Presentation on theme: "Main Ideas regarding Russia Absence of warm water ports, Diverse ethnic groups Russian Empire 1500s, Westernization 1700s Russia losing World War I, leads."— Presentation transcript:
Main Ideas regarding Russia Absence of warm water ports, Diverse ethnic groups Russian Empire 1500s, Westernization 1700s Russia losing World War I, leads to Russian Revolution Communist Rule – Command economy Collective Farms, Five year plans, little freedom Economic collapse ends Soviet Union (USSR) 1991 Ethnic conflict continues. (why now?) Difficult move to democracy and a market economy.
Geography of Russia Includes several regional groups: 1.Russia 2.Baltic Republics 3.Western Republics 4.Transcaucasia 5.Central Asia Russia Central Asia Transcaucasia Baltic Republics Western Republics
Baltic Republics The countries of Estonia, Latvia, & Lithuania Former Soviet Republics Sit along the Baltic Sea in Eastern Europe
Trans-Caucasus Georgia, Armenia, & Azerbaijan A gateway between Europe & Asia A variety of cultures, ethnic groups, religions, & language groups Ethnic conflicts erupted in the area after the fall of the Soviet Union Conflicts over resources, like oil, located in the Caspian Sea
Siberia Vast land east of the Ural Mts. Spans 77% of Russias land area, but only 30% of its population Home to most of Russias natural resources
Lake Baikal Deepest lake in the world
History and Modern Russia
The Russian Empire dates to the 1500s when Ivan the Terrible conquered the lands around Moscow and much of present day Russia.
In the 1700s, Peter the Great wanted to move Russia closer to the West and become more European and industrialized. He built a new capital on the Baltic and named it St. Petersburg. The Winter Palace The Kremlin
The Russian peasants, or serfs, lived a poor, miserable life while the nobility lived a life of luxury.
The last of the Russian Czars (emperor) was Nicholas II. His disastrous entry into WWI cost millions of Russian lives. He was overthrown by the Russian Revolution, after which the communists came to power. What happened to the royal family, particularly daughter Anastasia?
The founder and first leader of the Soviet Union was Vladimir Lenin. He came to power in 1918.
The symbol of the Soviet Union was the hammer and sickle, representing the factory workers and the farmers.
Lenin ruled the Soviet Union until his death in He was followed by Joseph Stalin (who eventually killed more people than Hitler) until he died in Stalin was the architect of the Soviet Cold War.
The Cold War was a competition between the USA and USSR in economics, space, military and world dominance.
Legacies of the command system were the government controlled Five Year Plans. While they initially increased agricultural and factory output, they proved to be economically and environmentally disastrous.
Aral Sea The Soviet command economy wanted to grow cotton in the desert of Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan. To do this, they diverted the rivers that fed the Aral Sea to irrigate the cotton fields. They did grow cotton, but??? Cotton
Today, up to 80% of the water of the Aral Sea has disappeared. Why was it important to have the rivers replenish the sea? Think geography.
With the impending collapse of the Soviet Communist economy, the Soviets eased their grip on Eastern Europe and reached out to the West.
The Soviet Union After Soviet Union collapsed, it was replaced by 12 countries, including the Russian Federation.
The last leader of the Soviet Union and the two democratically elected Prime Ministers of Russia.
While every country in eastern Europe prospered with the fall of communism and a switch to a market economy, the Russian economy actually got worse. WHY? Organized crime and official corruption.
Today, globalization has reached Russia. It has changed the cultural landscape. Traditional borsch.
The first McDonalds opened in the Soviet Union in the 1980s. It changed the way Russians did business. Thousands of Russians stood in long lines to spend a days pay for a Big Mac and a Coke.
Changes in Russian culture today.
Historically, Russia has been known for the various (and often expensive) nesting dolls and Faberge eggs.
Under the Soviet communists, womens rights were guaranteed, but opportunities for all Russians were limited. Under a free market economy, many Russian women used their athletic skills to build fortunes in the West.
Many newly independent countries were still reliant on one another. They created an economic union, the Commonwealth of Independent States, to continue to work together economically, not politically. (sounds like whom?)
One of Russias most famous cultural icons is its onion dome architecture. What would be the geographic reason for this particular design?
Russia is one of the largest producers of oil and natural gas in the world. How has geography hindered Russias efforts to sell their resources?
Vast resources in Siberia, but…..
Trouble with Resources… Problem: Rugged terrain & harsh climate makes it difficult for Russia to extract & transport resources
Continentality Continentality refers to the differences in maritime (coastal) & continental temperatures –Larger range of temperatures throughout the year the farther away from the coast you are –Leading to harsher winters, seen in Siberia
In spite of increasing government controls, terrorism, and the struggle to succeed in a market economy, most of Russia is again improving.
President Vladimir Putin has used Russias oil wealth to exert Russian influence. The USA and Russia often find themselves at odds over issues such as Iraq, Iran, and Darfur.
What does the future hold for Russia? Putins second term of office ended and his hanmd picked successor was elected. By their constitution he cant run again but he can run after sitting out a term.