Presentation on theme: "Understanding myself and others using the Myers Briggs Type Indicator"— Presentation transcript:
1 Understanding myself and others using the Myers Briggs Type Indicator Presenter:Terena Solomons B.A Grad Dip Lib ScCertified administrator of MBTI
2 Today’s Agenda... Aims and Objectives History of the Myers Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI)Theory of the 4 scales of the MBTISelf Estimate of what personality type you areInteractive fun 'splitting exercises'Teaching & Learning styles of personality typesPersonality Types and Librarianship
3 Aims and ObjectivesAt the end of this personal development session you will…Have an understanding of what the Myers Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) is and how it can assist us in gaining a greater understanding of ourselves and othersDiscover that people communicate and make decisions about things in different waysUnderstand how our personality type preferences can influence our learning styles, career choices and what inspires us.
4 So what is the MBTI anyway? The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator is a tool or framework for understanding our own Personality Type and that of others.It's a self-report questionnaire - it's an indicator not a test so there are no right or wrong answersLooks at normal behaviourIt identifies preferences rather than competencies, abilities or skillsNo Personality Type is better or worse - each has its own giftsUsed for team building, career guidance, leadership and management.
5 History of the MBTIWas developed by Katherine C Briggs and her daughter Isabel MyersStarted in 1920’s and after a rigorous research, validity and reliability testing it was published in 1975Translated into 16 languages and taken by over 2 million people per yearis based on the work of Swiss psychologist Carl Jung who described personality type preferences.
6 Sign your name a piece of paper… Now change hands and sign your name! Signature ExerciseSign your name a piece of paper…Now change hands and sign your name!
7 The 4 scales of the MBTI How we channel Energy Extraversion IntroversionHow we take in InformationSensing IntuitionHow we make decisionsThinking FeelingOur lifestyle (orientation to external world)Judging Perceiving
8 Extraversion and Introversion E - IRefers to the direction we focus our attention and energy
9 People who prefer Extraversion… Focus their energy and attention outwardlyAre interested in the world of people and thingsReceive energy from interacting with people and from taking actionPeople who prefer Introversion…Focus their energy and attention inwardlyAre interested in the world of thoughts and reflectionsReceive energy from within themselvesWe all live in both worlds (use both preferences) but not equally well or easily
10 E People who prefer Extraversion... Are aware of who and what is around themAre energised by interacting with peopleEnjoy meeting and talking with new peopleAre friendly, verbally skilled and easy to get to knowSpeak out easily and often at meetings
11 I People who prefer Introversion... Are energised from time-out and reflectionHave to make an effort to meet new peopleHold back at meetings and often have trouble getting involvedAre often quiet, reserved and hard to get to know
12 People who prefer Extraversion... (Continued) Are bored and restless if they’re alone too longDo their thinking as they speakPrefer to communicate by talkingWork out ideas by talking them throughTell you all about themselves very rapidlyHave broad interestsReadily take initiative in work & relationshipsCan seem shallow and intruding to Introverts
13 People who prefer Introversion... (Continued) Become drained and tired with people (particularly strangers)Need time to gather their thoughts before speakingPrefer to communicate in writingWork out ideas by reflecting on themAre often difficult to get to knowFocus in depth on their interestsTake initiative when the situation or issue is very important to themCan seem withdrawn and secretive to Extraverts
14 Some Key Words associated with... Extraversion EActionBreadthExpressiveInteractionMultiple relationshipsDo-think-doIntroversion IReflectionDepthQuietConcentrationDeep friendshipsThink-Do-Think
15 We all do Extraverted and Introverted things… However we do not do them equally well… Each of us has a Preference for one over the other..
16 Given the choice which do you prefer Given the choice which do you prefer? Extraversion or Introversion How clear are you about your preference? E ? I Clear Moderate Slight Slight Moderate Clear
18 People who prefer Sensing… Prefer to take in information using their 5 senses - sight, sound, feel, smell and tasteDetail’s peopleS’s can see the trees but not the forestPeople who preferiNtuition…Go beyond what is real or concrete and focus on meanings, associations and relationshipsBig Picture peopleN’s can see the forest but not the treesWe all use both preferences in taking in Information but not equally well or as easily
19 S People who prefer Sensing... Oriented to present realitiesAre practical and realisticStart at the beginning and take 1 step at a timeAre specific and literal when thinking, writing and listeningLive in the present, dealing with the here and nowTrust experiencePrefer reality to fantasy
20 N People who prefer iNtuition... Oriented to future possibilitiesAre imaginative and inventiveStart anywhere and leap over basic stepsSpeak and write in general, abstract termsFocus on the future, imagining what could beTrust inspirationPrefer fantasy to reality
21 People who prefer Sensing... (Continued) Like to work with the parts to see the overall designLike set procedures, established routines and historical precedents to guide themObserve and remember specificsWork thoroughly step by step towards conclusionsUnderstand ideas and theories through practical applicationsCan seem materialistic and too literal to N’s
22 People who prefer iNtuition... (Continued) Study the overall design to see how the parts fitThrive on change, new ideas and varietyPrefer imaginative new solutions to problems, often becoming impatient with detailsMove quickly to conclusions, follow hunchesCan seem impractical dreamers to S’s
29 People who preferFeeling…Make their decisions based on a person-centred, value-based processMentally placed themselves into the situation to identify with everyone so as to make decisionsPeople who prefer Thinking…Make their decisions based on impersonal, objective logicMentally remove themselves from a situation to examine pros and consBoth processes are based on reason. We use both of them, but not equally well or easily
30 T People who prefer Thinking... Decide things using logicFocus on the facts and principlesDon’t take their emotions or those of others into accountAre good at analysing a situationConcentrate on people’s thoughts not feelings
31 F People who prefer Feeling... Decide things using their own personal valuesFocus on the personal values of people and organisationsDon’t like focussing on impersonal principlesAre good at understanding people and their viewpointsConcentrate on people’s feelings not thoughts
32 People who prefer Thinking... (Continued) Take a long term view, seeing things as an on-lookerAre good at spotting flaws and inconsistencies and stating them bluntlyValue and trust logic when making decisionsFair - want everyone treated equallyMay seem cold and condescending to F’s
33 People who prefer Feeling... (Continued) Take an immediate and personal view of situationsLike to show appreciation and caring for othersHave difficulty telling people unpleasant thingsBelieve relationships and harmony are importantValue and trust own feelings when making decisionsFair - want everyone treated as an individualMay seem over-emotional and irrational to T’s
34 Some Key Words associated with Thinking THeadDistantJustObjectiveCriticiseAnalyticalTough-mindedFeeling FHeartPersonalFairSubjectivePraiseEmpatheticTender-hearted
35 We all use Thinking and Feeling preferences when making decisions… However we do not do them equally well… Each of us has a Preference for one over the other..
36 Given the choice which do you prefer Given the choice which do you prefer? Thinking or Feeling How clear are you about your preference? T ? F Clear Moderate Slight Slight Moderate Clear
38 We all use both preferences but not equally well or easily People who preferPerceiving…Like to live in a flexible,spontaneous way seeking to experience lifeFinal decisions feel confining to themPrefer to stay open to new information and last-minute optionsPeople who prefer Judging…Like to live in a planned, orderly wayLike to make decisions, come to closure and then move onLives tend to be structured and organisedWe all use both preferences but not equally well or easily
39 J People who prefer Judging... Like to make plans and follow themPrefer to get things settled and finishedPrefer environments with structureEnjoy being decisive and organising othersHandle deadlines and time limits wellDon’t like surprises - have a contingencyPlan ahead to avoid last minute rushes
40 P People who prefer Perceiving... Adapt well to changing situations and like to respond resourcefullyPrefer to leave things open and are flexibleMay not like making decisions, even when pressed - leave options open for more info.High tolerance for surprises - adjust to arising situationsFeel energised by last-minute pressures
41 People who prefer Judging... (Continued) Like getting to the bottom line quickly and deciding things straight awayDislike being interrupted on a project, even for a more urgent oneMay make decisions too quickly or cling to a planAre comfortable with routineMay seem rigid, demanding and inflexible to P’s
42 People who prefer Perceiving... (Continued) Want to explore all options before decidingMay start too many projects and have difficulty finishing themMay have trouble making decisionsMay postpone unpleasant tasksUncomfortable with routineMay seem disorganised and irresponsible to J’s
45 Some Key Words associated with Judging JOrganisedScheduledNowClosureMethodicalPlanMake short & long-term plansPerceiving PFlexibleSpontaneousLaterOptionsOpen-endedWaitAdapt and change course as needed
46 We all use Judging and Perceiving as part of our lifestyles However we do not do them equally well… Each of us has a Preference for one over the other..
47 Given the choice which do you prefer Given the choice which do you prefer? Judging or Perceiving How clear are you about your preference? J ? P Clear Moderate Slight Slight Moderate Clear
48 When combined your preferences indicate your Preference Type E or IS or NT or FJ or Peg ESTP, INTJ, ENFP, INTJ etc
49 If E = I then write I If S = N then write N If T = F then write F Tie-breaking rule for if you can’t decide ... ie if you’ve placed an X in the middleIf E = I then write IIf S = N then write NIf T = F then write FIf J = P then write P
56 E- I Splitting Exercise For the E group….Discuss what are the advantages and disadvantages of being an Extravert. What frustrates you about IntrovertsFor the I group…. discuss what are the advantages and disadvantages of being an Introvert. What frustrates you about Extraverts
57 S- N Splitting Exercise For the S(Sensing) group…. Describe the oceanFor the N (iNtuitive) group…. Describe the oceanYou can use words, phrases, bullet points etc...
59 J-P Splitting Exercise J’s (Judgers) and P’s (Perceivers):Your task for this exercise is to….PLAN A PICNIC
60 Applying the MBTI to the real world Applying the MBTI to the real world... Usefulness of opposite types for teamsN’s can benefit from the natural inclination of S’s to…Bring up pertinent factsFace realities of current situationApply experience to solving problemsFocus on what needs attention nowS’s can benefit from the natural inclination of N’s to…Bring up new possibilitiesAnticipate future trendsApply insight to solving problemsFocus on Long-term goals
61 Applying the MBTI to the real world Applying the MBTI to the real world. Usefulness of opposite types for teamsF’s can benefit from the natural inclination of T’s to…Analyse situations and their implicationsHold consistently to a policyCreate rational systemsBe fairT’s can benefit from the natural inclination of F’s to…Forecast how others will react and feelMake needed individual exceptionsOrganise people and tasks harmoniouslyBe just
62 MBTI Personality Types & Librarians "One of my informal missions over the past 20 years has been to try to change people's ideas about librarians. I cannot get over how surprised many people are to learn that I am a librarian and that I do not have my hair in a bun or wear "ground gripper" shoes. Casual acquaintances are curious why I need a master's degree to check out a book. I hesitate to confess that I was also once a victim of the librarian stereotype.”Ann BeubienACRL President
63 Special Librarians Association MBTI Survey Results (n=1413) Source: Brimsek T & Leach D “Special Librarians to the Core : profiling with the MBTI Special Libraries v81 Fall 1990 p
64 Delegates Self-estimate of their own personality type at the New Librarians Symposium 6th December n=177 participants