1. Exposition gives background information tells where the story takes place usually introduces the characters Example: Bob and Bo live in a small town near Austin during the 1950s. They grew up next door to one another and were once close friends.
introduction of the story problem or conflict may be later on in the book; not necessarily at the beginning of the story or novel… may be after rising action 2. Narrative Hook (inciting incident) Example: If someone is ALREADY angry, we, as readers, may find out why he/she first became angry later; even though other things at the beginning of the story add to the anger.
3. Rising Action a series of events or problems that lead the main characters to deal with a major conflict. There can be many rising actions in a short story or novel. reveals the problem(s) or conflict(s) of the story Example: As adults, Bob and Bo own the two auto repair shops in town and are now fierce rivals. Bob spreads a rumor that Bo is cheating his customers. In retaliation, Bo paints his shops name over Bobs new advertising signs.
4. Climax part of the story when the conflict is dealt with usually the most intense part of the plot the turning point of the story Example: Bob and Bo both happen to be at the local diner one night, and after hollering insults across the room, they have a fist-fight.
5. Falling Action explains the result(s) of the climax Example: Bob wins the fight, and Bo ends up in the hospital.
6. Resolution/Denouement shows how the problem or conflict is solved ties up all the loose ends of the story BE CAREFUL – some short stories do not have a resolution Example: Bob realizes that he never wanted to hurt his childhood friend, so he visits Bo at the hospital. He asks Bo for forgiveness, and their friendship is rekindled.
Typical Plot Map Exposition Narrative Hook Rising Action Climax Falling Action Resolution The plot map is a flow map with a modified shape. When creating a plot map, always use complete sentences in each box! There are often more than three rising action events in a story, especially in a novel!
SETTING Tells where and when a story takes place Usually revealed in the exposition Can have a huge impact on the story * Sets the mood - Charming old house vs. dark, mysterious mansion * In a novel that is historical fiction, the setting is a vital part of the story, affecting characters lives and major story events. - The story of a Holocaust survivor could NOT have taken place in Hawaii in the 1960s!