Presentation on theme: "Introduction to General Linguistics Deny A. Kwary www.kwary.net."— Presentation transcript:
Introduction to General Linguistics Deny A. Kwary www.kwary.net
The Textbooks Contemporary Linguistics By. O’Grady, Dobrovolsky, and Katamba Introduction to Language By. Fromkin, Rodman, and Hyams
The Course Materials Open: www.kwary.net Click: Linguistics Click: General Linguistics Download the lecture materials
The Evaluation 1.40% Midterm Test 2.10% Assignment 3.50% Final Test
What is Language? Language is the method of human communication, either spoken or written, consisting of the use of words in a structured and conventional way.
The Creativity Aspect of Language Human language must be creative: allowing novelty and innovation is response to new thoughts, experiences, and situations
Linguistic Knowledge Knowledge of Words: Knowing the sound units that are related to specific meanings. Knowledge of Sentences: Knowing how to form sentences. Knowledge of the Sound System: Knowing what sounds are in that language and what sounds are not.
Linguistic Performance: How you use this knowledge in actual speech production and comprehension. Linguistic Competence: What you know about a language.
Prescriptive Grammar 1762; Bishop Robert Lowth; A Short Introduction to English Grammar with Critical Notes. II don’t have none YYou was wrong MMathilda is fatter than me Many of those rules were based on Latin grammar. Latin was assumed as the respected scientific language in the 15th – 17th Centuries. I don’t have any You were wrong Mathilda is fatter than I
Descriptive Grammar 1985; Randolph Quirk, Sidney Greenbaum, Geoffrey Leech, and Jan Svartvik; A Comprehensive Grammar of the English Language. Based on a corpus of actual spoken and written English.
The Components of a Grammar Phonetics: the articulation and perception of speech sounds. Phonology: the patterning of speech sounds Morphology: word formation Syntax: sentence formation Semantics: the interpretation of words and sentences