Presentation on theme: "User Interfaces Interface IS the system UI an important determinant of success of MSS –Execution time –System versatility –Learning time for users, end."— Presentation transcript:
User Interfaces Interface IS the system UI an important determinant of success of MSS –Execution time –System versatility –Learning time for users, end users with differing competency –Ease of recall, concentration level required of end users, fatigue, information overload –End-user errors Subset of Human Computer Interaction People, computer technology, and the ways they interact
User Interface Design Components Action Language Display/presentation language Knowledge Dialog Modes of communication metaphor mental model navigation of model look
Action language Format of input used by decision makers –way decision makers request info., invoke models, perform sensitivity analysis, request mail, etc. menu format question answer format command language format input/output structured format free-form natural language
Menus Display lists of alternatives for DM to select inexperienced users, users who use DSS infrequently not the optimal action language for experienced users - sequence of keystrokes/menu-choices understandability of menus –naming according to DM language –logical listing of options (alphabetical, numeric, frequency of use, pre-selected most common choice) –grouping commands and objects –menus nested in logical sequence
Independent command and object menus Combined command and object
Example: Court DSS To enable judge to see entire perspective of a case –infractions that a defendant may have been involved in –prior criminal history –specific complaint in question –defendant’s socio-economic, health data drugs used, treatment, with whom the defendant lives, where, how long –court appearance history, non-attendance, why –judge’s comments –etc.
Display/Presentation: representations Metri-glyphs –smiling face: sales target met –larger smiley: larger sales –smile represents profit level, eyes represent dividend level –closed eye: no dividend, size of eye: size of dividend !!!! Map with colors depicting different sales levels graphs, actual numbers animation, video simulation of bank with number of clerks, types of services handled by each clerk, number of queues, - impact of factors on queue length
Graphs and bias 5000 vs 3000 (std. deviation: 2000?) Scaling of graphs –Sales (0-200), Sales(0-1000)
Mode of communication Mental models –desktop for organizing office work –operating room tasks? –Understanding how users think about their work Metaphors –substitution of symbols for information or procedures –should convey intended meaning accurately, intuitively
Mode of communication Navigation –movement among the data and functions –quick access, easy understanding Look and feel –corporate culture, individual preferences –cultural factors significance of colors, size of images in video-conferencing, linear vs. alternate menu formats, etc.