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1 Understanding myself and others using the Myers Briggs Type Indicator Presenter: Terena Solomons B.A Grad Dip Lib Sc Certified administrator of MBTI.

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Presentation on theme: "1 Understanding myself and others using the Myers Briggs Type Indicator Presenter: Terena Solomons B.A Grad Dip Lib Sc Certified administrator of MBTI."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 Understanding myself and others using the Myers Briggs Type Indicator Presenter: Terena Solomons B.A Grad Dip Lib Sc Certified administrator of MBTI

2 2 Today’s Agenda...  Aims and Objectives  History of the Myers Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI)  Theory of the 4 scales of the MBTI  Self Estimate of what personality type you are  Interactive fun 'splitting exercises'  Teaching & Learning styles of personality types  Personality Types and Librarianship

3 3 Aims and Objectives At the end of this personal development session you will… Have an understanding of what the Myers Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) is and how it can assist us in gaining a greater understanding of ourselves and others Discover that people communicate and make decisions about things in different ways Understand how our personality type preferences can influence our learning styles, career choices and what inspires us.

4 4 So what is the MBTI anyway? The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator is a tool or framework for understanding our own Personality Type and that of others. It's a self-report questionnaire - it's an indicator not a test so there are no right or wrong answers Looks at normal behaviour It identifies preferences rather than competencies, abilities or skills No Personality Type is better or worse - each has its own gifts Used for team building, career guidance, leadership and management.

5 5 History of the MBTI Was developed by Katherine C Briggs and her daughter Isabel Myers Started in 1920’s and after a rigorous research, validity and reliability testing it was published in 1975 Translated into 16 languages and taken by over 2 million people per year is based on the work of Swiss psychologist Carl Jung who described personality type preferences.

6 6 Signature Exercise Sign your name a piece of paper… Now change hands and sign your name!

7 The 4 scales of the MBTI How we channel Energy Extraversion Introversion How we take in Information SensingIntuition How we make decisions ThinkingFeeling Our lifestyle (orientation to external world) JudgingPerceiving

8 8 Extraversion and Introversion E - I Refers to the direction we focus our attention and energy

9 We all live in both worlds (use both preferences) but not equally well or easily People who prefer Extraversion … Focus their energy and attention outwardly Are interested in the world of people and things Receive energy from interacting with people and from taking action People who prefer Introversion … Focus their energy and attention inwardly Are interested in the world of thoughts and reflections Receive energy from within themselves

10 10 E People who prefer Extraversion... Are aware of who and what is around them Are energised by interacting with people Enjoy meeting and talking with new people Are friendly, verbally skilled and easy to get to know Speak out easily and often at meetings

11 11 I People who prefer Introversion... Are energised from time-out and reflection Have to make an effort to meet new people Hold back at meetings and often have trouble getting involved Are often quiet, reserved and hard to get to know

12 People who prefer Extraversion... (Continued) Are bored and restless if they’re alone too long Do their thinking as they speak Prefer to communicate by talking Work out ideas by talking them through Tell you all about themselves very rapidly Have broad interests Readily take initiative in work & relationships Can seem shallow and intruding to Introverts

13 People who prefer Introversion... (Continued) Become drained and tired with people (particularly strangers) Need time to gather their thoughts before speaking Prefer to communicate in writing Work out ideas by reflecting on them Are often difficult to get to know Focus in depth on their interests Take initiative when the situation or issue is very important to them Can seem withdrawn and secretive to Extraverts

14 14 Some Key Words associated with... Extraversion E Action Breadth Expressive Interaction Multiple relationships Do-think-do Introversion I Reflection Depth Quiet Concentration Deep friendships Think-Do-Think

15 We all do Extraverted and Introverted things… However we do not do them equally well… Each of us has a Preference for one over the other..

16 Given the choice which do you prefer? Extraversion or Introversion How clear are you about your preference? E ? I Clear Moderate Slight Slight Moderate Clear

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18 We all use both preferences in taking in Information but not equally well or as easily People who prefer Sensing … Prefer to take in information using their 5 senses - sight, sound, feel, smell and taste Detail’s people S’s can see the trees but not the forest People who prefer iNtuition … Go beyond what is real or concrete and focus on meanings, associations and relationships Big Picture people N’s can see the forest but not the trees

19 19 S People who prefer Sensing... Oriented to present realities Are practical and realistic Start at the beginning and take 1 step at a time Are specific and literal when thinking, writing and listening Live in the present, dealing with the here and now Trust experience Prefer reality to fantasy

20 20 N People who prefer iNtuition... Oriented to future possibilities Are imaginative and inventive Start anywhere and leap over basic steps Speak and write in general, abstract terms Focus on the future, imagining what could be Trust inspiration Prefer fantasy to reality

21 People who prefer Sensing... (Continued) Like to work with the parts to see the overall design Like set procedures, established routines and historical precedents to guide them Observe and remember specifics Work thoroughly step by step towards conclusions Understand ideas and theories through practical applications Can seem materialistic and too literal to N’s

22 People who prefer iNtuition... (Continued) Study the overall design to see how the parts fit Thrive on change, new ideas and variety Prefer imaginative new solutions to problems, often becoming impatient with details Move quickly to conclusions, follow hunches Can seem impractical dreamers to S’s

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25 25 Some Key Words associated with... Sensing S Facts Realistic Specific Present Down-to-earth Practical What is iNtuition N Ideas Conceptual General Future Head-in-clouds Theoretical What could be

26 We all use Sensing and iNtuition when making taking in information… However we do not do them equally well… Each of us has a Preference for one over the other..

27 Given the choice which do you prefer? Sensing or iNtuition How clear are you about your preference? S ? N Clear Moderate Slight Slight Moderate Clear

28 28

29 Both processes are based on reason. We use both of them, but not equally well or easily People who prefer Thinking … Make their decisions based on impersonal, objective logic Mentally remove themselves from a situation to examine pros and cons People who prefer Feeling … Make their decisions based on a person- centred, value-based process Mentally placed themselves into the situation to identify with everyone so as to make decisions

30 30 T People who prefer Thinking... Decide things using logic Focus on the facts and principles Don’t take their emotions or those of others into account Are good at analysing a situation Concentrate on people’s thoughts not feelings

31 31 F People who prefer Feeling... Decide things using their own personal values Focus on the personal values of people and organisations Don’t like focussing on impersonal principles Are good at understanding people and their viewpoints Concentrate on people’s feelings not thoughts

32 People who prefer Thinking... (Continued) Take a long term view, seeing things as an on-looker Are good at spotting flaws and inconsistencies and stating them bluntly Value and trust logic when making decisions Fair - want everyone treated equally May seem cold and condescending to F’s

33 People who prefer Feeling... (Continued) Take an immediate and personal view of situations Like to show appreciation and caring for others Have difficulty telling people unpleasant things Believe relationships and harmony are important Value and trust own feelings when making decisions Fair - want everyone treated as an individual May seem over-emotional and irrational to T’s

34 34 Some Key Words associated with Thinking T Head Distant Just Objective Criticise Analytical Tough-minded Feeling F Heart Personal Fair Subjective Praise Empathetic Tender-hearted

35 We all use Thinking and Feeling preferences when making decisions… However we do not do them equally well… Each of us has a Preference for one over the other..

36 Given the choice which do you prefer? Thinking or Feeling How clear are you about your preference? T ? F Clear Moderate Slight Slight Moderate Clear

37 37

38 We all use both preferences but not equally well or easily People who prefer Judging … Like to live in a planned, orderly way Like to make decisions, come to closure and then move on Lives tend to be structured and organised People who prefer Perceiving … Like to live in a flexible,spontaneous way seeking to experience life Final decisions feel confining to them Prefer to stay open to new information and last-minute options

39 39 J People who prefer Judging... Like to make plans and follow them Prefer to get things settled and finished Prefer environments with structure Enjoy being decisive and organising others Handle deadlines and time limits well Don’t like surprises - have a contingency Plan ahead to avoid last minute rushes

40 40 P People who prefer Perceiving... Adapt well to changing situations and like to respond resourcefully Prefer to leave things open and are flexible May not like making decisions, even when pressed - leave options open for more info. High tolerance for surprises - adjust to arising situations Feel energised by last-minute pressures

41 People who prefer Judging... (Continued) Like getting to the bottom line quickly and deciding things straight away Dislike being interrupted on a project, even for a more urgent one May make decisions too quickly or cling to a plan Are comfortable with routine May seem rigid, demanding and inflexible to P’s

42 People who prefer Perceiving... (Continued) Want to explore all options before deciding May start too many projects and have difficulty finishing them May have trouble making decisions May postpone unpleasant tasks Uncomfortable with routine May seem disorganised and irresponsible to J’s

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45 45 Some Key Words associated with Judging J Organised Scheduled Now Closure Methodical Plan Make short & long- term plans Perceiving P Flexible Spontaneous Later Options Open-ended Wait Adapt and change course as needed

46 We all use Judging and Perceiving as part of our lifestyles However we do not do them equally well… Each of us has a Preference for one over the other..

47 Given the choice which do you prefer? Judging or Perceiving How clear are you about your preference? J ? P Clear Moderate Slight Slight Moderate Clear

48 48 When combined your preferences indicate your Preference Type E or I S or N T or F J or P eg ESTP, INTJ, ENFP, INTJ etc

49 49 Tie-breaking rule for if you can’t decide... ie if you’ve placed an X in the middle If E = I then write I If S = N then write N If T = F then write F If J = P then write P

50 The Type Table

51 The Type Table : E-I

52 The Type Table : S-N

53 The Type Table : T-F

54 The Type Table : J-P

55 The Type Table

56 56 E- I Splitting Exercise For the E group….Discuss what are the advantages and disadvantages of being an Extravert. What frustrates you about Introverts For the I group…. discuss what are the advantages and disadvantages of being an Introvert. What frustrates you about Extraverts

57 57 S- N Splitting Exercise For the S(Sensing) group…. Describe the ocean For the N (iNtuitive) group…. Describe the ocean You can use words, phrases, bullet points etc...

58 58 T-F Splitting Exercise Thinking - Feeling Country Road Scenario

59 59 J-P Splitting Exercise J’s (Judgers) and P’s (Perceivers): Your task for this exercise is to…. PLAN A PICNIC

60 60 Applying the MBTI to the real world... Usefulness of opposite types for teams N’s can benefit from the natural inclination of S’s to… Bring up pertinent facts Face realities of current situation Apply experience to solving problems Focus on what needs attention now S’s can benefit from the natural inclination of N’s to… Bring up new possibilities Anticipate future trends Apply insight to solving problems Focus on Long-term goals

61 61 Applying the MBTI to the real world. Usefulness of opposite types for teams F’s can benefit from the natural inclination of T’s to… Analyse situations and their implications Hold consistently to a policy Create rational systems Be fair T’s can benefit from the natural inclination of F’s to… Forecast how others will react and feel Make needed individual exceptions Organise people and tasks harmoniously Be just

62 62 MBTI Personality Types & Librarians " One of my informal missions over the past 20 years has been to try to change people's ideas about librarians. I cannot get over how surprised many people are to learn that I am a librarian and that I do not have my hair in a bun or wear "ground gripper" shoes. Casual acquaintances are curious why I need a master's degree to check out a book. I hesitate to confess that I was also once a victim of the librarian stereotype.” Ann Beubien ACRL President

63 Special Librarians Association MBTI Survey Results (n=1413) Source: Brimsek T & Leach D “Special Librarians to the Core : profiling with the MBTI Special Libraries v81 Fall 1990 p

64 Delegates Self-estimate of their own personality type at the New Librarians Symposium 6th December 2002 n=177 participants

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68 68 The End Questions??


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