15 War Guilt & Responsibility Article the “War Guilt” ClauseHeld Germany to be solely responsible for all loss and damage suffered by the Triple Entente during the war“…Germany accepts responsibility of Germany and her allies for causing all the loss and damage to which the Allied governments and their peoples have been subjected to as a result of the war…”Provided the legal basis for the financial terms of the Treaty
16 Financial Terms Known as reparations Announced in 1921 Sum of £An astronomical sum – Germany would take roughly 70 years to repay the entire sumTo be paid in cash or in kind e.g. coal
18 Germany was also stripped of its overseas colonies - many of these colonies were taken over by France and BritainGermany was not permitted to unite with Austria in an attempt to limit its economic (and thus war making) potential
19 Military & Disarmament Terms Germany was not allowed to have a General Staff - the body that coordinates military planning and strategy for a country’s armed forcesGerman Army restricted to men; no conscription allowedIt was not allowed to have any tanks or artillery (big guns)German Navy was allowed to have six battleships and no submarinesGermany was not allowed to have an air forceA demilitarized zone (DMZ) was established in the Rhineland
20 OthersAn international organisation known as the League of Nations was to be set up to provide a platform for the peaceful resolution of international disputesSeparate treaties were signed with Germany’s allies that saw the dismantling of the Austro-Hungarian Empire
21 Population 12% (6.5 million people) What did Germany lose?Territory 13%Population 12% (6.5 million people)Iron ore output 48%Coal Output 15%Agricultural output15%
22 How did you think the German people reacted to this?