3In 2005, the General Aviation (GA) World fleet numbered units of aircraft (A/C). Today the fleet’s main share is in the U.S. – units of A/C, about 70% of the World’s total GA.**Source: “General Aviation Manufacturing Association (GAMA), 2005”, “Analysis and forecast: Amphibian aircraft Be-103 in the Chinese market (AVIC II)”
4Development of the U.S.’ GA and its structure by A/C types is illustrative of the GA World fleet in general.Dynamic of the GA in the USA and its diversification by type of A/C is typical for the whole world’s GA fleet.Structure of the GA fleet in the U.S. ( units) by type of A/C (units, % of the total) in 2005*.*Source: “General Aviation Statistic Databook, General Aviation Manufacturing Association (GAMA), 2005”
5Diversification by type of A/C (240.070 un.) in the USA Structure of the U.S.’ GA fleet ( units) by A/C types (units, % of the total) based on forecast for 2016Diversification by type of A/C ( un.) in the USA(un., % of the total number) based on forecast for *Projected increase in the GA fleet in the U.S. in the period from 2005 until 2016 inclusively reaches 9.2%, units of A/C.Applying a 9% upward trend to the existing GA World fleet ( units of A/C in 2005), we will have units of A/C in the GA World fleet in 2016.In 2005 the GA World fleet of piston-engine aircraft made 73% of the total GA fleet in the U.S. According to forecasts, in 2016 the total share of the GA fleet in the U.S. will make 69%.Applying this percentage ratio to the GA World fleet, we will receive the following:Estimated number of the GA World fleet of piston-engine aircraft in 2005 is units of A/C.Estimate of the GA World fleet of piston-engine aircraft in 2016 is units of A/C.In 2005, the GA World fleet of naval aircraft accounted for units of A/C (10% of the GA World fleet of piston engine aircraft). According to the forecast, keeping the proportion (10%), in 2016 it can total units of A/C.
6The GA World fleet of seaplanes, 2005 (23 000 units of A/C) Otherhydroplanes20 70090%Amphibianaircraft2 30010%The GA World fleet of seaplanes, 2005 ( units of A/C)The World fleet of hydroplanes is divided into four sections, according to the aircraft type:1. Amphibian;2. Boat planes;3. Float-type landplanes;4. Landing craft & и aerodynamicground-effect craft.The World fleet of amphibian aircraft reaches 9-10% of the World fleet of seaplanes and numbered unites of A/C in 2005, according to the estimate.Forecast of the GA World fleet of seaplanes in 2016 ( units of A/C)Provided the existing rate of 10% to the GA World fleet of seaplanes, the amphibian world fleet can total 2400 units of A/C in 2016.
7Range with 3 passengers onboard, km Price per aircraft, USD thous. Significant part of the GA World fleet of amphibian aircraft has a substantial working lifespan. Aircraft that were developed years ago continue to operate today. Their share in the GA amphibian fleet accounts for 50% (1150 units of A/C). Therefore, we can expect their gradual phase-out in the coming few years, which will generate a need for replenishment of this part of the fleet. Demand of the GA World fleet in 2006 – 2016 accordingly can make about 1200 – 1300 NEW AMPHIBIAN AIRCRAFT.Forecast of GA amphibian aircraft’s market structure (1300 units of A/C) inSingle-engine aircraft account for 90% of the GA World fleet and, compared to two-engine aircraft, have lower price and operating costs as well as higher load ratio.Production of the OSA amphibian will allow Vostokaviaprom LLC to enter the world amphibian aircraft market and occupy not less than 30% of it.In , JSC KnAAPO had designed, constructed and tested the experimental amphibian aircraft SA-20P that became the OSA amphibian aircraft’s prototype.Others35027%OSA26020%Be-10313010%Centavr1058%Seawind45535%1000Range with 3 passengers onboard, km660670Useful load, kg480Motor petrolUsable fuel100LL800Price per aircraft, USD thous.1,250OSASpecificationBe-103
8CHINA’S GA MARKET DEMAND FOR NEW A/C, ACCORDING TO AREAS OF USE Due to China’s rapid economic growth, Chinese GA market is dictating requirements that differ from global trends.CHINA’S GA MARKET DEMAND FOR NEW A/C, ACCORDING TO AREAS OF USE(8000 A/C, in )*Considering multiple operating features of the light amphibian aircraft Be-103 and OSA, demand for these aircraft in China by the year 2020 can reach up to 250 units of A/C with the use in the following areas:● Air tourism – 50 units; ● Maritime patrolling – 50 units;● Military application – 50 units; ● Aerial survey – 20 units; ● Business – 20 units;● Private use – 30 units; ● Training – 30 units.*Source: “Analysis and forecast: amphibian aircraft Be-103 in the Chinese market (AVIC II)”
15Power plant with engine М-14, new nacelle, feeder tank and pylon PRINCIPAL DIFFERENCE OF THE SINGLE-ENGINE AMPHIBIAN AIRCRAFT SA-20P DESIGN FROM BE-103Power plant with engine М-14, new nacelle, feeder tank and pylonCanopy emergency release mechanism
16Horizontal tail with expanded area and horn-balanced elevator THE MAIN STRUCTURE DIFFERENCE OF THE SINGLE-ENGINE AMPHIBIAN AIRCRAFT SA-20P FROM BE-103Horizontal tail with expanded area andhorn-balanced elevatorSpray deflectorRemovable hydraulic rudderAttachable arrow-type step
17DEVELOPMENT OF THE SА-20P AMPHIBIAN AIRCRAFT (PROTOTYPE OF OSA) PROGRAM 2000Start of the aircraft engineering design (Issue of the administrative order by JSC KnAAPO No.520 on ).2001Development of the design documentation and construction of the aircraft.2002Participation of the aircraft in an aquatic festival on 12th of June.On 16th of October the first flight of the SА-20P (V km/h, H m).Total flight hours for the first two flights under the first flight program – 1 hour 7 minutes, 11 landings on artificial runway.2003Flights with refined horizontal tail, take-offs from water and landing on water.Performed: 21 flights, 45 take-off and landing operations on artificial runway, 17 takeoff and landing operations on water, three-time in-flight engine cut-off and ignition.Total flight hours – 20 hours 31 minutes.Registration of the aircraft with the Uniform Registry of Aircraft under the Federal Aviation Association with the number No.RA-3068К.
18DEVELOPMENT OF THE SА-20P AMPHIBIAN AIRCRAFT PROGRAM (continued) 2004Installation of hydraulic rudder, installation and testing of environmental monitoring system, stall flights.Performed: 7 flights, 16 takeoff and landing operations on artificial runway, 7 takeoff and landing operations on water. Total flight hours – 5 hours 32 minutes.Collaboration with the industry’s Technical council. Decision of the Council’s panel on implementation of the first stage of flight development tests.2005First stage of the flight development testing.Performed: 3 flights, total flight hours – 1 hours 37 minutes.Performed during 2002 and 2005: 33 flights (excluding taxing and runs). Total flight hours made 27 hours 10 minutes.Installation of reduced glove mid-wing and small arms (PKT).2006Registration of the aircraft with the Uniform Registry of Aircraft under the Federal Aviation Association as experimental. Getting of the Certificate on the M9F engine. Continued flight development tests on the M9F engine including qualification flights under OSA’s certification, trial performance.
22GENERAL VIEW OF SINGLE-ENGINE AMPHIBIAN AIRCRAFT OSA & ITS MAIN CONSTRUCTION FEATURES VERSUS SA-20P Modern Russian Flight Navigation System (PNK)SA-20PPower plant with increased takeoff power – engine M-9F (420 h.p.) with propeller Ø2,6 мNacelle with improved aerodynamic and operational performanceShift of feeder tank to the strut, an increased fuel capacity by 26 kg (to 242 kg)Trapezoidal horizontal tailReduced vertical tail
23OSA DESIGN DESCRIPTION AIRFRAME Аaerodynamic design of OSA – a monoplane with low-stab displacing wings provided with root extensions. Traditional hydrodynamic configuration in combination with low-stab wings ensures highest hydro-aerodynamic efficiency during the water takeoff run, while absence of flops increases the aircraft’s aerodynamic performance.WINGS are detachable and consist of a mid-wing and two outer wings. High-strength fasteners connect the wing components. Fuel tanks are located between the front spar, leading edge, medium and hatch-end ribs of the mid-wing. There are hatch removable covers in the fuel tanks and assembling and inspection hatches in leading and trailing wing edges.EMPENNAGE The amphibian horizontal tail plane is supplied with an elevator mounted in the area of propeller blowing. The empennage consists of the stabilizer, elevator with trimmer, fin, dorsal fin and rudder with trimmer. The design provides for removable covers for the rudder control system assembling. In the rudder’s lower part a hydraulic rudder is installed, due to which the amphibian’s turning radius on water against the aircraft’s center of gravity does not exceed 0.5 of wing span.LANDING GEAR of the aircraft is of a tricycle type with nose wheel. The main struts are mounted on the wing ribs and retracted forward into the wing bay. The nose landing gear with castor is fastened to a frame of the nose part of the boat and retracted forward into the nose wheel bay. Retraction and extension of landing gear are performed by hydraulic system securing extension of gears and their downlock. An emergency landing gear extension is carried out manually with the help of control cable by releasing the landing gear. The downlock is carried out under the weight and ram air pressure. The undercarriage doors drive is made by kinematical connection with the corresponding strut.
24POWER PLANT OF OSA SINGLE-ENGINE AMPHIBIAN AIRCRAFTPower plant consists of the engine М-9F, manufactured by Voronezh Mechanical Plant (Russia), with MTV-9 type propeller, a subframe, exhaust collector, gears for the engine and units control, and cooling, starting, fuel and oil systems as well.Engine М9FSpecification:Cooling system ________________________________ airNumber of cylinders ______________________________9Power, h.p. ___________________________________420Cruise consumption, g/HP-h _____________________220Crankshaft speed, rpm _________________________2950Basic overhaul time, h _________________________1000Weight, kg _____________________________________220Usable fuel: B91/115 GOST , 100/100LL, motor petrol of with octane level not lower 85.MTV-9/Hartzell propellerType of propeller: controllable pitch, tractor.Specification:Diameter, m _____________________ 2,6Number of blades _________________3Weight, kg ______________________44М9F engine is installed in the aircrafts SU-26, SU-29, SU-31, SU-31М, SU-49 and in other GA airplanes.
25CARGO & PASSENGER CABIN VERSIONS OF OSA AMPHIBIAN In the cabin passenger seats are located in 6 in a row: 2 seats alongside with the path = 200 mm and spacing 1220 mm and 860 mm); interior volume: 4.6 m3.1.75 mCARGOPASSENGER
26MAIN INSTRUMENT PANELInstalled equipment permits to carry out daylight flights under Visual Flight Rules (VFR) by one pilot according to the aviation regulations JAR-23
27PATROLLING VERSION OF OSA, ARRANGEMENT & USE 1234556Patrolling version of the amphibian can be equipped with environmental monitoring data system (EMS) and small arms (PKT) and carry out the following mission:Patrolling of forestland, sea, river and plain borders;Environmental monitoring;Search-and-rescue and antiterrorist operations;Prevention of illegal activities and defeating personnel from the aircraft.1 – Kalashnikov tank machine gun (PKT)2 – ammunition chest3 – storage stand for special equipment4 – collimating sight5 – TV and thermal control system6 – airborne radar
28PRINCIPLE OF EMS OPERATION Environmental monitoring data system supplies a consumer with operational information on environmental condition and critical environmentally fragile facilities, examines territory to get Remote-Sensed Data (RSD) by carrying out special surveys.PRINCIPLE OF EMS OPERATIONGPS NAVSTARINMARSATInformationtransferEMS STRUCTUREThe GPS satellite system positions the aircraft and together with GIS locates measured environmental data on electronic map. Real-time information is transferred to any remote access point.Air carrier (OSA type);Inboard measuring complex;Telemetry complex;GIS inboard navigation satellite system;GIS of ground control station;Data processing system.
29ACTIVITIES PERFORMED WITH THE USE OF ENVIRONENTAL MONITORING DATA SYSTEM Condition monitoring of waste disposal facilitiesLand use monitoringMonitoring of mineral resources developmentSoil landscape monitoringForecast & identification of wild fireInfrared survey of heating mainsRadar mapping
30TRIAL INSTALLATION OF LIGHT ARMS ON BOARD OF SINGLE-ENGINE AMPHIBIAN AIRCRAFT SA-20P Installing of light arms is a necessary attribute of the OSA amphibian’s patrolling version.Weapon type:Kalashnikov PKT tank machine gun with electric solenoid trigger, in service of the Defense Ministry of the Russian Federation.Military characteristics of PKT:Calibre___________________7.62 mmRate of fire___________800 round/minAccuracy range_____________1000 mAmmunition ____________800 roundsFiring is controlled from the control panel on the instrument panel and by the trigger switch on the aircraft control stick. The machine gun is unmovably fixed and targeting is effected by the aircraft by means of movable collimating sight.
31INSTRUMENT PANEL OF THE AIRCRAFT’S PATROLLING VERSION Attitude indicator AGB-96RRadio compass ARK-35Installed equipment makes possible daylight and night flights in easy and adverse weather conditions (VFR-IFR) by one or two pilots according to JAR-23.Magnetic direction indicator MKB-80Altitude indicator VR-10Normal load factor indicator AK-9SHF Radio “Kristall”Airspeed indicator USBS-350VHF Radio “Yurok”First pilot’ and co-pilot’s navigation system indicatorsAircraft transponder SO-94-RAircraft wireless intercom SPU-34М (2 pcs.)Power supply check indicator VA-3Aircraft navigation system includes: weather locator and satellite navigator based on MRK-22 with attitude indicator and aviation clock functions. Any iformation received from the navigation system is displayed on left instrument subpanel. Display on the right subpanel duplicates possibilities of the first pilot’s display and can show data received from other systems of the aircraft during such tasks as patrolling, monitoring and management in the air of various activity types.
32COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF OSA & BE-103 PERFORMANCES SpecificationBE-103OSAEngine, producer countryTCM IO-360ES, USAM-9F, RussiaQuantity and engine (power)2 x 210 h.p.1 x 420 h.p.Usable fuelAviation gasoline 100LLMotor petrol AI-92, AI-95Maximum take-off weight, kg2330Empty weight, kg18501660Useful load, kg480670Maximum fuel capacity, kg245242Stalling speed, km/h112Maximum cruising speed, km/h240Economic speed, km/h190201Seating capacity, persons1+41+5Maximum range (with emergency reserve for 30 min), km11001035Range (3 passengers onboard), km650980Range (5 passengers onboard), km-745Maximum wave height, m0.40.5Fuel cost per one flight hour, USD100.629.6