2 Pythagorean Theorem a2 + b2 = c2 The two missing sides are 8 and 10. For any right triangle with legs (shorter sides) a and b and hypotenuse (the longest side) c, the square of the hypotenuse is equal to the sum of the squares of the other two sides.a2 + b2 = c2The length of the shortest side of a right triangle is 6 inches. The lengths of the other two sides are consecutive even integers.Write an equation that can be used to find the missing sides.b) Solve the equation for the two missing sides.a2 + b2 = c262 + x2 = (x + 2)2x: length of one legx + 2: length of hypotenuse88 + 2 = 1062 + x2 = (x + 2)236 + x2 = x2 + 4x + 436 = 4x + 432 = 4x8 = xThe two missing sides are 8 and 10.
3 Shaded AreaIn the diagram, the dimensions of the large rectangle are 3x – 1 by 3x + 7 units. The dimensions of the cut-out rectangle are x by 2x + 5 units. Represent the area of the shaded region as a simplified polynomial expression.Area of Shaded Region = Area of Big Rectangle – Area of Small Rectangle“Whole Shape” – “Inside Shape”Area = (3x – 1)(3x + 7) – (2x + 5)(x)Multiply each pair of polynomialsA = (9x2 + 18x – 7) – (2x2 + 5x)Distribute the - signA = 9x2 + 18x – 7 – 2x2 – 5xCombine like termsA = 7x2 + 13x – 7The area of the shaded region is 7x2 + 13x – 7 square units.
4 Interval Notation[ means to include < or > ( means do not include < or > For Example: [12,16) means…. All Real Numbers 12 through 16, including 12 but not 16Represent the domain of f(x) = 2x + 3 graphed over the interval -4 < x < 6.[-4,6] (2) (-4,6) (3) [-4,6) (4) (-4,6]2) Represent the domain and range of the functionDomain: [-3, ∞)Range: [0, ∞)Remember:Infinity ∞ always uses )
5 Linear Functions Equation: y – 5 = 3(x – 2) Linear Functions written in slope-intercept form identify the slope (rate of change) and y-intercept of the function.Linear Functions written in point-slope form identify the slope (rate of change) and one point that lies on the function.In order to write a linear function in point-slope form, follow these steps…Calculate the slopeIdentify a point on the lineReplace m with the slope and x1 and y1 with the coordinates of a point on the function.Equation: y – 5 = 3(x – 2)
6 Linear FunctionsParallel lines have the same slope and differenty-intercepts.Perpendicular lines intersect at a 90⁰ angle. These lines have opposite reciprocal slopes.Write the equation of a line in point slope form that is perpendicular to8x – 2y = 20 and passes through the point (1, -6).8x – 2y = 20y = 4x – 10, m = 4Slope of perpendicular line =m = point: (1, -6)y – y1 = m(x – x1)y + 6 = - ¼(x – 1)
7 Quadratic Functions y = – (x – 2) 2 + 4 y = a(x – h) 2 + k Consider the parent function y = x2 with the vertex (0,0).The function y = (x – 4)2 shifts the parent function to the right 4 units. The vertex of the new function is (4, 0).The function y = (x – 4)2 – 5 shifts the parent function to the right 4 units and down 5 units. The vertex of the new function is (4, -5).The graph pictured to the left represents a transformation of y = x2. Write an equation to represent this graph.y = a(x – h) 2 + kVertex: (2, 4) Parabola opens down, a = -1y = – (x – 2) 2 + 4
8 Sequences Explicit vs. Recursive An explicit formula that defines a sequence can tell you any term of the sequence.A recursive formula that defines a sequence can tell you the next term provided that you know the previous term.Consider the sequence 8, 24, 72, 216, …Explicit Formula: s(n) = n-1Find the 5th terms(5) =s(5) = 648The 5th term is 648Recursive Formula: s(1) = 8s(n) = s(n – 1) 3s(5) = s(5 – 1) 3s(5) = s(4) 3s(5) =S(5) = 648
9 Sequences Explicit vs. Recursive Explicit Formulas: Arithmetic: an = a1 + d(n – 1)Geometric: an = a1 rn – 1Recursive Formulas:Arithmetic: an = an-1 + dGeometric: an = an-1 rSometimes Recursive Formulas are more complicated.Find the 4th term given the recursive formula: f(1) = 12 and f(n) = f(n – 1) + 3nf(n) = f(n – 1) + 3nf(2) = f(2 – 1) + 3(2)f(2) = f(1) + 3(2)f(2) =f(2) = 18f(n) = f(n – 1) + 3nf(3) = f(3 – 1) + 3(3)f(3) = f(2) + 3(3)f(3) =f(3) = 27f(n) = f(n – 1) + 3nf(4) = f(4 – 1) + 3(4)f(4) = f(3) + 3(4)f(4) =f(4) = 39The 4th term of the sequence is 39.
10 Rational Equations 8x(x + 12) = 2x(2x + 4) 8x2 + 96x = 4x2 + 8x When solving rational equations (equations with algebraic fractions), combine fractions and set up a proportion. Remember: A common denominator is needed to add or subtract fractions.8x(x + 12) = 2x(2x + 4)8x2 + 96x = 4x2 + 8x4x2 + 88x = 04x(x + 11) = 04x = x + 11 = 0x = x = -11FOOFOOReject 0 because it makes the equation undefined.Solution: x = -11
11 Work Word ProblemsSuppose one painter can paint the entire house in twelve hours, and the second painter takes eight hours. How long would it take the two painters together to paint the house?Hours to Completethe JobJob Completedper Hour (rate)Combined Labor1st painter: 12 hours1st painter: per hourEquation:2nd painter: 8 hours2nd painter: per hourTogether: x hoursTogether: per hourTogether, the painters can complete the job in 4.8 hours (just under 5 hours).
12 Work Word ProblemsOne pipe can fill a pool 1.25 times faster than a second pipe. When both pipes are opened, they fill the pool in five hours. How long would it take to fill the pool if only the slower pipe is used?Hours to Completethe JobJob Completedper Hour (rate)Combined LaborPipe A: x hoursPipe A: per hourEquation:Pipe B: 1.25xPipe B: per hourTogether: 5 hoursTogether: per hourIt takes the fast pipe 9 hours. It takes the slow pipe hours (9 X 1.25). It would take 11 hours and 15 minutes to fill the pool if only the slow pipe is used.
13 Profit Word Problems Profit = Income – Expenses (P = I – E) Net Profit Revenue CostGross ProfitThe cost of operating Hannah’s Biscotti Company is $750 per week plus $0.05 to make each biscotti cookie.Write a function, C(b), to model the company’s weekly costs for producing b biscotti cookies.What is the total weekly cost in dollars if the company produces 5,000 biscotti cookies.Hannah’s company makes a gross profit of $0.40 for each biscotti cookie they sell. If they sold all 5000 biscotti cookies, would they make money or lose money?C(b) = bC(b) = (5000)= $ It costs the company $1000 to make 5000 cookiesGross Profit = 0.40(5000)= $2000$ earned before expenses are subtractedNet Profit = Income – Expenses= 2000 – 1000= 1000The company will earn $1000
14 Age Word ProblemsSue is 5 years older than Ann. In 6 years, Sue’s age will be 11 years less than twice Ann’s age then. How old is each person now?PersonAge NowAge In 6 YearsAnnxx + 6Suex + 5(x + 5) + 6 = x + 11Future Sue will be 11 years less than twice Future Annx = (x + 6) – 11x + 11 = 2(x + 6) – 11x + 11 = 2x + 12 – 11x + 11 = 2x + 111 = x + 110 = xRight now, Ann is 10 years old and Sue is 15 years old.Remember:It is helpful to organize information in a table prior to creating an equation.
15 Coin Word ProblemsJoe has $ He has 7 more dimes than nickels. How many of each does he have?CoinValueQuantityTotal ValueNickels.05x.05xDimes.107 + x.10(7 + x).05x + .10(7 + x) = or 5x + 10(7 + x) = 2505x x = 25015x + 70 = 25015x = 180x = 12Joe has 12 nickels and 19 dimes.Check: 12 nickels = 60 cents19 dimes = $1.90Total: $ $0.60 = $2.50Remember: (Value)(Quantity) = Total value of Coins$ per coin x how many = total $
16 Ratio Word ProblemsThe measures of two supplementary angles are in the ratio of 3:7. What is the measure of the larger angle?Let 3x = the measure of the smaller angleLet 7x = the measure of the larger anglesmaller angle = 54 degrees (3)(18)larger angle = 126 degrees (7)(18)Remember:Include an x in each part of the ratio.Ex: Donna wants to make 4lbs of trail mix made up of almonds, walnuts and raisins. She wants to mix one part almonds, two parts walnuts, and three parts raisins.Ratio 1:2:3Let x = the amount of almondsLet 2x = the amount of walnutsLet 3x = the amount of raisinsx + 2x + 3x = 43x + 7x = 18010x = 180x = 18The larger angle measures 126○
17 Consecutive Integer Word Problems Find two consecutive integers whose sum is -35.x: 1st consecutive integerx + 1: 2nd consecutive integer-18-17 ( )Remember:Consecutive integers count by 1’sEx: x, x+1, x+2, x+3….Consecutive odd or even integers count by 2’sEx: x, x+2, x+4, x+6…Negative integers doesn’t change anything
18 StatisticsQuantitative Data is numerical, meaning it can be counted or measured. Ex: height of a flagpole, weight of a backpack Categorical Data (Qualitative) is not numerical, meaning it can be observed. Ex: type of toppings on a pizza, favorite ice cream flavor Univariate refers to single variable data. Ex: the number of pets each student owns Bivariate refers to two variable data. Ex: a person’s shoe size compared to their height
19 Statistics A population is a group that you want information about. A sample is part of a population that is used to make estimates about the population.In a random sample, each member has an equal chance of being selected, and the sample is representative of the entire population.A biased sample favors one or more parts of the population over others.Ex:You want to conduct a survey to find out what type of music people listen to.Determine which of these scenarios is biased.You ask every fifth person leaving a Taylor Swift concert about the type of music they listen to.You ask every fifth person leaving the local mall about the type of music they listen to.BiasedUnbiased
20 Test Taking Tips1) Don't rush through the exam. You have 3 hours…use them!2) If you get stuck on a problem, move on and come back to it later.3) After completing the exam once, take a little mental break, then re-do ALL the problems in a different order.Part I (Multiple Choice):Eliminate choices that don't make senseIf you're not sure how to solve a problem, try testing each choice by substitutingWhen checking correct choices…make sure you understand why the other choices are incorrectPart II-IV (Open-Ended Response)Show all work! (a correct answer with no work only receives 1 point)Read each problem carefully. Read it a couple of times and underline key words and phrases.Always draw a picture or diagram if one is not provided.When asked to sketch a graph, always set up a table of values , plot points, and label.Rounding should never be done until the end of the problem.Make sure your answer makes sense and ask yourself, "Did I answer the question completely?"With all written explanations, make sure you are specific and use appropriate mathematical reasoning. Provide mathematical evidence for everything!How do you know when you are completely done with the exam?1) You have answered every problem at least twice.2) You have checked that all of your work for Parts II-IV is in ink (except for any graphs).3) You have made sure that every answer you wrote or bubbled (in ink) is correct.
21 Reminders Eat BREAKFAST! Testing is periods 2 – 5. Report to the Auditorium at 7:35 amNo pencil cases, only clear plastic zip-lock bags with graphing calculator, extra batteries, pens, pencils, eraser and a rulerAll cell phones, electronic devices and book bags in lockers (Absolutely no reading material allowed)Water bottles must be clear plastic (no label) and can only sit under the deskUpon the start of the exam, take time to write down any formulas or main ideas you may forget on the front or back of the reference sheet
22 THE REGENTS IS TUESDAY, JUNE 3rd END OF REGENTS REVIEWSTHE REGENTS IS TUESDAY, JUNE 3rdSTUDY! STUDY! STUDY!Now it’s your turn to review on your own!Review the study guides, practice sets, power points, mini-quizzes and green book. Everything is on the REGENTS REVIEW page on halgebra.org.