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Mt. Pelee Jessie Stivers
Country Martinique ◦Part of the Lesser Antilles in the Caribbean ◦French territory
City St. Pierre ◦On Martinique’s west coast ◦First permanent colony on the island
Mt. Pelee erupted May 8 th, 1902
In 1902… First Rose Bowl is held First movie theater is built in U.S
In January 1902, Mt. Pelee shows signs of eruption Many citizens are not concerned
April 23, the volcano becomes more active Scientist reassures safety of the town
Rumors Many believe mayor didn’t want people to leave Up coming election was important
Mt. Pelee erupted May 8, 1902 at 7:50 am
St. Pierre’s population was about 30,000 Eruption killed all but 1
Survivor Louis-Auguste Cyparis His sturdy underground prison cell saved him
Volcano ~Landform where magma erupts through earth’s crust
A volcano is formed by two plates pushing together
As the magma’s pressure builds, it forces its way through” fissures” (small cracks in earth’s crust)
There are two types of volcanic eruptions –quiet and explosive
Quiet Lava flows down the mountain Not many ashes or fumes
Explosive Loud, many ashes and fumes Mt. Pelee was an explosive eruption
Volcanoes Magma Reaches the Earth’s Surface KEY CONCEPT:When a Volcano erupts, the force of the expanding gases pushes magma from the magma chamber through.
Mount Pelee Pelee’s volcano. Mount Pelee Mount pelee is still an active volcano at the northern end of the island and in the island arc of the caribbean.
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Volcanoes. Volcanic Activity Stages of a Volcano Active: Erupting or showing signs of an eruption in the near future Dormant: volcano not currently erupting.
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VOLCANOES ERUPTING MOUNTAINS. VOLCANOES What is a volcano? What is a volcano? A volcano is a mountain caused by erupting lava from the mantle. A volcano.
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When subduction occurs, the crust is weakened by the collision, and cracks can form. Lava can break through the cracks and form a volcano!
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