Presentation on theme: "LIMITED LIABILITY COMPANY VOSTOKAVIAPROM ОSА SINGLE-ENGINE AMPHIBIAN AIRCRAFT PROGRAM."— Presentation transcript:
LIMITED LIABILITY COMPANY VOSTOKAVIAPROM ОSА SINGLE-ENGINE AMPHIBIAN AIRCRAFT PROGRAM
I. GENERAL AVIATION (GA) MARKET ANALYSIS
*Source: General Aviation Manufacturing Association (GAMA), 2005, Analysis and forecast: Amphibian aircraft Be-103 in the Chinese market (AVIC II) In 2005, the General Aviation (GA) World fleet numbered units of aircraft (A/C). Today the fleets main share is in the U.S. – units of A/C, about 70% of the Worlds total GA.*
Dynamic of the GA in the USA and its diversification by type of A/C is typical for the whole worlds GA fleet. *Source: General Aviation Statistic Databook, General Aviation Manufacturing Association (GAMA), 2005 Structure of the GA fleet in the U.S. ( units) by type of A/C (units, % of the total) in 2005*. Development of the U.S. GA and its structure by A/C types is illustrative of the GA World fleet in general.
Diversification by type of A/C ( un.) in the USA (un., % of the total number) based on forecast for 2016 * In 2005 the GA World fleet of piston-engine aircraft made 73% of the total GA fleet in the U.S. According to forecasts, in 2016 the total share of the GA fleet in the U.S. will make 69%. Applying this percentage ratio to the GA World fleet, we will receive the following: Estimated number of the GA World fleet of piston-engine aircraft in 2005 is units of A/C. Estimate of the GA World fleet of piston-engine aircraft in 2016 is units of A/C. In 2005, the GA World fleet of naval aircraft accounted for units of A/C (10% of the GA World fleet of piston engine aircraft). According to the forecast, keeping the proportion (10%), in 2016 it can total units of A/C. Projected increase in the GA fleet in the U.S. in the period from 2005 until 2016 inclusively reaches 9.2%, units of A/C. Applying a 9% upward trend to the existing GA World fleet ( units of A/C in 2005), we will have units of A/C in the GA World fleet in Structure of the U.S. GA fleet ( units) by A/C types (units, % of the total) based on forecast for 2016
The World fleet of hydroplanes is divided into four sections, according to the aircraft type: 1. Amphibian; 2. Boat planes; 3. Float-type landplanes; 4. Landing craft & и aerodynamic ground-effect craft. Forecast of the GA World fleet of seaplanes in 2016 ( units of A/C) The GA World fleet of seaplanes, 2005 ( units of A/C) Provided the existing rate of 10% to the GA World fleet of seaplanes, the amphibian world fleet can total 2400 units of A/C in The World fleet of amphibian aircraft reaches 9-10% of the World fleet of seaplanes and numbered unites of A/C in 2005, according to the estimate. Other hydroplanes % Amphibian aircraft %
Significant part of the GA World fleet of amphibian aircraft has a substantial working lifespan. Aircraft that were developed years ago continue to operate today. Their share in the GA amphibian fleet accounts for 50% (1150 units of A/C). Therefore, we can expect their gradual phase-out in the coming few years, which will generate a need for replenishment of this part of the fleet. Demand of the GA World fleet in 2006 – 2016 accordingly can make about 1200 – 1300 NEW AMPHIBIAN AIRCRAFT. Single-engine aircraft account for 90% of the GA World fleet and, compared to two-engine aircraft, have lower price and operating costs as well as higher load ratio. Production of the OSA amphibian will allow Vostokaviaprom LLC to enter the world amphibian aircraft market and occupy not less than 30% of it. In , JSC KnAAPO had designed, constructed and tested the experimental amphibian aircraft SA-20P that became the OSA amphibian aircrafts prototype Range with 3 passengers onboard, km Useful load, kg480 Motor petrol Usable fuel100LL 800Price per aircraft, USD thous.1,250 OSASpecificationBe-103 Forecast of GA amphibian aircrafts market structure (1300 units of A/C) in Others % OSA % Be % Centavr 105 8% Seawind %
CHINAS GA MARKET DEMAND FOR NEW A/C, ACCORDING TO AREAS OF USE (8000 A/C, in )* Considering multiple operating features of the light amphibian aircraft Be-103 and OSA, demand for these aircraft in China by the year 2020 can reach up to 250 units of A/C with the use in the following areas: Air tourism – 50 units; Maritime patrolling – 50 units; Military application – 50 units; Aerial survey – 20 units; Business – 20 units; Private use – 30 units; Training – 30 units. *Source: Analysis and forecast: amphibian aircraft Be-103 in the Chinese market (AVIC II) Due to Chinas rapid economic growth, Chinese GA market is dictating requirements that differ from global trends.
II. EXPERIMENTAL AMPHIBIAN AIRCRAFT AS-20P
PRINCIPAL DIFFERENCE OF THE SINGLE-ENGINE AMPHIBIAN AIRCRAFT SA-20P DESIGN FROM BE-103 Power plant with engine М-14, new nacelle, feeder tank and pylon Canopy emergency release mechanism
THE MAIN STRUCTURE DIFFERENCE OF THE SINGLE-ENGINE AMPHIBIAN AIRCRAFT SA-20P FROM BE-103 Horizontal tail with expanded area and horn-balanced elevator Removable hydraulic rudder Spray deflector Attachable arrow-type step
DEVELOPMENT OF THE SА-20P AMPHIBIAN AIRCRAFT (PROTOTYPE OF OSA) PROGRAM Development of the design documentation and construction of the aircraft. Start of the aircraft engineering design (Issue of the administrative order by JSC KnAAPO No.520 on ) Flights with refined horizontal tail, take-offs from water and landing on water. Performed: 21 flights, 45 take-off and landing operations on artificial runway, 17 takeoff and landing operations on water, three-time in-flight engine cut-off and ignition. Total flight hours – 20 hours 31 minutes. Registration of the aircraft with the Uniform Registry of Aircraft under the Federal Aviation Association with the number No.RA-3068К Participation of the aircraft in an aquatic festival on 12 th of June. On 16 th of October the first flight of the SА-20P (V km/h, H m). Total flight hours for the first two flights under the first flight program – 1 hour 7 minutes, 11 landings on artificial runway.
DEVELOPMENT OF THE SА-20P AMPHIBIAN AIRCRAFT PROGRAM (continued) 2005 Registration of the aircraft with the Uniform Registry of Aircraft under the Federal Aviation Association as experimental. Getting of the Certificate on the M9F engine. Continued flight development tests on the M9F engine including qualification flights under OSAs certification, trial performance Installation of hydraulic rudder, installation and testing of environmental monitoring system, stall flights. Performed: 7 flights, 16 takeoff and landing operations on artificial runway, 7 takeoff and landing operations on water. Total flight hours – 5 hours 32 minutes. Collaboration with the industrys Technical council. Decision of the Councils panel on implementation of the first stage of flight development tests. First stage of the flight development testing. Performed: 3 flights, total flight hours – 1 hours 37 minutes. Performed during 2002 and 2005: 33 flights (excluding taxing and runs). Total flight hours made 27 hours 10 minutes. Installation of reduced glove mid-wing and small arms (PKT).
DEVELOPMENT OF THE SА-20P AMPHIBIAN AIRCRAFT PROGRAM (continued)
III. SINGLE-ENGINE AMPHIBIAN AIRCRAFT (OSA)
GENERAL VIEW OF SINGLE-ENGINE AMPHIBIAN AIRCRAFT OSA & ITS MAIN CONSTRUCTION FEATURES VERSUS SA-20P SA-20P Power plant with increased takeoff power – engine M-9F (420 h.p.) with propeller Ø2,6 м Reduced vertical tail Nacelle with improved aerodynamic and operational performance Trapezoidal horizontal tail Shift of feeder tank to the strut, an increased fuel capacity by 26 kg (to 242 kg) Modern Russian Flight Navigation System (PNK)
OSA DESIGN DESCRIPTION WINGS are detachable and consist of a mid-wing and two outer wings. High-strength fasteners connect the wing components. Fuel tanks are located between the front spar, leading edge, medium and hatch-end ribs of the mid-wing. There are hatch removable covers in the fuel tanks and assembling and inspection hatches in leading and trailing wing edges. EMPENNAGE The amphibian horizontal tail plane is supplied with an elevator mounted in the area of propeller blowing. The empennage consists of the stabilizer, elevator with trimmer, fin, dorsal fin and rudder with trimmer. The design provides for removable covers for the rudder control system assembling. In the rudders lower part a hydraulic rudder is installed, due to which the amphibians turning radius on water against the aircrafts center of gravity does not exceed 0.5 of wing span. AIRFRAME Аaerodynamic design of OSA – a monoplane with low-stab displacing wings provided with root extensions. Traditional hydrodynamic configuration in combination with low-stab wings ensures highest hydro-aerodynamic efficiency during the water takeoff run, while absence of flops increases the aircrafts aerodynamic performance. LANDING GEAR of the aircraft is of a tricycle type with nose wheel. The main struts are mounted on the wing ribs and retracted forward into the wing bay. The nose landing gear with castor is fastened to a frame of the nose part of the boat and retracted forward into the nose wheel bay. Retraction and extension of landing gear are performed by hydraulic system securing extension of gears and their downlock. An emergency landing gear extension is carried out manually with the help of control cable by releasing the landing gear. The downlock is carried out under the weight and ram air pressure. The undercarriage doors drive is made by kinematical connection with the corresponding strut.
POWER PLANT OF OSA SINGLE-ENGINE AMPHIBIAN AIRCRAFT Engine М9F Specification: Cooling system ________________________________ air Number of cylinders ______________________________9 Power, h.p. ___________________________________420 Cruise consumption, g/HP-h _____________________220 Crankshaft speed, rpm _________________________2950 Basic overhaul time, h _________________________1000 Weight, kg _____________________________________220 Usable fuel: B91/115 GOST , 100/100LL, motor petrol of with octane level not lower 85. MTV-9/Hartzell propeller Type of propeller: controllable pitch, tractor. Specification: Diameter, m _____________________ 2,6 Number of blades _________________3 Weight, kg ______________________44 Power plant consists of the engine М-9F, manufactured by Voronezh Mechanical Plant (Russia), with MTV-9 type propeller, a subframe, exhaust collector, gears for the engine and units control, and cooling, starting, fuel and oil systems as well. М9F engine is installed in the aircrafts SU-26, SU-29, SU-31, SU-31М, SU-49 and in other GA airplanes.
CARGO & PASSENGER CABIN VERSIONS OF OSA AMPHIBIAN 3.8 m 1.75 m CARGO PASSENGER 1.23 m 1.26 m In the cabin passenger seats are located in 6 in a row: 2 seats alongside with the path = 200 mm and spacing 1220 mm and 860 mm); interior volume: 4.6 m 3.
MAIN INSTRUMENT PANEL Installed equipment permits to carry out daylight flights under Visual Flight Rules (VFR) by one pilot according to the aviation regulations JAR-23
PATROLLING VERSION OF OSA, ARRANGEMENT & USE Patrolling version of the amphibian can be equipped with environmental monitoring data system (EMS) and small arms (PKT) and carry out the following mission: Patrolling of forestland, sea, river and plain borders; Environmental monitoring; Search-and-rescue and antiterrorist operations; Preventio n of illegal activities and defeating personnel from the aircraft – collimating sight 5 – TV and thermal control system 6 – airborne radar 1 – Kalashnikov tank machine gun (PKT) 2 – ammunition chest 3 – storage stand for special equipment 5
Environmental monitoring data system supplies a consumer with operational information on environmental condition and critical environmentally fragile facilities, examines territory to get Remote-Sensed Data (RSD) by carrying out special surveys. 1.Air carrier (OSA type); 2.Inboard measuring complex; 3. Telemetry complex; 4. GIS inboard navigation satellite system; 5. GIS of ground control station; 6. Data processing system. EMS STRUCTURE INMARSAT Information transfer GPS NAVSTAR PRINCIPLE OF EMS OPERATION The GPS satellite system positions the aircraft and together with GIS locates measured environmental data on electronic map. Real-time information is transferred to any remote access point.
Land use monitoringCondition monitoring of waste disposal facilities Soil landscape monitoring Forecast & identification of wild fire Monitoring of mineral resources development Infrared survey of heating mains Radar mapping ACTIVITIES PERFORMED WITH THE USE OF ENVIRONENTAL MONITORING DATA SYSTEM
TRIAL INSTALLATION OF LIGHT ARMS ON BOARD OF SINGLE-ENGINE AMPHIBIAN AIRCRAFT SA-20P Installing of light arms is a necessary attribute of the OSA amphibians patrolling version. Firing is controlled from the control panel on the instrument panel and by the trigger switch on the aircraft control stick. The machine gun is unmovably fixed and targeting is effected by the aircraft by means of movable collimating sight. Weapon type: Kalashnikov PKT tank machine gun with electric solenoid trigger, in service of the Defense Ministry of the Russian Federation. Military characteristics of PKT: Calibre___________________7.62 mm Rate of fire___________800 round/min Accuracy range_____________1000 m Ammunition ____________800 rounds
INSTRUMENT PANEL OF THE AIRCRAFTS PATROLLING VERSION Installed equipment makes possible daylight and night flights in easy and adverse weather conditions (VFR-IFR) by one or two pilots according to JAR-23. Aircraft navigation system includes: weather locator and satellite navigator based on MRK-22 with attitude indicator and aviation clock functions. Any iformation received from the navigation system is displayed on left instrument subpanel. Display on the right subpanel duplicates possibilities of the first pilots display and can show data received from other systems of the aircraft during such tasks as patrolling, monitoring and management in the air of various activity types. Attitude indicator AGB-96R Normal load factor indicator AK-9S HF Radio Kristall VHF Radio Yurok Aircraft transponder SO-94-R Aircraft wireless intercom SPU-34М (2 pcs.) Airspeed indicator USBS-350 Power supply check indicator VA-3 First pilot and co- pilots navigation system indicators Radio compass ARK-35 Magnetic direction indicator MKB-80 Altitude indicator VR-10
COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF OSA & BE-103 PERFORMANCES SpecificationBE-103OSA Engine, producer countryTCM IO-360ES, USAM-9F, Russia Quantity and engine (power)2 x 210 h.p.1 x 420 h.p. Usable fuelAviation gasoline 100LLMotor petrol AI-92, AI-95 Maximum take-off weight, kg2330 Empty weight, kg Useful load, kg Maximum fuel capacity, kg Stalling speed, km/h112 Maximum cruising speed, km/h240 Economic speed, km/h Seating capacity, persons Maximum range (with emergency reserve for 30 min), km Range (3 passengers onboard), km Range (5 passengers onboard), km-745 Maximum wave height, m Fuel cost per one flight hour, USD
DISTANCE – PAYLOAD CHART Be-103 OSA L, km
IV. COMPARISON OF OSA WITH AIRCRAFT WITH AMPHIBIOUS FLOATS
CESSNA CE-206HCESSNA CE-182S
Fuel consumption, kg/h Fuel cost per flight hour, USD Price of basic configuration aircraft, USD thous. One passenger seat price, USD thous.
Maximal range, km Number of passengers Maximal range, km Medium speed, km/h
OSA COMPARISON VERSUS AIRCARFT WITH AMPHIBIOUS FLOATS Cessna Skylane CE-182S Cessna Stationair CE-206H OSA Take-off engine power h.p Cruising speed km/h Weight: maximum take-off kg empty kg including floats kg useful load (crew, pass., fuel) kg Ferry range (pilot, maximum fuel load and reserve for 30 min.) Maximum fuel weight kg Fuel weight excluding emergency reserve kg Cruise consumption kg/h Maximum range km Full passenger load range (pilot, passengers, reserve for 30 min.) Seating capacity (pilot + passengers)person Load weight (pilot + passengers)kg Maximum fuel capacitykg Fuel weight excluding emergency reservekg Rangekm Price of aircraft with standard specification (2005) USD incl. floatsUSD One passenger seat priceUSD/pass Usable fuel priceUSD/kg Fuel cost per one flight hourUSD/h Cabin size (height * length * widthm1.23*2.52* *2.80* *3.34*1.2 3 Max. wave height while takeoff/landingm
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