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The Dynastic Cycle A new dynasty comes to power. Lives of common people improved; taxes reduced; farming encouraged. Problems begin (extensive wars, invasions,

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Presentation on theme: "The Dynastic Cycle A new dynasty comes to power. Lives of common people improved; taxes reduced; farming encouraged. Problems begin (extensive wars, invasions,"— Presentation transcript:

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2 The Dynastic Cycle A new dynasty comes to power. Lives of common people improved; taxes reduced; farming encouraged. Problems begin (extensive wars, invasions, etc.) Taxes increase; men forced to work for army. Farming neglected. Govt. increases spending; corruption. Droughts, floods, famines occur. Poor lose respect for govt. They join rebels & attack landlords. Rebel bands find strong leader who unites them. Attack the emperor. Emperor is defeated !! The emperor reforms the govt. & makes it more efficient. Start here 

3 The Evolution of Chinese Writing during the Shang PictographsSemantic-Phonetics

4 Chinese Dynasties Longest continuous history of any culture. DYNASTIES: Shang: 1700’s-1100’s BCE Irrigation Systems, Calendar (fairly accurate) Qin (Ch’in): 200’s BCE 1 st Imperial dynasty, expanded into E China, ordered “Great Wall” built as protection. Han: 202 BC – AD 220 strengthened military power Mongols overthrew the Sung around 1200, ruled until 1279 when the Chinese rebelled. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Mongol_Empire_map.gifhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Mongol_Empire_map.gif Mongol expansion map After China drove the Mongols out, China limited outside influence, forbade foreign trade.

5 Struggle for China Mao Zedong: communist Chang Kai-Shek fought unsuccessfully to stop the communists. 5

6 T aiwan Chiang Kai-shek, moved gov’t to Taiwan (Chinese territory). Claim: Taiwan is separate from China. Conflict between these two groups (PRC & ROC) still exists today. 6

7 Communism in China 1 st challenge: feed the people…so gov’t organized land into larger farms. Man no longer dominant family member Women worked the fields. To slow the growth of population: 1 child policy. Great Leap Forward: disaster for Mao (pg 623) Cultural Revolution: chaos, closed schools, (pg 623) Intellects killed or sent to work in the countryside

8 Tibet & The Dalai Lama (14 th ) Tibet: Himalayan plateau DL’s ruled Tibet 1640s - 1950s. 13 th DL proclaimed independence : 913. China did not accept independence. (subordinate) DL (14 th ) exiled, living in India. Tibetans: human rights violations by Chinese.

9 Hong Kong & Macao “One Country Two Systems” Hong Kong & Macao : “Special Administrative Region” of China Autonomous HONG KONG: UK territory from 1842-1997. Cosmopolitan & Highly Developed. One of most densely pop regions in world. MACAO: Former Portuguese territory Returned to China: 1999

10 JapanJapan Feudal system similar to medieval Europe. Lords fought each other. 1274-1281: united together to fight off the Mongols Drove European invaders out in the 1600’s

11 Isolationist Japan Japan was closed to trade, isolated. The US wanted to open up Tokyo for: –Trade –Coal/refueling US ships Impact of the 1854 Treaty Signed between Japan & US: –Inflation –Overthrow of Shogun & Meji restoration: restoring imperial rule, & modernizing Japan

12 Pearl Harbor Japan: allies with Germany & Italy Dec 7, 1941: Japanese attack US Naval Base in Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. RESULT: Brings US into WWII

13 Atomic Bomb of Hiroshima & Nagasaki US dropped atomic bombs on Japan: Aug 1945. Japan surrendered & was occupied & assisted in rebuilding by US forces. Japan banned nuclear armament.

14 Korean War 1950: N. Korea, invaded S. Korea 1953: Threat of a nuclear world war ended the war at a stalemate. RESULT: Demilitarized Zone: 2.5 mile buffer zone at the 38 th parallel where troops from neither side are allowed. Unique area: Endangered animals & species thrive.

15 Vietnam Conflict 1946-1973 Vietnam independent from France 1954 Split into North: Communist & South: pre-Western govt. US Supported the South. China, Russia Supported the North 1973 Last of the US troops pulled out of Vietnam. North and South Vietnam reunified as a communist state 1976.

16 Pol Pot & The Killing Fields: 1975-1979 Killing Fields: mass graves in Cambodia where people were killed/starved & buried by the Khmer Rouge regime during its rule from 1975- 1979. Leader was Pol Pot. Goal: form a Communist peasant farming society. Foreigners expelled, & Cambodia was sealed off from the outside world.

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