Useful expressions made in China 中国制造 made abroad 外国制造 a china cup 一个陶瓷杯 a plastic lunch box 一个塑料饭盒 the latest fashions 最新时尚 instead of 代替, 而不是 turn on air conditioning 打开空调 things produced locally 本地产的东西
sort the waste 挑拣垃圾 a healthy environment 健康的环境 produce waste 生产 / 制造垃圾 do harm to … 对 ….. 有害 everyday activities 日常活动 make a real difference to … 对 … 产生重大影响
reduce pollution 减少污染 local products 本地产品 if possible 如果可能 make sure 确信, 确保 last a long time 坚持很久 repair things 修理东西 a paper cup/bag 纸杯 / 袋 change ….into 把 …. 变成..
take energy 消耗能量 in the neighborhood 在社区 take part in … 参加 recycling programes 回收行动 recycled materials 回收材料 green product s 绿色产品
1.Do you try to walk or ride a bike to school? 2. Do you buy new clothes just because they are the latest fashions? 3. Do you open a window instead of turning on air conditioning? 4. Do you buy things produced locally instead of made abroad?
5. Do you take your own cloth bag when shopping instead of using plastic bags? 6. Do you sort the waste before throwing it away?
Act.4: Check the things you should do. buy the latest fashions choose local products waste energy when things are made buy things from abroad repair things use paper cups and bags throw things away burn things √ √ √
Language points 1. fashion ( 名词 ), 时尚, 风尚, 款式 fashion ------fashionable 时髦的, 流行的 Eg: a fashion show 时装秀 come into fashion 入潮流 go out of fashion 过时 The girl often wears fashionable clothes.
2. air conditioning 空调 air conditioner 空调机 turn on / off air conditioning 打开 / 关掉空调 air — conditioned 有空调装置的, 有空调设备的 Eg: This is an air-conditioned room. It ’ s wasteful to turn off the air conditioning. 1.The ________________is very expensive. 2. Would you please turn on _______________? 3.The ________________cinema is popular. 4.__________________in this room was too old. air conditioner air conditioning air conditioned Air conditioning
5. instead “ 代替 ”, 常放在句尾. instead of + 名词, 代词,Ving 形式 …. a.We won ’ t go to the beach. We ’ ll go to the forest __________. b.I was at school ______________at home yesterday evening. c.Her father went to work by bus ___________on foot. d.I don ’ t know the way. Please ask the police __________. e.Meimei won ’ t go with us. Let ’ s go with Lingling __________. f.They ’ ll see a film _______________ watching TV. g.We invited her husband __________________her. h.The bag is made of cloth_________________paper. i.I didn ’ t buy an MP3. I bought an MP4 ___________. instead instead of instead instead of
6. 过去分词, 可以做定语, 修饰名词, 表示被动的 意义. 单个词放名词前，词组放在名词后. a. Do you buy things produced locally ? b. Do you buy things made abroad ? c.It ’ s good to use recycled paper. d.I have a friend called Lily. e.My father bought a camera made in Taiwan. f.There is an old bridge built 100 years ago. g.I have many photos taken in Zhangjiajie. 本地产的 外国产的 回收的纸 叫莉莉的台湾产的 100 年前修建的 在张家界照的
7. plastic ( 名词 ) 塑料, ( 形容词 ) 塑料制的 Eg: The plastic flowers look real. The plastic cups are very nice. Burning plastics can pollute the air. 8. harm, ( 名词 ) 伤害, 害处 harmful ( 形容词 ) 有害的 do harm to ….. be harmful to …. 对 … 有害 / 造成伤害 Eg: Smoking does harm to our health. Smoking is harmful to our health. 吸烟对我们的健康有害
9. different( 形容词 )---difference( 名词 ) 差别 make a difference to 对... 有重大影响 / 很重要 a. Father’s behaviors made a difference to me. b. His talk made a difference to the students. c. The environmental changes are making a difference to the animals. Eg 10. reduce ( 动词 ) 减少, 降低 ------reduction( 名词 ) a.We must reduce the air pollution. b.The reduction of land will make a difference to the farmers.