Presentation on theme: "Christina Marinelli RISE Educational Services"— Presentation transcript:
1 Christina Marinelli RISE Educational Services Reading for Informational Text and Reading for Literature Standards K-2Christina MarinelliRISE Educational Services
2 Do you Common Core?When you are searching for a recipe to cook, do you make your decision based only on the text or do you need to look at a picture to help you decide? (1st grade RI 6 distinguish between information provided by pictures or other illustrations and information provided by the words in a text) Think of two movies about the same topic that came out around the same time, for example Tombstone and Wyatt Earp. Which movie did you like better? (2nd grade RL 9 compare and contrast two or more versions of the same story by different authors or from different cultures)
3 English Language Arts More expository text More short passages that teach students to apply skills on diverse subject matterStudents asked to make meaning from multiple texts and types of sources
4 English Language ArtsEmphasis on informational and argumentative writingSpeaking and listening are assessedUse of academic language a must
5 A ritualized routine has been to teach reading comprehension or literary analysis by “discussing” while reading or focusing on program identified skills and strategies.This is quite different from teaching a clean lesson from a standards based learning objective.
9 BRAIN CONCEPTS Primacy – Recency Retention Pyramid Repetitions Def: In a learning episode the brain remembers best what it hears first and second best what it hears last.Implications:-Lesson planning and deliveryRetention PyramidDef: Describes the average retention rate after 24 hours-Guided and Independent practice-Structured academic talkRepetitionsDef: The brain needs on average repetitions over time for mastery. The first 6 repetitions count for 60% of the way to mastery-Independent practice-Spiral Review
10 Average Retention Rate After 24 hours Immediate Use of Learning LowerRetentionVerbalProcessing5%Lecture10%Reading20%AudiovisualHigherRetentionVerbal and VisualProcessing30%Demonstration50%Discussion Group75%Practice by DoingDoingTeach Others /Immediate Use of Learning90%Adapted from D.Sousa – 2006: p95
11 LESSON TYPES DECLARATIVE PROCEDURAL ”Know”Emphasis on Concept“Do”Emphasis on SkillExplain major differences between books that tell stories and books that give information ( 1st RL 5)Identify the main topic of a multi-paragraph text as well as the focus of specific paragraphs within the text (2nd RI 2)Identify the front cover, back cover, and titles page of a book ( K RI 5)Use illustrations and details in a story to describe its characters, setting, or events (1st RL 7)
12 Excellent first instruction is of paramount importance, and additional instructional support is provided swiftly when needed.(CDE: Draft ELA/ELD Framework for second public review May-June 2014 Grade 2 through 3 p. 43)
13 Considerations for RL/RI Standards Must explicitly teach the RI/RL skills.Independent Practice needs to match the rigor of the standardAll students need to be help accountable for demonstrating the skill.You will need multiple sources to effectively teach the standard (models, guided practice, independent practice)RLs must be taught with literature and RIs must be taught with informational text (some of the standards are very similar across the two domains)RI lessons can be taught with science and social studies text when the content has been previously taught.Most standards/lessons will still be procedural and steps can be a challenge. Some steps may be thinking steps or questioning steps.
14 ? GRADE LEARNING OBJECTIVE INDEPENDENT PRACTICE K and 1st RL 9 Compare and Contrast the adventures and experiences of charactersAnswer questions about the characters in “Little Red Riding Hood”2nd RL2Recount stories and determine their central message, lesson, or moralRetell a familiar fable or folktale and tell the moral of the story.
15 ?GRADELEARNING OBJECTIVEINDEPENDENT PRACTICEK RL3With prompting and support, identify characters, settings, and major events in a story.1 RL3Describe characters, settings, and major events in a story, using key details.2 RL3Describe how characters in a story respond to major events and challenges.
16 Big Idea Define attributes of what I am to know or do (example: Setting is when and where the story takes place…)What is it?Why it important/why do we do this? “Good readers ……..”Example to create contextNon example if appropriate
17 Big Idea continued…Is there a graphic organizer that I can use to more clearly illustrate definition?(example: Use a multi-flow map to describe major events using key details or describe the connection between two individuals, events, ideas, or pieces of information)
18 Make Inferences + What I know What I read/see Educated guess Justify inferenceMake Inferences
19 Analyze a character based on what they say, do or think SaysLeads me to believe the following about this character:DoesThinksAnalyze a character based on what they say, do or think
20 How do I Model ?Ask yourself, “How does my brain process this? How do I know what I know? How do I analyze a character when I am reading at home?”Think aloud process:Clue words I findProcess/steps (thinking or processing steps “I ask myself ________”)Explain how I knew this information was importantConnect to other examplesIs there a graphic organizer I can use to visually illustrate this process?
21 ResourcesStudents need multiple, accessible examples; luckily, there are many examples that students are familiar with that can be used.Remember that we need to explicitly teach these skills. We can’t drive by the skills using the curriculum. We can use the curriculum to apply the skills that we have already taught.RL Examples:Stories read in class this year (reading book, novels)Familiar stories they know (Cinderella, Red Riding Hood)T.V. Shows/Movies (Shrek, Cars etc.)RI Examples:Science/social studies textScholastic/time for kidsLeveled readers from curriculum
22 Depth of Knowledge Questions We can incorporate rigor into our lessons by embedding multiple levels of Depth of Knowledge questions.Depth of Knowledge questions should be pre-planned and added to appropriate elements during BBDI lessons.
23 WEBB’S DEPTH OF KNOWLEDGE LEVELS Requires shallow understanding, verbatim recall or basic identifyingIncludes engagement of some processing beyond recalling or reproducing, requires both comprehension and subsequent processingInvolves reasoning, planning, explaining, generalizing or connecting ideas; students must be able to support their thinkingHigher order thinking is central, application of significant conceptual understanding and synthesizing
24 DEPTH OF KNOWLEDGE SENTENCE STEMS DOK 1 – Basic recallIdentify ______.What is the formula for________?List the ___________ in order.How would you describe _________?Recall __________?Describe_________.Name the __________.DOK 2 – Limited Interpretation/ApplicationCompare______ and __________.Explain how you found the solution.How would you summarize _________.Explain how _______ affected _______.Determine a strategy for__________.What is the relationship between______ and ______?Best used :Best used :DOK 3 – Strategic Interpretation/ApplicationExplain why the solution given is wrong/right and why.Describe a different method to come to the same conclusion.What was the effectiveness of the ______?Explain your reasoning using one other source.What would happen if______?Can you formulate a theory for__________?DOK 4 – ExtendedExplain the problem, the different solution paths, solve the problem using at least two paths and report the results.Create a plan for ________ using this principle_________.Justify your method for solving this scenario, hypothesize how an expert in another field would approach the solution.What information can you gather to support your idea about_________?Devise a way to________________.Best used :Best used :
25 DOK 2: What is the relationship between the words and pictures in an informational text? DOK 3: What would happen if you only looked at the pictures in an informational text?
26 What DOK question could you ask the students? What level is it and what stem/frame would you use?
27 Steps for Checking for Understanding at Key Points in a Lesson Pose the question to make all students accountablePause to allow time for all students to develop an answerProcess to build language and develop soft skillsPick a non-volunteer
28 When do I use close reading? “Explicitly teaching students to use strategies that good readers use, such as drawing on background knowledge and creating graphic organizers to gain control of the macrostructure of a text, improves comprehension” (Biancarosa and Snow 2006; Underwood and Pearson 2004)ELA/ELD Framework May-June 2014 pg 52
29 Close ReadingReading for Information and Reading for Literature StandardsThe skill to access the textThe skill you are going to be able to do after readingStrategies to support literacyShould be taught the first time utilizing BBDIShould be incorporated into layered activitiesCan be used as a step in a standards based lessonSkills that students need to be successful in real world scenarios as represented on the SBACShould be taught through BBDIIncludes multiple text examples for guided and independent practice
30 When should I use close reading? When it is a text that warrants a close readWhen the content knowledge is being emphasizedWhen utilizing the strategy will assist the student in applying a skill (standard)
31 When should I use my reading? Will it be used to teach subsequent lessons?The day beforeIs it something the students can do to elaborately rehearse the knowledge given the OWLs?Guided PracticeDoes it allow the students to demonstrate their knowledge of the learning objective?Independent Practice
33 ObjectiveCompare the most important points in two texts on the same topic
34 Remember….. Compare: find similarities Main Topic: the subject of the textA double bubble map helps us find similarities and differences
35 Big ideaGood readers are able to find similarities when 2 authors write about the same thing.These similarities help us understand the most important parts about that topic.Important points are details within a paragraph.
37 Many farms with animals and plants Let Me Show You One…SimilaritiesMany farms with animals and plantsRural paragraph 1Rural paragraph 2Open landSmall towns and shopsThe similar points in these texts are rural areas have many farms, open land, and small town and shops.
38 Steps Read the two texts and topics Underline details in each text and points that are in both textsThe similar points in these texts are ___________.
39 Let Me Show You One More… SimilaritiesBabies are born alive and need milkMammal Paragraph 2Mammal Paragraph 1Warm-bloodedHave hair or furThe similar points in these texts are mammals are warm-blooded, have hair or fur, and their babies are born alive and need milk.
40 SimilaritiesCold-bloodedReptile Paragraph 2Reptile Paragraph 1Lay eggsScaly skinThe similar points in these texts are reptiles are cold-blooded, lay eggs, and have scaly skin.
41 SimilaritiesAmphibian means two livesAmphibian Paragraph 1Amphibian Paragraph 2Live in water and on landCold-bloodedThe similar points in these texts are amphibian means two lives, they live in water and on land, and they are cold-blooded.
42 SimilaritiesMany tall buildings close togetherUrban paragraph 1Urban paragraph 2Lots of cars on the streetsMany peopleThe similar points in these texts are many buildings close together, lots of cars, and many people.
43 A Few Questions… What did we learn to do today? Why is it important to find similarities when we read texts on the same topic?How do we find the similarities between two texts on the same topic?
44 Independent PracticeSimilaritiesParagraph 2Paragraph 1The similar points in these texts are ___________.
45 Processing QuestionsWhat did you notice about the use of a graphic organizer?What type of text was used to teach this lesson?Would you have taught this content prior to the lesson? Why or why not?
46 ObjectiveCompare the adventures and experiences of characters in familiar stories.
47 ReviewCharacter: who or what the story is about
48 Compare: find things that are the same Sometimes characters in different stories can do things that are almost the sameCompare: find things that are the sameAdventures: things the character does or things that happen to the character
49 Chester and Sarah are afraid to go to school. Chester is afraid to go to school on the first day.Sarah does not want to go to school.Chester and Sarah are afraid to go to school.
50 1. 2. 3. 4. Steps about the main/big events in character 1’s story what similar event happens to both characters?4.what happens to both characters
51 Corduroy and Trixie lose something. Corduroy loses a button.Trixie loses Knuffle Bunny.Corduroy and Trixie lose something.
52 Marvin and Harvey do not want to do what they are told. Marvin does not listen when he is told to go to bed.Harvey does not want to clean his room.Marvin and Harvey do not want to do what they are told.
53 Franklin and Reza are afraid of something. Reza is afraid of the bunny.Franklin is afraid of thunderstorms.Franklin and Reza are afraid of something.
54 Nate and Alexander both have a bad day. Anything Nate wants to happen, the opposite happens instead.Alexander has a bad day.Nate and Alexander both have a bad day.
55 ClosureWhat did we do with characters today? What did we learn about characters from different stories? How do we compare characters?
56 Independent Practice Clifford and Amelia Bedelia ______________.
57 Processing QuestionsWhat time of the year would you teach this lesson?When would you read these stories?