Presentation on theme: "Disclaimer: The views expressed are those of Paul Gipe and are not necessarily those of the sponsor. Disclosure: Paul Gipe has worked with ANZSES, APROMA,"— Presentation transcript:
Disclaimer: The views expressed are those of Paul Gipe and are not necessarily those of the sponsor. Disclosure: Paul Gipe has worked with ANZSES, APROMA, ASES, AusWEA, AWEA, BWEA, BWE, CanWEA, DGW, EECA, GEO, IREQ, KWEA, NASA, NREL, NZWEA, OSEA, USDOE, Aerovironment, the Folkecenter, the Izaak Walton League, Microsoft, PG&E, the Minnesota Project, NRG Systems, SeaWest, SEI/REIO, the Sierra Club, and Zond Systems, and written for magazines in the USA, Canada, France, Denmark, and Germany.
OOE Outline OSEA’s ARTs Campaign Wind Overview Community Wind Advanced Renewable Tariffs Impact on Farmers Philosophical Context Net Metering & Net Billing Market Mechanisms German Market Example Distributed Generation
OOE Outline The Tariffs Germany The Results Tariff Design Germany France Why Premium Prices How To Get There Sources of Information Wind Works
Coping with the Power Crisis By Increasing Renewables
40 m, 500 kW 80 m, 1.8 MW Kincardine, Ontario Northern Ireland
Wind is Flexible Scale Big or Small Projects Location Near or Far Time Short Lead Times Ownership Local or Absentee
Wind is Modular Quickly Installed When Needed As Needed Where Needed By Anyone Tehachapi, California
Local Wind Adds Resiliency to High Voltage System* Near Load Boosts HV System Small Projects Can be Sized to Load Less Losses Outages Small Easily Corrected *Amory & Hunter Lovins, Brittle Power, 1983. Port Albert, Ontario
Elements of Success in Europe Right Price for Fixed Period Right of Interconnection By-Right Permitted Rural Use
What Has Worked in Europe What Works Advanced Renewable Tariffs (ARTs) What Has Not Worked Direct Subsidies & Tax Credits Quota or Bidding Systems Proof is in the Market ARTs Markets = Many Players Quota Markets = Few Players
Bidding or Quota Markets Heavy Administrative Burden Stop-Start/Boom-Bust e.g. Quebec 100 MW, then 0 Little Diversity No Room for Community Projects No Room for Farmer-Owned Projects Longer Lead Times Lengthy EAs Few or No Manufacturers
Advanced Renewable Tariffs What Are They? Political Price, Not Political Quota Fixed Price/kWh for a Fixed Period How Do They Work? Simple & Comprehensible Little or No Administration Where? Germany, France, Spain, Austria, Netherlands, Portugal... Ontario?
Advanced Renewable Tariffs for Ontario Projects <10 MW 20 Year Fixed-Price Contract $0.10CAD/kWh Years 1-10: $0.10/kWh Years 10-20 High Productivity: $0.08CAD/kWh Low Productivity: $0.10CAD/kWh Streamlined Interconnection By-Right Permitted Use
Community Wind A Vision to Excite the Imagination 2,000 MW in 4 years? 4,000 MW in 6 years? 8,000 MW by 2012? 10% of Electrical Energy
How Wind Can Benefit Ontario Farmers Royalties Lowest Risk Developer Bears Financial Risk Lowest Rewards % of Gross Revenue Ownership Risk Born Directly Wind Risk, Technology Risk, Political Risk All Profit Owned by Farmer