Presentation on theme: "prepared for Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA) and"— Presentation transcript:
1 Ampara District Master Plan Project Preliminary Report Presentation & Follow-up prepared forCanadian InternationalDevelopment Agency (CIDA)andGovernment of Sri Lanka, Ministry ofHousing and ConstructionbyCanadian Agro-Sustainability Partnership (CASP)November 2006
2 BackgroundDecember 2004 – Tsunami strikes Sri Lanka with Ampara District suffering 10,000 deaths, $600-million in property damage, and 23,000 homes destroyed or damagedJune GOSL and CASP sign MOU for Ampara District Master PlanJanuary CIDA signs Contribution Agreement with CASP (GOSL and Government of PEI provide additional support)February CASP establishes three Ampara District offices (plus Colombo office) and begins project workApril project staff in placeJuly 2006 – Preliminary Master Plan Report submittedSeptember Initial CASP/CIDA Demonstration Projects approved and underway
3 Master Plan Responsibilities Over month period prepare long-term Master Plan to guide reconstruction and redevelopment of Ampara District for the next yearsIdentify gaps/needs not addressed by other groups and identify possible funding sourcesImplement projects as necessaryIdentify/fund Demonstration Projects during this process and act as a facilitator or implementing agency for larger projects
4 Master Plan Objectives Improve socio-economic conditions while protecting the environmentRestructure district economy in line with its resourcesPromote development of agriculture, fisheries, tourism, industry, and portsEnhance economic growth in rural areasCreate environment to attract private sector investmentImprove inter- and intra-district mobilityEnhance social harmony and equitySuggest fixing the bright spot so we can read the second bullet, also elsewhere in the presentation.
5 Specific Economic Objectives By end of planning period (2008)…Increase agricultural output by 15%, adopting an integrated approach related to policy, regulation, land, irrigation, transport, institutions, and agri-based industriesIncrease industrial sector output by 20% by providing a foundation for growth including agro- and fisheries- based processing, port development, small scale manufacturing, and other resource-based industrial initiativesReduce unemployment from 13% to 11% by developing livelihoods opportunities in agriculture, fisheries, cottage industries, and an expanded services sector, micro credits, and other self-employment initiativesIncrease productivity by 25% through improved training, technology, and support infrastructure to economic sectorsAchieve real GDP growth rate of 8-9% annually fromIncrease tourist arrivals to 100,000 by 2015
7 Major Issues: Lack of Capacity Shortages of staff/infrastructure; planning problems; accountability issuesSolutions:Donors/INGOs need to adopt a “hands on” short-term focus in addition to longer term transitional hand-over plansMore project presence on the ground in the districtIncreased partnering to address critical areas of: technical expertise; local input/buy-in; and project managementTraining programs (technical, languages, etc.)Infrastructure improvements (transportation; electricity; computers/communications; support services; equipment; etc.)
8 Major Issues: Improved Communications with Beneficiaries Until late 2005 no media outlets in district - even now only Tamil language radio station & newspaperComplex ethnic mix: Muslim (41%), Sinhalese (40%), Tamil (18%)Solutions: More local stakeholder involvement; greater use of newspaper, radio, and TV media; increased transparency and accountability; more cooperation between organizations; development of local information/awareness networks in schools and through other institutions
9 Major Issues: Coordination Many organizations involved at micro level without sufficient consideration of the “big picture”/external factorsChallenges:Inter-project dependencies result in project start/completion delaysLack of communication among key stakeholdersSector-wide projects difficult without coordination and communicationSome “coordination” committees are really “communications” only, resulting in illusion of coordinationWithout “big picture” guidance some donors/NGOs unable to fully utilize funding
10 Reconstruction GapsAlthough there are excellent reconstruction projects undertaken by donors, INGOs, NGOs, and CBOs, there are also significant gaps which must be addressed, including…Inadequate attention to environmental sector projects such as solid waste management - a major problem throughout the DistrictShortage of specialists addressing cross-cutting themes of gender and peace & conflict.Disproportionate focus on an assortment of stand-alone projects for sectors such as agriculture, without sufficient attention to agriculture development at the macro levelSome tsunami victim groups (e.g. the physically & mentally handicapped) are being largely neglected in this processBecause of individual donor/INGO focus on their own projects, there is a lack of attention to larger and potentially important projects which require multi-donor/INGO resources.
11 Key RecommendationsStrengthen the facilitation/coordination mechanism so that more gets done better and fasterIncrease capacity building resources by strengthening organizations and encouraging local cooperation on common projectsIncrease public participation/awareness and communications (including media and local networks)Adopt a sectoral strategy that places highest priority on housing, livelihoods, and environmentIncrease the on-the-ground presence and access in Ampara District of donors and INGOsRespond to the constraints of ethnic divisions in the District by ensuring an ongoing role for outside parties to advance and lead many reconstruction initiatives in both the short and longer term
12 Demonstration Project Fund CASP has committed $300K from its own resources for demonstration projects to…Undertake small to mid-size projects as neededEnsure projects are in place to demonstrate best practicesShow the people of Ampara District that this is more than just a planning exerciseExamples:Hardy Institute (Ampara Town) Biogas ProjectAkkaraipattu Community Computer/ English Training CentreSouthEast University (Oluvil) Gender Studies ProgrammeMaruthamunai (Kalmunai) Handloom Sector Centre of Excellence
13 Master Plan: Achievements to Date Since the project began in January 2006, achievements include…Three centrally located, fully staffed project offices (Ampara Town, Kalmunai, Akkaraipattu) generating lots of local and INGO trafficLeading reconstruction communications program in the District, including Rebuild Ampara website/videos/blog, half-hour weekly radio programme (Tamil), 2-pages in monthly Tamil newspaper, plus a network of 30 schools, all-faiths clergy network, and 22 Local Advisory CommitteesLeading gender awareness program in the District, with gender built into all projects (same approach with environment and peace & conflict) and provision of gender resources to other INGOsDRAFT Preliminary Master Plan report completed, receiving praise and support from stakeholdersSuccessful activities across all sectors including 5,000 people attending our two-day Internet cafe, letters each week in response to our radio program, large turnouts to all our public involvement sessions, as well as ongoing awareness programs on solid waste management and, more recently, on gender in our 30 school systemsVariety of CASP Demonstration Projects underway/in final planningOutstanding cooperation and support for Master Plan from all Sri Lankan stakeholders, donors, and INGOs
14 Conclusion: Priorities Strengthen facilitation/coordinationMore resources for capacity buildingIncrease public participation, awareness, and communicationsAdopt sectoral strategies with highest priority on: Housing; Livelihoods; and EnvironmentEmphasize and develop sustainability