Presentation on theme: "Main Ideas regarding Russia"— Presentation transcript:
1Main Ideas regarding Russia Absence of warm water ports, Diverse ethnic groupsRussian Empire 1500’s, Westernization 1700’sRussia losing World War I, leads to Russian RevolutionCommunist Rule – Command economyCollective Farms, Five year plans, little freedomEconomic collapse ends Soviet Union (USSR) 1991Ethnic conflict continues. (why now?)Difficult move to democracy and a market economy.
2Geography of Russia Includes several regional groups: Russia Baltic RepublicsWestern RepublicsTranscaucasiaCentral AsiaBaltic RepublicsRussiaWestern RepublicsCentral AsiaTranscaucasia
3Baltic Republics The countries of Estonia, Latvia, & Lithuania Former Soviet RepublicsSit along the Baltic Sea in Eastern Europe
4Georgia, Armenia, & Azerbaijan Trans-CaucasusGeorgia, Armenia, & AzerbaijanA gateway between Europe & AsiaA variety of cultures, ethnic groups, religions, & language groupsEthnic conflicts erupted in the area after the fall of the Soviet UnionConflicts over resources, like oil, located in the Caspian Sea
5Home to most of Russia’s natural resources SiberiaVast land east of the Ural Mts.Spans 77% of Russia’s land area, but only 30% of its populationHome to most of Russia’s natural resources
6Deepest lake in the world Lake BaikalDeepest lake in the world
8The Russian Empire dates to the 1500’s when Ivan the Terrible conquered the lands around Moscow and much of present day Russia.
9He built a new capital on the Baltic and named it St. Petersburg. In the 1700’s, Peter the Great wanted to move Russia closer to the West and become more European and industrialized.The KremlinThe Winter PalaceHe built a new capital on the Baltic and named it St. Petersburg.
10The Russian peasants, or serfs, lived a poor, miserable life while the nobility lived a life of luxury.
11The last of the Russian Czars (emperor) was Nicholas II The last of the Russian Czars (emperor) was Nicholas II. His disastrous entry into WWI cost millions of Russian lives.He was overthrown by the Russian Revolution, after which the communists came to power.What happened to the royal family, particularly daughter Anastasia?
12The founder and first leader of the Soviet Union was Vladimir Lenin The founder and first leader of the Soviet Union was Vladimir Lenin. He came to power in 1918.
13The symbol of the Soviet Union was the hammer and sickle, representing the factory workers and the farmers.
14Stalin was the architect of the Soviet Cold War. Lenin ruled the Soviet Union until his death in 1922.He was followed by Joseph Stalin (who eventually killed more people than Hitler) until he died in 1953.Stalin was the architect of the Soviet Cold War.
15The Cold War was a competition between the USA and USSR in economics, space, military and world dominance.
16Legacies of the command system were the government controlled Five Year Plans. While they initially increased agricultural and factory output, they proved to be economically and environmentally disastrous.
17They did grow cotton, but??? Aral Sea CottonThe Soviet command economy wanted to grow cotton in the desert of Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan. To do this, they diverted the rivers that fed the Aral Sea to irrigate the cotton fields.They did grow cotton, but???
18Today, up to 80% of the water of the Aral Sea has disappeared Today, up to 80% of the water of the Aral Sea has disappeared. Why was it important to have the rivers replenish the sea?Think geography.
19With the impending collapse of the Soviet Communist economy, the Soviets eased their grip on Eastern Europe and reached out to the West.
20The Soviet UnionAfter Soviet Union collapsed, it was replaced by 12 countries, including the Russian Federation.
21The last leader of the Soviet Union and the two democratically elected Prime Ministers of Russia.
22While every country in eastern Europe prospered with the fall of communism and a switch to a market economy, the Russian economy actually got worse.WHY?Organized crime and official corruption.
23Today, globalization has reached Russia Today, globalization has reached Russia. It has changed the cultural landscape.Traditional borsch.
24The first McDonalds opened in the Soviet Union in the 1980’s The first McDonalds opened in the Soviet Union in the 1980’s. It changed the way Russians did business.Thousands of Russians stood in long lines to spend a day’s pay for a Big Mac and a Coke.
26Historically, Russia has been known for the various (and often expensive) nesting dolls and Faberge eggs.
27Under the Soviet communists, women’s rights were guaranteed, but opportunities for all Russians were limited.Under a free market economy, many Russian women used their athletic skills to build fortunes in the West.
28Many newly independent countries were still reliant on one another Many newly independent countries were still reliant on one another. They created an economic union, the Commonwealth of Independent States, to continue to work together economically, not politically. (sounds like whom?)
29One of Russia’s most famous cultural icons is its “onion dome” architecture. What would be the geographic reason for this particular design?
30Russia is one of the largest producers of oil and natural gas in the world. How has geography hindered Russia’s efforts to sell their resources?
32Trouble with Resources… Problem: Rugged terrain & harsh climate makes it difficult for Russia to extract & transport resources
33ContinentalityContinentality refers to the differences in maritime (coastal) & continental temperaturesLarger range of temperatures throughout the year the farther away from the coast you areLeading to harsher winters, seen in Siberia
34In spite of increasing government controls, terrorism, and the struggle to succeed in a market economy, most of Russia is again improving.
35President Vladimir Putin has used Russia’s oil wealth to exert Russian influence. The USA and Russia often find themselves at odds over issues such as Iraq, Iran, and Darfur.
36What does the future hold for Russia What does the future hold for Russia? Putin’s second term of office ended and his hanmd picked successor was elected. By their constitution he can’t run again but he can run after sitting out a term.