Presentation on theme: "the Greatest Surah in the Qur'an…'"— Presentation transcript:
1 the Greatest Surah in the Qur'an…' Under the shade ofSurah al-Fatihahسورة الفاتحة'Shall I not teach youthe Greatest Surah in the Qur'an…'
2 Definitions QUR’AN ( (قرآن- Continuous reading SURAH (سورة) - Various meaning in the Arabic languageSurah al-Jama’ah (سورة الجامعة) - Collective thingsSu’urat (سورات, سؤرة) or Surah al ibana wal irtif’a - Something very high, distinguished, visible, display, a noble word from AllahAl-Soor (السور) - The wall, something surrounded, a structure with a beginning and an end, cannot take anything from it to shorten it, makes the deen firmSurah al-Kul at-Tamam (سورة الكل التمام) - Collective, complete, and perfect thingsSu’urah (سؤرة) - part of things, part of many thingsIslamic definition of SurahMany ayat from the Qur’an, has a beginning and an end
3 AYAH (singular) - AYAT (plural) DefinitionsAYAH (singular) - AYAT (plural)AYAH comes from AYAYAH (آيياه) - Sign, miracle, uniqueWhoever brought this is a truthful oneThe one saying the truth (الصدق)Ayat Al-Jama’at (الجماعات) - Trips, groupsGroups of Ayat make a SurahThe part which cut from the wholeIslamic definition of AyahPart of the word of Allah, has beginning and an end.
4 1 بِسْمِ اللهِ الرَّحْمانِ الرَّحِيمِ In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful. 2 الْحَمْدُ للّهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ All praise and thanks belong to Allah, the Lord of the Alameen. 3 الرَّحْمـانِ الرَّحِيمِ The Most Gracious, the Most Merciful. 4 مَالِكِ يَوْمِ الدِّينِ The Only Owner of the Day of Judgment. 5 إِيَّاكَ نَعْبُدُ وإِيَّاكَ نَسْتَعِينُ You alone we worship, and You alone we ask for help. 6 اهدِنَــــا الصِّرَاطَ المُستَقِيمَ Guide us to the straight path. 7 صِرَاطَ الَّذِينَ أَنعَمتَ عَلَيهِمْ غَيرِ المَغضُوبِ عَلَيهِمْ وَلاَ الضَّالِّينَ The path of those whom You have bestowed Your grace, not the path of those who earned Your anger , nor of those who went astray.
5 The Greatest Surah in the Qur’an The Prophet (sallAllahu alayhi wasallam) said, “I will teach you a Surah which is the greatest Surah in the Qur'an…”He said, “Al-Hamdu-Lillah Rabbi-l-Alaminwhich is Al-Sab'a Al-Mathani (seven repeatedly recited Verses) and the Grand Qur'an which has been given to me.” [Sahih Bukhari, Book #60, Hadith #1]
6 Revealed by a Special Angel Narrated Ibn Abbaas (radiyAllahu anhu):“While the Messenger of Allah (sallAllahu alayhi wasallam) was sitting with Jibreel (alayhi assalam), he heard a creaking sound above him. Jibreel looked up and said,“This is the sound of a gate that has been opened in heaven today and has never been previously opened.”Then an Angel descended through it and came to the Prophet (sallAllahu alayhi wasallam) and said,“Rejoice in the good news of two lights that have been given to you such as no prophet before you has been given.[They are] Surah al-Fatihah and the concluding [two] Ayat of Surah al-Baqarah. You will never recite a word from them without being given the blessings they contain."[An-Nisaee and al-Haakim]
7 Unique Virtues Opening Surah in the Qur’an Beginning of bookCommanded to recite 17 times a dayKey to every Surah, key to the whole Qur’anIf you put Surah al-Fatihah in front of any Surah, you can continue“Ghayril maghthubi” – Surah al-Baqarah explains who they are“Dhaaleen” - Surah Al-Imran explains who they are“Siratalatheena anamta” – Surah al-Baqara: Alif Lam MeemEvery Surah in Qur’an is related to Surah al-FatihahThis Surah explains the whole Qur’anIn every Surah there is a main theme - except for Surah al-FatihahEverything in our life is related to this SurahWe live with this Surah in our daily lifeUnderstand it, live with it, and feel it
8 Hadith QudsiAllah SWT says, “I have divided the prayer (Al-Fatihah) between Myself and my slave equally and My slave shall be granted what he asked for.”[Sahih Muslim]
9 ‘My slave has praised Me.’ Therefore when the slave says,‘All praises and thanks are due to Allah, the Lord of the universe’,Allah says,‘My slave has praised Me.’When he says, ‘the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful,’Allah says,‘My slave has glorified Me.’When he says, ‘Master ofthe Day of Judgment,’Allah says, ‘My slavehas related all matters to Me.’When he says,‘You alone we worship andYou alone we seek for help,’Allah says, ‘This is between Meand My slave and My slave shall have what he requested.’When he says, ‘Guide us to the straight path, the path of those whom You have favored, not of those who earned Your anger, nor of those who have gone astray’Allah says, ‘This is forMy slave and My slaveshall have what he asked for.’
10 Omar ibn Abdul Aziz (61 A.H. – 101 A.H.) 5th Khilafah (99 A.H A.H.)Great grandson of Omar ibn Al-KhattabRecited Surah al-Fatihah with long pausesWaiting for Allah to answer himEnjoying the response of Allah SWT
11 Names of Surah al-Fatihah Um Al-Qur’anMother of the Qur’anSaba’ul Mathanee7 repeated versesAl-Qur’an Al-AtheemThe Glorious Qur’anAl-HamdThe PraiseAs-SalahThe PrayerUm Al-KitabMother of the BookAl-RuqyahThe RemedyAl-WaffiyahThe Complete OneAsh-ShifaThe Cure
12 Al-Waffiyah : The Complete One Hadith Tabarani104 books revealed to the ProphetsGathered in 3 booksCollected 3 books in 1 Qur’anWhole Qur’an is in 1 SurahSurah al-FatihahWhole Surah in 1 Ayahإِيَّاكَ نَعْبُدُ وإِيَّاكَ نَسْتَعِينُYou alone we worship and You alone we seek for helpWhole Qur’an is in 1 Ayah
13 3 Main Elements in the Qur’an Aqeedah (Tawheed) Ibadah (Worship) ‘Manhaj Al-Hayaa’ (Methodology of our daily life)Everything in our Deenis in Surah al-Fatihah
14 Aqeedah (Tawheed) Ibadah Methodology of our daily life 1 بِسْمِ اللهِ الرَّحْمانِ الرَّحِيمِ In the Name of Allah, the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful.2 الْحَمْدُ للّهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ All the praises and thanks be to Allah, the Lord of the Alameen.3 الرَّحْمـنِ الرَّحِيمِ The Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful.4 مَالِكِ يَوْمِ الدِّينِ The Only Owner of the Day of Recompense.5 إِيَّاكَ نَعْبُدُ وإِيَّاكَ نَسْتَعِينُ You alone we worship, and You alone we ask for help.6 اهدِنَــــا الصِّرَاطَ المُستَقِيمَ Guide us to the straight path.7 صِرَاطَ الَّذِينَ أَنعَمتَ عَلَيهِمْ غَيرِ المَغضُوبِ عَلَيهِمْ وَلاَ الضَّالِّينَ The path of those who earned Your grace, not the path of thosewho earned Your anger, nor of those who went astray.Aqeedah(Tawheed)IbadahMethodologyof ourdaily life
16 الْحَمْدُ للّهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ 1. Reminder of Allah’s Favors & Bountiesالْحَمْدُ للّهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَAl Hamdu Lillahi Rabbil AalameenAll Praise belongs to Allah Lord of the worlds
17 إِيَّاكَ نَعْبُدُ وإِيَّاكَ نَسْتَعِينُ 2. Reminder that sincerity is only to Allahإِيَّاكَ نَعْبُدُ وإِيَّاكَ نَسْتَعِينُIyyaka na’budu wa iyyaka na’stayeenYou alone we worship & You alone we seek for help
18 اهدِنَــــا الصِّرَاطَ المُستَقِيمَ 3. Reminder to keep good companyاهدِنَــــا الصِّرَاطَ المُستَقِيمَIhdinasiratal mustaqimGuide us on the straight path
19 اهدِنَــــا الصِّرَاطَ المُستَقِيمَ 4. Warning against bad companyاهدِنَــــا الصِّرَاطَ المُستَقِيمَIhdinasiratal mustaqimGuide us on the straight path
20 مَالِكِ يَوْمِ الدِّينِ Reminder of the Namesand Attributes of AllahالرَّحْمـانِAr-RahmanThe Most GraciousالرَّحِيمِAr-RahimThe Most Mercifulمَالِكِ يَوْمِ الدِّينِMaaliki yawm mid-deenOwner of the Day of Judgment
21 6. Reminder of the main connection between us and Allah (SWT) الرَّحْمـانِ الرَّحِيمِ Ar-Rahman Ar-Rahim Most Gracious Most MercifulMercy
22 Istiqama - Reminder to stay on the straight pathاهدِنَــــا الصِّرَاطَ المُستَقِيمَ Ihdinasiratal mustaqim Guide us on the straight path
23 8. Reminder of the Hereafter: As-Sirat صِرَاطَ الَّذِينَ أَنعَمتَ عَلَيهِمْ Siratal latheena an ‘amta alayhim The path of those who earned your favor
24 9. Reminder of the importance of du’aa إِيَّاكَ نَعْبُدُ وإِيَّاكَ نَسْتَعِينُYou alone we worship, and You alone we ask for help.اهدِنَــــا الصِّرَاطَ المُستَقِيمَGuide us to the straight path.صِرَاطَ الَّذِينَ أَنعَمتَ عَلَيهِمْ غَيرِالمَغضُوبِ عَلَيهِمْ وَلاَ الضَّالِّينَThe path of those on whom You have bestowed your grace,not the path of those who earned your anger,nor of those that went astray.
25 10. Reminder of the unity of the Ummah إِيَّاكَ نَعْبُدُ وإِيَّاكَ نَسْتَعِينُ Iyyaka na budu wa iyyaka na’stayeen You alone we worship and You alone we seek for help
26 11. Reminder on how to address Allah 1) In the Name of Allah, the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful.2) All the praises and thanks are for Allah the Lord of the Universe. 3) The Most Beneficent, The Most Merciful. 4) Master of the Day of Recompense.Praise5) You alone we worship, and You alone we ask for help. 6) Guide us to the straight path. 7) The path of those on whom You have bestowed your grace, not the path of those who earned your anger, nor of those that went astray.Du’aa