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Panama, Haiti and the Dominican Republic. Spot six differences between the two drawings.

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Presentation on theme: "Panama, Haiti and the Dominican Republic. Spot six differences between the two drawings."— Presentation transcript:

1 Panama, Haiti and the Dominican Republic

2 Spot six differences between the two drawings

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4 What is an appropriate title for this cartoon? Which US president does this picture depict? Examine the details of this picture and use these to comment on the behaviour and attitude of the US government towards the Caribbean 1898 to 1935

5 Theodore Roosevelt Big Stick Policy “Roosevelt's approach : Batter them down with firepower or the threat thereof. Termed from Roosevelt's quote "Speak softly and carry a big stick". This was Roosevelt's way of saying peacefully negotiate with a country but at the same time have a big weapon behind you so that the negotiating country understands that if they don't agree to the negotiations you can kill them.” From students like yourselves found at oreign-policy-in-la#toc13

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7 William Howard Taft: Dollar Diplomacy

8 Woodrow Wilson-invasion of Haiti, DR Warren G. Harding Calvin Coolidge—began the move away from interventionism Herbert Hoover—continued the move towards...

9 Franklyn Delano Roosevelt: Good Neighbour Policy

10 Video links Spanish American War. PBS documentary “The Panama Canal” panama/player see chapter 2. panama/player see chapter 2 Occupation of Haiti.

11 Panama, Haiti and the Dominican Republic The factors: What the US did Reasons for actions Economic, political and cultural consequences (benefits and negative consequences) decide if eachwas a benefit to the territory

12 Panama What policy was used by the USA The Big Stick policy Who was the US president involved Theodore Roosevelt was the president at that time Reasons for the US’ involvement Desire to build a canal enabling passage of ships from the Atlantic to the Pacific This would benefit the American commercial and business enterprises It would also benefit US defence Columbia was unwilling to give the land to the US. The US wanted to have more control than Columbia would give.

13 Panama part II What happened? Panamanians who wanted independence staged a successful revolt, helped by the USA and the French. The US recognised Panama as an independent country and then was able sign a treaty which gave the USA What were the consequences of the US intervention? Panama lost sovereignty of the Canal Zone to the USA Caused resentment, nationalist feelings arose over this issue. US benefited economically, strategically (defence wise)and politically.

14 Haiti The factors—the situation in Haiti at the time What the US did Reasons for actions Economic, political and cultural consequences (benefits and negative consequences) decide if this was a benefit to

15 Dominican Republic The factors—the situation in the DR e.g. What the US did Reasons for actions Economic, political and cultural consequences (benefits and negative consequences) decide if this was a benefit to


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