Presentation on theme: "Introduction to General Linguistics"— Presentation transcript:
1 Introduction to General Linguistics Deny A. Kwary
2 The Textbooks Contemporary Linguistics By. O’Grady, Dobrovolsky, and KatambaIntroduction to LanguageBy. Fromkin, Rodman, and Hyams
3 The Course Materials Open: www.kwary.net Click: Linguistics Click: General LinguisticsDownload the lecture materials
4 The Evaluation40% Midterm Test10% Assignment50% Final Test
5 What is Language?Language is the method of human communication, either spoken or written, consisting of the use of words in a structured and conventional way.
6 The Creativity Aspect of Language Human language must be creative: allowing novelty and innovation is response to new thoughts, experiences, and situations
7 Linguistic KnowledgeKnowledge of the Sound System: Knowing what sounds are in that language and what sounds are not.Knowledge of Words: Knowing the sound units that are related to specific meanings.Knowledge of Sentences: Knowing how to form sentences.
8 Linguistic Competence: What you know about a language.Linguistic Performance:How you use this knowledge in actual speech production and comprehension.
9 Prescriptive Grammar1762; Bishop Robert Lowth; A Short Introduction to English Grammar with Critical Notes.I don’t have none You was wrong Mathilda is fatter than me I don’t have anyYou were wrongMathilda is fatter than IMany of those rules were based on Latin grammar. Latin was assumed as the respected scientific language in the 15th – 17th Centuries.
10 Descriptive Grammar1985; Randolph Quirk, Sidney Greenbaum, Geoffrey Leech, and Jan Svartvik; A Comprehensive Grammar of the English Language.Based on a corpus of actual spoken and written English.
11 The Components of a Grammar Phonetics: the articulation and perception of speech sounds.Phonology: the patterning of speech soundsMorphology: word formationSyntax: sentence formationSemantics: the interpretation of words and sentences