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سورة الفاتحة www.dremali.com 'Shall I not teach you the Greatest Surah in the Qur'an…' Under the shade of 1 Surah al-Fatihah.

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Presentation on theme: "سورة الفاتحة www.dremali.com 'Shall I not teach you the Greatest Surah in the Qur'an…' Under the shade of 1 Surah al-Fatihah."— Presentation transcript:

1 سورة الفاتحة 'Shall I not teach you the Greatest Surah in the Qur'an…' Under the shade of 1 Surah al-Fatihah

2 QUR’AN ( ( قرآن ‬ - Continuous reading SURAH ( سورة ) - Various meaning in the Arabic language Surah al-Jama’ah ( سورة الجامعة ) - Collective things Su’urat ( سورات, سؤرة ) or Surah al ibana wal irtif’a - Something very high, distinguished, visible, display, a noble word from Allah Al-Soor ( السور ) - The wall, something surrounded, a structure with a beginning and an end, cannot take anything from it to shorten it, makes the deen firm Surah al-Kul at-Tamam ( سورة الكل التمام ) - Collective, complete, and perfect things Su’urah ( سؤرة ) - part of things, part of many things Islamic definition of Surah Many ayat from the Qur’an, has a beginning and an end DefinitionsDefinitions 2

3 AYAH (singular) - AYAT (plural) AYAH comes from AYAYAH ( آيياه ) - Sign, miracle, unique Whoever brought this is a truthful one The one saying the truth ( الصدق ) Ayat Al-Jama’at ( الجماعات ) - Trips, groups Groups of Ayat make a Surah The part which cut from the whole Islamic definition of Ayah Part of the word of Allah, has beginning and an end. DefinitionsDefinitions 3

4 1 بِسْمِ اللهِ الرَّحْمانِ الرَّحِيمِ In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful. 2 الْحَمْدُ للّهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ All praise and thanks belong to Allah, the Lord of the Alameen. 3 الرَّحْمـانِ الرَّحِيمِ The Most Gracious, the Most Merciful. 4 مَالِكِ يَوْمِ الدِّينِ The Only Owner of the Day of Judgment. 5 إِيَّاكَ نَعْبُدُ وإِيَّاكَ نَسْتَعِينُ You alone we worship, and You alone we ask for help. 6 اهدِنَــــا الصِّرَاطَ المُستَقِيمَ Guide us to the straight path. 7 صِرَاطَ الَّذِينَ أَنعَمتَ عَلَيهِمْ غَيرِ المَغضُوبِ عَلَيهِمْ وَلاَ الضَّالِّينَ The path of those whom You have bestowed Your grace, not the path of those who earned Your anger, nor of those who went astray. 4

5 The Prophet (sallAllahu alayhi wasallam) said, “I will teach you a Surah which is the greatest Surah in the Qur'an…” The Greatest Surah in the Qur’an He said, “Al-Hamdu-Lillah Rabbi-l-Alamin which is Al-Sab'a Al-Mathani (seven repeatedly recited Verses) and the Grand Qur'an which has been given to me.” [Sahih Bukhari, Book #60, Hadith #1] 5

6 Narrated Ibn Abbaas (radiyAllahu anhu): “While the Messenger of Allah (sallAllahu alayhi wasallam) was sitting with Jibreel (alayhi assalam), he heard a creaking sound above him. Jibreel looked up and said, “This is the sound of a gate that has been opened in heaven today and has never been previously opened.” Then an Angel descended through it and came to the Prophet (sallAllahu alayhi wasallam) and said, “Rejoice in the good news of two lights that have been given to you such as no prophet before you has been given. [They are] Surah al-Fatihah and the concluding [two] Ayat of Surah al-Baqarah. You will never recite a word from them without being given the blessings they contain." [An-Nisaee and al-Haakim] Revealed by a Special Angel 6

7 Opening Surah in the Qur’an Beginning of book Commanded to recite 17 times a day Key to every Surah, key to the whole Qur’an If you put Surah al-Fatihah in front of any Surah, you can continue “Ghayril maghthubi” – Surah al-Baqarah explains who they are “Dhaaleen” - Surah Al-Imran explains who they are “Siratalatheena anamta” – Surah al-Baqara: Alif Lam Meem Every Surah in Qur’an is related to Surah al-Fatihah This Surah explains the whole Qur’an In every Surah there is a main theme - except for Surah al-Fatihah Everything in our life is related to this Surah We live with this Surah in our daily life Understand it, live with it, and feel it Unique Virtues 7

8 Allah SWT says, “I have divided the prayer (Al-Fatihah) between Myself and my slave equally and My slave shall be granted what he asked for.” Hadith Qudsi [Sahih Muslim]

9 9 When he says, ‘Guide us to the straight path, the path of those whom You have favored, not of those who earned Your anger, nor of those who have gone astray’ When he says, ‘the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful,’ When he says, ‘Master of the Day of Judgment,’ When he says, ‘You alone we worship and You alone we seek for help,’ Therefore when the slave says, ‘All praises and thanks are due to Allah, the Lord of the universe’, Allah says, ‘My slave has praised Me.’ Allah says, ‘My slave has praised Me.’ Allah says, ‘My slave has glorified Me.’ Allah says, ‘My slave has glorified Me.’ Allah says, ‘My slave has related all matters to Me.’ Allah says, ‘My slave has related all matters to Me.’ Allah says, ‘This is between Me and My slave and My slave shall have what he requested.’ Allah says, ‘This is between Me and My slave and My slave shall have what he requested.’ Allah says, ‘This is for My slave and My slave shall have what he asked for.’ Allah says, ‘This is for My slave and My slave shall have what he asked for.’

10 (61 A.H. – 101 A.H.) 5th Khilafah (99 A.H A.H.) Great grandson of Omar ibn Al-Khattab Recited Surah al-Fatihah with long pauses Waiting for Allah to answer him Enjoying the response of Allah SWT Omar ibn Abdul Aziz 10

11 11 Um Al-Qur’an Mother of the Qur’an Um Al-Kitab Mother of the Book Al-Qur’an Al-Atheem The Glorious Qur’an Al-Waffiyah The Complete One Al-Ruqyah The Remedy As-Salah The Prayer Al-Hamd The Praise Ash-Shifa The Cure Saba’ul Mathanee 7 repeated verses Names of Surah al-Fatihah

12 Hadith Tabarani å 104 books revealed to the Prophets å Gathered in 3 books å Collected 3 books in 1 Qur’an å Whole Qur’an is in 1 Surah å Surah al-Fatihah å Whole Surah in 1 Ayah  إِيَّاكَ نَعْبُدُ وإِيَّاكَ نَسْتَعِينُ You alone we worship and You alone we seek for help å Whole Qur’an is in 1 Ayah Al-Waffiyah : The Complete One 12

13 Aqeedah (Tawheed) Ibadah (Worship) ‘Manhaj Al-Hayaa’ (Methodology of our daily life) Everything in our Deen is in Surah al-Fatihah 3 Main Elements in the Qur’an 13

14 Ibadah Methodology of our daily life Aqeedah (Tawheed) 1 بِسْمِ اللهِ الرَّحْمانِ الرَّحِيمِ In the Name of Allah, the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful. 2 الْحَمْدُ للّهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ All the praises and thanks be to Allah, the Lord of the Alameen. 3 الرَّحْمـنِ الرَّحِيمِ The Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful. 4 مَالِكِ يَوْمِ الدِّينِ The Only Owner of the Day of Recompense. 5 إِيَّاكَ نَعْبُدُ وإِيَّاكَ نَسْتَعِينُ You alone we worship, and You alone we ask for help. 6 اهدِنَــــا الصِّرَاطَ المُستَقِيمَ Guide us to the straight path. 7 صِرَاطَ الَّذِينَ أَنعَمتَ عَلَيهِمْ غَيرِ المَغضُوبِ عَلَيهِمْ وَلاَ الضَّالِّينَ The path of those who earned Your grace, not the path of those who earned Your anger, nor of those who went astray. 14

15 11 points to remember from Surah al-Fatihah 15

16 الْحَمْدُ للّهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ Al Hamdu Lillahi Rabbil Aalameen All Praise belongs to Allah Lord of the worlds 1. Reminder of Allah’s Favors & Bounties 16

17 2. Reminder that sincerity is only to Allah إِيَّاكَ نَعْبُدُ وإِيَّاكَ نَسْتَعِينُ Iyyaka na’budu wa iyyaka na’stayeen You alone we worship & You alone we seek for help 17

18 3. Reminder to keep good company اهدِنَــــا الصِّرَاطَ المُستَقِيمَ Ihdinasiratal mustaqim Guide us on the straight path 18

19 4. Warning against bad company اهدِنَــــا الصِّرَاطَ المُستَقِيمَ Ihdinasiratal mustaqim Guide us on the straight path 19

20 مَالِكِ يَوْمِ الدِّينِ Maaliki yawm mid-deen Owner of the Day of Judgment الرَّحْمـانِ Ar-Rahman The Most Gracious الرَّحِيمِ Ar-Rahim The Most Merciful 5.Reminder of the Names and Attributes of Allah 5.Reminder of the Names and Attributes of Allah 20

21 Mercy الرَّحْمـانِ الرَّحِيمِ Ar-Rahman Ar-Rahim Most Gracious Most Merciful 6. Reminder of the main connection between us and Allah (SWT) 21

22 7.Istiqama - Reminder to stay on the straight path 7.Istiqama - Reminder to stay on the straight path اهدِنَــــا الصِّرَاطَ المُستَقِيمَ Ihdinasiratal mustaqim Guide us on the straight path 22

23 8. Reminder of the Hereafter: As-Sirat صِرَاطَ الَّذِينَ أَنعَمتَ عَلَيهِمْ Siratal latheena an ‘amta alayhim The path of those who earned your favor 23

24 24 إِيَّاكَ نَعْبُدُ وإِيَّاكَ نَسْتَعِينُ You alone we worship, and You alone we ask for help. اهدِنَــــا الصِّرَاطَ المُستَقِيمَ Guide us to the straight path. صِرَاطَ الَّذِينَ أَنعَمتَ عَلَيهِمْ غَيرِ المَغضُوبِ عَلَيهِمْ وَلاَ الضَّالِّينَ The path of those on whom You have bestowed your grace, not the path of those who earned your anger, nor of those that went astray. 9. Reminder of the importance of du’aa

25 10. Reminder of the unity of the Ummah إِيَّاكَ نَعْبُدُ وإِيَّاكَ نَسْتَعِينُ Iyyaka na budu wa iyyaka na’stayeen You alone we worship and You alone we seek for help 25

26 1) In the Name of Allah, the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful. 2) All the praises and thanks are for Allah the Lord of the Universe. 3) The Most Beneficent, The Most Merciful. 4) Master of the Day of Recompense. 5) You alone we worship, and You alone we ask for help. 6) Guide us to the straight path. 7) The path of those on whom You have bestowed your grace, not the path of those who earned your anger, nor of those that went astray. Praise Du’aa 11. Reminder on how to address Allah 26

27 27 بِسْمِ اللهِ الرَّحْمنِ الرَّحِيمِ الْحَمْدُ للّهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ الرَّحْمـنِ الرَّحِيمِ مَالِكِ يَوْمِ الدِّينِ إِيَّاكَ نَعْبُدُ وإِيَّاكَ نَسْتَعِينُ اهدِنَــــا الصِّرَاطَ المُستَقِيمَ صِرَاطَ الَّذِينَ أَنعَمتَ عَلَيهِمْ غَيرِ المَغضُوبِ عَلَيهِمْ وَلاَ الضَّالِّينَ

28 اللهم إستجب “O Allah accept” Ameen آمين Ameen 28

29 Dr. Ibrahim Dremali 29 (Islamic) (Geology) Jazakum Allah Khayran Ameen Dremali Foundation for Education


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