Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Day 1. 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar2 Pat Healy (USA) Rut Subniran (THA)

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Day 1. 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar2 Pat Healy (USA) Rut Subniran (THA)"— Presentation transcript:

1 Day 1

2 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar2 Pat Healy (USA) pat@phealy.net Rut Subniran (THA) rut.subniran@gmail.com

3 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar3

4 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 4 WELCOME Presented by The International Sailing Federation and Croatian Sailing Federation The people responsible are: Miroslav Bjelajac (CRO) Pat Healy (USA) Rut Subniran (THA)

5 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar5

6 2002 Winter Olympics Salt Lake City Canada was crowd and TV commentators favorites CANADA

7 Figure Skating Marie Le Gougne, International Judge 2002 Winter Olympics Nine judges – 4 West vs 4 East + France

8 Didier Gailhaguet President, French Figure Skating Assoc. FRANCE Marina Anissina &Gwendal Peizerat

9 CANADA Jamie Salé & David Pelletier RUSSIA Yelena Berezhnaya & Anton Sikharulidze

10 Two days later declared co-Olympic Champions

11

12 Rote I I Recognition II Application III Development IV

13 Rote I I

14 Recognition II Memorize Rote I I

15 Memorize Understand Improve Application III Recognition II Rote I I

16 Memorize Understand Utilize Recognition II Application III Development IV Rote I I

17 Memorize Understand Utilize Push the art and science of judging forward Rote I I Recognition II Application III Development IV Improve Im

18 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 18 Preparing for the International Judges Seminar Completed advance preparation Knowledge of the rule book Have read the IJ Manual Experience in protest rooms An IJ Seminar can also be a ‘graduate school’ for National Judges.

19 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 19 Seminar Outline International Judges Examination Test Review Practice test This is NOT the most important part!

20 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 20 Seminar Outline The bodies Judges Programme A judge’s qualities The event –First responsibilities –Meetings –Communications –Jury administration Rule 42 compliance Protest Hearings –Procedures –Validity –Evidence –Facts and conclusions –Decisions Redress Damage and Injury Misconduct Arbitration These are the important parts!

21 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 21 Seminar Outline The bodies Judges Programme A judge’s qualities The event –First responsibilities –Meetings –Communications –Jury administration Rule 42 compliance Protest Hearings –Procedures –Validity –Evidence –Facts and conclusions –Decisions Redress Damage and Injury Misconduct Arbitration

22 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 22 The Bodies ISAF NA OA RCPC ISAF – International Sailing Federation Rules Cases International Race Officials

23 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 23 The Bodies ISAF NA OA RCPC NA – National Authority Decides appeals Prescriptions National Judges Approval of event or International Jury

24 0413 ISAF International Judges' Seminar 24 The Bodies ISAF NA OA RCPC OA – Organizing Authority Publishes the Notice of Race Appoints the Race Committee Appoints the Jury

25 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 25 The Bodies ISAF NA OA RCPC RC – Race Committee Publishes Sailing Instructions Conducts races Scoring Appoints a PC

26 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 26 The Bodies PC – Protest Committee (includes an International Jury) Decides protests Decides requests for redress Other duties ISAF NA OA RCPC

27 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 27 The Bodies Event measurers (part of RC) Measurement authority Equipment inspectors May also be PC members MEASURERS UMPIRES Why worry

28 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 28 Honest Senate ISAF NA OA RCPC MEASURERS UMPIRES

29 128 MNAs

30 Don’t screw up

31 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 31 Seminar Outline The bodies Judges Programme A judge’s qualities The event –First responsibilities –Meetings –Communications –Jury administration Rule 42 compliance Protest Hearings –Procedures –Validity –Evidence –Facts and conclusions –Decisions Redress Damage and Injury Misconduct Arbitration

32 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 32 International Judges Programme

33 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 33 Necessary Qualifications (ISAF Regulation 31) Racing experience Rules knowledge Judicial temperament Physical capability Proficiency in English Must support policies of ISAF Must satisfy System 1 or 2 International Judges Programme

34 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 34 How to Become or Remain an International Judge First appointments or re-appointments Re-appointments only SYSTEM 1 SYSTEM 2 Both systems are explained under 2.5 of the Manual International Judges Programme

35 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 35 International Judge Re-Appointments If under 70 : Renew every 4 years If 70 or older : Renew every 2 years SYSTEM 1 or 2 may be used International Judges Programme

36 0413 ISAF International Judges' Seminar 36 Considerations for Appointment Additional considerations are set out under Section B of the Manual. Fulfilling SYSTEM 1 or 2 does not mean automatic appointment or re-appointment International Judges Programme

37 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 37 IJSC Reference Form Rules knowledge Hearings Contribution to discussions Boat driving and handling Communication Proficiency in English Temperament and behaviour Physical fitness Other comments Recommendation of the chairman International Judges Programme

38 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 38 Seminar Outline The bodies Judges Programme A judge’s qualities The event –First responsibilities –Meetings –Communications –Jury administration Rule 42 compliance Protest Hearings –Procedures –Validity –Evidence –Facts and conclusions –Decisions Redress Damage and Injury Misconduct Arbitration

39 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 39 Qualities of an International Judge What behaviour is expected? What personal abilities are needed? What personal character attributes are expected? International Judges Programme

40 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 40 Qualities of an International Judge What behaviour is expected? What personal abilities are needed? What personal character attributes are expected? International Judges Programme

41 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 41 Code of Behaviour Respectful and polite to competitors, colleagues, coaches, officials, hosts Maintain fairness Uphold confidentiality No conflict of interest More detail is under 3.1 and 3.2 of the Manual International Judges Programme

42 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 42 Code of Behaviour Respectful and polite to competitors, colleagues, coaches, officials, hosts Maintain fairness Uphold confidentiality No conflict of interest Social behaviour More detail is under 3.1 and 3.2 of the Manual International Judges Programme

43 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 43 Social Behaviour Follow dress code (on the water, ashore) No drinking until end of hearings No smoking in the jury room or on-water Absence of greed Be punctual Act with dignity and decorum at all times International Judges Programme

44 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 44 Qualities of an International Judge What behaviour is expected? What personal abilities are needed? What personal character attributes are expected? International Judges Programme

45 0413 ISAF International Judges' Seminar 45 Personal Abilities What skills are needed? Excellent rules knowledge Jury experience English language proficiency Observation and listening skills Concentration Physical health Ability to run a protest hearing – procedures Reasoning abilities Find and write facts Class and measurement knowledge (at least one member) Race management knowledge Management skills Communication skills Racing experience (how boats move) Boat handling ability International Judges Programme

46 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 46 Qualities of an International Judge What behaviour is expected? What personal abilities are needed? What personal character attributes are expected? International Judges Programme

47 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 47 Personal Attributes What personality is needed? Integrity, honesty, fairness Objectivity Able to work within a team (jury) Respect for competitors Visible, approachable Good personal behaviour and appearance Aware of conflict of interest Can avoid perceived bias Can maintain confidentiality Reliable and punctual Able to see other points of view Diplomacy Aware of cultural differences Keeps good relationships with other race officials Able to make hard decisions Capable of handling pressure Able to commit to the entire event Willing to support ISAF policy International Judges Programme

48 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 48 Personal Attributes What personality is needed? Integrity, honesty, fairness Objectivity Able to work within a team (jury) Respect for competitors Visible, approachable Good personal behaviour and appearance Aware of conflict of interest Can avoid perceived bias Can maintain confidentiality Reliable and punctual Able to see other points of view Diplomacy Aware of cultural differences Keeps good relationships with other race officials Able to make hard decisions Capable of handling pressure Able to commit to the entire event Willing to support ISAF policy Excellent rules knowledge Jury experience English language proficiency Observation and listening skills Concentration Physical health Ability to run a protest hearing – procedures Reasoning abilities Find and write facts Class and measurement knowledge (at least one member) Race management knowledge Management skills Communication skills Racing experience (how boats move) Boat handling ability Personal Abilities What skills are needed? Can a judge improve in these areas? What about in these?

49 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar49 Break 15 Minutes

50 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 50 Protest Committees including International Juries

51 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 51 Status of Protest Committees Protest committee Appointed by RC or OA Right of appeal International jury Appointed by OA or ISAF No appeal

52 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 52 Exceptions to Appeal Right of appeal may be denied if: Prompt results needed for qualification for later stage or event Approved by NA (restricted entrants) Approved by NA and ISAF for a particular event (2 IJ, 3 NJ)

53 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 53 International Jury Composition Minimum of 5 members Minimum of 3 International Judges Maximum of 2 judges from one NA

54 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 54 International Jury Composition Some special provisions Panels (large juries) Illness and emergency Groups M, N, Q Choice of chairman NA approval? Special experience (type of racing, class of boats, rule 42 on-water judging)

55 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 55 International Jury Composition Nationality does not make a judge an interested party A jury remains properly constituted with 3 members (two must be IJs) if others should not participate When should a judge not participate?

56 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 56 International Jury Responsibilities Conduct hearings (protests, requests for redress, etc) Decide questions of eligibility, measurement and boat certificates Authorise substitutions Advise OA or RC on problems, when asked

57 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 57 International Jury Responsibilities Further responsibilities, only if directed by OA: SI changes Supervise RC ? Other matters referred by OA Although we can be a valuable resource. The best PROs are not sitting the judge boats

58 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 58 International Jury Decisions A jury should try to reach unanimity, if possible If not, decision is by majority vote If no majority, chairman resolves ties

59 Appendix N Review Question You have been asked by the yacht club’s regatta organizing committee and ISAF to be the vice chairman of an International Jury for an International Class World Championship to be held at a yacht club in your country. The class wants to use Appendix P – Immediate Penalties for Breaking Rule 42 - be used. The regatta committee has asked you to recommend individuals for the remaining positions on the Jury.

60 1.Since the regatta is in your country and you and the members of the organizing and race committee all speak the same language, you think it would be best if you were the chairman instead of someone from another country who does not speak your language. What should you do? Ans:Perceived as the honest senate No

61 2.How many people should you tell the organizing authority you need for the International Jury? Ans: It depends Standard Jury5 Judges – majority (3 IJs) 3 Ctys On-water judging6 Judges in 3 judge boats 2 Panels of 3 persons – majority (2 IJs) 3 Ctys Total On-water6 judges – 4 IJs – 3 Countries

62 3.The chairman of the Race Committee is also an International Judge (IJ) and has asked to be included on the jury. What should you say? N1.1… It shall be independent of, and have no members from the race committee …

63 4.The chairman of the yacht club’s regatta organizing committee is also an IJ and has asked to be included on the jury. What should you say? N1.1… It shall be independent of, and have no members from the race committee … It is legal, …but not wise

64 5.The president of the Class Association has asked to be included on the jury. What should you say? N1.1… It shall be independent of, and have no members from the race committee … It is legal, …but not wise

65 6.What should be the composition of the jury be? IJ or NJ?Country (A, B, C) Judge 1 (You)IJA Judge 2IJB Judge 3IJC Judge 4NJA Judge 5NJ B, or C / not A Judge 6NJA Judge 7??

66 7.Would your jury composition be different if you intended to divide it into two panels to hear protests faster? Ans: It depends

67 8.Must ISAF approve the members of the International Jury? ISAF Regulations … (www.sailing.org)www.sailing.org Appointment or approval of the International Jury … 18.12.8ISAF shall exercise the right to appoint the International Jury … for the following events: … AMERICA’s Cup ISAF Events – Youth, Sailing, Women’s…World Championships World Championships of the Olympic Classes … Regional Games … ISAF World Sailing Rankings graded Events … World Championships of non-Olympic ISAF Classes when agreed between ISAF and class… Ans: It depends

68 9.Must the Class Association approve the members of the International Jury? Ans: It depends Class Championship Rules Real answer is that it is that ISAF, the class and the local organizing authority reach the final make-up of the jury.

69 10.One week before the regatta the company of a NJ tells her she must be at a special meeting during the entire week and cannot come to the regatta. What must be done for the jury to remain properly constituted? Ans: Find a replacement $ - Insure the Organizing Authority understand their responsibility

70 11.On the first day racing one of the IJs is involved in a car accident and must go home. What must be done for the jury to remain properly constituted? Ans: Must make an honest attempt to find a replacement $ - Insure the Organizing Authority understand their responsibility

71 12.On the last day of racing one of the IJs learns of a death in his family and he must leave before the protest hearings begin. What must be done for the jury to remain properly constituted? Ans: Find a replacement N1.5When a full jury has fewer then 5 members, because of illness or emergency … if at least 3 members with 2 being IJs…

72 That is enough for now more later

73 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar73 Part 2 Rule Patterns

74 Strategy Tactics Techniques 25% Racing Rules 75% Pattern Recognition

75 75

76 76 That explains Overtaking/Overtaken (rule 12) What about Starboard/Port? To that (serious) question, we first have to answer the more general question … and Windward/Leeward (rule 11)

77 77 Where did the racing rules come from?

78 78 English Civil War 1642 – 1649 Oliver Cromwell King Charles I DSQ

79 79 Charles James 1649 – 1660 Exiled in Holland and France

80 80 Restoration of the Monarchy 1660 Hunting/chase = jagen (Old Low German) = jacht (Dutch) Boat = Jachtschip Sport = Yachting MARY

81 81 Charles James What rules did the brothers use? To answer that we have to go further back.

82 82 Roman Emperor Honorius Ho – nor – ri - ous 410 AD Alaric the Visigoth

83 83 The Vikings, and their boats – and rules, dominated Northern Europe shipping

84 84 Ladeborde Larboard Port Stoerborde Starboard

85 85 Starboard Tack Port Tack

86 86

87

88 10 12 11 13 KEEP CLEARLIMITATIONS 22 23 24 22-Shall Restarting Doing penalty Sailing backwards 23-If possible Capsized Anchored Aground 24-If reasonably possible Boat not racing Doing a penalty Another leg Keep ClearGive Room give mark-room Def: Overlapped 18.2(e) 18.2(d) 18.2(b) 18.4 18.2(c) 21 “We are / are not overlapped!” “Wait until the zone.” I do / do not have room to give mark-room. I did everything possible to give room “I am / You are at the zone, “Mark Room / No Mark Room” “I doubt it / No doubt” Outside / clear astern gives mark-room (Forever–unless outside tacks or leaves the zone) Taking mark room you deserve means not having to say “you’re sorry” for breaking 10, 11, 12, 13, 15, or 16. Inside r-o-w must gybe if that’s her proper course. 14 16 17 15 19 18 20 21 “You’re Excused” Exoneration

89 give mark-room Def: Overlapped 18.2(e) 18.2(d) 18.2(b) 18.4 18.2(c) 21 “We are / are not overlapped!” “Wait until the zone.” I do / do not have room to give mark-room. I did everything possible to give room “I am / You are at the zone, “Mark Room / No Mark Room” “I doubt it / No doubt” Outside / clear astern gives mark-room (Forever–unless outside tacks or leaves the zone) Taking mark room you deserve means not having to say “you’re sorry” for breaking 10, 11, 12, 13, 15, or 16. Inside r-o-w must gybe if that’s her proper course. 19 18

90 give mark-room Def: Overlapped 18.2(e) 18.2(d) 18.2(b) 18.4 18.2(c) 21 “We are / are not overlapped!” I did everything possible to give room Outside / clear astern gives mark-room (Forever–unless outside tacks or leaves the zone) Taking mark room you deserve means not having to say “you’re sorry” for breaking 10, 11, 12, 13, 15, or 16. Inside r-o-w must gybe at or before her proper course. I am / You are at the zone – Overlap? Doubt / No doubt … room to sail her proper course to the mark, and room to round the mark as necessary …

91 19 give room 19.2(a) 19.2 (b) 1 19.2 (b) 2 19.2 (c) 1 19.2 (c) 2 19.2 (c) 3 19.2 (c) 4 21 R-O-W boat chooses which side to pass Outside boat gives inside boat room (Unless she cannot) If clear astern & R-O-W  R-O-W limits apply  KC boat keeps clear Exonerated for breaking 10, 11, 12, 13, 15, or 16. If clear astern & R-O-W gains an inside overlap  KC boat keeps clear If clear astern & KC & there is room to pass  KC keep clear and entitled to room If clear astern & KC & there is no room to pass  KC not entitled to room … the space necessary in existing conditions … to comply with her obligations … while manoeuvering promptly in a seamanlike way --------------------------------- continuing obstruction -------------------------------

92 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar92 Lunch 100 Questions & Answers

93 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 93 Practice Test

94 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 94 Practice Test Rule book only – no other documents. Name and date on all answer sheets. Circle the letter of correct answer – MAY be more than one correct answer. Each answer is worth one point (+ or -). SIs and Class Rules do NOT change RRS, UNLESS a change is stated in the question. Wind always blows from the top of the page.

95 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 95 Practice Test Make notes only on the question papers (circle the answer there also). You may refer ONLY to the ISAF Racing Rules for Sailing (in any language). The exam is in three parts A, B and C. You have 20 minutes (use 5 min for A + B). Please write your finishing time. The starting time is ……….

96 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar96 20 Minutes

97 March 2014ISAF International Judges' Seminar 97 Practice Test – PA1 (a)BLUE broke rule 18.2(b). (b)Red broke 18.2(b) which compelled BLUE to break rule 18.2(b). (c)BLUE broke rule 11. (d) Yellow broke rule 14 but is exonerated, because Blue compelled her to do so when she broke rule 18.2(b). (e)YELLOW broke rule 14 but is not penalized. (f)BLUE broke 14. Exonerated

98 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 98 Practice Test – PB1 PB-1 (a) – Rule 44.1 (b) – A boat did not break a rule (c) – Rule 44.1 (d) – Rule G4 (e) – Rule 64.1 (f) – Rule 64.3(a)

99 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 99 Practice Test – PC1 FACTS Blue, Yellow and Green are J/24 sailing in 8 knots to a leeward mark to be passed to port. Blue, Yellow, Green overlapped at zone. Blue on the inside, Yellow in the middle and Green on the outside. Green passed within one BL of the mark. Yellow passed between Green and the mark. Blue sail the wrong side of of the mark and touched the mark. Blue took a one-turn penalty.

100 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 100 Practice Test – PC1 CONCLUSIONS and RULES that apply Blue was entitled to mark-room from Yellow and Yellow was entitled to mark room from Green rule 18.2(b). Yellow did not give mark-room to Blue because Green did not give enough mark-room to Yellow and Blue. Rule 18.2(b). Blue broke rule 31. Yellow was compelled to break 18.2(b) by Green.

101 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 101 Practice Test – PC1 DECISION: As Yellow was compelled to break rule 18.2(b) by Green’s breach she is exonerated under rule 21. Blue is not penalised for breaking rule 31, as she took a penalty in accordance with rule 44.1. Green is disqualified rule 18.2(b). Blue request for redress is denied under rule 62.1(b). Rule 64.1(a)

102 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 102 Practice Test – PC1 DECISION: As Yellow was compelled to break rule 18.2(b) by Green’s breach she is exonerated under rule 21. Blue is not penalised for breaking rule 31, as she took a penalty in accordance with rule 44.1. Blue was compelled to touch the mark by Yellow’s breach of a rule and is exonerated under rule 64.1(a) Green is disqualified rule 18.2(b). Blue request for redress is denied under rule 62.1(b). Rule 64.1(a)

103 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 103 Seminar Outline The bodies Judges Programme A judge’s qualities The event –First responsibilities –Meetings –Communications –Jury administration Rule 42 compliance Protest Hearings –Procedures –Validity –Evidence –Facts and conclusions –Decisions Redress Damage and Injury Misconduct Arbitration

104 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 104 The Event

105 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 105 Pre-event Responsibilities of the Chairman Liaise with OA on logistics Housing Transportation Expenses Jury arrival dates and arrangements Jury facilities (ashore and on-water) Initial meeting arrangements Review all documents IJ Manual Section G – The Event

106 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 106 Before accepting a jury appointment: Ensure you have no conflict of interest Ensure you can commit for the entire time Understand travel cost expectations. After accepting a jury appointment: Expect to obtain and review NoR, SIs, class rules etc Pre-event Responsibilities of All Judges Include travel costs from home to airport

107 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 107 First Jury Meeting Review sailing instructions Consider essential changes only Delegation of duties Logistics All other matters as listed in Section H of the Manual Jury Chairman's responsibility. What do you do if the chairman doesn’t do this?

108 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 108 First Jury Meeting Decide when jury should take action – consider : Rule 42, Propulsion Serious damage and no protest Fair sailing Touching mark Not sailing the course Incomplete penalty Misconduct FAST - Jury Chairman's responsibility.

109 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 109 Decide when jury should NOT take action – consider: Part 2 incidents with other boats around (unless serious damage) First Jury Meeting Discuss questions from competitors. FAST - Jury Chairman's responsibility.

110 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 110 Meeting with RC and OA Jury authority and role All those matters as listed in Section H of the Manual Confirm that Jury and RC communications will be between Jury Chairman and PRO only FAST - Jury Chairman's responsibility.

111 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 111 Competitors’ Briefing Input from the Jury Chairman Jury introduction Jury is there to provide a service Briefing on judging rule 42 Rules questions in writing Refer competitors to notices Location of notice board, jury room, office, etc FAST - Jury Chairman's responsibility.

112 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 112 Competitors and Coaches

113 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 113 Dealing with Competitors Interaction depends on level of the event and age of competitors In all cases, friendliness, fairness and impartiality (this includes giving the right appearance) With young and inexperienced competitors: Show care and understanding Be willing to answer questions Be willing to explain decisions FAST - Respect

114 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 114 Difficult Competitors Be patient but firm Avoid arguments Get questions in writing. Do not act alone. For contested decisions Avoid personal confrontations. Explain it is the role of the Jury to find facts and make the decisions, and the Jury agreed its decision. FAST

115 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 115 Coaches, Team Leaders, Support Crew Coaches are experienced sailors and serve competitors, so deserve respect Encourage meetings with coaches Support boats provide additional safety Restricted areas should be well defined in sailing instructions FAST

116 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 116 Protests Involving Coaches Coaches have no status in the rules Not competitors Not officials Cannot be protested, no longer subject to a rule 69 action For a coach breaking rules Some SIs provide a penalty applied to a competitor BUT??

117 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 117 Media Media role is important to the sport Nominate one Jury member as contact (chairman?) Communicate hearing results to media centre Explain decisions to the media Attend press briefings FAST

118 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 118 On the Water Jury boat visibility If observing an incident Record the boats involved, description of the incident, leg, time, race number. Follow-up Notify chairman of observed incidents Discuss incident only in the hearing A judge may be a witness FAST

119 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar119 Break 15 Minutes

120 Decision Writing Exercise 1 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar120

121 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 121 Seminar Outline The bodies Judges Programme A judge’s qualities The event –First responsibilities –Meetings –Communications –Jury administration Rule 42 compliance Protest Hearings –Procedures –Validity –Evidence –Facts and conclusions –Decisions Redress Damage and Injury Misconduct Arbitration

122 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 122 Judging Rule 42, Propulsion

123 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar123

124 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 124 Rule 42 Enforcement Only is the SIs state Appendix P applies Immediate on-water penalty by judges using yellow flag Can a boat protest a boat for breaking rule 42 when Appendix P applies?

125 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 125 Rule 42 Using Appendix P Positioning of judge boats Good understanding of rule 42 is essential (and any class rule changes) Best if two judges agree the rule is broken Apply same criteria to 1st, 2nd and 3rd breach

126 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 126 Rule 42 Using Appendix P Hold up flag, blow whistle, point flag and hail sail number Watch boat taking the penalty Record: race, leg, position, action, penalty taken Report all to the Jury Be prepared to answer competitor queries after racing

127 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 127 Rule 42.1 - Basic Use only wind and water for speed May trim sails and hull May perform other acts of seamanship Shall not otherwise move body to propel boat

128 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 128 Rule 42.2 - Prohibited Pumping: repeated fanning of a sail by trimming and releasing by body movement Rocking: repeated rolling by body movement by adjustment of sails or centreboard not for steering by steering Ooching: forward body movement, sudden stop Sculling: repeated helm movement not steering Repeated tacks or gybes not for wind or tactics

129 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 129 Rule 42.3 - Allowed Roll tacking and gybing But no speed increase Rolling for steering One pump to initiate surfing or planing Conditions must exist Not on beat to windward Sculling to turn back to close-hauled Use helm to reduce speed To give help in danger To get clear after grounding or collision

130 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 130 Seminar Outline The bodies Judges Programme A judge’s qualities The event –First responsibilities –Meetings –Communications –Jury administration Rule 42 compliance Protest Hearings –Procedures –Validity –Evidence –Facts and conclusions –Decisions Redress Damage and Injury Misconduct Arbitration

131 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 131 The Protest Hearing

132 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar132

133 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 133 Administration Notice board Jury room facilities Protest forms Receiving protests Photocopying Jury secretary duties Posting schedule and decisions

134 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 134 Hearing Preparation Organization of tables and chairs Temperature, lighting, noise level Not able to be overheard Appropriate dress code Read the protest (but don’t be influenced by what is written !!) Was a penalty taken? Concurrent hearings

135 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 135 Who can protest ? Boat vs. boat (rule 60.1) Race committee vs. boat (rule 60.2) Protest committee vs. boat Under rule 60.3(a) Under rule rule 60.3(a)(1) – serious damage or injury Under 60.3(a)(2) – during a protest hearing

136 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 136 Request to Withdraw Protest Not automatic, PC must approve Find out reason reason Allow withdrawal unless suspicion of foul play Record approval on protest form and get signature Usually a delegate of the PC. If doubt whole panel decides

137 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 137 Attending the Hearing Only one representative from each party If Parts 2, 3 or 4 : Must have been on board unless PC agrees otherwise. Ensure representative is authorised by skipper or owner. Witnesses Present only while giving evidence.

138 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 138 Absent Parties Try to locate an absent party If one party elects not to attend Protest should proceed If a party is unable to attend PC may consider re-scheduling if good reason If neither party attends PC may dismiss the protest PC may proceed using the form as evidence PC could later decide to reopen

139 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 139 Observers Generally encourage PC members must be comfortable Disallow if a party has a good reason to object A witness cannot be an observer Observers must leave during PC discussions Silent, no recording devices or mobile phones, sit at back, may not leave, etc. See Section K.7, also 4.7 and D.7 of the Manual

140 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 140 Protest Procedure Introductions Interested party Translators Validity Protestor’s story Protestee understands? Protestee’s story Protestor understands? Protestor’s questions Protestee’s questions Protestor’s witness’ evidence Questions to the witness (protestee asks first) Protestee’s witness’ evidence Questions to the witness (protestor asks first) PC questions Final statements (protestor first) Facts, conclusions and rules that apply, decision Inform parties of decision

141 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 141 Introductions and Interested Party Introductions If needed and if time Objections by a party May believe a PC member is an interested party PC may overrule the objection An interested party Cannot take part in the hearing Can be a witness

142 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 142 Translators Are to translate only, not give rule advice Tell them so A coach may translate but an independent translator is preferable A PC member may translate but this is not preferred A PC member may be able to monitor the translator

143 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 143 Validity Inform protestee Hail (unless distance too great) Flag (not required if under 6 m) No hail or flag if obvious damage [rule 61.1(a)(4)] If no hail, other boat must be informed Protest Must be in writing Must identify the incident and protestee Other details may be corrected or added Must be timely, usually Protest Time Limit Time limit shall be extended if good reason What is the test?

144 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 144 Deciding Validity Excuse parties if PC needs to deliberate If valid, hearing will continue If invalid, hearing is closed

145 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 145 Chairman’s Management Control inappropriate behaviour Allow only one person to speak at a time Remain polite but firm Discourage leading questions Keep the hearing to the point (the ‘facts’)

146 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 146 Witnesses Exclude except when giving evidence A party has the right to call any witnesses A party may question any witness PC may call witnesses A PC member may be a witness An interested party may be a witness Techniques to reduce excessive time and number

147 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 147 PC Questioning Techniques PC questions as late as possible Avoid leading questions Ask only questions which help find the facts Avoid asking unnecessary questions

148 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 148 Principles of PC Questioning What rules might apply to this incident? What are the boats’ obligations under these rules? What facts are needed to determine whether boats met these obligations? What question will help establish those facts?

149 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 149 Evidence Weigh all evidence with equal care Don’t be influenced by strong or confident personalities Control expressions, facial and verbal Be aware of the parties’ body language Varying evidence does not necessarily mean that someone is lying Listen carefully and take notes

150 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar150

151 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar151

152 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 152

153 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar153

154 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 154 Evidence Hearsay is not evidence Photographs (may be valuable but take care) Videotapes (procedures are in K.14 of the IJ Manual) Written evidence by absent author Accept only if all parties agree (because witness cannot be questioned)

155 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 155 Final Statements Discourage the evidence being repeated. The chairman may say: “If you wish to do so, you may now make a final statement, particularly on any rule or interpretation you would like us to consider. There is no need to repeat your story.”

156 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 156 Deliberations Ask parties and observers to leave Don’t laugh or joke when the room is clear! Ask less experienced judges first, but vary the order from hearing to hearing Record easily agreed facts, in order Apply the relevant rules to the facts Identify missing facts Discuss and agree controversial issues

157 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 157 Resolving Controversial Issues Try to get unanimity among PC Listen to dissenter’s point of view Discuss conflicting evidence Back up to last point of certainty Establish most likely scenario Can recall parties for missing information Last resort only: take a vote

158 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 158 Contact If there was there contact: Did any boat break rule 14? If yes, does any penalty apply?

159 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 159 Facts and Conclusions

160 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 160 Writing the Facts Appoint the ‘scribe’ (chairman or other) Include all relevant facts BUT exclude irrelevant facts

161 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 161 Writing Conclusions Decide which rules apply, then... Record conclusions Record which boats broke which rules and why (use the language in the rules)

162 No rule broken – Protest Dismissed Boat(s) broke one or more rules – DSQ Exceptions: –Exoneration Rule 64.1(a): when compelled to break a rule. Rule 14(b): R-O-W Exonerated if no damage or injury Rule 21: within room or mark-room that isn’t given –Other penalties may be in SIs –Rule 36 – Races restarted or resailed –Boat not racing – Not Penalized (Preamble Part 2) 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 162 Decision

163 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 163 Scoring DNE DNE = disqualification not excludable Rule 2 Rule 30.3 (Black Flag Rule) Rule 42 (Propulsion) - P2.2 or P2.3 applies

164 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 164 Other Scoring DNC, DNS, OCS, ZFP, BFD, DNF – race committee DSQ, DNE, DGM, RDG – protest committee SCP – can be automatic In all cases, notify the scorer promptly Gross Misconduct % Scoring Penalty

165 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 165 Announcing the Decision Recall parties and all others interested to the protest room Read facts found, conclusions and decision Provide translation if needed Give copy of decision if requested State when and where available Provide a diagram if it will assist

166 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 166 Explaining the Decision Give immediate clarification if needed No further discussion at this time Informal discussion at a future time could be agreed If there is right of appeal, advise a dissatisfied party (?)

167 Day 2

168 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 168 Measurement Protests Measurer cannot protest Measurer must report non-compliance to RC RC shall then protest Can the PC initiate a measurement protest? Who can the report be from?

169 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 169 Measurement Protests A protest by RC or a boat must identify the rule alleged broken PC can call event measurer as a witness Decision must comply with rule 64.3 Sometimes not DSQ Boat may race if intending to appeal Costs paid by unsuccessful party

170 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 170 Measurement Protests PC makes final decision, BUT When in doubt, the PC: must ask the measurement authority and is bound by its reply Who is the measurement authority?

171 0413 ISAF International Judges' Seminar 171 Protest Committee Protests Nominate one PC member to present the case. However... Explain protest is by PC as a whole A PC member may give evidence as a witness That PC member can participate in the decision

172 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 172 Requests to Reopen a Hearing

173 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 173 Request to Reopen Request may come from A boat which was a party (<24 hours) The RC or OA if it was a party (<24 hours) PC itself may decide without a request

174 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 174 Deciding Whether to Reopen Have a preliminary meeting to: Listen to the party’s evidence Consider other information as needed Decide in private Reopen only if: A significant error may have been made, or timely and significant new evidence is available

175 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 175 The Reopening Inform parties Same PC members if possible Rules of Part 5 apply May or may not change decision

176 Quick Test 0109 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar176

177 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar177 Lunch

178 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 178 Seminar Outline The bodies Judges Programme A judge’s qualities The event –First responsibilities –Meetings –Communications –Jury administration Rule 42 compliance Protest Hearings –Procedures –Validity –Evidence –Facts and conclusions –Decisions Redress Damage and Injury Misconduct Arbitration

179 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 179 Damage and Injury

180 0413 ISAF International Judges' Seminar 180 Rules References to Damage and Injury Damage Penalize a boat – rule 14(b) Serious damage Taking a penalty – rule 44.1(b) Injury or physical damage Giving redress – rule 62.1(b) Injury or serious damage PC protest – rule 60.3(a)(1)

181 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 181 Damage rule 14(b) Not defined, but ISAF Case 19 suggests: Market value diminished? Item or equipment made less functional?

182 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 182 Serious Damage Rule 44.1(b) Not defined, but ask: Was the performance of the boat seriously impaired? Was the cost of repair high? Was the market value significantly diminished?

183 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 183 Physical Damage Rule 62.1(b) Example of physical damage: Real damage to the boat or equipment Examples of what is NOT physical damage: Capsize with no damage but causing loss of places Rigs or lifelines entangled

184 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 184 Injury Rules 62.1(b), 60.3(a)1 Injury when considering redress: Did the injury result in the boat losing places? Injury when considering a PC protest: Did the injury require more than minor first aid? (not necessarily hospitalisation)

185 Facts – Conclusion – Decision Exercise 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar185

186 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar186

187 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar187

188 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar188

189 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar189

190 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 190 Seminar Outline The bodies Judges Programme A judge’s qualities The event –First responsibilities –Meetings –Communications –Jury administration Rule 42 compliance Protest Hearings –Procedures –Validity –Evidence –Facts and conclusions –Decisions Redress Damage and Injury Misconduct Arbitration

191 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 191 Hearings Involving Misconduct

192 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar192

193 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 193 “Fair Play” Is there a difference between ‘fair play’ and ‘fair sailing’? Give some examples of what may be (or have been) ‘unfair play’

194 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 194 Rule 2 Fair Sailing A fundamental rule A boat, PC and RC can protest a boat under rule 2 Can be applied alone Must be clearly established Penalty is DNE

195 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 195 Rule 69 Gross Misconduct Addresses behaviour of competitors, not of boats Rule 69.2(a) does not include coaches Rule 69 is primarily a procedural rule but it can be broken by a competitor Rule 69 protest is considered a report

196 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 196 PC Receiving a Report May be from any source, including an interested party Does not have to be in writing May be in any form. Examples: Videotape Protest form Evidence in a hearing PC may also act on its own observation

197 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 197 Deciding on a Hearing PC has discretion whether or not to call a hearing May interview reporter or accused May first consider other information When should a PC proceed? Guidelines are given in the Manual in Section N.2

198 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 198 Conducting the Hearing Preparation – Manual N.2.5 Inform the competitor in writing – Manual N.2.6 PC must have at least 3 members Follow normal hearing procedures (rules 63.2, 63.3, 63.4, 63.6) Maintain formality Keep a written record of evidence

199 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 199 Result of the Hearing Penalty may be applied to a boat or person May dismiss, issue warning or penalize Any penalty must be within PC’s event jurisdiction Report penalty (but not a warning) to NAs of competitor, venue, boat owner

200 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 200 Seminar Outline The bodies Judges Programme A judge’s qualities The event –First responsibilities –Meetings –Communications –Jury administration Rule 42 compliance Protest Hearings –Procedures –Validity –Evidence –Facts and conclusions –Decisions Redress Damage and Injury Misconduct Arbitration

201 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 201 Redress

202 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 202

203 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 203

204 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 204

205 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 205

206 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 206

207 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 207

208 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 208 Requesting Redress Boats cannot protest the RC or PC Boats may request redress RC may request redress for a boat PC may call hearing to consider redress No redress without a hearing

209 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 209 Validity of the Request No flag required Must be in writing Accept a “protest against the PC” as a request for redress Must meet protest time limit or within 2 hours of incident (whichever is later) Time limit shall be extended for good reason

210 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 210 Being Present at the Hearing Similar to a protest hearing (rule 63.3(a)) Restricted to witnesses and parties (or representatives) Who is a party? A boat requesting redress A boat for which the RC has requested redress (rule 60.2(b)), and the RC itself. A boat being considered for redress by the PC (rule 60.3(b)) The body alleged to have made an ‘improper action or omission’ (rule 62.1(a))

211 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 211 The Rights of a Party Attend throughout the hearing (rule 63.3(a)) Give evidence (rule 63.6) Call witnesses (rule 63.6) Question witnesses (rule 63.6) Ask for a reopening (rule 66) Appeal the decision (rule 70.1)

212 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 212 Qualifying for Redress All of these conditions must be satisfied: No fault of her own Score made significantly worse, but For one of these 4 reasons...

213 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 213 The Four Reasons 1.Improper action or omission by RC, PC, OA, EIC, or MC 2.Injury or physical damage caused by a boat breaking a Part 2 rule a not-racing keep-clear vessel 3.Giving help under rule 1.1 4.A boat penalized under rule 2 or disciplined under rule 69.1(b)

214 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 214 Reason One Improper action or omission by RC, PC, OA, EIC or MC

215 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 215 Race Committee Errors Some examples: Mistiming or incorrect signals Improper notification of changes to SIs Incorrect scoring Wrong identification Missing or drifting mark

216 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 216 Protest Committee Errors Some examples: Incorrect decision Improper procedures Collision with a jury boat On-the-water rule 42 penalty in error

217 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 217 Reason Two Injury or physical damage caused by a boat breaking a Part 2 rule a not-racing keep-clear vessel

218 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 218 Injury or Physical Damage Some examples: Broken rudder Badly torn sail Injured crew member Must be the cause of loss of points

219 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 219 NOT Physical Damage Capsize Rigs or lifelines entangled Forced to alter course or tack resulting in loss of places Crew overboard Entangled with a mark (but could be a RC omission – reason One)

220 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 220 Reason Three Giving help under rule 1.1

221 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 221 Giving Help A boat must comply with rule 1.1 Reasonable decision to help – ISAF Case 20 Help to own boat or crew does not qualify for redress

222 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 222 Reason Four A boat penalized under rule 2 or disciplined under rule 69.1(b)

223 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar223

224 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 224 Fair Sailing or Misconduct If loss of places was caused by another boat which the PC has imposed a rule 2 penalty or disciplined under rule 69, then: Redress is available without injury or damage.

225 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 225 Redress Decisions When redress requirements have been met the PC may need evidence from other boats, because PC must make as fair an arrangement as possible Must consider all boats affected Abandoning race is only a last resort

226 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 226 Fair Arrangements Scoring adjustment advice is in rule A10 Position at last mark Time adjustment Average points Redress must be given to all boats affected Fairest arrangement may be to do nothing

227 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar227 Exercise #2 Write the Facts – Conclusion – Decision for this incident.

228 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar228

229 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 229 Seminar Outline The bodies Judges Programme A judge’s qualities The event –First responsibilities –Meetings –Communications –Jury administration Rule 42 compliance Protest Hearings –Procedures –Validity –Evidence –Facts and conclusions –Decisions Redress Damage and Injury Misconduct Arbitration

230 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 230 Arbitration

231 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 231 Principles of Arbitration There are various arbitration formats Manual section L contains a recommended format NoR should advise and the SIs must detail the procedure It is a short meeting conducted before protests Only protestor, protestee and an experienced judge attends

232 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar 232 Outcomes of Arbitration The arbitrator’s opinion will be: Protest is invalid One or both boats broke a rule Neither boat broke a rule The matter should go to protest A boat which broke a rule may accept a penalty less than DSQ rather than going to a hearing Best if the arbitrator is not on the PC – but may be an observer.


Download ppt "Day 1. 0413ISAF International Judges' Seminar2 Pat Healy (USA) Rut Subniran (THA)"

Similar presentations


Ads by Google