2 Disorders Usually First Diagnosed in Infancy, Childhood, or Adolescence Mental Retardation; Learning DisordersCommunication DisordersAutistic Spectrum DisordersAttention-Deficit and Disruptive Behavior DisordersFeeding and Eating Disorders of Infancy or Early ChildhoodTic DisordersOther Disorders of Infancy, Childhood, or Adolescence: Selective Mutism | Separation Anxiety Disorder | Reactive Attachment Disorder of Infancy or Early Childhood | Stereotypic Movement Disorder
3 Mental RetardationMild Mental Retardation: IQ level to approximately 70Moderate Mental Retardation: IQ level to 50-55 Severe Mental Retardation: IQ level to 35-40 Profound Mental Retardation: IQ level below 20 or 25
4 Pervasive Developmental Disorders (PDD) Severe impairment pervades broad areas of social and psychological development in childrenAsperger's Disorder | Autistic Disorder | Childhood Disintegrative Disorder | Rett's Disorder
5 Autistic DisorderAutistic disorder (also called autism) is a neurological and developmental disorder that usually appears during the first three years of life. A child with autism appears to live in his/her own world, showing little interest in others, and a lack of social awareness. The focus of an autistic child is a consistent routine and includes an interest in repeating odd and peculiar behaviors. Autistic children often have problems in communication, avoid eye contact, and show limited attachment to others.The evidence is NOT that it is caused by vaccinations.
6 Asperger's Disorder (AD) Asperger's (or AS) is one of several autism spectrum disorders (ASD) characterized by difficulties in social interaction and by restricted, stereotyped interests and activities. AS is distinguished from the other ASDs in having no general delay in language or cognitive development. Although not mentioned in standard diagnostic criteria, motor clumsiness and atypical use of language are frequently reported.
7 Childhood Disintegrative Disorder Children appear to develop normally for the first two years of life, but then lose skills in areas such as language, play, and bowel control and manifest impaired social interaction and communication associated with "restrictive, repetitive, stereotyped" behaviors.
8 Rett's DisorderChildren with Rett’s Disorder appear to develop normally at first, but their head growth slows, they lose social "engagement" and hand skills, and they develop stereotyped movements of the hands and poorly coordinated gait or trunk movements. There is also psychomotor retardation and impairment of language development.
11 Conduct Disorder Aggression to People & Animals Destruction of PropertyDeceitfulness or theft Serious violations of rules
12 Oppositional Defiant Disorder This diagnosis involves a pattern of defiant, angry, antagonistic, hostile, irritable, or vindictive behavior. These children may blame others for their problems.
13 Delirium, Dementia, and Amnestic and Other Cognitive Disorders
14 DeliriumAlthough classified as a mental disorder because it involves fluctuating level of consciousness and pervasive impairment in mental, behavioral, and emotional functioning, this brain state, which is usually of acute onset and temporary duration, is probably always caused by physical disease, head trauma, or drug effect.
15 Dementia of the Alzheimer's Type Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a slowly progressive disease of the brain that is characterized by impairment of memory and eventually by disturbances in reasoning, planning, language, and perception.
16 Dementia Due to Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) is a rare, degenerative brain disorder. Symptoms usually start around age 60. Memory problems, behavior changes, vision problems and poor muscle coordination progress quickly to dementia, coma and death. Most patients die within a year.The three main categories of CJD aresporadic CJD, which occurs for no known reasonhereditary CJD, which runs in familiesacquired CJD, which occurs from contact with infected tissue, usually during a medical procedureCattle can get a disease related to CJD called bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) or "mad cow disease." It is possible that people can get a variant of CJD from eating beef from an infected animal.
17 Vascular DementiaVascular dementia is the second most common form of dementia after Alzheimer disease (AD). The condition is not a single disease; it is a group of syndromes relating to different vascular mechanisms. Vascular dementia is preventable; therefore, early detection and an accurate diagnosis are important. A common type is multi-infarct dementia
22 Intersections of Mental Illness and the Law Not Guilty by Reason of Insanity John Hinckley, Jr.; Andrea YatesCompetence to Stand TrialInvoluntary Hospitalization (Civil Commitment) Starts with Mental Inquest Warrant Kentucky LawJuvenile Court – Disposition of DelinquentsCivil Court Proceedings (Divorce & Custody)
23 Symptoms of Depression Depressed Mood (Beyond Sadness)Loss of Interest and Pleasure in Usually Enjoyed ActivitiesTearfulnessSuicidal Ideation (Thoughts, Impulses, Actions)Weight Changes; Eating ChangesSleep ChangesPsychomotor Retardation or AgitationLoss of LibidoFatigueFeelings of Guilt, Worthlessness, PessimismDifficulty Concentrating; “Brain Fog”
24 Mood Disorders Dysthymic Disorder Major Depression Pseudodementia Bipolar DisorderDifference between hypomania and maniaPostpartum DepressionSeasonal Affective Disorder
25 Psychosomatic Disorder A disorder in which there is a real physical illness that is largely caused by psychological factors such as stress and anxiety. Somatoform Disorders Disorders in which there is an apparent physical illness for which there is no organic basis Somatization Disorder A somatoform disorder characterized by recurrent vague somatic complaints without a physical cause.
26 Somatoform Disorders These mental disorders share the appearance of a general medical condition as suggested by one or more physical symptoms.Body Dysmorphic DisorderConversion DisorderHypochondriasisPain Disorder
27 Anxiety Disorders Agoraphobia Without History of Panic Disorder Anxiety Disorder Due to General Medical ConditionGeneralized Anxiety DisorderObsessive-Compulsive DisorderPanic Disorder with AgoraphobiaPanic Disorder without AgoraphobiaPosttraumatic Stress DisorderSpecific PhobiaSocial PhobiaSubstance-Induced Anxiety Disorder
28 Factitious Disorder Patient's with this mental disorder are so eager to assume the role of a sick person that they intentionally feign or produce symptomsMalingeringMunchausen’s SyndromeMunchausen’s by Proxy
29 Dissociative Disorders Patients with these mental disorders suffer disruption of memory, consciousness, identity, and general perception of themselves and their surroundings.Dissociative AmnesiaDissociative FugueDepersonalization DisorderDissociative Identity Disorder
30 Sexual Disorders Sexual Desire Disorders: Hypoactive ; Aversion Sexual Arousal Disorders: Female Sexual Arousal Disorder ; Male Erectile DisorderOrgasmic Disorders: Female ; Male ; Premature EjaculationSexual Pain Disorders: Dyspareunia ; VaginismusSexual Dysfunction Due to a General Medical Condition: Female Dyspareunia ; Female Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder ; Male Erectile Disorder ; Male Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder ; Male Dyspareunia ; Substance-Induced Sexual DysfunctionParaphilias: Exhibitionism ; Fetishism ; Frotteurism ; Pedophilia ; Masochism ; Sadism ; Transvestic Fetishism ; VoyeurismGender Identity Disorder