Presentation on theme: "Aboriginal Bark Painting"— Presentation transcript:
1 Aboriginal Bark Painting Grade Level: 6Subject: Social StudiesFine Art: Visual ArtESSENTIAL QUESTION:How does art reflect how groups of people communicate feelings and ideas?OBJECTIVES:Students will describe (in writing) the characteristics that historians use to organize people into cultures.Students will explore Aboriginal culture and visual art and compare/contrast with Native American visual art (namely, Plains Indians’ cave paintings/pictographs) in discussion groups of about four students.Students will create Aboriginal bark paintings, using the contour line drawing technique and stylistic elements, copying the Aboriginal style and drawing animals as if they had X-ray vision.
2 Native American Culture Great Plains Indians Aboriginal CultureComposed of various tribes, nations, and languages: Blackfoot, Lakota, Wichita,PawneeSpiritualism:Sweatlodge ceremonies-Sun Dance, Ghost DanceMen were hunters, warriors, protectorsWomen tended tochildren, homes, farms-Cave paintings- tellwhere food is/story telling-inhabited their land before anyone else and both have been pushed back further and further by others who invaded their land and took it over-nomadic people, traveling long distances for food-struck by Europeandisease-Composed of various tribes usually based on languages and geography. (Aku Ramul, Kambre, Panara)-Spirituality: the land/objects share the same soul as the people: Dreamtime-folk style: didgeridoo-Astronomy: night sky tells stories/laws- Storylines-Bark painting
3 CultureDescribe the characteristics that historians use to organize people into culturesAustralian AboriginesPlains IndiansBelief systems (Religion/Spirituality)LocationCustoms/TraditionsArt
5 Aboriginal Art: Bark Paintings Illustrate stories told to young people about their spiritual beliefs/customs. Some paintings illustrate animals as if they had “X-ray vision” expressing how their ancestors were responsible for creation (many show how animal and human anatomy as well as spirit are similar)Art form involving painting the interior of a strip of tree barkThey heated the bark over hot coals of a fire until they were able to pound it flatThey used paints made from ground rock (ochre), charcoal, and chalk on the flat bark with pointed sticks.Originally, bark paintings were produced for instructional/ceremonial purposesSome tell stories of Dreamtime- path of the creator spirit
6 Bark PaintingsHistoric bark paintings collected by Baldwin Spencer in 1912
7 Bark PaintingsX-ray art shows the outside as well as some of the inside parts, the spine and organs of an animal or personKolobar Kangaroo, Yuwun Y. Marruwarr Bark Painting, 27‖ x 15‖
10 Bark Paintings Several components: Begin with border of image- Contour line drawingSketch of the outermost edges of image (used in X-ray images of animals)Use dividing lines and feature blocks to help identify scenes in a storyFigurative designs- resemble real or mythological creaturesGeometric designs are representational symbolsFor example, a circle might represent a water hole, a mat, a campfire, a nut, a hole left by maggots, etc., depending on contextTechniques: Fill the space with designs, shapes, linescrosshatching (drawing two layers of hatching at right-angles in order create a mesh-like pattern , dotsEmphasis should be on lines, repeating patterns, bordersToday, Aboriginal artists honor traditional DreamTime stories through their art, using old designs (as listed above) and techniques with modern materials such as acrylic paint and canvas
11 Plains Indians’ Cave Paintings Pictographs: drawings or paintings made on rocks/ form of communication using symbols because no written languageIllustrations suggest ongoing habitation, way of communication about hunting/food, and religious/ceremonial purposes (sacrifices)Many depict large wild animals: bison, horses, deerPigments used include red and yellow ochre, manganese oxide and charcoalScenes were often of hunting scenes; thought to bring ample prey for the next hunting season
12 Plains IndiansIndigenous and nomadic people that lived in the plains/hills of the Great Plains of North America (modern western U.S. and parts of Canada)The Plains people did not have a written language of words and letters. They used pictures and symbols. The Plains people wrote on rocks, cave walls, and on scraps of buffalo hide. These pictographs told stories of their battles, heroes, and daily life. They also acted as warnings.
15 What Does Art Communicate? Pictographs/cave paintingsTold stories of their battles, heroes, and daily life. They also communicated as warnings (of weather, predators, harvest growth)Aboriginal bark paintingsCommunicate Dreamtime stories or their spiritual beliefs about how humans, animals, and plants have traveling spirits/soulsPass on ceremonial traditionsReflect and instruct clan members and ancestors of their beliefs and customs
16 Aboriginal Bark Paintings Contour line drawing: technique when drawing the outermost edges of an image to make the item you are drawing look realisticStylistic Elements: Contour Lines in X-ray bark paintings of animals to represent the outside as well as some of the inside parts, the spine and organs of an animalAboriginal artists drew in X-ray vision style on the inside of the contour drawing of their animals.They drew shapes and designs (cross-hatching, figurative blocks/lines, and geometric figures) to represent what they imagine the inside of the animals would look like
18 How To: Begin with a brown piece of construction paper (12” x 18”) Choose an animal to drawTeacher will have visual examples of some animals to refer to when drawing the contour (outside edges of the animal)Draw the contour edges of the animal in pencilDraw realistic “insides”/“X-ray” of the animal (spine, organs, bones etc.) using elements & features discussed, in pencilCopy the aboriginal style using cross-hatching, blocks, and shapesTrace the pencil outlines in black sharpieColor “X-ray” Bark Painting in with crayonsTear the outside edges of brown construction paper to look like barkMount “bark” on piece of black, red, yellow, or white construction paper (12” x 18”) with glue stick
19 Elements & Features*This poster will be put on the board for reference while slideshow is left on slide 18 for “How To”