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Using XML for Legends and Map Surround DIGITAL MAPPING TECHNIQUES 2005 By Vic Dohar Natural Resources Canada.

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Presentation on theme: "Using XML for Legends and Map Surround DIGITAL MAPPING TECHNIQUES 2005 By Vic Dohar Natural Resources Canada."— Presentation transcript:

1 Using XML for Legends and Map Surround DIGITAL MAPPING TECHNIQUES 2005 By Vic Dohar Natural Resources Canada

2 What is XML?  Stands for Extensible Mark-up Language  Standard mark-up language similar to HTML  HTML designed to display data  XML designed to describe data/information  Text based. Simple to read/understand  XML does not do anything. It is a document with a defined structure to store/share data with applications

3 What Constitutes an XML File?  An XML file contains tags, optional tag attributes, and a value or data between tags  You must define your own tags, they are not predefined  The syntax is simple yet strict. Some rules are:  All XML documents must contain a declaration and one unique root element  All elements must have matching start and end tag  Tags are case sensitive  All elements must be properly nested  Tag attribute values must always be quoted

4 Well Formed XML  An XML file is said to be “well formed” when none of the syntax rules are broken Using XML for Legends and Map Surround Vic Dohar Natural Resources Canada

5 How do You Create XML Files?  Edit XML files with XML editors. Some are simple, some are loaded with rich functionality  Peter’s XML Editor (simple and free)  XMLSpy by Altova (rich, $$$ license)   Most cases you write scripts that create XML files by referencing the XML Document Object Model (DOM)

6 XML Schemas  Schemas define the structure/elements, legal building blocks of an XML document  Defines elements, attributes  Child elements  Number and order of elements  Data types for elements  Schemas are saved as XSD documents  XML files are validated against XSD  Write XSD in XML or use application

7 Sample XSD

8 XML Sources  W3 Schools  Microsoft Development Network (MSDN)

9 Publication Process and Integration  Electronic publication processing system database to manage and track publications (reports, bulletins, maps) through the various production stages  Paperless trail utilizing on-line forms  Steps and checks along the way including editorial reviews, quality control, plotting  Extract information (metadata) from Oracle database to XML for map surround info

10 Sample XML File From Database Smith L english no A-series map 2059 Sandilands surficial geology Manitoba 100000

11 Surround Information  VBA application in ArcMap reads XML file and plots title block and recommended citation accordingly  Reduces errors and omissions  Provides consistent rendering of data adhering based on design specifications  Design specifications stored in an additional XML file

12 Sample Title Block

13 Design Specs XML File HaCenter VaBaseline Arial Regular 10 0 100 18 0

14 Geological Legends

15 Geological Legends Using XML  Proposed procedure with ArcMap  Content of legend in Word, paragraphs formatted according to predefined styles  Export Word to XML, validating to Legend Content XSD  In ArcMap, execute VBA script to read XML file and draw legend, utilizing two additional XML files:  XML file for design specifications  XML file for legend layout and placement

16 Demo  Edit legend document in Word  Convert Word document to XML  Draw legend in ArcMap

17 Future  Complete it!  Extend legend to include symbols used on map  It will be made available to download for free on our website click on Toolbox, click on ArcGIS Migration


19 Demo: Notes  Format paragraphs  Content is important  Formatting appearance is only a visual aid in Word  Word document can be pre-processed by editorial staff for accuracy

20 Demo: Legend in Word

21 Demo: Convert XML

22 Demo: View XML File

23 Demo: ArcMap

24 Demo: Not Just For Legends

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