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Afghanistan Rural Fuel Project. With the Multi Functional Rural Fuel Platform M.F.R.F.P. Clean Water Renewable Diesel Rural Electricity Energizing Afghan.

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Presentation on theme: "Afghanistan Rural Fuel Project. With the Multi Functional Rural Fuel Platform M.F.R.F.P. Clean Water Renewable Diesel Rural Electricity Energizing Afghan."— Presentation transcript:

1 Afghanistan Rural Fuel Project

2 With the Multi Functional Rural Fuel Platform M.F.R.F.P. Clean Water Renewable Diesel Rural Electricity Energizing Afghan Rural Communities Instead of Poppy Oil Seeds

3 Household Electrification Clean Water Rural Development Aid can supply… but a rurally produced diesel fuel replacement is the missing piece in the aid puzzle that can energize rural communities and provide income generation opportunities for the rural poor trapped in the poverty cycle…

4 The Rural Poverty Trap? This dependence on biomass energy in rural areas has led to women dedicating long hours to wood and water gathering activities, ensnaring them and their families in the rural poverty trap... Biomass energy like wood, dung etc. accounts for on average 75% of the total energy consumption in developing regions...

5 Rural communities grow Oil seeds instead of opium… …process seeds into rural fuel and meal cake… …use de-coke material to power a diesel engine and sell rural fuel for cash… …use diesel power for electricity generation to charge LED lanterns and run the water maker. Vegetable Oil can break the Trap?

6 Vegetable Oil is a clean burning, renewable substitute for petroleum based Diesel Fuel…

7 …2. or you can modify the vegetable oil to reduce it’s viscosity through a chemical conversion process called Transestrification and produce Biodiesel… 1. You can use a conversion kit to modify a vehicle and reduce a vegetable oil’s viscosity on-board using engine heat…these are commonly known as SVO kits. How can vegetable oil replace diesel fuel?

8 Straight Vegetable Oil (SVO) SVO is an acronym for “Straight Vegetable Oil” when used as a diesel fuel substitute. Suitable oils are commonly found vegetable oils like soy, sunflower, canola and cotton…

9 Current Biodiesel Technology Home Brew RefineryContainerized RefineryIndustrial Scale Refinery A single tracer round shot into methanol tank destroys facility. A correctly place lighted cigarette in the on-site methanol tank in a suicide mission destroys facility. A methanol delivery tanker truck could be used as a suicide mission, a single tanker is capable of destroying refinery. Small ↔ Large The Challenges of using Methanol in a Biodiesel refinery in war torn regions are: You have to get the Methanol to the refinery. Biodiesel is a different product from diesel fuel. The Challenges of a Biodiesel refinery in a remote location:

10 The Rural Fuel Reactor The reactor does not need Methanol and is capable of refining vegetable oil into diesel fuel … …this is not Biodiesel but Renewable Diesel. This renewable diesel fuel meets all the existing specification for petroleum derived diesel fuel – D975.

11 Rural Fuel Production Process Heat Feedstock Oil Finished Fuel Propane Water

12 Vegetable Oil Feedstock Reactions and Products Liquids and Gasses Carboxylic Acid Carboxylic Acids, Hydrocarbons and Esters Triglyceride Under heat, exist in vapor phase as dimers of two monomers Unsaturated Ketone Paraffin Cracking Chemical Reaction

13 No Hydrogen or Methanol Needed C3 backbone converted into Propane Triglyceride Hydrocarbons Carbon DioxideWater Propane Triglyceride cracked into Hydrocarbons Oxygen converted into CO2 and water Heat Gasoline Diesel Kerosene Heavy Fractions Light Fractions

14

15 High quality fuel produced The fuel produced has a high Cetane number of 63 for easy starting… …and has an excellent cold flow properties of: Cold filter plug -10 Deg C 14 Deg F Cloud Point: - 10 Deg C 14 Deg F … (when made from a soy oil feedstock) This level of performance is necessary for the cold Afghan winters.

16 Tested Cotton Seed in our Lab

17 Technology Scale Comparison Biodiesel Refinery Renewable Diesel Refinery The Renewable Fuel Products Reactor

18 Processing Complexity Comparison Strip FFA’s Renewable Diesel from a refinery Renewable Fuel Products Reactor Add Methanol Phase Separation Biodiesel “1.0” Wash Methanol Recovery Blend with Diesel Heat Add Hydrogen Crack with Catalyst Fuel HeatReaction Distill into Fractions Fuel

19 Distributed Refining Centralized Refining Distributed Refining Enables an exponential improvement in feedstock, the software of the biofuel industry.

20 Petroleum DieselBiodieselRenewable Diesel We call it Biodiesel “2.0” Producing a vegetable oil derived diesel fuel replacement that is ready to use in any diesel engine overcomes the need to convert the vehicle to Straight Vegetable Oil (SVO). This kind of diesel fuel production technology overcomes the practical issues of making biodiesel using transesterification in remote areas... …and could be the missing piece of the aid puzzle.

21 The M.F.R.F.P. Platform The Multi Functional Rural Fuel Platform enables poor, rural farmers to free themselves from the poverty trap by using vegetable oil seed crops to energize their communities…

22 Multi Functional Platforms - MFP Multi Functional Platforms (MFP’s) are used very successfully in countries like Mali as part of rural poverty alleviation programs.

23 The Multi Functional Rural Fuel Platform - MFRFP Adding a rural fuel production capability to other typical Multi Functional Platform sub-systems creates the Multi Functional Rural Fuel Platform (MFRFP)… +

24 The M.F.R.F.P. Multi Functional Rural Fuel Platform brings….. …plus brings electricity and clean water to their communities … …a way for rural populations to earn money producing diesel fuel… Renewable Diesel Fuel Clean Water Rural Electricity

25 Water pump for irrigation Components of a Multi Functional Rural Fuel Platform (MFRFP) Oil Seed Processor Skywater water maker Electric generator for lighting Rural Fuel Processor Diesel Engine Flour Mill

26 What does the MFRFP look like?

27 Military patrols are the keystone customer The military patrols made into remote regions in Afghanistan can be used as a keystone customer base to help speed up getting rural fuel platforms installed around the country. Rural villagers have an economic interest in helping the military patrols arrive at remote villages safely to buy their fuel. Locally produced diesel can reduce the price the military pays for fuel at the front line and reduces the amount of fuel that has to be sent into Afghanistan via vulnerable fuel convoys.

28 Village Scale Deployment Expand program to other villages once model perfected… A military commander who is looking to win over a village in his area can provide a reactor in return for the villagers providing fuel for his patrol vehicles… The military can establish an economic link between their patrols and the villagers economic income. The more the military show up, the more fuel they can buy, the richer the villagers become and the more information on the insurgency that can be gleaned from this regular contact. The more the military show up, the more the villagers will reject the insurgent influence and the more secure the village will become. The military become associated with village well being, security and economic prosperity, not the mayhem and destruction of the insurgency.

29 If successful…install seed crush equipment …supply with raw oil seeds… If successful…local farmers will see seeds being processed in their community and will feel confident planting for the next season to meet this local oil seed demand. How to start? Install one Rural Fuel Reactor…supply with vegetable oil…sell fuel to a regular military patrol… Identify a local US commander that is willing to pilot the concept, that works with a suitable local community…

30 Thank you for your time. If you have any questions, please feel free to contact: Peter Bell at:


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