Presentation on theme: "The Humanitarian Side of Statelessness; Statelessness within the framework of the MDGs Jason Tucker Statelessness Programme - Tilburg Law School Centre."— Presentation transcript:
The Humanitarian Side of Statelessness; Statelessness within the framework of the MDGs Jason Tucker Statelessness Programme - Tilburg Law School Centre for Development Studies – The University of Bath
The 1954 Convention Relating to the Status of Stateless Persons – “Person not considered as a national by any state under the operation of its law”. 12 million stateless people across the world Why the need to situate it within the MDGs? “The eight Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) – which range from halving extreme poverty to halting the spread of HIV/AIDS and providing universal primary education, all by the target date of 2015 – form a blueprint agreed to by all the world’s countries and all the world’s leading development institutions. They have galvanized unprecedented. efforts to meet the needs of the world’s poorest” - The exclusion of the stateless and the consequences State discrimination and statelessness
Problematic access to employment – Bidoon of Kuwait Vulnerability and exploitation Lack of food security – Rohingya Lack of freedom of movement – Rohingya Dealing with humanitarian disasters Registration – Malaysia Access and longevity – Roma, Thailand
Gender discrimination in nationality legalisation - MENA Statelessness increases the vulnerabilities women face – Central Asia and the Roma in Europe Education disparities Lack of provision to health care - Thai hill tribes Malnutrition – Rohingya
Provision and Access - Roma in Macedonia - Thai Hill tribes - Palestinians in the POT Mapping the issue, what we do not know Greater vulnerability to HIV/Aids – the stateless of Thailand Provision of vaccinations, equipment, awareness raising campaigns etc.
Impact on the environment of informal and poorly provided for camps – The Roma, the Bihari in Bangladesh Reliance on local resources due to lack of job opportunities Protecting the environment has to be a holistic approach How do we measure this? How will this influence allocation of resources Sinking island states and statelessness
Summary Main areas of concern Lack of understanding of the link Lack of resource allocation to assist the stateless The detrimental impact of not working with the statelessness on the surrounding population Failing to help the worlds poorest The need to explore a board range of issues ands integrate an understanding of the stateless within the mainstream of development and humanitarian initiatives. The need to map statelessness as huge gaps in our knowledge Your work: Ethiopia (known population) South Sudan (known population) Kenya (Nubian population though now solved) India (no research) How does it relate to monitoring, transparency, accountability and effectiveness