Presentation on theme: "The Question is the Answer"— Presentation transcript:
1The Question is the Answer Challenge through questioning.
2To explain the importance of questioning in the classroom Starter – 10 QuestionsTake a post it note and write down the name of one famous person or character on it. E.g.. Bill Clinton, Mickey Mouse, Britney Spears.Don’t let anyone else see it.Stick it on the forehead of the person next to you.1 minute – explain instructions. Post itsMAKE SURE THEY DO NOT SEE THE NAME
3To explain the importance of questioning in the classroom The Rules of 10 QuestionsNow you have to guess who you are by asking only 10 questions to different people.You may ask anyone in the room.You must only ask closed questions (questions which are answered with a ‘yes’ or a ‘no’) i.e. Am I a politician? Do I have hair?You have 3 minutes to try and work out who your well known person is.No cheating!4 minutes – wander round and find out who it is.Don’t forget to ask who got their answer correct.
4To explain the importance of questioning in the classroom Session AimsTo explain the importance of questioning in the classroom.To provide opportunity to strengthen one of your own lesson plans using higher order questioningExplain purpose of activity. To get you to consider the effectiveness of open and closed ques.Closed questions are answers which only allow you to give short answers or yes, no. E.g. Do you understand? Did King Henry get married? They give you facts and quick and EASY to answer.Open questions require the person to think or reflect on the answer. They hand over control of the answer to the respondent.We are focusing on open questioning today using a version of Blooms Taxonomy that we have adapted.
5Why is questioning important? To explain the importance of questioning in the classroomWhy is questioning important?Most common form of interaction in lesson between students and teacher.Interest, engage and challenge students.Allows you to challenge students appropriately.Inspires discussion, debate and individual thought.Allows you to gauge pupil understanding and progress and to influence it.Ques is the most common interaction between student and teacher. A sign of a good lesson is where both parties feel comfortable asking and answering questions.Fact based, closed questions have their place but today we are looking at HO questions.We are focusing on these as they allow students to think independently and justify their answers.
6To explain the importance of questioning in the classroom Types of questionsThese can be broken down into:Managerial – dealing with the running of the lessonInformation/data – recalling information learntHigher order questioning – analysis and inferenceThere are many types of question – but basic ones we all use areManagerial – do you understand the work, everyone finished? Stuff to do with the lesson.Info/date - what is the date WWI started? What is this chemical? All knowledge recall.HO – these ques deal with analysis and inference. They require you to engage your brain. Make students compare, propose, examine.Research shows most questions in class focus on Knowledge & Comprehension.
7To explain the importance of questioning in the classroom Bloom’s TaxonomyGiven this information, what would you say about….?Questioning wheel: adapted from Bloom’s Taxonomy. This is the typical version you will see. The HO questions are at the top.Blooms taxonomy – 1956, classification of thinking into 6 categories. .We want you to practise Blooms taxonomy in your classroom questioning.There are many examples of Blooms. This one shows HO and LO.LO questions are knowledge and comprehension.LO have their place. Essential for us. Who, What, When, Where do well.What was the main idea?Can you describe?Can you tell me what?
8What solution would you use to the problem of…? EvaluationHow effective is….?SynthesisWhat solution would you use to the problem of…?AnalysisExplain why…..happened?Can you compare this to…?HO is our. Focus. Raise pupil achievement,. NCT GCSE level descriptors require students to use skills of application, analysis, synthesis, evaluation.If regularly question, then train them to use these HOTS.Talk about G&T
9Activities to encourage type of thinking Thinking skillQuestioning stemsCentre: Higher order thinking skills and verbsInner circle: Question stemsOuter circle: Products/example activities where the questions could be usedMany different ques you can use. Here is a basic breakdown of Bloom’s taxonomy.Knowledge–. Recall of info - Can you tell me, describe.Comprehension – Test understanding of knowledge, E.g. put info in your own words, what was main idea.Application – Applying the knowledge learnt, given this info, what would you say bout.Analysis – Given this info, what would you say about…?Synthesis – Constructing new things from info learnt – e.g. what solution would you use to the problem of..?Evaluation – Debating and assessing the info. Strengths and weaknesses. How effective is…?Activities to encourage type of thinking
10What does effective questioning look like? To explain the importance of questioning in the classroomWhat does effective questioning look like?Students do not just describe, they use a range of thinking skills to answer the questions.Questions challenge according to student ability.Students feel comfortable asking as well as receiving questionsStudents speculate and hypothesise when answeringQuestions prompt students to justifyFor example, it’s not just about facts and recall of knowledge - hopefully students will start to think about their knowledge and use the appropriate skills to answer questions.TamaraIncluding more questions in your planning means that you re more likely to use them.Build displays up around a question in your room.Plan a lesson where ½ questions are closed and ½ are open.
11To explain the importance of questioning in the classroom Question the ObjectIn the middle of your table is an image.Using the questioning wheel and the question stems provided, devise some higher order questions around the your picture.This should help you to practise using and planning HO questions.
12Tips for effective questioning To explain the importance of questioning in the classroomTips for effective questioningPlan your questioningStage your higher order questions into the lesson progressionAsk open questionsUse questions to develop collaborative workBe inventiveRespect answersPlan your questioning – more likely to use if plan. Share key questions with pupils. Indicate which questions are harder to attract G&TStage your higher order questions into the lesson progression - Break them gradually into lesson. Forewarn pupils.Ask open questions - engage with info, don’t just repeat but be creative.Use questions to develop collaborative work – Tell them to discuss in pairs. Get one side of class to think of reply for other side of class.Be inventive – thinkers keysRespect answers – time for answers. Give question time.
13To explain the importance of questioning in the classroom “The important thing is not to stop questioning. Curiosity has its own reason for existing.”Albert Einstein