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SPARK NH: INFANT MENTAL HEALTH SCREENING Kristen Lynch Laura Marden Moore Courtney Marrs Debra Samaha 1.

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Presentation on theme: "SPARK NH: INFANT MENTAL HEALTH SCREENING Kristen Lynch Laura Marden Moore Courtney Marrs Debra Samaha 1."— Presentation transcript:

1 SPARK NH: INFANT MENTAL HEALTH SCREENING Kristen Lynch Laura Marden Moore Courtney Marrs Debra Samaha 1

2 Objectives  Project goals & Spark NH  Introduction  Barriers  Recommendations  New Hampshire  Other states  Conclusion of findings 2

3 Project Overview  Research the delivery of socio-emotional/ mental health services to children less than nine years.  Assess barriers to screening, assessment, and treatment.  Medicaid billing mechanisms  Access to providers and services  Conduct key informant interviews and share feedback 3

4 Spark NH Mission To provide leadership that promotes a comprehensive, coordinated, sustainable early childhood system that achieves positive outcomes for young children and families, investing in a solid future for the Granite state. 4

5 Introduction 5

6 Definition Infant Early Childhood Mental Health (I-ECMH)  Developing the capacity of an infant/young child to:  Experience, regulate, and express emotion  Demonstrate developmentally appropriate behavior  Develop and sustain stable relationships  Explore the environment and learn  What is meant by infant? 6

7 Why is I-ECMH so Important? 5 Numbers to Remember 7001890-100 3:1 4-9 700 per second 18 Months 90-100 % 3:1 Odds 4-9 Dollars 7

8 5 Numbers to Remember Take Home Messages Getting things right the first time is easier and more effective than trying to fix them later Early childhood matters because experiences early in life can have a lasting impact on later learning, behavior and health. Highly specialized interventions are needed as early as possible for children experiencing toxic stress Early life experiences actually get under the skin and into the body, with lifelong effects on adult physical and mental health. All of society benefits from investments in early childhood programs. 8

9 Barriers 9

10 Barriers for I-ECMH  Definition of I-ECMH  Lack of awareness  Access to screening  Lack of investment  Medicaid and private insurance 10

11 Medicaid  Covers 54,800 children in NH (2010-2011)  Provides a comprehensive set of benefits 0-18  Every state is required to provide screening for physical, cognitive and emotional issues for eligible children and provide treatment.  Early Periodic Screening, Diagnosis, and Treatment (EPSDT)  Screening for developmental delays  Variable across states- only 10% meet federal benchmark of 80% screened, 50% pay for treatment if diagnosis assigned 50% pay for treatment without diagnosis 11

12 Private Insurance  Approximately 67% of NH population is utilizing coverage other than Medicaid.  Private insurance companies don’t reimburse for I- ECMH screening outside of the physicians office.  Community-based interventions  Dyadic therapies 12

13 Distribution by Insurance Status 2010-2011 13

14 Insurance and Medicaid Diagnosis Challenges  Provider approval to receive insurance or Medicaid payments  Requires a diagnosis to provide payment  Lack of:  Appropriate infant-toddler diagnostic criteria  Diagnostic and treatment codes that qualify for insurance reimbursement  Comments from key informants:  “For lack of better words, codes are babied down to try and fit the needs of young children and it simply doesn’t work.”  “The use of diagnosis codes labels children.” American Psychologist February-March 2011 page 135 14

15 New Hampshire Behavioral Health Law Suit 15  April 2011 – Investigation by the Dept. of Justice concluded that NH violated the American with Disabilities Act by: “failing to provide services for individuals with serious mental illness in the most integrated setting appropriate to their needs”.  Advocates are hopeful that this will impact children’s mental health.  NH Medicaid will not speak with us due to this suit.

16 New Hampshire Perspective Recommendations 16

17 Multidisciplinary Approach “No one individual can possess the expertise to evaluate and treat all the possible mental health, relational and developmental issues that can affect a young child”. -Stakeholder  Evaluate needs, resources and priorities in NH to come up with the best approach for I-ECMH.  Community based interventions  Use evidence based tools  Watch Me Grow  NH Pediatric Society initiative  Project LAUNCH 17

18 Medicaid  Spending Smarter Checklist  A funding guide for policymakers and advocates to promote social and emotional health and school readiness.  Report results to Spark NH and key Stakeholders  Establish a sustainable cost-per-unit reimbursement rate “Medicaid needs to establish a sustainable cost-per-unit reimbursement rate. Current rate for reimbursement is very low $10, as compared to a vaccination, which is over $20.” - Stakeholder 18

19 I-ECMH is a Public Health Issue  I-ECMH: Mental Health or Public Health Issue?  NHPHA : Identify I-ECMH as a public health priority.  New legislature is more receptive to work with NHPHA  Focus on Prevention (i.e. screening)  Develop key messages for public health audiences  Topics to include: Where to find resources, the importance of I- ECMH indicators, early detection, multidisciplinary approach, and parent-child relationship.  Eliminate the stigma of “mental health”  Our children are our future! 19

20 Create Partnerships  Partner with a community-based programs  New Hampshire WIC program 20 “Deliver assessment/screening to children at various times (start, midway and/or exiting the program) - It’s a way to partner with a program with similar goals and gives access to children 0-5 years of age” -Stakeholder

21 Caregiver Support  Parents/Primary Caregivers  Home visiting and family support programs  Strengthen confidence  Childcare providers and teachers  Liaison between mental health and child care providers  Promote awareness of I-ECMH and development “There is a lack of understanding about the importance of accessibility within child care facilities.” -Stakeholder 21

22 Workforce Development  ~75% of families turn to their PCP for support  Cross training opportunities  Increase capacity and the level of expertise of providers  Expand eligibility for “qualified providers” to perform I- ECMH screening 22 “It is important to allow qualified staff, other than physicians, to screen and review findings with parents and caregivers. Qualified staff include those who have received training on developmental screening tools.” - Stakeholder

23 I-ECMH Screening Best Practices Build Initiative 2013 23

24 I-ECMH Screening: Examples of Best Practices  Best practices by discipline:  Primary Care - Bright Futures  Assessment – Brazelton Touch Points System  Treatment - Trauma Informed Care Model  Caregiver support – Head Start Model 24

25 Physician Standard of Care: Bright Futures  A Barometer to gauge the state’s performance on key child health indicators.  Recommended by the American Academy of Pediatrics  Documented success  The standard of care for Maine physicians  Has been implemented in New Hampshire (Dartmouth)  Implement the use of Bright Futures clinical forms at Well-child visits  Bonus! Providers who complete the forms are reimbursed at an enhanced rates. 25

26 I-ECMH in NH Progress  Transforming Children’s Behavioral Health Care Plan  Community Bridges  Early Childhood & Family Mental Health Competency System  Utilization of video interviewing/conferencing with providers  September 2013 - Improvement of the credentialing system  Self assessment for providers  Incentive to improve skills  Medicaid reform  Reimbursement rates increase  Allow use of DC:0-3R  Must include coverage for children’s preventative care 26

27 Other States Recommendations 27

28 I-ECMH Classification DC:0-3R  An age-appropriate approach for assessing infants, toddlers and preschool children.  Created to complement other diagnostic and classification systems by describing symptoms, patterns, and associated events/developmental features.  The DC:0-3R Crosswalk Table used in some states to address payment barriers and improve reimbursement rates  Maine  Florida 28

29 Adoption of DC:0-3R Crosswalks 29

30 In Summary…  We have an opportunity to educate parents, caregivers, professionals, and providers.  Frame as a I-ECMH as a public health issue  Create a multidisciplinary approach  Adopt Bright Futures as the state standard of care for NH physicians.  Develop partnerships  NHPHA Policy Committee  Community child programs i.e WIC  Connect with other states to implement crosswalk table.  Mark Rains – Psychologist Vienna Mountain Consulting  Kathryn Shea – President and Chief Executive Officer for FL Center for Early Childhood Inc. 30

31 Acknowledgements 1. JoAnn Cobb- Program Director, Early Childhood and Family Support Program and President of the NH Association for Infant Mental Health Phone call interview 03/19/2013 2. Jane Zill, LICSW- Licensed therapist, Individual practice, Portsmouth, NH Emailed me 04/09/2013 3. Egon Jenson- Administrator, Children's Mental Health Services for the Department of Health and Human Services. Spoke on 04/05/2013 4. Jodi Lubarsky- Child Adolescent and Family Services Director, Seacoast Mental Health Center, Email interview: 04/01/2013: 5. Laura Milliken-Director of Spark NH- Early Childhood Advisory Council- several interviews 6. Deirdre Dunn-Early Childhood Special Projects Coordinator Maternal & Child Health Section DHHS 7. Ellyn Scheiber- Director of Early Childhood Services, Community Bridges. Phone interview 03/12/2013 8. Kim Firth, Program Director, Endowment for Health 9. Kathryn Shea- President & Chief Executive Officer, The Florida Center for Early Childhood, Inc. 10. Geoffrey Nagle: Clinical social worker, Associate Professor of Psychiatry at the Tulane University School of Medicine and the Director of the Institute of Infant and Early Childhood Mental Health 11. Rebecca Marrs Child and Family Therapist Riverbend Community Mental Health 12. Sean Ellison Therapeutic Behavioral Services Riverbend Community Mental Health 31

32 Acknowledgments, cont’d. 1. Michael Rovaris-Technical Assistance, Educational Assistance Center, Waltham, MA 2. Greg Prazar MD, Chapter President of NH Pediatric Society 3. Rae Sonnenmeier, PhD, Clinical Assoc. Professor, Dept. of Communication Sciences and Disorders, Institute on Disability at the University of New Hampshire. 4. Mark Rains PhD, Psychologist, Vienna Mt. Consulting, Maine 5. Luanne Moody- Pediatric Psychiatric Nurse, North Shore Medical Center, Union Hospital, Lynn, MA 6. Debra Nelson- Administrator. NH Head Start State Collaboration Office. NH DHHS/DCYF 7. Claudia Ferber-Claudia Ferber, MS, Child and Family Programs Director, NAMI NH 8. Jane Hybsch-Representative of NH DHHS Office of Medicaid Business and Policy 9. Dr. Steven Chapman, MD- Director, Boyle Community Pediatrics Program, Associate Director of Child Health, Center for Primary Care and Population Health, Dartmouth Medical Center 10. Watch Me Grow Steering Committee 11. Liz Collins Title V 12. Marie Mulroy – President NH Public Health Assc. 13. Beth Achorn- Child and Family Therapist Riverbend Community Mental Health 14. Debra Grobowski- Executive Director- Foundation of Seacoast Health 15. Diana Weiner Child Psychiatrist Riverbend Community Mental Health  A number of individuals wished to not be identified. 32

33 References  Bruner, C.. A Framework for State Leadership and Action in Building the Components of an Early Childhood System  Project LAUNCH webinar featuring Kay Johnson of Johnson Group Consulting. This is in reference to Medicaid funds:  Early Childhood Systems Working Group, National Governors Association, State Early Childhood Development System, (Washington, D.C.: National Governors Association, Early Childhood Systems Working Group, 2006), at:  Smarter Checklist by the National Center for Children in Poverty  Opportunities in Public Policy to Support Infant and Early Childhood Mental Health: The Role of Psychologists and Policy Makers; Nelson, Florence: Zero to Three; Mann,Tammy:Frederick D. Patterson Research Institute; American Psychologist; February-March 2011, pages 129-137  Abelman, D.; Antal, P.; Oldham, E.; Printz, M.; Brallier, S.; Nelson, D.; Schreiber, E.; Brandt, K. Mental Health Services for New Hampshire’s Young Children and Their Families: Planning to Improve Access and Outcomes. 2009. Web. Feb. 2013. Retrieved from: Graph of Insurance Status; NH State Health Facts.org  New Hampshire Association for Infant Mental Health. (2009). From Peek-a-Boo to Parenthood: A Look at Early Childhood Mental Health in New Hampshire.  Spark NH website  Center on The Developing Child (2012). 5 Numbers to Remember About Early Childhood Development. Harvard University. Retrieved from  Hart, B., & Risley, T. (1995). Meaningful differences in the everyday experiences of young American children. Baltimore, MD: Brookes. 33

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