Presentation on theme: "Identification and Registration as enforcement tool Paolo Dalla Villa Human-Animal Relationship and Animal Welfare Unit Enforcement of European Animal."— Presentation transcript:
Identification and Registration as enforcement tool Paolo Dalla Villa Human-Animal Relationship and Animal Welfare Unit Enforcement of European Animal Welfare Related Legislation Brussels, June 2012
Animal Health and Welfare Food safety Public health and environment Animal I&R and information systems Epidemiological surveillance Training & education The Istituto G.Caporale main Fields of Activity
EU animal ID and R framework Directive 2008/71/EC on pig identification and registration (ex- 92/102/EEC) Regulation (EC) 1760/2000 on bovine identification and registration Regulation (EC) 21/2004 on ovine and caprine identification and registration EU animal traceability ; Individual identification of animals On farm registers National databases (fully operational) Passports Electronic identification TRACES Intra-EU trade Inter-operability of bovine databases (BOVEX pilot)
“A BILITY TO TRACE THE HISTORY, APPLICATION, OR LOCATION OF AN ENTITY BY MEANS OF RECORDED IDENTIFICATIONS ” (US Environmental Protection Agency) Registering the premises Identifying the animals Recording their movements Traceability
FACTORS INFLUENCING EMERGENCE AND RE- EMERGENCE OF ANIMAL DISEASES(*) (*) Data from a worldwide OIE survey among Chief Veterinary Officers in 2004
Istituto G. Caporale - Teramo Dog I&R, a basic tool To ensure animal traceability, recording up-to-date movements (from birth to death); To provide data and information about dog population structure and composition; To prevent the negative effects of dog overpopulation on public health, animal health and welfare (stray animals); To minimize the societal costs of dog irresponsible ownership.
Is dog identification mandatory? (Tatoo or Chip) National Legislation and Standards YES Austria; Hungary; Bulgaria; Croatia; France; Portugal; Serbia; Spain; Switzerland; NO Finland; Germany; Lithuania; PARTLY Netherlands
Existing Databases for companion animals Austria: public data base for the registration of dogs; although chipping and registration are obligatory since 30th June 2009 the data base was installed only recently. Hungary: there are not exact registration databases for companion animals, the MAOK (Hungarian Veterinary Chamber) has a database, which contains the immunized dogs. Bulgaria: private and public databases, the public exists since Croatia: Central Veterinary Information System (CVIS). Finland: there are databases run by breeders associations, a browser run by the largest AW association in Finland in co-operation with several partners. France: public, FICADO for dogs and SIEV for cats.
Lithuania: Several Registration databases are managed by municipalities (no public access). Portugal: There are two registration databases, public SICAFE (Sistema de Identificação de Caninos e Felinos), and the veterinarian’s union database SIRA (Sistema de Identificação e Registo de Animais). Serbia: One public central registration database. Spain: public, each one of the Autonomous communities The Database Derecho Animal, contains the legislation for each Autonomous Community. Switzerland: ANIS is the private national database for registered dogs and cats. Netherlands: Several private databases
FVE SURVEY on Identification of pets What is the percentage of pets identified in your Country? Marc Buchet FVE – Teramo CAROdog Workshop I&R, 2011 Dogs 5 – 90 % (average 50%) Cats 0 – 40 % (average 10%) Ferrets %
What about Germany? According to a survey from TASSO the average an animals shelter pays for 1 day for 1 animal is about 14 EUR. If a animal is not registered, the average waiting time, until the owners picks up his pet is 12 days. So an not registered animal produces average costs of 168 EUR per stay in the shelter Philip McCreight TASSO – CAROdog Workshop I&R - Teramo, 2011
What does I&R in Germany save the shelters and municipalities By re-uniting pets and owners a year the economic benefit sums up to 9,3 Million EUR a year. The registration of all dogs could save municipalities and animal shelters up to 20 Million EUR a year only in Germany Philip McCreight TASSO – CAROdog Workshop I&R - Teramo, 2011
In 1991 Italy abandoned the “catch and kill” policy A national framework law was released for “ the protection of pets and the prevention of animal abandonment”: All dogs must be individually identified and registered by Local Veterinary Services; Killing captured dogs is forbidden unless they are “seriously or incurably ill or proven to be dangerous”; Captured dogs, if not reunited to the owner, have to be neutered, identified and kept for adoption in a public long term shelter. Responsible ownership concepts must be promoted by the Competent Authorities;
Ministry of Health Ordinance, 2008 Official Vets and “accreditated” Private Practitoners shall register dogs within 2 months of age An National Information System should dialogue with the 21 Regional Database systems Microchip producers and distributors should be registered at the Ministry of Health (assigning numerical series of electronic codes) microchips could be only sold to Regional CAs, Local Health Units, “accreditated” Private Vets and Faculties of Veterinary Medicine In order to: achieve an uniform application of the canine I&R at national level register and identify the biggest number of animals in the shortest time strengthen the stray dog population control measure prevent animal abandonment minimize the risk of zoonosis transmission, dog aggressions episodes, public nuisance & economic loos for framers/breeders (compensation) control the animal movement
Annual report of Verona city dog shelter: prevalence of microchip on abandoned dogs Source : Verona Local Veterinary Services
Istituto G. Caporale - Teramo Currently in Italy Each region hosts its own dog registry, and these registers are not compatible amongst them. The recorded data are transferred to the national level, sending files in batch mode Main problems: Up-to-date traceability is only at regional level; The national database is only a list of dog codes (not a full I&R system); Only few information are recorded at national level (code, sex, race, date of birth)
Istituto G. Caporale - Teramo THE ICT application architecture Web users File upload Web services File download Tablets and smartphone Web interface Other already existing applications can exchange data in real time, reading and writing information from/into the dog I&R system
Istituto G. Caporale - Teramo SMS notification The SMS notification services allows to receive the dogs’ file card simply texting the microchip code to a green number
Istituto G. Caporale - Teramo Ongoing improvements integration of health data in the dog file; development of an alert system on shelter capacity; development of application for low-cost mobile devices (smartphone, tablets) that, connected with reader and using web services, can query the system and retrieve dogs’ file card and other relevant information in real time from field; broadening the I&R system to other pet species (cats and ferrets).
The ICT proposal, an efficient and costs saving Information System By ensuring data exchange in real time from regional to national level; By guaranteeing a complete and updated traceability at national level; By allowing different existing application to exchange data without changing the pre- existing platform or user interface.
EU Animal Welfare Strategy A non-legislative initiative Better compliance, enforcement of the existing legislation Pet animals included -> Study on the welfare of dogs and cats involved in commercial practices (2014)
Take home message…… Enforcement of laws will not, on its own, result in lasting, voluntary changes in behaviour,it needs to be supplemented by a range of non- regulatory approaches