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Published byKennedy Stockbridge Modified over 2 years ago

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Mathematical Operations Using Numbers in Scientific Notation

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Adding All numbers must be expressed in the same power of 10 (A x 10 m ) + (B x 10 m ) (A + B) x 10 m (1.234 x 10‾³) + (5.623 x 10‾ 3 ) = = x 10‾ 3 (answer is in correct sig figs)

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Adding All numbers must be expressed in the same power of 10 (A x 10 m ) + (B x 10 m ) (A + B) x 10 m (2.2 x 10³) + (4.12 x 10 3 ) = Line up the decimals and add 2.2 x 10³ x x 10 3 = 6.3 x 10 3 (round to correct sig figs)

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When moving decimals: If you move the decimal to the right, add (-1) to the exponent If you move the decimal to the left, add (+1) to the exponent

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10.85 X need to move the decimal to the left so will add a (+1) = X = X If your result is: x 10 2 need to move the decimal to the right so will add a (-1) = x = 2.33 X 10 1

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Different Exponents (1.234 x 10‾³) + (5.623 x 10‾²) = Doesn’t matter which exponent you change (1.234 x 10‾³) + (56.23 x =-3 ) = x 10‾² x 10‾³ = x 10‾³ = x 10‾² ( x 10‾²) + (5.623 x 10‾²) = x 10‾²

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Addition ( x 10‾ 2 ) + (5.623 x 10‾²) = Doesn’t matter which exponent you change ( x 10‾²) + (5.623 x 10‾²) = x 10‾ 2 = x 10‾ 2 OR (1.234 x 10‾³) - (56.23 x =-3) = x 10‾² x 10‾³ = x 10‾²

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Check your work! (1.234 x 10‾³) + (5.623 x 10‾²) = = = x 10‾²

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Subtracting 2000 X 10 4 – 5 X 10 4 = 1995 X 10 4 Need to round answer to correct sig figs! 1995 X 10 4 becomes 2000 X 10 4 Still not done! 2000 X 10 4 = move the decimal 3 places to the left and add “3” to the exponent 2000 X = 2 x 10 7

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Multiplying Multiply the decimal parts Add the exponents of 10s (A x 10 m ) x (B x 10 n ) (A x B) x 10 (m +n) (1.23 x 10 3 ) x (7.60 x 10 2 ) = (1.23 x 7.60) x 10 (3 + 2) = x 10 5 = 9.35 x 10 5 (ROUND TO CORRECT SIG FIGS)

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Example (4.16 x 10 3 )(2 x 10 4 ) =

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Dividing Divide the decimal parts Subtract the exponents (A x 10 x ) (B x 10 y ) (A B) x 10 (x-y) or A B x 10 (x-y)

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Example: (4.68 x ) ÷ (4.00 x ) x (-5) = 1.17 x 10 2

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Using Pre-determined Measurements in Calculations The value given in your calculation will influence the number of sig figs in your answer.

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Page 90 - Classroom exercises

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