2DEFINITION..Sustainable development is development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs “Brundtland Report” 1987."Improving the quality of human life while living within the carrying capacity of supporting ecosystems" (Caring for the Earth, IUCN/WWF/UNEP, 1991)It contains within it two key concepts:- the concept of needs, in particular the essential needs of the world's poor, to which overriding priority should be given; and- the idea of limitations imposed by the state of technology and social organization on the environment's ability to meet present and future needs."All definitions of sustainable development require that we see the world as a system—a system that connects space; and a system that connects time.
3The goal of Sustainable development is to enable all people throughout the world to satisfy their basic needs and enjoy a better quality of life, without compromising the quality of future generations.5 guiding principles:Living within environmental limitsEnsuring a strong, healthy and just societyAchieving a sustainable economyPromoting good governanceUsing sound science responsibility
7related to sustainability Principlesrelated to sustainabilityEconomicSocial/CulturalEnvironmentalInterdependence of lifeNature a reflection of the DivineModesty – Earth source of all our wealthUnity in diversityCleanlinessKindness to animalsPreservationElimination of extremes of wealth and povertyWork as worshipModerationBe content w/littleVoluntary givingProfit sharingEquality of women and menElimination of all forms of prejudiceUnity in diversity / JusticeUniversal compulsory educationTrustworthiness / RespectHistory – Beliefs
9Environmental Sustainability Environmental sustainability – natural capital remains intact.EnvironmentSource and sink functionsCarrying capacityResources : renewable – non renewable
10Consumption of Renewable Resources State of Environment & SustainabilityMore than nature's ability to replenish Environmental degradation Not Sust.Equal to nature's ability to replenish Environmental equilibrium Steady stateLess than nature's ability to replenish Environmental renewal Sustainable
11Economical Sustainability Economics is the study of how societies use resources.Economic sustainabilitywhen development, which moves towards social and environmental sustainability, is financially feasible.It’s about understanding that economic growth is only sustainable if it simultaneously improves our quality of life and the environmentCan be grouped into three general categories:values and valuation; policy instruments; and poverty and environment.
12Economical Sustainability aims at: Breaking the cycle of hunger & poverty in environmentally sound ways.Meeting of basic needsExpanding economic opportunitiesProtecting and improving the environmentPromoting pluralism and democratic participationEquity of the distribution of resources and the overall scale of economic activity.
15Social Sustainability Social sustainability – the cohesion of society and its ability to work towards common goals and maintained individual needs:health and well-being, nutrition, shelter, education , expression
16How can this be achieved? Systematic community participationStrong civil society, including governmentCohesion of community for mutual benefitConnectedness between groups of peopleReciprocityTolerance, compassion, patience, forbearance, fellowship, love,Commonly accepted standards of honesty,Discipline and ethicsCommonly shared rules, laws, and information / Common rightsSocial levels are underappreciated high levels of violence mistrust social breakdown.
17Cultural Sustainability A developed state of mind – as in a person of culture’, ‘a cultured person’;The processes of this development :‘cultural interests’, ‘cultural activities’; ‘traditions’The means of these processes:‘the arts’ , ‘human intellectual works’;As ‘a whole way of life’, ‘a signifying system’ through which a social order is communicated, reproduced, experienced and explored.
18The area of culture has grown in global development issues on account of the rising share of cultural goods, services and intellectual property in world as well as the threats to cultural diversities and identities associated with contemporary globalization.There is increasing awareness that the protection and promotion of cultural diversity is vital to universal human rights, fundamental freedoms along with securing ecological and genetic diversity.This standpoint is premised on the view that sustainable development is onlyachievable if there is harmony and alignment between the objectives of cultural diversity and that of social equity, environmental responsibility and economic viability.
20Spreading SD…..Education for SD enables people to develop the knowledge, values and skills to participate in decisions about the way we do things, individually and collectively, both locally and globally, that will improve the quality of life now without damaging the planet for the future.Seven key concepts for ESD:InterdependenceCitizenshipNeeds and rights of future generationsDiversityQuality of life and equityDevelopmentCarrying capacity and changeUncertainty and precaution
32I count him braver who overcomes his desires than him who conquers his enemies; for the hardest victory is over self. – ARISTOTLEHappiness is the meaning and the purpose of life, the whole aim and end of human existenceARISTOTLEDifferent men seek after happiness in different ways and by different means, and so make for themselves different modes of life. ARISTOTLEWe are what we repeatedly do, excellence then is not an act, but a habit. — ARISTOTLEA state arises, as I conceive, out of the needs of mankind; no one is self-sufficing, but all of us have many wants. - PLATOAny man may easily do harm, but not every man can do good to another. – PLATOGood actions give strength to ourselves and inspire good actions in others. - PLATOMan is a wingless animal with two feet and flat nails. - PLATOOur object in the construction of the state is the greatest happiness of the whole, and not that of any one class. - PLATOWe can easily forgive a child who is afraid of the dark; the real tragedy of life is when men are afraid of the light. - PLATO