1938 two brothers started a co, Topps Gum. The gum was sold at cash registers and is considered to the first "changemaker" as the marketing strategy was to get consumers to spend their change. Bazooka Bubble Gum. One of the best selling gums of all time
1940s Leaf Confectionary co introduction of Rainblo Bubble gum Wiliam Wrigly Jr. Co. introduced Orbit
1950 Topps introduced the first trading card but it wasn't until two years later when Sy Berger, a baseball enthusiast, decided to make a card focusing exclusively on America's pastime.
1953 topps decided to include the first comic in each piece.
Made of gum base w/ added food coloring and flavoring. The exact composition of gum bases is usually a trade secret common ingredients – latexes which are commercially produced – paraffin wax or beeswax – polyethylene – polyvinyl acetate – stearic acid – various natural gums.
Old gum bases were based on… – Latexes – vegetable gums like chicle – spruce gum – Mastic gum. manufacturing methods are fairly constant between brands The gum base is melted at temp of about 115°C – until it has the viscosity of thick maple syrup – Filtered through a fine mesh screen. Further refined by separating dissolved particulars in a centrifuge, and further filtered.
Clear base put into mixing vats. – Still hot and melted – Other ingredients are added powdered sugar – whose amount and grain size determines the brittleness of the result corn syrup glucose – which serve as humectants, coat the sugar particles and stabilize their suspension, and keep the gum flexible various softeners food colorings flavorings preservatives Other additives.
homogenized mixture poured onto cooling belts – cooled with cold air extrusion optionally rolling and cutting Other mechanical shaping operations follow. chunks of gum are put aside – Set for 24 to 48 hours. Coated chewing gums then undergo other operations
The chunks are wrapped with optional undercoating – For better binding with outer layers then immersed into liquid sugar The pellets are then colored and coated with a suitable glazing agent – Usually wax.
Work Cited "A Brief History of Chewing Gum - Candy Favorites." Candy, Bulk Candy & Wholesale Candy - Candy Favorites. Web. 09 Apr. 2010.. "How To Make Gum." Interview by Stride Gum. Web. "The History Of Bubble Gum." EzineArticles Submission - Submit Your Best Quality Original Articles For Massive Exposure, Ezine Publishers Get 25 Free Article Reprints. Web. 09 Apr. 2010.. Young, Robert. The Chewing Gum. Minnesota: Dillon, 1989. Print.