Presentation on theme: "The Islamic Vision of Development"— Presentation transcript:
1 The Islamic Vision of Development in the Light of Maqasid Al-ShariahM. Umer ChapraResearch AdviserIRTI-IDB
2 The Vision of IslamThe Vision of Islam:To be a blessing for mankind (رحمة للعلمين)To promote the well-being (فلاح) of allIsn't this the goal of all societies?Yes! The difference lies in the concept of well-being and how it is to be realized.
3 How to Realize well-being (Falah)? By helping realize the Maqasid Al-Shariah (Objectives of the Shariah)مقصود الشرع من الخلق خمسة، وهو أن يحفظ عليهم دينهم ونفسهم وعقلهم ونسلهم ومالهم، فكل ما يتضمن حفظ هذه الأصول الخمسة فهو مصلحة، وكل ما يفوت هذه الأصول فهو مفسدة، ودفعها مصلحة) الغزالي:المستصفي، ١٩٣٧ ، ج ١، ص ١٣٩)(Al- Ghazali, al-Mustasfa, 1937, Vol. 1, p.139; see also al-Shatibi.(d.790/1388), n.d.)."The objective of the Shariah is the well-being of the people, which lies in safeguarding their faith (Din), their self (Nafs), their intellect ('Aql), their posterity (Nasl) and their wealth (Mal). Whatever ensures the safeguard of these five principles serves public interest and is desirable, and whatever hurts them is against public interest and its removal is desirable" (al-Ghazali, 1937, Vol. 1, p.139 and al-Shatibi, Vol. 1, p.38.
4 Are these the only maqasid? Some Clarifications:Are these the only maqasid?Are we bound by the sequence given by al-Ghazali?Do we just safeguard or do we go beyond this to enrich and strengthen?Are these maqasid independent of each other or are they interdependent?The human self (النفس)Faith (الدين)Intellect (العقل)Posterity (النسل)Wealth (المال)
5 Figure 1 AL-MAQASID (OBJECTIVES OF) AL-SHARIAH Human Development and Well-Being To be realized by ensuring the enrichment of the following five ingredients for every individualReal human development and well-being(Blessing for mankind)DinFaithMalWealthNafsThe human selfAqlIntellectNaslPosterity
6 Figure 2 Enrichment of the human self (Nafs) Human well-being (Falah) Justice(2)Freedom(5)Humanwell-being(Falah)Education(6)Wealth(Māl)Intellect(‘Aql)Posterity(Nasl)Employment and self- employment(9)Faith(Dīn)Good governance(7)Security of life and property(4)Family and social solidarity(12)Need fulfilment(8)Dignity, self-respect and social equality(1)Minimiza-tion of crime and anomie(14)Mental peace and happiness(13)Marriage and proper upbringing of children(11)Spiritual and moral uplift(3)Equitable distribution of income and wealth(10)
7 Figure 3 Enrichment of Faith Well-being of all (Falāh) Worldview (Tawhīd, Khilafah,Risālah and Ākhirah)Values(Rules of behaviour)Proper motivationEducation(moral as well as material)Justice, freedom, security of life, property and honour, honesty, fulfillment of all socio-economic and political obligations, patience, thriftners, prudence, tolerance, mutual care and trust, etc.Removal of poverty, need fulfilment of all, employment andself-employment opportunitiesEquitable distribution(Human brotherhood)Enrichment of Self, Intellect andPosterityWell-being of all(Falāh)Family integrity, social solidarity and political stabilityGoodgovernance
8 Figure 4 Enrichment of ‘Aql (intellect) Enrichment of faith, self, posterity and wealthExpansion of knowledge and technological baseSocio-economic and political developmentHigh quality of education at affordable pricesLibrary and research facilitiesProper upbringingReward for creative workFreedom of thought and expressionFinanceHumanwell-being
9 Figure 5 Enrichment of posterity (Nasl) Sustainable human development Social solidarityIntellectual andmoral developmentMarriage and family integritySustainable human developmentNeed fulfilmentself, faith, intellectand wealthMoral and worldly educationHealthy environmentFreedom from conflict and insecurity
10 Figure 6 Development of Wealth (Māl) (Trust from God)) Enrichment of faith, self, intellect and posterityWell-being(Falah)Good governanceEmploymentand self-employment opportunitiesSecurity of life, property and honourSocial solidarity and mutualtrustSaving and InvestmentOptimum rate ofdevelopmentEducation, research, and improvementin technology and managementRemoval of poverty, need fulfillment and equitable distributionFreedom of enterprise
11 Figure 7 Human Well-Being: The Light of Maqasid al- Shariah FAITH (DIN)INTELLECT(‘AQL) SELF (NAFS)WEALTH (MAL) POSTERITY (NASL)