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Presentation on theme: "prepared for Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA) and"— Presentation transcript:

1 Ampara District Master Plan Project Preliminary Report Presentation & Follow-up
prepared for Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA) and Government of Sri Lanka, Ministry of Housing and Construction by Canadian Agro-Sustainability Partnership (CASP) November 2006

2 Background December 2004 – Tsunami strikes Sri Lanka with Ampara District suffering 10,000 deaths, $600-million in property damage, and 23,000 homes destroyed or damaged June GOSL and CASP sign MOU for Ampara District Master Plan January CIDA signs Contribution Agreement with CASP (GOSL and Government of PEI provide additional support) February CASP establishes three Ampara District offices (plus Colombo office) and begins project work April project staff in place July 2006 – Preliminary Master Plan Report submitted September Initial CASP/CIDA Demonstration Projects approved and underway

3 Master Plan Responsibilities
Over month period prepare long-term Master Plan to guide reconstruction and redevelopment of Ampara District for the next years Identify gaps/needs not addressed by other groups and identify possible funding sources Implement projects as necessary Identify/fund Demonstration Projects during this process and act as a facilitator or implementing agency for larger projects

4 Master Plan Objectives
Improve socio-economic conditions while protecting the environment Restructure district economy in line with its resources Promote development of agriculture, fisheries, tourism, industry, and ports Enhance economic growth in rural areas Create environment to attract private sector investment Improve inter- and intra-district mobility Enhance social harmony and equity Suggest fixing the bright spot so we can read the second bullet, also elsewhere in the presentation.

5 Specific Economic Objectives
By end of planning period (2008)… Increase agricultural output by 15%, adopting an integrated approach related to policy, regulation, land, irrigation, transport, institutions, and agri-based industries Increase industrial sector output by 20% by providing a foundation for growth including agro- and fisheries- based processing, port development, small scale manufacturing, and other resource-based industrial initiatives Reduce unemployment from 13% to 11% by developing livelihoods opportunities in agriculture, fisheries, cottage industries, and an expanded services sector, micro credits, and other self-employment initiatives Increase productivity by 25% through improved training, technology, and support infrastructure to economic sectors Achieve real GDP growth rate of 8-9% annually from Increase tourist arrivals to 100,000 by 2015

6 Sector Analysis Detailed analysis of sectors including: Agriculture (Crops, Livestock, Irrigation); Communications & Technology; Education & Training; Industrial Development & Tourism; Energy & Power; Fisheries & Aquaculture; Health; Housing; Livelihoods; Transport Cross cutting themes: Environment; Gender; Peace & Conflict

7 Major Issues: Lack of Capacity
Shortages of staff/infrastructure; planning problems; accountability issues Solutions: Donors/INGOs need to adopt a “hands on” short-term focus in addition to longer term transitional hand-over plans More project presence on the ground in the district Increased partnering to address critical areas of: technical expertise; local input/buy-in; and project management Training programs (technical, languages, etc.) Infrastructure improvements (transportation; electricity; computers/communications; support services; equipment; etc.)

8 Major Issues: Improved Communications with Beneficiaries
Until late 2005 no media outlets in district - even now only Tamil language radio station & newspaper Complex ethnic mix: Muslim (41%), Sinhalese (40%), Tamil (18%) Solutions: More local stakeholder involvement; greater use of newspaper, radio, and TV media; increased transparency and accountability; more cooperation between organizations; development of local information/awareness networks in schools and through other institutions

9 Major Issues: Coordination
Many organizations involved at micro level without sufficient consideration of the “big picture”/external factors Challenges: Inter-project dependencies result in project start/completion delays Lack of communication among key stakeholders Sector-wide projects difficult without coordination and communication Some “coordination” committees are really “communications” only, resulting in illusion of coordination Without “big picture” guidance some donors/NGOs unable to fully utilize funding

10 Reconstruction Gaps Although there are excellent reconstruction projects undertaken by donors, INGOs, NGOs, and CBOs, there are also significant gaps which must be addressed, including… Inadequate attention to environmental sector projects such as solid waste management - a major problem throughout the District Shortage of specialists addressing cross-cutting themes of gender and peace & conflict. Disproportionate focus on an assortment of stand-alone projects for sectors such as agriculture, without sufficient attention to agriculture development at the macro level Some tsunami victim groups (e.g. the physically & mentally handicapped) are being largely neglected in this process Because of individual donor/INGO focus on their own projects, there is a lack of attention to larger and potentially important projects which require multi-donor/INGO resources.

11 Key Recommendations Strengthen the facilitation/coordination mechanism so that more gets done better and faster Increase capacity building resources by strengthening organizations and encouraging local cooperation on common projects Increase public participation/awareness and communications (including media and local networks) Adopt a sectoral strategy that places highest priority on housing, livelihoods, and environment Increase the on-the-ground presence and access in Ampara District of donors and INGOs Respond to the constraints of ethnic divisions in the District by ensuring an ongoing role for outside parties to advance and lead many reconstruction initiatives in both the short and longer term

12 Demonstration Project Fund
CASP has committed $300K from its own resources for demonstration projects to… Undertake small to mid-size projects as needed Ensure projects are in place to demonstrate best practices Show the people of Ampara District that this is more than just a planning exercise Examples: Hardy Institute (Ampara Town) Biogas Project Akkaraipattu Community Computer/ English Training Centre SouthEast University (Oluvil) Gender Studies Programme Maruthamunai (Kalmunai) Handloom Sector Centre of Excellence

13 Master Plan: Achievements to Date
Since the project began in January 2006, achievements include… Three centrally located, fully staffed project offices (Ampara Town, Kalmunai, Akkaraipattu) generating lots of local and INGO traffic Leading reconstruction communications program in the District, including Rebuild Ampara website/videos/blog, half-hour weekly radio programme (Tamil), 2-pages in monthly Tamil newspaper, plus a network of 30 schools, all-faiths clergy network, and 22 Local Advisory Committees Leading gender awareness program in the District, with gender built into all projects (same approach with environment and peace & conflict) and provision of gender resources to other INGOs DRAFT Preliminary Master Plan report completed, receiving praise and support from stakeholders Successful activities across all sectors including 5,000 people attending our two-day Internet cafe, letters each week in response to our radio program, large turnouts to all our public involvement sessions, as well as ongoing awareness programs on solid waste management and, more recently, on gender in our 30 school systems Variety of CASP Demonstration Projects underway/in final planning Outstanding cooperation and support for Master Plan from all Sri Lankan stakeholders, donors, and INGOs

14 Conclusion: Priorities
Strengthen facilitation/coordination More resources for capacity building Increase public participation, awareness, and communications Adopt sectoral strategies with highest priority on: Housing; Livelihoods; and Environment Emphasize and develop sustainability

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