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Transition Assessment for Students with Severe & Multiple Disabilities Jim Martin University of Oklahoma Zarrow Center Web:

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Presentation on theme: "Transition Assessment for Students with Severe & Multiple Disabilities Jim Martin University of Oklahoma Zarrow Center Web:"— Presentation transcript:

1 Transition Assessment for Students with Severe & Multiple Disabilities Jim Martin University of Oklahoma Zarrow Center Web:

2 2 Agenda Introductions Part I Descriptions Recognizing abilities and expectations What is a Satisfying Life? Part II - Three-Part Transition Assessment Process Independent Living Assessments & the IEP Career Interests/Skills & the IEP Self-Determination Assessments & the IEP Part III - Pulling It All Together ASK QUESTIONS ALONG THE WAY!

3 Web Links Handout lists all the web sites used today Easy to read

4 Description of Students with Severe and Multiple Disabilities Demonstrate diverse skills, strengths, limits, and support needs Multiple system impairments that impact the student, family, community participation, and severity of associated health conditions Two or more simultaneously occurring impairments Supports are usually pervasive and extensive in order to achieve community living, employment, and self-sufficiency.

5 Description - continued Severity Continuum Severity Supports Communication issues - frequently Self-care issues – almost always Intellectual issues – often, but not always Multiple systems - always Mild Moderate SevereProfound

6 Description - continued Everyone you meet today has a diagnosis of severe and multiple developmental disabilities (and some have profound impairments); Some can more readily communicate their thoughts, desires, needs; and They give voice to those that cannot speak for themselves or are not with us today.

7 Recognizing Ability Unrecognized potential and ability in public school can result in wasted time, and delayed or NO access to postsecondary dreams and goals… Meet Sherri and Tolby. See their impairments and needs; LOOK for their abilities. Sherri post-high school and Tolby is still in high school. Different outcomes??? Sherri Tolby – 18 years old

8 Abilities and Expectations What did you see in Tolby? What did you see in Sherri? Expectations for Tolby? Expectations for Sherri? Expectations for YOUR student…today

9 9 The Purpose of SPED... a free appropriate public education that emphasizes special education and related services designed to meet students unique needs and to prepare them for further education, employment, and independent living IDEA Changed Secondary SPED

10 IDEA 2004 Post-Secondary Goals IEPs must include appropriate measurable postsecondary goals based upon age- appropriate transition assessments related to training, education, employment, and when appropriate, independent living

11 Student Transition Questions Postschool Goal Questions Where do I want to live Where do I want to work? Where do I want to learn? Annual Transition Goal Question What do I need to learn now to live where I want? What do I need to learn now to do the career I want? What do I need to learn now to be able to learn where I want? Greene, G., & Kochhar-Bryant, C. A. (2003). Pathways to successful transition for youth with disabilities. New Jersey: Merrill Prentice Hall.

12 12 Transition Assessment Results help Answer Students Questions Present Levels of Academic Achievement and Functional Educational Performance Current assessment data Transition strengths and needs Address with transition goals Transition Assessment Results Name of assessment, date given, and results Used to develop postsecondary goals and transition goals

13 What is a satisfying life for you? W HAT IS A SATISFYING LIFE FOR PEOPLE WITH DISABILITIES ?

14 A Satisfying Life is… Home, career, social life, community lifestyle, spiritual well being (Romer, Frantangelo, & Fanjoy, 2009) Personal Fulfillment? Right mix of opportunities and support to nourish the presence and contribution of a human being (Kendrick, 2009) Outcome of high quality supports A life that is uniquely ones own! (Simpson, 2009)

15 Satisfying Participation in Life includes… realizing societal roles, with or without support, in a meaningful and satisfying way Work participation and being satisfied with life is broader than just job satisfaction… ( Van Campen & Cardol, 2007) Four years after high school, youth with multiple disabilities were least engaged in their communities (NLTS-2)

16 Tolbys satisfying life… Healthy Be with his family Communicate whats going on in his head with others Consistent care Operable equipment

17 Whats a satisfying life for Sherri? Sherris satisfying life Sherris satisfying life Joshs satisfying life Joshs satisfying life

18 Laurens Satisfying Life…

19 Guiding Questions for Secondary Transition Planning for Youth with Significant Disabilities 1. Can the young adult express interests? If no, get information from parents and caregivers to develop transition plan. 2. What are special health care needs? 3. What are needs/challenges preventing the young adult from working outside the home?

20 Guiding Questions for Secondary Transition Planning for Youth with Significant Disabilities 4. Who can provide education/training to assist the young adult? 5. What can the young adult accomplish without assistance? 6. What else could the young adult accomplish if assistance were provided by a job coach, habilitation training specialist (HTS), or other caregiver?

21 \Sample Scenarios and Postsecondary Goals Tolby Tolby has DD, CP, multiple disabilities, no fine motor skills, dependent on others for mobility in and out of his manual wheelchair; requires full-time assistance for all daily personal needs. He is non-verbal; it is difficult understanding what he needs, wants and knows. Tolby enjoys interacting with children, especially his cousins. Tolbys mom wants him to be able to communicate things to her…whats going on in his head, safety, etc. She wants him to remain healthy, and she wants to care for him, with help.

22 Tolbys Postsecondary Goals Tolby will live at home with his mother, and with the support of a job coach, will volunteer at a local childcare facility where play music during dance and nap times.

23 Sample Scenarios and Postsecondary Goals Clarification Tolbys Case Although Tolby may not earn an hourly wage for his job work experience at a childcare facility, he is still accomplishing something he set out to do in terms of employment. Although Tolby requires assistance and support with everything, staying healthy and helping at home with his cousins and nieces/nephews contributes to achieving his adult living goal, and it engages his employment goal.

24 NSTTAC can help! National Secondary Transition Technical Assistance Center (NSTTAC) has good and not so good examples of postsecondary goals. Go to: x

25 OKs Sample Scenarios and Postsecondary Goals Scenario 2 - John John D. is a 21-year-old who has a severe intellectual disability, is blind, and exhibits self-stimulatory behavior. John loves balloons and the squeaking sounds they make when they are inflated and touched, or rubbed. Due to Johns significant health care needs, he lives with his parents and has a part-time assistant who comes to his home to help with daily personal needs. John likes traveling in a vehicle. He wants to earn his own money so he does not have to rely so heavily on his parents. Johns expressive verbal skills are low, so it is difficult to get information from John. Discussions with his parents revealed Johns love of balloons, car travel, and desire to earn money.

26 OKs Sample Scenarios and Postsecondary Goals Scenario 2 – Johns Real Postsecondary Goals Education/Training: John will participate in on-the-job training at flower shops or Party Galaxy to learn how to properly inflate balloons. Employment: With the help of a job coach, John will develop and operate a home-based balloon business. Independent/Adult Living: While living at home with his parents, John will maintain a checkbook and pay for his purchases with the assistance of his parent(s) or assistant.

27 Three-Part Transition Assessment Model

28 28 Transition Assessment Model Components 1. Independent Living Assessment 2. Vocational Interest and Skills Assessment 3. Self-Determination Assessment Use information gathered from multiple sources and settings!

29 29 Independent Living Assessments Part 1 of the 3-Part Transition Assessment Model This is the area that oftentimes impacts so many other postsecondary pursuits for students with severe and multiple disabilities.

30 30 Our Belief The law states that an independent living goal be addressed when appropriate. We believe that to determine if an independent living goal needs to be written, an adaptive behavior assessment needs to be given. This provides evidence of needing an independent living goal or not. How else would a team determine if an independent living goal is needed?

31 31 Independent Living Assessments – Well Focus on Four Personal Preference Indicators (PPI) Postsecondary applications of PPI Enderle-Severson Transition Rating Form Great tool for students with significant support needs Life Skills Inventory Informal and free 67.pdf 67.pdf Casey Life Skills

32 Personal Preference Indicators Interview format Family members, friends, professionals who know student well Designed for students with significant support needs Likes, dislikes, social indicators, choices Health, body clock, future Cost: free Use the results in PLEP

33 33 Enderle-Severson Transition Rating Form ESTR-J Students with mild disabilities Parent (available in Spanish) and Teacher version Five Transition areas ESTR-III Students with more disabilities Parent and Teacher version Five Transition areas ESTR-S Students with severe/multiple impairments Parent and Teacher (on-line only) versions Employment, Rec/leisure, home living, community participation, and adult life (each costs $2.00)

34 ESTR-S Automatic Scoring Sample Report From Estr-S Sample Report

35 Life Skills Inventory 15 domains (money, hygiene, safety, etc) Four levels: basic, intermediate, advanced, exceptional Must know 3 of 5 to advance from basic to intermediate Must know the person or have family member complete Cost: free Available at:

36 36 Casey Life Skills Web based Spanish, French or English, with numerous supplemental assessments Youth and caregiver formats Automatically scored and sent to you Provides different levels of questions for students across functioning levels Level 1 basic skills Level 4 complex skills Caution: It over-estimates skills for students with the most disabilities Cost: free Available at:

37 37

38 Tolbys Assessment Results

39 39 Career Interest and Skill Assessment Part 2 of the 3-Part Transition Assessment Process

40 40

41 Belief Work benefits individuals emotionally and socially Enables individuals to contribute to society and to their own well being Can be done without fear of losing social security or other benefits Adds meaning to life

42 Employment Options Individual Competitive Employment Individual Supported Employment Group Supported Employment At Home or Community-Based Entrepreneurial Jobs

43 43 Most Effective Method for Many Students with Severe and Multiple Disabilities Functional Vocational Assessment

44 44 What does the law say?... and when appropriate... functional vocational evaluation. When to consider whats appropriate? When paper-pencil or computer-based interest inventories simply do not work What is it? Tools that students use to make a job match.

45 45 Functional Assessment Process Over time Repeated Measures Situational Assessment Apply what you already know – Information from other Assessments…Personal Preference Indicators and postsecondary Applications.

46 46 Discrepancy Problems Logical choice making occurs when chosen preferences match available jobs. Discrepancy problems occur when Chosen job, task, and characteristics do not match specific jobs Discrepancy problems diminish when job site characteristics match preferences Task is to provide ample opportunities for students to determine matches and non- matches.

47 Personal Preference Indicators Use Supplemental Preference Form Interview format Family members, friends, professionals who know student well Likes, dislikes, social indicators, choices Health, body clock, future Cost: free Use the results in PLEP

48 48 Choose and Take Action Vocational Assessment Software Use of a software program and community experiences to identify entry-level job interests

49 49 Target Population Secondary students and adults with moderate to significant cognitive needs who: Have difficulty getting information from print Can attend to a computer screen Can follow simple 1 or 2 step directions Have limited to no previous work experience

50 50 CTA Constructs Vocational Choice Making Characteristics Setting Activities (jobs) Planning Community Experience Watch Do Self-Evaluation Choose Again with Adjustment

51 51 14 entry-level vocational settings found in most communities 15 job activities repeated across two settings Care for animals in a vets office Care for animals in a retail store 12 characteristics repeated across two or three activities Working in a factory where it is inside and noisy CTA Choice Factors

52 52 CTA Features A navigator to give instructions and guide user through the program Restricted mouse movements Highlight critical features as navigator says them Record made of all choices Input options may include user installed touch screen

53 Format designed so teachers can add comments on student performance Teacher can set number of video clips student can see in one trial Pair of video clips presented together Minimum teacher control over available video choices

54 54 SettingsActivitiesCharacteristics Car repair shopBag items/bring cartsBig open space Child care centerCare for animalsSmall space Construction siteCare for peopleClean FactoryCare for plantsMessy GreenhouseClean-upFew people Grocery storeClear tablesMany people HospitalFilingInside HotelHandle materialsOutside Janitorial serviceHeavy cleaningNoisy Landscape CompanyLaundryQuiet OfficeMove thingsWear own clothes RestaurantDo paperworkWear a uniform StoreStock shelves Vet OfficeWash dishes Yard work

55 55

56 56

57 57

58 58

59 59 Publisher Choose and Take Action: Finding a Job for You Sopris West 4093 Specialty Place Longmont, CO

60 Job Characteristics I Like Teach Job Characteristics Introduces Match Concept between What I like Whats at their job Computes % of Matches

61 Key: Determine Match Between What I Like and Whats At Their Site

62 62 Each time student chooses a characteristic one more cell on the graph is marked

63 63 Characteristics I Like vs Here Compares initial preferences to those experienced at a particular job site.

64 Job Duties I Like Identifies job duties Based upon current job or work experience Assess preferences for job duties Calculate % of Job Duties I Like

65 What Do I Like?


67 67 Job Duties - How I Did Job duties identified and written onto form Student evaluates speed, independent performance, and accuracy Supervisor evaluates speed, independent performance, and accuracy Match made between student and supervisor

68 68 Uses self-evaluation methodology to teach job performance skills and to assess job duty skills

69 Work, Social, & Personal Skills Student rates performance Supervisor or teacher rate performance Calculates what supervisor thinks Calculates match between worker and supervisor

70 70 Personal Improvement Contract

71 Self-Determination Contracts to solve on-the job problems

72 72 My Employment Plan

73 Build Forms Few vocational illustrations exists Cut and paste the SDSE illustrations to make forms Go to: Use these with Pages or In-Design page layout program to build own forms electronically

74 Choosing Goals Quick means for students to develop goals

75 Zekes Example

76 76 Illustrations Take From Self-Directed Employment Paul Brookes Publishing Baltimore Download free illustrations Can use words or illustrations Can do the same with digital pictures from your own camera

77 77 Vocational Interests via Career Exploration - For Those Who Can Read Choosing Employment Goals Sopris West Publishers ( Requires reading and writing skills

78 78 Career Awareness & Exploration via Video Video by Job Clusters Video Provides numerous videos for students to watch English or Spanish Job cluster and skill categories Horse Training Coast Guard Assistant Construction Workers

79 79 Reading Free Interest Inventory Published by Pro Ed Price: $110

80 80

81 81

82 82

83 83 COPS-PIC Non-Verbal Assessment of Occupational Interest EDITS / P.O. Box 7234 / San Diego, CA / / Fax copies for $50.90

84 84 Self-Determination & Self-Advocacy Assessments Part 3 of the 3-Part Transition Assessment Model

85 85 Self-Determination Constructs Self-awareness Self-advocacy Self-efficacy Decision-making Use of self-management strategies to attain plan Self-evaluation Adjustment

86 86 Why SD Assessment? Improved postsecondary outcomes Goal setting during early adolescence Awareness of disability Goal attainment Improved academic performance Limited studies so far

87 Guide to Assessing College Readiness Landmark College Parent Assessment Read each item with student and discuss Provides Assessment for Self-Advocacy to include in annual transition goals Five Domains Academic Skills Self-Understanding Self-Advocacy Executive Functioning Motivation and Confidence

88 88 AIR Self-Determination Assessment Parent Version Teacher Version Student Version Available at Cost: free

89 89

90 Example Present Level of Achievement Using the AIR Self Determination Assessment Current Assessment Data Bill obtained a 48% on the AIR Educator Self- Determination Assessment given on Objective Statement Bill has about half of the overall SD skills and opportunities needed to master these skills. He needs increased school and home opportunities to develop and master additional SD skills for success in welding school. Strengths Knows own ability and limitation and can express these Set goals Change plan to accomplish goals Anticipated Effects When provided the opportunity to set and express goals at his next IEP meeting, Bill can engage in this activity. Needs Opportunities at school and home to learn and practice additional SD skills

91 Annual Transition Goal: Education/Training Goal Bill will increase his overall self-determination score from 48% to 75% as measured on the AIR self-determination assessment. Objective/Benchmark To demonstrate leadership at IEP meetings, Bill will increase his scores on the Expressing Goals section of the ChoiceMaker Self-Determination Assessment from 20% to 90%. Bill will develop and implement a weekly goal attainment plan to attain two or more IEP goals by successfully completing 90% or more of the Take Action Goal Attainment process.

92 Annual Education/Training Coordinated Activities Coordinated Activities Bill will share his weekly goal attainment plan with his family. Bill will build his SOP with his family to share at the IEP meeting. Responsible Parties Bill and special education teacher Bill and parents

93 Self-Advocacy Checklists Self-Advocacy crucial self-determination concept Students speak and act on their own behalf Several Self-Advocacy Checklist exits Self-Determination and Self-Advocacy Skills Questionnaire Student form Parent form Teacher forms (A & B)

94 94 ARC Self-Determination Assessment Student version Must use the manual to score Cost: free Available at

95 95 Collaborative Effort Creative Thinking Produces Job Matches

96 96

97 97 Jim Martin, Ph.D. University of Oklahoma Zarrow Center for Learning Enrichment 338 Cate Center Drive, Room 190 Norman, OK Phone: Web: For More Information Contact

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