Purpose / Audience Page This page is intended to help the average Joe know what to do in emergency situations until the professional medical help arrives. The focus will be on information college students can use in routine settings (parties, road trips, sports events, etc…). Further research and study is not only presented, but encouraged.
Terms and Definitions (Presentation Specific) EMT – Emergency Medical Technician: This is a licensed, trained practitioner of medical protocol; these men and women begin life saving procedures, respond to the scene, and transport victims to the hospital; they can be EMT-B, I, M or D [Basic, Intermediate, Medic or Defribulators, respectively]; these people know what theyre doing, let them handle the situation ASAP ALS / BLS – Advanced/Basic Life Support: Levels of training and diplomas CPR – Cardio Pulmonary Resuscitation: Process taken when victim is not breathing or responding to stimuli
Terms and Definitions (Continued) DNR – Do Not Resuscitate BP – Blood Pressure TKO – To Keep Open AVPU – Alert and/or Conscious / Responsive: Verbal Stimuli / Responsive: Painful Stimuli / Unresponsive [AKA Secondary Survey] BSA – Burn Surface Area IV – IntraVenous: through the vein IM – IntraMuscular (pertaining to injections) IVP – IV Push: injecting medication rapidly into a vein to hit the blood system all at once LOC – Loss Of Consciousness EMS – Emergency Medical Service(s)
Terms and Definitions (Devices) Defribulators [AKA Paddles] – Devices used to send sudden electric jolts through a non-responding body BVM – Bag-Valve Mask / Resuscitator: A handheld squeeze bag, attached to a face mask, used to assist in providing artificial ventilation of the lungs IV – Intravenous: fluids and other outside nutrients and drugs are supplied through needles that allow the fluids to go into your bloodstream
Assume the Role (Situational Demands) Emergency! Get in this mind frame: You are in charge unless otherwise noted! Seconds are precious! Dont waste any time! Have a plan! Prioritize! Send for additional help regardless of circumstance! You should get professionals on the scene as early as possible!
Assume the Role (Continued) Emergency! Plan and Prioritize: First and foremost: Survey! Assess situation. Determine reliable resources (friends may bail) Know your limits, go to the limit and be ready to do so! Send for additional help regardless of circumstance! You should get professionals on the scene as early as possible! (seem familiar?)
Assume the Role (Continued) Survey: ABCs: Airway (cervical control as well), Breathing, Circulation AVPU: Alert, Visual, Painful, Unresponsive Area: Hazards, dangers and safe spots Victim(s): History, allergies, pain level, recent activity, order of victims
Assume the Role (Continued) According to a quote from General Hospital, you are now the closest thing to God. Whether religious or ethical or humane, what are you going to do? The important thing is that you do something, from comfort with a damp cloth to calling for help to performing CPR. Do what you can when you can do it. Facilitate the process or be part of the life saving procedure. Regardless, by accepting any position, you are taking the first step to helping someone, but you should first take a look at this task list:
Performance Requirements Are you…? Physically able to perform the tasks you set out to do? Mentally and emotionally able to do the tasks set before you? The most qualified person willing to work? Ready?
Situation Flexibility Just understand that any time could potentially require your medical services … …at a party, John took a hit of something and starting spazzing out… …we were crossing the street and turned the corner and there was this dude just sprawled out there… …at the intersection, I made a right hand turn and this guy took too sharp of a left… …on Marks boat, Dwayne was messing around the edge when a real strong wind came out of nowhere and knocked him overboard… …the TV fell down the stairs when Axel was bringing it up… …I left Tyler in the tub for a minute and when I got back the room was steaming… …the band wasnt supposed to bring in pyrotechnics but did anyway… …
Overview so Far 1. You know a few more terms 2. You know what to survey a scene for 3. You know how to survey a victim 4. You know what it takes to perform the actions needed 5. You know Daniel Massa III gives great PowerPoint Presentations 6. You know an emergency can be born of any normal circumstance 7. You know further research is recommended Now all you need to know a few basic Life Saving Procedures
DO! Youve surveyed…now what? Is he or she responding to anything? Visual or Painful stimuli not getting across? No breathing or pulse? Call for help, remove victim from dangerous settings and perform CPR. Ah, he or shes breathing, but still not responding to stimuli! Try the Heimlich Maneuver to see if its because something is lodged in the throat. What about Spazzing out from too much substance (liquid or solid)? Or burns? Or a limb hanging on by a thread? You know that a situation can come from anywhere, but the possibilities and outcomes are almost infinite.
DO! (Continued) Be calm…this adds to your credibility, makes others calm and lets you think clearly. Dont forget to call a professional. If you use common sense, you should be able to diffuse most situations. Bleeding? Control bleeding with elevation and pressure. Not breathing? Remove obstacles or give them your own air (CPR). The trick is to realize that certain things have to be done for successful treatment. First is the survey…this can point out something important that could be overlooked easily. This can point out the source and lead you to realize what happened. Second is contact professional help if needed. A scrape is no reason, but even if its a small problem and you just dont know what to do, ask! Get as much information as possible and ask…this information could be quickly recapped as the five Ws and possibly How. Poisoned? Snakebite? What kind of snake? Limb hanging off? Where is the limb? When asking for help, accept that they need this information to assist you and remain calm and patient with them. Lastly…Do! Do what you can when you can, and if you can, do more.
DO! (Continued) Once youve done what you can do, either it ended in the hands of professionals or maybe it was enough on your own to resuscitate and revive the person, youll feel much better about yourself and theyll think more highly of you. Brag if you want, but no reward is better than the thank you to follow your service. To better ones life is to better the world. - Alan Shawn Feinstein
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