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Chapter 1 / Unit 1: Introduction to Government American Government Final Exam Review0.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 1 / Unit 1: Introduction to Government American Government Final Exam Review0."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 1 / Unit 1: Introduction to Government American Government Final Exam Review0

2 The three basic economic systems in the world today include Capitalism, Socialism, and ___________. Communism 1American Government Final Exam Review

3 What is politics? The effort to control or influence government conduct and policies which provides a peaceful way for society to manage conflict and competition. 2American Government Final Exam Review

4 What is economics? The study of human efforts to satisfy seemingly unlimited wants with limited resources. 3American Government Final Exam Review

5 In an autocracy, power is concentrated in the hands of ___________. A single individual 4American Government Final Exam Review

6 In this type of democracy the people are literally the government and collectively make decisions for the whole of society. Direct Democracy 5American Government Final Exam Review

7 What is the largest political unit in the world today? The Nation-State 6American Government Final Exam Review

8 What is the most essential function of government? Providing order 7American Government Final Exam Review

9 This is a belief that a rulers power comes directly from a supreme being (God). Divine Right 8American Government Final Exam Review

10 What are the major purposes of the state? Maintain law and order Promote the general welfare / provide public services / solve problems Preserve culture Provide for national defense and domestic order Regulate and promote economic activity 9American Government Final Exam Review

11 How do governments serve the needs of society? Pass and enforce laws Set goals for society Distribute benefits 10American Government Final Exam Review

12 Before man lived in groups / society he existed in a state of _________. Nature 11American Government Final Exam Review

13 When a government has the right to govern / rule a society is has ___________ power. Sovereign 12American Government Final Exam Review

14 What are the three types of governmental structure used in the world today? Unitary, Federal, Confederate 13American Government Final Exam Review

15 In what type of governmental structure is power shared between the various levels of government? Federal 14American Government Final Exam Review

16 What country in the world uses a federal structure? United States 15American Government Final Exam Review

17 In what type of governmental structure does power flow from the top down to lesser governmental units? Unitary 16American Government Final Exam Review

18 What is the most commonly found governmental structure in the world today? Unitary 17American Government Final Exam Review

19 What country uses a unitary structure today? Great Britain, France 18American Government Final Exam Review

20 In what type of governmental structure does a loose association of powerful states exist with a weak centralized government? Confederate 19American Government Final Exam Review

21 What are some of the characteristics of a confederate government? Power states, weak national (centralized) government Severe limits on national power All members must agree to take action before action can be taken Cooperation is normally voluntary 20American Government Final Exam Review

22 What political union in the modern world is the best example of a confederation? European Union 21American Government Final Exam Review

23 Did the United States ever use a confederate form of government? Yes, twice – Articles of Confederation, Confederate States of America 22American Government Final Exam Review

24 In this type of government a king or queen has unquestioned authority. Absolute monarchy 23American Government Final Exam Review

25 Under the Evolutionary Theory, government developed as an extension of what societal unit? The family 24American Government Final Exam Review

26 Under the Force Theory, government why did governments come into existence? For protection from outside groups (safety in numbers, mutual protection from a common threat) Because of conquest by a stronger group over a weaker group. 25American Government Final Exam Review

27 In what country in the world would you find an absolute monarchy today? Saudi Arabia 26American Government Final Exam Review

28 In this type of government a king or queen is the symbolic leader of a nation but doesnt have any real power or authority. Constitutional monarchy 27American Government Final Exam Review

29 In what country would you find a constitutional monarchy today? Great Britain 28American Government Final Exam Review

30 What is considered to be the birth place of democracy? Athens, Greece / Ancient Greece 29American Government Final Exam Review

31 Approximately when was democracy born in Athens, Greece? 500 BC 30American Government Final Exam Review

32 What economic system is associated with free enterprise, private property, laissez-faire governmental policy, and free markets? Capitalism 31American Government Final Exam Review

33 What are the five characteristics associated with capitalism? Private ownership of property and resources Free enterprise Business competition Freedom of choice The possibility of profits 32American Government Final Exam Review

34 Who is considered the father of capitalism? Adam Smith, articulate the tenants of capitalism in his book, The Wealth of Nations written in American Government Final Exam Review

35 What does the term laissez-faire mean? To let alone – a governmental policy that allows the market to drive economics rather than the government. 34American Government Final Exam Review

36 Every economic system in the world today blends and incorporates elements of Capitalism, Socialism, and Communism. These countries have... Mixed Economies 35American Government Final Exam Review

37 Who wrote the Communist Manifesto? Karl Marx 36American Government Final Exam Review

38 Under Communism, who are considered the bourgeoisie? Those who own the means of production (capitalists) 37American Government Final Exam Review

39 What are some of the characteristics of a Communist economic system? Only a Communist political party / government can exist in society. The government owns all means of production There is no private property There are no wages, rents, interests, or profits Teach to their own abilities Total employment 38American Government Final Exam Review

40 What are three goals of Socialism? Public ownership of most land and the means of production Government control over most economic decisions Equal distribution of wealth 39American Government Final Exam Review

41 Identify key characteristics found in democracies Majority rule but minority rights Individual liberty People hold sovereign power Free elections Competing political parties 40American Government Final Exam Review

42 In this form of democracy, the people select representatives who in turn voice their opinions and concerns within government. Representative Democracy 41American Government Final Exam Review

43 In this form of democracy, the executive and legislative branches are combined into one body. It is also the most common form of democracy in the world today. Parliamentary Democracy 42American Government Final Exam Review

44 In this form of democracy, the executive and legislative branches are elected separately and often work at cross purposes against each other. Presidential Democracy 43American Government Final Exam Review

45 In order for a democracy to take root in a society and actually work what are some key components that are required to be in place? Citizenship participation A favorable economy / large middle class Widespread education A strong civil society A social consensus 44American Government Final Exam Review

46 According to this theory, people voluntarily left the state of nature to join together to form societies. In the process they agreed to forfeit their absolute freedom in return for living in a society. Social Contract 45American Government Final Exam Review

47 Which person first articulated the concept of the social contract? Thomas Hobbs, English philosopher 46American Government Final Exam Review

48 According to Thomas Hobbs, once mankind accepted the social contract government has absolute ________ to rule as it wishes. power 47American Government Final Exam Review

49 John Locke, a later English philosopher, argued that the social contract is not binding when... The government becomes tyrannical. People have the right to reject, remove, and replace governments. 48American Government Final Exam Review

50 Which Greek philosopher first classified the three types of government found in his world in ancient Athens? Aristotle 49American Government Final Exam Review

51 Identify Aristotles three classifications of government. Autocracy, Oligarchy, Democracy 50American Government Final Exam Review

52 Autocracy means... Rule by one person. 51American Government Final Exam Review

53 Democracy means... Rule by many. 52American Government Final Exam Review

54 Under this form of government the leadership / control of a nation is concentrated in the hands of very small group of people. Oligarchy 53American Government Final Exam Review

55 What are the four essential features of a state (country)? Population, Territory, Sovereignty, Government 54American Government Final Exam Review

56 What is a political community with definite boundaries and an independent government? A State 55American Government Final Exam Review

57 What is the institution through which a state maintains social order, provides public services and enforces the nation's laws Government 56American Government Final Exam Review

58 What is a constitution? A plan of government 57American Government Final Exam Review

59 What are the key characteristics of Totalitarianism? The power of the state is unlimited The needs of the state come before the needs of the people All citizens must work for the common goals established by the government 58American Government Final Exam Review

60 What country in the world would be a good example of totalitarian rule? North Korea 59American Government Final Exam Review

61 Under Fascism, how does the government help to maintain control of the population? Use of stereotypes (Jews in Nazi Germany) and appeals to racial superiority Appeal to extreme patriotism The militarization of society 60American Government Final Exam Review

62 What are the four characteristics of a democracy? It promotes individual liberty, or equal opportunity for all people. It is based on majority rule with minority rights. It requires elections in which candidates can express their views freely, voting requirements are few and non-discriminatory, and each person's vote is equal and cast by secret ballot. It allows competing political parties, with different approaches to issues to give voters a choice. 61American Government Final Exam Review


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