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Introduction to General Linguistics Deny A. Kwary www.kwary.net.

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Presentation on theme: "Introduction to General Linguistics Deny A. Kwary www.kwary.net."— Presentation transcript:

1 Introduction to General Linguistics Deny A. Kwary www.kwary.net

2 The Textbooks Contemporary Linguistics  By. O’Grady, Dobrovolsky, and Katamba Introduction to Language  By. Fromkin, Rodman, and Hyams

3 The Course Materials Open: www.kwary.net Click: Linguistics Click: General Linguistics Download the lecture materials

4 The Evaluation 1.40% Midterm Test 2.10% Assignment 3.50% Final Test

5 What is Language? Language is the method of human communication, either spoken or written, consisting of the use of words in a structured and conventional way.

6 The Creativity Aspect of Language Human language must be creative: allowing novelty and innovation is response to new thoughts, experiences, and situations

7 Linguistic Knowledge Knowledge of Words: Knowing the sound units that are related to specific meanings. Knowledge of Sentences: Knowing how to form sentences. Knowledge of the Sound System: Knowing what sounds are in that language and what sounds are not.

8 Linguistic Performance: How you use this knowledge in actual speech production and comprehension. Linguistic Competence: What you know about a language.

9 Prescriptive Grammar 1762; Bishop Robert Lowth; A Short Introduction to English Grammar with Critical Notes. II don’t have none  YYou was wrong  MMathilda is fatter than me  Many of those rules were based on Latin grammar. Latin was assumed as the respected scientific language in the 15th – 17th Centuries. I don’t have any You were wrong Mathilda is fatter than I

10 Descriptive Grammar 1985; Randolph Quirk, Sidney Greenbaum, Geoffrey Leech, and Jan Svartvik; A Comprehensive Grammar of the English Language.  Based on a corpus of actual spoken and written English.

11 The Components of a Grammar Phonetics: the articulation and perception of speech sounds. Phonology: the patterning of speech sounds Morphology: word formation Syntax: sentence formation Semantics: the interpretation of words and sentences

12 That’s all for today See you next week…


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