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1 KX-TD500 Technical Training Seminar. 2 Table of Contents Introduction1-7 KX-TD500 Basic and Expansion Shelf8-19 Configuration20-23 CPU Card KX-TD5010124-27.

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Presentation on theme: "1 KX-TD500 Technical Training Seminar. 2 Table of Contents Introduction1-7 KX-TD500 Basic and Expansion Shelf8-19 Configuration20-23 CPU Card KX-TD5010124-27."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 KX-TD500 Technical Training Seminar

2 2 Table of Contents Introduction1-7 KX-TD500 Basic and Expansion Shelf8-19 Configuration20-23 CPU Card KX-TD TSW Card KX-TD KX-TD500 Cards33-59 Activity One60 System Startup61-65 Activity Two66 Hardware Addresses67-73 Port Status74-79 Maintenance Console Software80-90

3 3 Table of Contents Activity Three91 Activity Four92-98 Activity Five99 Activity Six100 Activity Seven T Activity Eight Activity Nine129

4 4 KX-TD500

5 5 Course Outline Day 1 zIntroduction zKX-TD500 Hardware and Configuration zSystem Specifications zSystem Installation zSystem Installation Lab zSystem Startup zSystem Startup Lab zHardware Addressing and Port Status zMaintenance Consoles Software zMaintenance Consoles Software Lab

6 6 Course Outline Day 2 zKX-TD500 Features zBasic Programming Lab zToll Restriction Lab zARS Lab zVoice Processing Integration Lab

7 7 Course Outline Day 3 zT1 zT1 Lab zRemote Programming zRemote Programming Lab zFinal Exam

8 8 KX-TD500 Digital Super Hybrid zThis TD-based system will offer a smooth upgrade path for 2-cabinet TD1232 users as well as a starter system for the medium-sized businesses or high-end residential users

9 9 KX-TD500 Digital Super Hybrid zThe system will provide the TD dealers with a larger system size, but offer a similar programming and user interface as currently offered by the TD308/816/1232. zThe major differences between the existing TD line of systems and the KX- TD500 includes a new Windows-based programming tool, and the universal slot design.

10 10 KX-TD500 System Outline zThe KX-TD500 consists of a basic shelf and up to two expansion shelves. zThe systems features a universal slot design enabling station, CO, and other function cards to be installed into free slots in the cabinets.

11 11 Basic Shelf KX-TD500 zThe Basic Shelf is the initial building-block of the KX-TD500 system allowing a single- cabinet system to be configured with up to a maximum of 192 ports. zThe Basic Shelf then provides the foundation on which the system can be expanded by use of expansion shelves to configure a system up a maximum of 512 ports.

12 12 Basic Shelf KX-TD500 zThe Basic Shelf houses the system’s common control cards including the Central Processing Unit (CPU) card and the Time Switch (TSW) card. zOnly the TSW card is included with the Basic Shelf which includes the DOHCA and TSW-CONF cards zThe CPU card is available separately.

13 13 Basic Shelf KX-TD500 z12 Free Slots (FS1-FS12) are available in the Basic Shelf and can be carded with CO, station, or other function cards as required by the installations application. zIf the installation location requires more than the 12 slot configuration supports, the system can be expanded by attaching 2 additional Expansion Shelves to the upper portion of the Basic Shelf

14 14 Basic Shelf Includes: zTop panel with 3 LED indicators (Run, Offline, Alarm) z2 Female RS-232C connectors yOne for Programming yOne for SMDR zAn AC Power connector

15 15 Basic Shelf Includes: zPrimary AC Power Supply with: yMain Power Switch yGrounding Terminal yAC outputs for Expansion Shelves zShelf Power Supply with: yPower Switch yPower LED Indicator yFuse yKX-A46 interface connector

16 16 Basic Shelf Includes: zShelf Cooling Fan zSLT Ring Generator zMounting Brackets zSide Panels zLower Panel zFront Door with Lock

17 17 Expansion Shelf KX-TD520 zThe KX-TD520 Expansion Shelf can be installed onto the Basic Shelf adding on a maximum of 224 additional ports. This provides a two-cabinet system with a maximum configuration of 416 ports. zA second Expansion Shelf could then be added bring the system up to its maximum port configuration of 512 ports.

18 18 Expansion Shelves Include: z14 Free Slots (FS1-FS14) zA Shelf Power Supply with: yPower Switch yPower LED Indicator yFuse yKX-A46 Interface Connector zShelf Cooling Fan zSLT Ring Generator

19 19 Expansion Shelves Include: zSide Panels zFront Door with Lock zData and Power Connecting Cables zMounting Hardware

20 20 Maximum System Configurations zAlthough the systems model number is the KX-TD500, the actual maximum system configuration can be 512 ports. zThis port configuration cannot be exceeded.

21 21 Maximum System Configurations zThings to remember about system configuration y512 ports/system is the maximum allowed y448 extensions/system is the maximum allowed y192 CO Lines/system is the maximum allowed y216 PT, SLT, & CO ports/expansion shelf y192 PT and SLT ext./shelf is the max. allowed y128 PT/Shelf is the maximum allowed y160 SLT/Shelf is the maximum allowed

22 22 System Configuration Example 1 Final system configuration of (48) CO lines and (448) extensions (320 DPT & (128) SLT) = (496) Total

23 23 System Configuration Example 1 z CO = 6 LCOT (ELCOT) z DPT = 20 DLC z SLT= 8 ESLC z34 out of 40 Free Slots used z496 out of 512 ports used (16 avail.) zXDP, Parallel Telephones or APT require DHLC

24 24 Final system configuration of 192 T1 channels and 256 DPT extensions 448 Total System Configuration Example 2

25 25 System Configuration Example 2 z T1 Channels= 8 T1 z DPT= 16 DLC z32 out of 40 Free Slots used z448 out of 512 ports used (64 avail.)

26 26 KX-TD50101 CPU Card z386-based Main Central Processing Unit Card residing in the Basic Shelf zThis card provides control and call processing data for all system functions including TSW control, power down and system clock alarms zMain components include CPU, RAM, ROM, memory backup lithium battery

27 27 KX-TD50101 CPU Card zCPU card also includes circuitry for the RS-232C connectors z“System” and “Mode” switches are 10 position rotary switches located on the front edge of the CPU card along with the push reset switch. zThe “System” switch is not used in the US version.

28 28 KX-TD50101 CPU Card zThe “Mode” switch is used to determine the startup condition of the system. Although it is a 10 position switch, only 4 position are utilized for normal operations.

29 29 KX-TD50101 CPU Card zMode switch positions are: zPosition 1On-line while holding current data zPosition 0,2,3,9On-line Same function as 1 zPosition 4Off-line holding current data zPosition 5Off-line while defaulting system zPosition 6ON-LINE with “backdoor” password zPosition 7Off-line factory finished product testing zPosition 8Off-line factory finished product testing

30 30 KX-TD50102 TSW Card zThe Time Switch (TSW) card provides the systems voice switching matrix including party conferencing circuits zThe TSW card generates all audible call progress tones, including dial tone, busy tone, reorder and ringback tones

31 31 KX-TD50102 TSW Card zThe TSW card also provides an interface for 2 Music on Hold inputs (9/64” mini-plug) and 2 External Paging output jacks (RCA plugs) with volume adjustments zTwo daughter boards are attached to the TSW card yKX-TD50104 yKX-TD50105

32 32 TSW Cards zThe KX-TD50104 TSW-CONF Expansion Card adds an additional 64 3-party conference circuit to the basic 8 provided by the TSW card zThe KX-TD50105 DOHCA card allows for OHCA for Digital Proprietary station cards zBoth of these cards play an important role in Digital Voice Mail integration

33 33 TSW Card zThe KX-TD50104 TSW-CONF card provides 3- party conferencing capability. This includes the three DPITS integration features Two-way Record, Two-way Transfer, and Live Call Screening. zEach of these features requires the use of conference circuit

34 34 TSW Card zThe KX-TD50105 DOHCA card provides for DPT OHCA by providing TSW circuitry to support the second “B” channel for DPT telephones and DPITS integrated voice mail ports zThe KX-TD50105 DOHCA card must be installed for DPITS voice mail integration to work

35 35 New KX-TD500 Cards include: HThese cards will only operate in a KX-TD500 zKX-TD50170-Digital Hybrid Line Card (DHLC) zKX-TD50172-Digital Line Card (DLC) zKX-TD50175-Enhanced Single Line Card (ESLC) zKX-TD50180-Enhanced Loop Central Office Trunk (ELCOT) zKX-TD50197-Enhanced Remote Card (ERMT)

36 36 KX-TD50170 Digital Hybrid Line Card zThe DHLC supports 8 analog proprietary telephones or 8 digital proprietary and 8 SLT telephones (XDP or parallel) zThis card supports 7000 and 7400 series telephones as well as SLT’s zSee right side of page 2-41 in Installation Manual for block wiring

37 37 KX-TD50170 Digital Hybrid Line Card zOHCA using the KX-T7436/7130 is supported without any additional cards installed on the station card. (The KX- TD50105 card must be installed on the TSW card for OCHA to the KX-T7436)

38 38 KX-TD50172 Digital Line Card zThe DLC supports 16 digital proprietary telephones (7400 series) and DSS consoles zNo SLT’s are will operate on this card zSee right side of page 2-44 in Installation Manual for block wiring

39 39 KX-TD50175 Enhanced Single Line Card zThe ESLC supports 16 single line telephones with Message Waiting Lamp compatibility zNo proprietary telephones will operate on this card zESLC has 4 DTMF receivers zSee right side of page 2-42 in Installation Manual for block wiring

40 40 KX-TD50180 Enhanced Loop CO Trunk zThe ELCOT card supports 8 Loop Start Central Office lines zWhen two optional KX-TD193 Caller ID cards are installed, Central Office Caller ID is provided to proprietary display telephones zSee page 2-55 in Installation Manual for block wiring

41 41 KX-TD50197 Enhanced Remote Card zThe ERMT card is a modem card (V.34) used for remote administration.

42 42 Other Cards Supported by the KX-TD500 zThe following cards were previously supported by the KX-T336, and in the case of the KX-TD193, the KX-TD816/1232, and provide the same functions and capabilities. zRefer to KX-TD500 optional card compatibility chart for more information

43 43 Other Cards Supported by the KX-TD500 yKX-T Station Hybrid Line Card (HLC) yKX-T Station Proprietary Line Card (PLC) yKX-T Station Single Line Card (SLC) yKX-T Station Single Line Card with Message Waiting Lamp compatibility (SLCM) yKX-T Loop Start Central Office Trunk card (LCOT) yKX-T Ground Start Central Office Trunk card (GCOT)

44 44 Other Cards Supported by the KX-TD500 yKX-T DID Trunk card (DID) yKX-T Station Off-Premise extension card (OPX) yKX-T Off Premise Extension Power Unit yKX-T T1 card (T1) yKX-T Doorphone card (DPH) yKX-T DISA card (DISA) yKX-T Automatic Gain Control card (AGC)

45 45 Other Cards Supported by the KX-TD500 yKX-T bps Remote card (RMT) yKX-T OHCA card for HLC and PLC cards (OHCA) yKX-TD193 - Caller ID card for ELCOT card (CID)

46 46 KX-T96170 zHybrid Line Card (HLC) zEach card provides 8 Hybrid extension ports zEither a Analog Proprietary Telephones (7000 series) or a single line telephones can be connected to this card zSee right side of page 2-41 in Installation Manual for block wiring

47 47 KX-T96172 zProprietary Line Card (PLC) zEach card provides 8 proprietary extension ports zOnly Analog Proprietary Telephones (7000 Series) can be connected to this card zSee right side of page 2-41 in Installation Manual for block wiring

48 48 KX-T96174 zSingle Line Telephone card (SLC) zEach card provides 8 single line extension ports zOnly single line telephones can be connected to this card zSee right side of page 2-41 in Installation Manual for block wiring

49 49 KX-T96175 zSingle Line Card with Message Waiting (SLC-M) zEach card supports 8 single line extensions with Message Waiting lamps zSee right side of page 2-41 in Installation Manual for block wiring

50 50 KX-T96180 zLoop Start Central Office Card (LCOT) zEach card allows 8 Loop Start Central Office lines to be connected to the system zSee page 2-55 in Installation Manual for block wiring

51 51 KX-T96181 zGround Start Central Office Card (GCOT) zEach card allows 8 Ground Start Central Office lines to be connected to the system zSee page 2-55 in Installation Manual for block wiring

52 52 KX-T96182 zDirect Inward Dialing Trunk Card (DID) zEach card allows 4 DID Central Office lines to be connected to the system zThis card will accept pulse signaling only zSystem interface is modular (RJ-11C)

53 53 KX-T96185 and KX-T96186 zKX-T Off Premise EXtension Card (OPX) zKX-T Off Premise Extension Power Supply zAn OPX card and Power Supply provides 4 OPX single line telephones only zBoth OPX units are required when a single line telephone must be placed in another building or location zSystem interface is modular (RJ-11C)

54 54 KX-T96187 zT-1 Card zUp to 8 T1 cards can be installed in the KX-TD500 zFrame FormatsD4/SF or ESF zLine CodingAMI or B8ZS zChannel TypesLCO/GCO/DID/OPX/TIE zSystem interface is RJ-48C (See page in Installation Manual for cable configuration)

55 55 KX-T96187 zThe T1 card can only be installed in slots 1 (2), 5 (6), and 9 (10). zThe slot immediately adjacent to the right of each T1 card must be left empty as indicated above by the slot number that are parenthesized.

56 56 KX-T96161 zDoorphone card zProvides 4 Doorphones and 4 dry contact relays z2 card per system

57 57 KX-T96191 zDirect Inward Station Access card (DISA) zEach DISA card can be programmed to provide one of three functions. yBasic 4 port automated attendant or; yOutgoing Message for Uniform Call Distribution yTimed Reminder OGM z8 DISA cards can be installed in the system

58 58 KX-T96193 zAutomatic Gain Control card (AGC) zEach card provides 4 gain controlled CO to CO conference circuits z8 AGC cards can be installed in the system

59 59 KX-T96196 zRemote Administration card zAllows remote system administration at 1200 baud z1 Remote card can be installed in the system

60 60 KX-T96136 zKX-T Off Hook Call Announce card z1 KX-T96136 card must be installed for every 2 KX-T7130 telephones that require OHCA zA maximum of 4 KX-T96136 connects to either the PLC or HLC cards

61 61 KX-TD193 Caller ID Card z1 KX-TD193 will support 4 Caller ID compatible Central Office Lines connected to the KX-TD50180 card (ELCOT). For all eight lines to support Caller ID, a second KX-TD193 must be installed. zThe KX-TD193 supports both Single and Multi-Message formats

62 62 Activity One Shelf and Card Installation Purpose: To assemble a shelf and install cards in a shelf 1. Install an Expansion Shelf on a Basic Shelf 2. Install all cards into the Basic Shelf leaving slots 09 and 10 empty. Also make sure that slot 01 has either a DLC or DHLC installed in it. This will be necessary for practice exercises at a later time.

63 63 System Startup Procedure zSystem startup or initialization must be executed for every system zThe purpose of this procedure is to default the system and to automatically assign installed hardware into their respective positions zThis procedure is accomplished using rotary switch labeled “Mode” on the CPU card

64 64 System Startup Procedure 1.Ensure that all cards that are to be initially installed are properly seated in the card slots and that the cabinets are properly assembled. 2.Connect the AC power cord to the Basic Shelf and then to a properly grounded and protected AC outlet 3.Connect a ground wire to the Ground terminal (Not necessary in training environment) 4.Turn On the Main Power Switch on the Basic Shelf 5.Turn On the Power Switch for each Expansion Shelf

65 65 System Startup Procedure 6. Turn On the Power Switch for the Basic Shelf 7. Using a small flathead screwdriver, turn the Mode Switch on the CPU to position “5”. Note: Leave the System in position 0 8.Press and release the CPU Reset button 9.Wait 2 minutes. After 2 minutes, the Run light will be green and the Off-line light will slowly flash yellow.

66 66 System Startup Procedure 10.The system is now in the Off-line mode. Only system administration can be performed. 11.Turn the Mode Switch to position “1”. It is very important that the Mode Switch be placed in position ”1” at this time. If the system were to be reset, or if the AC power were to be lost momentarily, the system would re-initialize and return to the default condition. Any programming changes that you may have been made would have been lost.

67 67 System Startup Procedure 12.To place the system into the On-line Mode, press and release the CPU Reset button. 13.Wait 2 minutes. After the 2 minute waiting period, the system will be On-line. The Run light will be lit, and the Off-line and Alarm light will be off. Call processing can be accomplish as well as system administration in the On-line mode. Only the Upload to PBX function can not be performed

68 68 Activity Two System Startup Purpose: To become familiar with the system startup procedure 1. Execute the system startup procedure

69 69 KX-TD500 Hardware Addresses zThe KX-TD500, like most other universal free slot designed PBX’s, utilize a numbering system to identify ports, cards, and shelf locations. zThis is necessary when programming and maintaining the system

70 70 KX-TD500 Hardware Addresses zGenerally hardware address will be either 3 digit or 5 digit numbers. zExample: yThe first digit (1) indicates the shelf. In this example the 1 indicates the Basic Shelf. The first expansion shelf would be identified with a 2 and the second expansion shelf identified with a 3

71 71 KX-TD500 Hardware Addresses zExample: yThe next two digits (02) indicate the slot number. In this example the card is located in the Basic Shelf in slot 2. In the Basic Shelf, valid entries would be In the Expansion Shelves, valid entries would be

72 72 KX-TD500 Hardware Addresses zExample: yThe next two digits (05) indicate the port number. Port number identifiers will vary based on the card type. Some will have up to 16 ports, others 8 or less. yFor example, a DLC is a 16 port card and would have valid entries of

73 73 KX-TD500 Hardware Addresses zExample: yA DHLC is slightly different. The first 8 port identifiers (01-08) are used to identify the 8 proprietary ports on this card. The second 8 port identifiers (09-16) are used to identify the XDP ports. For example, port identifier 09 is used to program the XDP single line extension for port 01.

74 74 KX-TD500 Hardware Addresses zA card with twenty-four port identifiers (01-24) is the T1 card zCards with sixteen port identifiers (01-16) include: DLC, DHLC and ESLC zCards with eight port identifiers (01-08) include: HLC, PLC, SLC, SLC-M, LCOT, GCOT & ELCOT

75 75 KX-TD500 Hardware Addresses zCards with four port identifiers (01-04) include: OPX, DID, DISA, AGC & DPH zCards that only have no port identifier include: RMT and ERMT

76 76 Port Status zPorts and cards can be in various states of service zOperational devices are usually In-Service or the abbreviation “INS” zDisabled devices are usually Out-of- Service or the abbreviation “OUS” zAnother state is Fault. This can be caused by several things including configuration problems as well as hardware failure

77 77 Port Status zThe final state of service is called Busy- out. This occurs on CO ports that have been placed in the Busy-out state by a system administrator. zGenerally the “INS” and “OUS” states are most common. Changing from one to another is accomplished by using different screens from within the KX-TD500 Maintenance Console programming tool

78 78 Port Status zWithin the Maintenance Console programming tool, the state of service can be identified and changed by clicking on the “Status” button. The text on the “Status” button indicates the current state, and the state can be toggled from one state, for example OUS, to the alternative state, in this case INS, by clicking on the “Status” button and then selecting OK.


80 Port Status


82 82 Maintenance Console Software zProprietary PC programming software zOperating Systems yWindows ® 3.1 yWindows ® 95/98 zPC Requirements yCPU: Mhz or better yRAM: Minimum of 8 MB yHDD: Minimum of 5 MB free plus 500 KB per user file

83 83 Maintenance Console Setup

84 84 InstallShield® Wizard

85 85 Maintenance Console Setup





90 90 Shortcut can be created

91 91

92 92 Maintenance Console Software

93 93 Activity Three Installing Software Purpose: To become familiar with the process of installing the KX-TD500 Maintenance Console program in your PC 1. Install the KX-TD500 Maintenance Console software into your PC.

94 94 Activity Four Maintenance Console Purpose: To become familiar with the Maintenance Console program by connecting and disconnecting, navigating, making basic programming changes and applying them. 1. Properly connect your serial cable and null modem connector to your PC and KX-TD500 programming RS-232C 2. Open the KX-TD500 Maintenance Console program 3. Establish a local connection using the default parameters of: PortSet according to your PC NL CodeCR+LF Baud Rate9600 bps Password1234

95 95 Activity Four Maintenance Console 4. Enter Programming-Interactive and allow the software to upload programming parameters 5. Browse through all available programming screens but do not change any parameters at this time. 6. Now make your first programming changes. Ensure that a KX-T7436 is installed on the first port (ext.1001) of the DHLC or DLC installed in slot 01. In the Line-Extension Line screen, program and apply extension 1001 to have the following CO Keys: CO 1-6 PDN buttons CO 7-14S-CO buttons for the 1st 8 CO’s CO 15-24Not Stored (for now)

96 96 Activity Four Maintenance Console 7. Next, program and apply another extension to have the following CO Keys: CO 1-8 Single-CO CO 9-18Not Stored (for now) CO 19-20One-Touch buttons CO 21-24Not Stored (for now) 8. Now copy all parameters from the above extension to all other extension other than extension 1001 that was programmed in step Name the first 24 extensions 10. Set the Time and Date

97 97 Activity Four Maintenance Console 11. In the Line-Trunk Line screen, name the first 8 CO’s and assign the Day and Night Destination to be In the Features-System Speed Dialing screen, assign 20 System Speed Dialing names and numbers 13. In the System-System Options 4/4, change the FWD/DND lamp pattern to FWD:On, DND:Flash 14. Test the operation of all applicable programming to this point. This completes some of the basic programming changes in the interactive mode, now let’s save this configuration to the hard disk drive and make some additional changes to the file in the batch mode.

98 98 Activity Four Maintenance Console 15. Execute the File-Download from PBX menu option 16. When the Download from PBX is complete, save the file using the Save As menu option to your hard disk drive. 17. Disconnect from the PBX Now we will modify the file while not connected to the PBX. The changes that are made will be saved to the hard disk when complete. We will then Upload the changes to the KX- TD Using the File-Open menu option, open the file that you saved in step 16

99 99 Activity Four Maintenance Console 19. In the Configuration-Extension Port Assignment screen, set the XDP function for all extensions on the DHLC(s) 20. Select a port on a DLC installed in your system and assign it as a DSS in the Configuration-Extension Port Assignment screen. Pair the DSS with extension In the Line-DSS Console screen, assign 32 DSS keys to the DSS console Now let’s save the file again to the hard disk drive and then Upload the modified file back into the KX-TD Save the modified file to the hard disk drive once again

100 100 Activity Four Maintenance Console 23. Using the rotary Mode Switch on the CPU card, place the system in the Off-Line Mode 24. Establish a Local Connection once again 25. Open the saved file 26. Execute the File-Upload to PBX menu option 27. When Upload is complete, disconnect the local connection 28. Using the rotary Mode Switch on the CPU card, place the system in the On-Line Mode 29. Establish a Local Connection once again and enter Interactive programming 30. Confirm the programming that was completed in step

101 101 Activity Five Toll Restriction Purpose: To understand the KX-TD500 toll restriction capabilities 1.Restrict extension 1001 and 1002 from dialing 1-900, 976, 1***976, 011 and Allow all other calls. 2. Allow extension 1003 to dial local calls and calls only.

102 102 Activity Six ARS Purpose: To understand the KX-TD500 Automatic Route Selection capabilities 1. Using ARS, route all outgoing CO calls over the LCOT in Trunk Group 1.

103 103 Activity Seven DPITS Voice Mail Integration Purpose: To understand the programming involved in integrating a Panasonic Voice Processing System using DPITS integration. 1. Make the required physical connections between your KX-TD500 and the Voice Processing System for a 2 port DPITS integrated system. This will require that one data pair from an extension port of the KX-TD500 be wired into the input jacks of the VPS using a modular cord. 2. In the Configuration-Extension Port Assignment screen, assign the extension port selected in step 1 to be VPS(DPT)

104 104 Activity Seven DPITS Voice Mail Integration 3. In the Configuration-VPS(DPT) Port Assignment screen, assign the correct VPS Card, VPS Type, Port No. and DN and Group No. for Ext. No. 1 and Connect your PC to the VPS’ s RS-232C, start your communication software, and default the VPS 5. Run the VPS’s Quick Setup Utility 6. Confirm by dialing the VPS port DN that DPITS integration has been achieved.

105 105 What is T1? zT1 is the telephone companies infrastructure (copper wire, transmission equipment,…) that provides a high speed digital telephone circuit between two points. zT1 circuits operate at a rate of Mbps or at what is referred to as DS1 zA DS1 is comprised of Kbps* channels (DS0) plus framing overhead * Certain line code and frame selections can reduce the available bandwidth from 64 to 56 Kbps

106 106 T1 channels 24 bits per word x 8 bits 192 samples/sec x 8000 user data 1,536,000 bps frame bits line speed 1,544,000 bps

107 107 Digital Trunking PSTN: Local Exchange Carrier (LEC) or Interexchange Carrier (IEC) T1 demarc at customer premise T1 Channel Service Unit TD500 equipped with KX-TD97187

108 108 T1 Channel Service Unit zA T1 Channel Service Unit (CSU) is required for each T1 line that is to be connected to the KX-TD500 zFor a basic TD500 T1 installation, only a CSU is required. zCSU’s come in a variety of configurations based on the application and prices will vary.

109 109 T1 Channel Service Unit zCSU Functions: yIt is the first piece of Customer Premise Equipment (CPE) after Telco’s demarcation point. yProvides a 100 Ω circuit termination yProvides FCC Part-68 protection yInitiates and facilitates loopback testing yMonitors line for errors and violations yMaintain 0’s and 1’s density ySupports Line Coding and Framing requirements

110 110 Adtran ESF T1 CSU ACE zFull featured T1 CSU suitable for wall or desktop use. zFront panel LCD and four user keys provides easy configuration and unit monitoring zPhysical Interface RJ-48C zSupports D4/SF or ESF zSupports AMI or B8ZS

111 111 What is D4/SF and ESF? zSuperframe (SF) or D4, and Extended Superframe (ESF) are the two frame formats used in North America. zFrame formats are used for frame synchronization and also for line management tasks zThe KX-TD500 supports either frame formats

112 112 D4/SF zD4 or Superframe was introduced in The D4 was derived from the first Telco channel bank which utilized this type of frame formatting. zD4/SF framing consists of a superframe made up of twelve individual frames zThe twelve framing bits within the superframe follow a pattern of

113 113 D4/SF Superframe F1F2F4F3F5F6F8F7F12F11F10F9 Superframe F Ch1Ch2 ……... Ch24 Frame 1 F Ch1Ch2 ……... Ch24 Frame Word 0 Frame 2 framing bit

114 114 D4/SF zD4 or SF framing uses an in-band call control method called “bit robbing” which robs the least significant bit from each of the 24 channels within the 6th and 12th frame. zThis call control information is used for dialing and other line maintenance functions. zThis frame format restricts the channel bandwidth to 56 Kbps rather than 64 Kbps and is used most often in voice applications.

115 115 Extended Superframe (ESF) zExtended Superframe is the preferred method of framing since it utilizes a larger number of frames (24 frames) and requires fewer framing bits to maintain synchronization zFraming bits for frames 4, 8, 12, 16, 20, are set to the pattern of that the far end equipment synchronizes on.

116 116 Extended Superframe (ESF) zSince fewer frames require framing bits, the excess framing bits for the other frames can be used for other functions such as Cyclic Redundancy Checks and for an Embedded Operations Channel zThe Embedded Operation Channel is an Out-of-Band call control method used for signaling, dialing, diagnostics as well as other functions.

117 117 Extended Superframe F1F2F4F3F5F6F8F7F12F11F10F9 Extended Superframe F13F14F15 E C F EEEEEEE CC C FFF E = Embedded Operations channel bit C = Cyclic Redundancy Check bit F = Framing bit Only 15 of the 24 frames are shown

118 118 Extended Superframe (ESF) zESF should be used whenever possible since it has a more sophisticated diagnostic and maintenance capability and allows for a 64 Kbps channel bandwidth.

119 119 What is AMI and B8ZS? zAlternate Mark Inversion and Binary 8 Zero Substitution are the two Line Coding formats used in North America for T1 lines zThe purpose of Line Coding is to maintains synchronization by ensuring that no more than 7 consecutive “0’s” are transmitted within a DS0.

120 120 zUnipolar Signaling yUsed internally within most DTE equipment such as the KX-TD500 and computers zBipolar Alternate Mark Inversion yT1 lines utilize this type of signaling format Signaling Formats +5 v 0 v v 0 v -3v

121 121 AMI Line Coding zAMI get around the 1’s density requirement by forcing a 1 into the bit stream or what is called “bit stuffing.” The CSU accomplished this task by inserting a 1 into the least significant bit location. zThe draw back to this method is that it reduces the available user bandwidth to 56 Kbps

122 122 AMI Line Coding +5 v O v -5 v DTE Sends +5 v O v -5 v CSU set for AMI sends

123 123 B8ZS Line Coding zBinary 8 Zero Substitution is the most popular Line Coding technique used in North America. zB8ZS uses a method of inserting a particular bit pattern which includes intentional bipolar violations to replace a series of 8 “0’s” zThis is the preferred Line Coding technique since it allows for 64 Kbps

124 124 B8ZS Line Coding +5 v O v -5 v DTE Sends +5 v O v -5 v B 1 0 B 1 CSU set for B8ZS sends Previous Word B = Bipoalar Violation

125 125 Activity Number Eight Installing T1 Lines Purpose: To become familiar with the installation of a T1 cards in the KX-TD500 and to be able to program the system accordingly. One T1 line has been installed at your location with the following configuration: Line CodingB8ZS FramingESF Channels 01-12LCO See workstation notes for numbers Channels 13-20GCO See workstation notes for numbers Channels 21-24DID (E&M Immediate with DID enabled) DID digits transferred = Last four See workstation notes for numbers

126 126 Activity Number Eight Installing T1 Lines 1. Install a KX-T96187 card in slot 09. Refer to Installation Manual page 2-52, confirm SW5 (jumper) is in the correct position for the KX-TD In the Configuration-Slot Assignment screen, assign a T1 card in slot In the Configuration-Slot Assignment screen, click on slot 09 T1, and the Properties. Ensure the Line Coding and Frame Sequence is set to B8ZS and ESF. 4. In the Configuration-Slot Assignment screen, click on slot 14 TSW. Set the Clock Configuration Mode to External and Clock Configuration Priority to 109:T1

127 127 Activity Number Eight Installing T1 Lines 5. Change the Status to INS 6. Connect the T1 line to the NET jack of the CSU. Connect the RJ-48C cable to the T1 card, the other end to the CPE jack of the CSU 7. Using the display and the four front panel buttons on the CSU, verify that in the CONFIG-NETWORK (NI) display that the Format and Code are set to ESF and B8ZS 8. The CSU Power LED should be lit and all other LED’s are off. The SYNC LED on the KX-TD96187 should flash slowly. If this is not the case, check the CSU and Configuration-Slot Assignment settings.

128 128 Activity Number Eight Installing T1 Lines 9. Now, in the Configuration-T1 Port Assignment screen, assign the proper Channel Type Channels 01-12LCO Trunk Group 02 Channels 13-20GCO Trunk Group 03 Channels 21-24TIE (E&M)Trunk Group Place each channel INS 11. On extension 1001, assign eight Single-CO buttons to CO Keys for Trunk Lines , and Verify that you are able to draw dial tone for each of these lines. 12. Set up a ringing pattern of your choice for each of these lines and test

129 129 Activity Number Eight Installing T1 Lines 13. In the Line-Trunk Line screens for , verify that the Incoming Type is set to “TIE”, the DID/TIE- Delete Digits is set to “O Digit”, Insert Dial is blank, and the Start Signal Type is “Immediate.” 14. Using the DID addresses provided at your work station, seize a Single-CO and make test calls to verify that the the extension that rings has the matching extension number of the last four digits of the number dialed. When other workstations are ready to receive test T1 DID type calls, make calls from workstation to workstation.

130 130 Activity Number Eight Installing T1 Lines 15. Change the ARS routing so that the T1 channels (Trunk Group 2) are seized as a first priority for outgoing calls, and the LCOT in trunk group 1 are seized as a second priority.

131 131 Activity Number Nine Utility and Diagnostics Purpose: To become familiar with the process of running diagnostic tests and checking status and error logs 1. Run various diagnostic test 2. Check the error and status screens

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