic Globalization Fourth, we must actively participate in voluntary services and the process of public decision-making. Speak, write, vote, organize, and engage in real actions and critical discourse. In doing so, we should remember that the objective of our participation is to obtain win/win situations or consensus building, but not to simply elevate conflicts. Fifth, we should work for a shift in priorities of public investment decisions. Our public decision criteria should include the basic human values of love, peace, justice, equality, liberty, affluence and trust. We have to support the idea of investing more in civil security. We need to put more resources in basic food security, housing, health and education. In the area of education, we need to invest more in programs dealing with global concerns and women and children.

64 Hamburger & Bin-Dae-Duk 64 Cannons of Humanistic Globalization Sixth, we must respect each other. Show our respect to every human being, whether he or she is somebody you know or not, weak or strong, powerless or powerful, poor or rich, and ignorant or knowledgeable. Finally, we should make friends with people who are different from us in terms of country of origin, culture, ethnicity, and philosophy. By making friends with somebody whom we thought we never could or would, we will learn, to our surprise, that we share much in common--basic human values such as love, peace, justice, equality, liberty, affluence and trust-- the real building blocks of a civil society. This is the best and, most pleasant approach to achieve Humanistic Globalization.

65 Hamburger & Bin-Dae-Duk 65 Twelve Pillars of Life 삶의 열 두 가지 기둥 Smile and don't get angry. 미소하고 화내지 말라. Neither hide nor exhibit yourself. 뽐내지도 숨기지도 말라. Feel happy and do not hate. 즐겁게 살고 증오하지 말라. Be independent materially and spiritually. 물질적 정신적으로 독립하라. Admit your mistakes and improve yourself. 스스로의 잘못을 인정하고 자신을 개선하라. Be aware of your ignorance and learn from others. 자신의 무지를 알고 남에게서 배워라. Seek advice from others, but make decisions on your own. 다른 사람의 조언을 구하되 스스로 결정하라. Treat everybody equally, whoever they may be. 모든 사람을 똑같이 대하라. Cherish the old as well as the new. 옛 것과 새 것을 모두 귀중하게 여겨라. Practice what you know. 아는 것을 실천하라. Love everything. 모든 것을 사랑하라. Be persistent. 계속하라.

66 Hamburger & Bin-Dae-Duk 감사합니다. Thank you !!!


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