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The Sociological Arguments in defense of Life The Sociological Arguments in defense of Life Amparo Pamela H. Fabe Economist and Sociologist UP Diliman.

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Presentation on theme: "The Sociological Arguments in defense of Life The Sociological Arguments in defense of Life Amparo Pamela H. Fabe Economist and Sociologist UP Diliman."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Sociological Arguments in defense of Life The Sociological Arguments in defense of Life Amparo Pamela H. Fabe Economist and Sociologist UP Diliman

2 FLOW OF THE PRESENTATION I. Background on the Importance of Human Life I. Background on the Importance of Human Life II. Bill Against Life: Reproductive Health Bill of 2008 II. Bill Against Life: Reproductive Health Bill of 2008 III. What Population Control Really Is III. What Population Control Really Is IV. The main socio-economic arguments versus population control IV. The main socio-economic arguments versus population control IV. Conclusions IV. Conclusions

3 Life is precious

4 Young Life must be protected

5 Danger, Deformity, Death: Impact of Contraception on Babies

6 Who supports the Philippine Economy? HUMAN RESOURCES: Filipino Overseas workers bring in US 15 billion dollars for the Philippine economy. HUMAN RESOURCES BRING IN INCOME. Reproductive Health Bill wants to limit or decrease human resources. Wheres the logic? There should be more Filipinos.

7 SAFELY DEAD: THE UGLY FACE OF ABORTION THE END GOAL

8 PRISON LANGUAGE=REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH LANGUAGE A prison is a place where criminals stay without fee for the duration of their punishment due to their crimes against the state and persons. A prison is a place where criminals stay without fee for the duration of their punishment due to their crimes against the state and persons. A prison is a place where one enjoys free food, free accommodation, tax-free life, abundant leisure and recreation time and unlimited pleasure of self-reflection and moments of rest. A prison is a place where one enjoys free food, free accommodation, tax-free life, abundant leisure and recreation time and unlimited pleasure of self-reflection and moments of rest.

9 Life is natures greatest masterpiece. Each human being is endowed with talents and capabilities by a Supreme Being. Each human being is endowed with talents and capabilities by a Supreme Being. Each human being will be able to achieve his highest potentials given the proper education and technical training. Each human being will be able to achieve his highest potentials given the proper education and technical training.

10 REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH AND POPULATION DEVELOPMENT ACT OF 2008 The aim of this bill are as follows: The aim of this bill are as follows: The State shall encourage two children as the ideal family size The State shall encourage two children as the ideal family size To promote irresponsibility in ones sexual life by making condoms, contraceptive and abortion accessible as possible. To promote irresponsibility in ones sexual life by making condoms, contraceptive and abortion accessible as possible. Taking out the rights of parents, teachers and friends to educate young people on human sexuality. Taking out the rights of parents, teachers and friends to educate young people on human sexuality.

11 REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH AND POPULATION DEVELOPMENT ACT OF 2008 Promotes information on and access to both natural and modern family planning methods, which are medically safe and legally permissible. Promotes information on and access to both natural and modern family planning methods, which are medically safe and legally permissible.

12 The Negative Effects of ALL CONTRACEPTIVES Migraine Migraine Headaches Headaches Depression Depression Myocardial infarction Myocardial infarction Congenital defects Congenital defects Cervical Cancer Cervical Cancer Source: Williams Obstetrics, 21 st ed, 2006, textbook for Medical students and p Source: Williams Obstetrics, 21 st ed, 2006, textbook for Medical students and p

13 REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH AND POPULATION DEVELOPMENT ACT OF 2008 To remove the stigma of abortion by providing post-abortive care; hence, more abortion among teen-age mothers is encouraged. To remove the stigma of abortion by providing post-abortive care; hence, more abortion among teen-age mothers is encouraged. To penalize through fines and imprisonment those people who go against this bill. So if your mother dissuades you from having an abortion, she can go to jail for giving this advice. If your teacher dissuades you from taking contraception, she can go to jail. To penalize through fines and imprisonment those people who go against this bill. So if your mother dissuades you from having an abortion, she can go to jail for giving this advice. If your teacher dissuades you from taking contraception, she can go to jail.

14 REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH AND POPULATION DEVELOPMENT ACT OF 2008 Adolescent and youth health Adolescent and youth health Prevention and management of reproductive tract infections, HIV/AIDS and STDs Prevention and management of reproductive tract infections, HIV/AIDS and STDs Counseling on sexuality and sexual and reproductive health Counseling on sexuality and sexual and reproductive health

15 Reproductive Bill Promotes unlimited sex through promotion of condoms, contraceptives and abortion. Promotes unlimited sex through promotion of condoms, contraceptives and abortion. It takes away parental authority and supervision with respect to decisions on marriage and teen-age pregnancy. It takes away parental authority and supervision with respect to decisions on marriage and teen-age pregnancy. It seeks to make sex education vivid in daily life through constant information. It seeks to make sex education vivid in daily life through constant information. It destroys the real beauty of love and self- giving in marriage. It destroys the real beauty of love and self- giving in marriage.

16 ABSTINENCE IS KEY Students and Single Professionals: ABSTINENCE Human sexuality is a gift and it must be used within marriage. Students and Single Professionals: ABSTINENCE Human sexuality is a gift and it must be used within marriage. MARRIED PEOPLE – FIDELITY AND PERSEVERANCE IN LOVE. MARRIED PEOPLE – FIDELITY AND PERSEVERANCE IN LOVE. MARRIED PEOPLE- BRING CHILDREN INTO THE WORLD AS A GIFT OF GOD NOT AS MISTAKES OF THE CALENDAR. MARRIED PEOPLE- BRING CHILDREN INTO THE WORLD AS A GIFT OF GOD NOT AS MISTAKES OF THE CALENDAR.

17 Philosophy of Population control Margaret Sanger, Founder of the American Birth Control League Margaret Sanger, Founder of the American Birth Control League More children from the fit, less from the unfit-that is the chief issue of birth control More children from the fit, less from the unfit-that is the chief issue of birth control Eugenics-directed initially at Italian, Jewish and Eastern Europe immigrants in the early 1930s Eugenics-directed initially at Italian, Jewish and Eastern Europe immigrants in the early 1930s Source: Birth Control Review, 1919 Source: Birth Control Review, 1919

18 Birth Control Philosophy of Margaret Sanger The most merciful thing that the large family does to one of its infant members is to kill it. The most merciful thing that the large family does to one of its infant members is to kill it. -Women and the New Race, Women and the New Race, 1916 The purpose of birth control is to create a race of thoroughbreds. Birth Control Review, May 1919 The purpose of birth control is to create a race of thoroughbreds. Birth Control Review, May 1919

19 How America refuted Margaret Sanger Hillary Clinton-London, Colin Powell- Jamaica, Mayor Guiliani-Italy, the Kennedy clan-Ireland, Margaret Albright-Czech, Kurt Waldheim-Austria Hillary Clinton-London, Colin Powell- Jamaica, Mayor Guiliani-Italy, the Kennedy clan-Ireland, Margaret Albright-Czech, Kurt Waldheim-Austria Jim Carrey-Canada, Antonio Banderas-Spain, Arnold Schwarzenegger-Austria, Nicole Kidman, Russell Crowe, Mel Gibson, Jude Law - Australia, Charlize Theron-South Africa Jim Carrey-Canada, Antonio Banderas-Spain, Arnold Schwarzenegger-Austria, Nicole Kidman, Russell Crowe, Mel Gibson, Jude Law - Australia, Charlize Theron-South Africa COMMON TRAIT: THEY WERE POOR WHEN THEY FIRST REACHED THE US COMMON TRAIT: THEY WERE POOR WHEN THEY FIRST REACHED THE US

20 Contraception Any direct and positive intervention to stop the natural orientation of the conjugal act as manifestation of love between husband and wife that may or may not lead to conception Any direct and positive intervention to stop the natural orientation of the conjugal act as manifestation of love between husband and wife that may or may not lead to conception Every action which proposes to render procreation impossible Every action which proposes to render procreation impossible

21 Shikyu In Japanese, the term for the uterus is shikyu which means Shi (Child) and Kyu (palace). In Japanese, the term for the uterus is shikyu which means Shi (Child) and Kyu (palace). The womb is the palace of the child. The womb is the palace of the child. Abortion and Contraceptive technology has changed this palace into a graveyard. Abortion and Contraceptive technology has changed this palace into a graveyard.

22 Argument #1 Filipinos view children as essential to the family. A bundle of joy and happiness to the family A bundle of joy and happiness to the family An example to guide the younger siblings An example to guide the younger siblings Social security and companion in old age Social security and companion in old age A strong contributor to family income A strong contributor to family income Assures the continuity of the family name Assures the continuity of the family name Source: Dr. Garnett, American sociologist studying the Filipino family in 1970

23 Argument # 2 Countries with high economic growth have high population levels Japan 120 million Japan 120 million USA 300 million USA 300 million China 1 billion China 1 billion India 1 billion India 1 billion Middle East 250 million Middle East 250 million Source: World Bank Statistics, 2008 Source: World Bank Statistics, 2008

24 Population is a major factor for economic growth Growth in the Middle East is powered by annual population growth rates between 10 to 15 percent for many years. Middle East countries DO NOT PRACTICE POPULATION CONTROL. Saudi Arabia Economic Report, 2008 Growth in the Middle East is powered by annual population growth rates between 10 to 15 percent for many years. Middle East countries DO NOT PRACTICE POPULATION CONTROL. Saudi Arabia Economic Report, 2008 Japan is seen to decline as it suffers from demographic winter or zero births – Chizuko Ueno, Tokyo University, 2008 Japan is seen to decline as it suffers from demographic winter or zero births – Chizuko Ueno, Tokyo University, 2008

25 Philippine Baby Industry Supports Economic Growth Diapers – P8 billion Diapers – P8 billion Baby Food and Milk – P 24 B Baby Food and Milk – P 24 B Baby Apparel – P 2 B Baby Apparel – P 2 B Baby vitamins and medicines – P 600M Baby vitamins and medicines – P 600M Toys – P500M Toys – P500M Pre-School Business – P 8B Pre-School Business – P 8B Source: SEC Income Statements of Registered Companies, 2008 Source: SEC Income Statements of Registered Companies, 2008

26 Argument # 3 Contraception does not contribute to long-term, successful marriages. Ability to change and adapt to change Ability to change and adapt to change Assumption of permanence Assumption of permanence Balance of dependencies Balance of dependencies Trust/ Commitment Trust/ Commitment Enjoyment of each other Enjoyment of each other Cherished, shared history Cherished, shared history Why Marriages Last (Klagsburn, 1985/Lauer, 1985) Why Marriages Last (Klagsburn, 1985/Lauer, 1985)

27 Factors of Marital Stability Containment of conflict Containment of conflict Quality of communication Quality of communication Mutuality of Decision-making Mutuality of Decision-making Relational values of trust, respect Relational values of trust, respect Stronger feelings of connectedness Stronger feelings of connectedness Mackey OBrian, 1995/Alford Cooper, 1998 Mackey OBrian, 1995/Alford Cooper, 1998

28 Argument # 4 A positive economic growth is due to good governance, not low population levels. Good governance is the key instrument of sustained economic growth. There is a need to stem corruption which depletes the state finances-Mr. Kuroda, ADB President Good governance is the key instrument of sustained economic growth. There is a need to stem corruption which depletes the state finances-Mr. Kuroda, ADB President Good governance is a necessary component of a sustained economic growth-Dr. Alex Brillantes, Dean, UP College of Public Administration Good governance is a necessary component of a sustained economic growth-Dr. Alex Brillantes, Dean, UP College of Public Administration

29 Argument # 5 Environmental degradation is due to negative practices, not to high population. Environmental degradation in the Pacific islands is a result of malpractices of individual residents. This happens in areas with low population levels. Dr. Akiko Ishiwata, Environmental Science, State University of New York, 2005 Environmental degradation in the Pacific islands is a result of malpractices of individual residents. This happens in areas with low population levels. Dr. Akiko Ishiwata, Environmental Science, State University of New York, 2005

30 Argument # 6 Agricultural resources can feed over 35 billion people. If all farmers were to use the best methods, enough food could be raised to provide an American-type of diet to 35 billion people. Colin Clark, Agricultural Economic Institute, Oxford University If all farmers were to use the best methods, enough food could be raised to provide an American-type of diet to 35 billion people. Colin Clark, Agricultural Economic Institute, Oxford University World agricultural resources can provide an adequate diet to 40 billion people. Roger Revelle, Harvard Center for Population Studies, 1999 World agricultural resources can provide an adequate diet to 40 billion people. Roger Revelle, Harvard Center for Population Studies, 1999

31 In poor countries, famines were a result of human arrogance. Famines in Africa were the result of dictatorial and military regimes who hoarded food and not because of lack of food supply. Famines occurred in African countries with the lowest population levels. Famines in Africa were the result of dictatorial and military regimes who hoarded food and not because of lack of food supply. Famines occurred in African countries with the lowest population levels. Source: The World Almanac and Book of Facts (1986). Source: The World Almanac and Book of Facts (1986).

32 Argument # 7 Savings is a function of income and incentives not of population levels. The increase in the savings level is a function of general income levels and high-yielding investment instruments designed to attract foreign investors. - BSP Gov. Amando Tetangco The increase in the savings level is a function of general income levels and high-yielding investment instruments designed to attract foreign investors. - BSP Gov. Amando Tetangco

33 Argument # 8 Population growth promotes economies of scale. Higher population leads to a larger market, a greater need for machinery, division of labor and improved transportation and communication. –Hollis Chenery, Economist, University of Chicago Higher population leads to a larger market, a greater need for machinery, division of labor and improved transportation and communication. –Hollis Chenery, Economist, University of Chicago The MRT and the LRT 2 is made feasible by the high pedestrian traffic in Manila. DOTC The MRT and the LRT 2 is made feasible by the high pedestrian traffic in Manila. DOTC

34 Argument # 9 A strong family leads to a strong nation. A strong Filipino family with proper cultural and social values leads to a strong republic. President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo A strong Filipino family with proper cultural and social values leads to a strong republic. President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo A society without a sustained level of birth rates will lead to economic decline or economic crisis. – Peter Drucker, American management specialist A society without a sustained level of birth rates will lead to economic decline or economic crisis. – Peter Drucker, American management specialist

35 Argument #10 Population growth increases the stock of human knowledge. Since ideas come from people, it is reasonable that the number of improvements depend on the number of people using their heads. William Petty, Nobel Prize for Physics, 1967 Since ideas come from people, it is reasonable that the number of improvements depend on the number of people using their heads. William Petty, Nobel Prize for Physics, 1967 The only explanation for technological advancement is the human mind. Edward Denison, Quality Management Expert, 1973 The only explanation for technological advancement is the human mind. Edward Denison, Quality Management Expert, 1973

36 Argument #11 Poverty is a result of the inequitable distribution of wealth. Each congressman gets P300M in pork barrel or P812,917 a day. An ordinary Filipino worker earns P450 pesos per day. Each congressman gets P300M in pork barrel or P812,917 a day. An ordinary Filipino worker earns P450 pesos per day. A senator with no graduate degree has a budget of P 2 million a month without working everyday. A high school teacher who needs to work everyday and who has a graduate degree has a budget of P20,000 a month. A senator with no graduate degree has a budget of P 2 million a month without working everyday. A high school teacher who needs to work everyday and who has a graduate degree has a budget of P20,000 a month.

37 Politicians dictate to us the family size. You poor people, middle class people should not multiply. You poor people, middle class people should not multiply. But the CHILDREN are the MOST RELIABLE SOCIAL INSURANCE AND SAFETY NET FOR ANY FILIPINO FAMILY. But the CHILDREN are the MOST RELIABLE SOCIAL INSURANCE AND SAFETY NET FOR ANY FILIPINO FAMILY.

38 Argument #12 The Filipino is the best resource of our country. The only resource which brings in US $ 12 B dollars. The only resource which brings in US $ 12 B dollars. World-class performance - Cristina Comerford and Lea Salonga and my sister World-class performance - Cristina Comerford and Lea Salonga and my sister Excellent interpersonal skills - Filipino smiles Excellent interpersonal skills - Filipino smiles Lets have more Filipinos! Lets have more Filipinos!

39 Famous Filipinos HENRY SY HENRY SY LUCIO TAN LUCIO TAN DOLPHY DOLPHY TAN YU, Filipino-Taiwanese billionaire TAN YU, Filipino-Taiwanese billionaire Gus Go – Cebuano billionaire Gus Go – Cebuano billionaire COMMON TRAIT- They did not finish high school. COMMON TRAIT- They did not finish high school.

40 Famous Filipinos John Gokongwei John Gokongwei Andres Soriano-founder of Soriano Group and San Miguel Corporation Andres Soriano-founder of Soriano Group and San Miguel Corporation William Chiongbian, founder of William Lines William Chiongbian, founder of William Lines Paulino Aboitiz, Aboitiz Group of Companies Paulino Aboitiz, Aboitiz Group of Companies Alfonso Yuchengo-RCBC, Malayan Insurance Alfonso Yuchengo-RCBC, Malayan Insurance COMMON TRAIT- They were dirt-poor when they started the family business. COMMON TRAIT- They were dirt-poor when they started the family business.

41 If there is a very serious reason to postpone having children, abstinence is still the best option! Mutuality of decisionmaking among the couple Mutuality of decisionmaking among the couple 100% effective against contracting AIDS or other venereal diseases 100% effective against contracting AIDS or other venereal diseases 100% effective against pregnancy occurrence 100% effective against pregnancy occurrence Costless, painless Costless, painless No side effects No side effects No doctors consultation fee No doctors consultation fee Best of all - No regrets! Best of all - No regrets!

42 Conclusions The campaign for population control goes against the cultural sensitivities of the Filipino people. The campaign for population control defies basic economic and sociological truths. The campaign for population control denies the unique contribution of each Filipino to society. The campaign for population control in the end is a business for contraceptive distribution in developing countries.


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