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© 2014 Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development CRPPH Contributions to Stakeholder Involvement Dr. Michael Siemann, Dr. Ted Lazo Radiation Protection and Radioactive Waste Management Division OECD Nuclear Energy Agency
© 2014 Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development Stakeholder a person with an interest or concern in something STAKEHOLDER Central Government MediaNGO’s General Public Concerned Population Local Farmers Local Trade Nuclear Power Industry Researchers Scientists Local Mayors Prefecture
© 2014 Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development CRPPH Stakeholder Involvement Work The Committee on Radiation Protection and Public Health has an extensive history of work on stakeholder involvement decision-making in complex radiological protection situations –International Nuclear Emergency Exercises –Villigen workshops –Chernobyl-related work –Science and Values in RP Decision Making workshops –Stakeholder Involvement for Post Nuclear Emergency Management
© 2014 Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development Key INEX Lessons The NEA has organised 4 international nuclear exercises since 1992, and is planning INEX 5 for 2015 – 2016. From these, the following stakeholder involvement lessons have been learned: Countries are less prepared for recovery than for emergency management Stakeholder involvement in emergency planning, preparedness and management is essential Recovery planning and implementation requires stakeholder involvement, and is very case specific There is a need to exchange experience with regard to organisational and administrative issues and processes for stakeholder involvement, particularly for such aspects as clean-up and return Plans are necessary to address public concerns and to communicate information in a way that promotes trust and understanding
© 2014 Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development Key Villigen Issues Three workshops on stakeholder involvement in decision-making in complex radiological situations were organised by the CRPPH in 1998, 2001 and 2003. These were the first serious discussions within the RP community, and concluded: Radiological protection must be integrated into societal decisions, rather than integrating societal aspects into radiological protection decisions or “radiological protection must adapt to meet the needs of society and not the reverse” Stakeholder involvement is essential to achieving sustainable, accepted decisions in complex radiological situations, such as post-accident recovery
© 2014 Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development Key Chernobyl-related Work Issues The CRPPH has followed the management of Chernobyl consequences since 1986, and has developed 8 expert reports, which broadly conclude: A top-down approach will need to evolve into a bottom-up approach Listening to and working with stakeholders can help to rebuild trust Stakeholders are a resource to identify problems and practical solutions on the ground
© 2014 Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development Key Science and Values Issues CRPPH discussions of stakeholders and decision making have focused on Science and Values aspects in 3 Workshops (2008, 2009, 2012) concluding : Decisions are informed by science, but driven by social values Cultural aspects must be considered, but the need for stakeholder involvement is universal Protection of children is a universal objective, and a focus of recovery activities Low-dose health effects are poorly understood by stakeholders, and related stakeholder concerns need to be better addressed
© 2014 Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development Key Stakeholder Involvement in Post-Emergency Management Issues The CRPPH held the Practices and Experiences in Stakeholder Involvement for Post Nuclear Emergency Management Workshop in 2010, which concluded : Stakeholder involvement should be central to emergency and recovery management planning A multi-disciplinary team of professionals is needed to deal with the spectrum of stakeholder issues
© 2014 Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development Conclusions Stakeholders are a valuable and an essential resource for the development of decisions that are accepted and sustainable There is a significant amount of international experience in developing frameworks and implementing processes for appropriately involving stakeholders in radiological-protection decision making Cultural aspects will influence stakeholder involvement, but some level of stakeholder involvement will always be necessary
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