Presentation on theme: "An Old Testament Survey Introduction. OT Survey – The History of OT Times Content from Evangelical Teacher Training Association The history of the OT."— Presentation transcript:
An Old Testament Survey Introduction
OT Survey – The History of OT Times Content from Evangelical Teacher Training Association The history of the OT is found primarily in the first 17 books (Genesis – Ester) of our English Bible. After a brief account from Adam to Terah (father of Abram), biblical history basically concentrated on God’s chosen nation beginning with Abraham and continuing until the time of the rebuilding of the walls of Jerusalem under Nehemiah (~450BC). The Poetic and prophetic books reflect various periods of history and allow insight into prevailing political, religious and cultural situations. The historical books are more than the national records of the Jewish nation, and tell us more than God’s revelation of Himself to man. Jesus gave His stamp of approval as a Holy Writ and taught that it had predicted His coming (Luke 24:44…). Paul called the OT Scripture the oracles of God (Romans 3:2).
The Pre-existent Christ Creation Satan cast out of heaven Six days of creation Garden of Eden Fall of Adam and Eve Expulsion from Eden Cain kills Abel Noah is born The Flood John 1 Gen. 1:1 Isaiah 14:12-17 Gen. 1:3-26 Gen. 2:8-17 Gen. 3:1-7 Gen. 3:21-24 Gen. 4 Gen. 5:28-29 Gen. 7:10-24 From the Creation to the Flood The Tower of Babel Abram (Abraham) is born Job Abram becomes Abraham Birth of Isaac, then Jacob, then Joseph Gen. 11 Gen. 11:27 Job 1 Genesis 17 Genesis 21Gen. 11 Gen. 11:27 Job 1 Genesis 17 Genesis The Flood to the Patriarchs Joseph sold into slavery to Egypt Famine and move of Hebrews to Egypt The Hebrew population grows Their bondage and oppression Moses is born Genesis 27Genesis Gen. 41 Genesis 47:27 Exodus 8 Exodus 6:2028 Gen. 41 Genesis 47:27 Exodus 8 Exodus 6:20 The Patriarchs to the Exodus B.C. The 10 plagues against Egypt The Hebrews are freed then pursued Crossing the Red Sea Receiving the 10 Commandments Israel wanders in the desert for 40 years Exodus 7Exodus Exodus 12 Exodus Exodus 20 Numbers 1411 Exodus 12 Exodus 1315 Exodus 20 Numbers 14 The Exodus to Entering Canaan B.C. Old Testament Chronology (carm.org)
The conquest and division of Canaan Israel becomes a world power Samson is born Saul becomes first King Joshua 6Joshua Judges 13 1 Samuel 912 Judges 13 1 Samuel 9 Canaan to the Reign of King Saul B. C. David and Goliath David becomes King David with Bathsheba Absalom's rebellion David prepares temple materials 1 Samuel 17 2 Samuel 5 2 Samuel 11 2 Samuel Chronicles 22 The Reign of King David B. C. Solomon becomes King Solomon asks God for wisdom The building of the Temple Solomon's downfall 1 Kings 1 1 Kings 3 1 Kings 6 1 Kings 11 The Reign of King Solomon B. C. The nation of Israel divided into two: Israel to the north and Judah to the south. This period was full of kings, who ruled each realm. Many of the kings were evil. Other gods were worshiped occasionally. During this time Elijah has his ministry. Hosea preached. Jonah dealt with Nineveh. Rome was founded. The temple was restored. The Divided Kingdom (Israel and Judah) From Solomon to the Fall of Israel B. C.
Old Testament Chronology (carm.org) Both Israel and Judah fall to foreign powers. Micah prophesies. Isaiah is martyred. Jeremiah is born. Daniel is born. Zephaniah prophesies. Ezekiel is born. Jeremiah preaches. The Fall of Israel to the Fall of Judah B. C. Ezekiel prophesies as Jerusalem falls Nebuchadnezzar's image Daniel's vision of the four beasts Daniel's vision of the 70 weeks Fall of Babylon to Persians Ezekiel 33 Daniel 3 Daniel 7 Daniel 9 Isaiah 13Ezekiel 33 Daniel 3 Daniel 7 Daniel 9 Isaiah 13, Jer. 25Jer. 25 Israel is taken into Captivity B.C. Dedication of the Temple Deliverance of the Jews Ezra prepares to return to Jerusalem Building of the wall of Jerusalem Malachi's Prophecies Ezra 6 Esther 8 Ezra 7 Nehemiah 2 Malachi The Restoration from Captivity B. C. Greece is the world power from Rome is the world power from God does not speak for about 400 years B. C. 168 B.C A.D. Time Between the Testaments 400 B.C. - Christ
OT Survey – The History of OT Times Content from Evangelical Teacher Training Association OT history may be conveniently divided into the following periods : 1.The Era of Beginnings……...…Genesis Patriarchal Times…………...….Genesis Israel Becomes a Nation……….Exodus-Deuteronomy 4.Conquest and Occupation…...…Joshua, Judges, Ruth 5.The United Kingdom………….I Sam, II Sam, I Chron, II Chron 19, I Kings The Divided Kingdom………..I Kings 12-II Kings 25; II Chron The Post Exilic Era…………..Ezra, Ester, Nehemiah
OT Survey - Outline Content from Evangelical Teacher Training Association The Beginnings……………………… ….Genesis 1-11 The Patriarchs…………….………….…...Genesis God’s Holy Nation………………….……Exodus, Leviticus Looking Forward To Canaan…………..….Numbers, Deuteronomy Possessing the Promise Land……….……..Joshua, Judges, Ruth Time of Transition……………….………1 st Samuel The Reign of David………………….…...2 nd Samuel, 1 st Chronicles The Solomonic Kingdom…………… st Kings1-11; 2 nd Chronicles 1-9 The Northern Kingdom…………….…..…1 st Kings 12-22; 2 nd Kings 1-17 The Kingdom of Judah: Rehoboam-Jotham…1 st Kings 12-22; 2nd Kings 1-15; 2nd Chron The Kingdom of Judah: Ahaz-Zedekiah…2nd Kings 16:1-25:7; 2nd Chron 28:1-36:21 Beyond the Exile…………………………...Ezra, Ester, Nehemiah
OT Survey - Timeline Content from Evangelical Teacher Training Association
OT Survey – The Torah and Talmud Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers and Deuteronomy are sometimes referred to as: The "Five Books of Moses," because the writings themselves identify the author as Moses The "Pentateuch," a Greek term meaning "pente (5) teuchos (volumes)," The "Books of the Law" The "Torah" (a Hebrew word meaning "instruction") These books were originally written as a single unbroken scroll. Sometime before the 2nd Century BC, it was divided into the 5 books that we see today.BC The Talmud – Oral Law; it varied among various schools. The most famous two were the School of Shammai and the School of Hillel. In general, all valid opinions, even the non-normative ones, were recorded in the Talmud.ShammaiHillel The Septuagint – "LXX", or "Greek Old Testament" is a translation of the Hebrew Bible and some related texts into Greek. Hebrew BibleGreek The Vulgate is a late 4th-century Latin translation of the Bible.Latin translation of the Bible Content from Evangelical Teacher Training Association
ThemeOld Testament ReferenceNew Testament Fulfilled in Jesus Ascension of Jesus to the right hand of God Ps. 110:1Matt 26:64; Acts 7:55-60; Eph. 1:20 Atonement by blood Lev. 17:11Heb. 9:22 Baptism Exodus 40:12-15; Lev. 16:4; Gen. 17:10; Ezek. 36:25Matt. 3:16; 28:19; Col. 2:11-12; Heb. 10:22 Begotten Son, Jesus is Psalm 2:7Acts 13:33; Heb. 1:5 Creative work Gen. 1; 1:26John 1:1-3; Col. 1:16-17 Crucifixion Psalm 22:11-18; Zech. 12:10Luke 23:33-38 Damnation and Salvation Dan. 12:2Matt. 25:46 Eternal Son Micah 5:1-2; Psalm 2:7Heb. 1:5; 5:5 First and Last Isaiah 41:4; 44:6; 48:12Rev. 1:8,17; 22:13 God among His people Isaiah 9:6; 40:3John 1:1,14; 20:28; Col. 2:9; Matt. 3:3 Incarnation of God Ex 3:14; Ps. 45:6; Isaiah 9:6; Zech. 12:10John 8:58; 1:1,14; Heb. 1:8; Col. 2:9; Heb. 1:1-3 Monotheism Isaiah 43:10; 44:6,8; 45:5John 10:30; Eph. 4:5 Only Begotten Son Gen. 22:2John 3:16; Heb. 11:7 Priesthood of Jesus Psalm 110:4Heb. 6:20; 7:25 Resurrection of Christ Psalm 16:9-10; 49:15; Is. 26:19John 2:19-21 Return of Christ Zech. 14:1-5; Mic. 1:3-4Matt. 16:27-28; Acts 1:11; 3:20 Sacrifice of the Son Gen. 22. See TypologyHeb. 9:27 Salvation by grace Gen. 12:3; Gen 15:6; Hab. 2:41) Gal. 3:8-11; 2) Rom. 4:9 Sin offering Ex. 30:10; Lev. 4:3Rom. 8:3; Heb. 10:18; 13:11 Sin offering made outside the camp Ex. 29:14Heb. 13:12-13 Sin offering without defect Ex. 12:5; Lev. 22:20; Deut. 17:1Heb. 9:14 Son of God Psalm 2:7John 5:18 Substitutionary Atonement Isaiah 53:6-12; Lev. 6:4-10,21 Matt. 20:28; 1 Pet. 2:24; 2 Cor. 5:21; 1 Pet. 3:18 Trinity Gen. 1:1,26; Job 33:4; Gen. 17:1; 18:1; Ex. 6:2-3; 24:9-11; 33:20; Num. 12:6-8; Psalm 104:30; Gen. 19:24; Amos 4:10-11; Is.48:16 John 1:1-3; John 1:18; 6:46; Matt. 28:19; 2 Cor. 13:14 Virgin Birth Isaiah 7:14Matt. 1:25 Worship of Jesus Psalm 97:7 Matt. 2:2,11; 14:33; 28:9; John 9:35-38; Heb. 1:6 OT Survey – OT Themes Fulfilled in Jesus