Presentation on theme: "The Dynastic Cycle A new dynasty comes to power. Lives of common people improved; taxes reduced; farming encouraged. Problems begin (extensive wars, invasions,"— Presentation transcript:
The Dynastic Cycle A new dynasty comes to power. Lives of common people improved; taxes reduced; farming encouraged. Problems begin (extensive wars, invasions, etc.) Taxes increase; men forced to work for army. Farming neglected. Govt. increases spending; corruption. Droughts, floods, famines occur. Poor lose respect for govt. They join rebels & attack landlords. Rebel bands find strong leader who unites them. Attack the emperor. Emperor is defeated !! The emperor reforms the govt. & makes it more efficient. Start here
The Evolution of Chinese Writing during the Shang PictographsSemantic-Phonetics
Chinese Dynasties Longest continuous history of any culture. DYNASTIES: Shang: 1700’s-1100’s BCE Irrigation Systems, Calendar (fairly accurate) Qin (Ch’in): 200’s BCE 1 st Imperial dynasty, expanded into E China, ordered “Great Wall” built as protection. Han: 202 BC – AD 220 strengthened military power Mongols overthrew the Sung around 1200, ruled until 1279 when the Chinese rebelled. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Mongol_Empire_map.gifhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Mongol_Empire_map.gif Mongol expansion map After China drove the Mongols out, China limited outside influence, forbade foreign trade.
Struggle for China Mao Zedong: communist Chang Kai-Shek fought unsuccessfully to stop the communists. 5
T aiwan Chiang Kai-shek, moved gov’t to Taiwan (Chinese territory). Claim: Taiwan is separate from China. Conflict between these two groups (PRC & ROC) still exists today. 6
Communism in China 1 st challenge: feed the people…so gov’t organized land into larger farms. Man no longer dominant family member Women worked the fields. To slow the growth of population: 1 child policy. Great Leap Forward: disaster for Mao (pg 623) Cultural Revolution: chaos, closed schools, (pg 623) Intellects killed or sent to work in the countryside
Tibet & The Dalai Lama (14 th ) Tibet: Himalayan plateau DL’s ruled Tibet 1640s - 1950s. 13 th DL proclaimed independence : 913. China did not accept independence. (subordinate) DL (14 th ) exiled, living in India. Tibetans: human rights violations by Chinese.
Hong Kong & Macao “One Country Two Systems” Hong Kong & Macao : “Special Administrative Region” of China Autonomous HONG KONG: UK territory from 1842-1997. Cosmopolitan & Highly Developed. One of most densely pop regions in world. MACAO: Former Portuguese territory Returned to China: 1999
JapanJapan Feudal system similar to medieval Europe. Lords fought each other. 1274-1281: united together to fight off the Mongols Drove European invaders out in the 1600’s
Isolationist Japan Japan was closed to trade, isolated. The US wanted to open up Tokyo for: –Trade –Coal/refueling US ships Impact of the 1854 Treaty Signed between Japan & US: –Inflation –Overthrow of Shogun & Meji restoration: restoring imperial rule, & modernizing Japan
Pearl Harbor Japan: allies with Germany & Italy Dec 7, 1941: Japanese attack US Naval Base in Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. RESULT: Brings US into WWII
Atomic Bomb of Hiroshima & Nagasaki US dropped atomic bombs on Japan: Aug 1945. Japan surrendered & was occupied & assisted in rebuilding by US forces. Japan banned nuclear armament.
Korean War 1950: N. Korea, invaded S. Korea 1953: Threat of a nuclear world war ended the war at a stalemate. RESULT: Demilitarized Zone: 2.5 mile buffer zone at the 38 th parallel where troops from neither side are allowed. Unique area: Endangered animals & species thrive.
Vietnam Conflict 1946-1973 Vietnam independent from France 1954 Split into North: Communist & South: pre-Western govt. US Supported the South. China, Russia Supported the North 1973 Last of the US troops pulled out of Vietnam. North and South Vietnam reunified as a communist state 1976.
Pol Pot & The Killing Fields: 1975-1979 Killing Fields: mass graves in Cambodia where people were killed/starved & buried by the Khmer Rouge regime during its rule from 1975- 1979. Leader was Pol Pot. Goal: form a Communist peasant farming society. Foreigners expelled, & Cambodia was sealed off from the outside world.