Pesticide Storage Violations 2009 – 38 out of 394 pesticide related violations 2008 - 58 out of 479 pesticide related violations 2007 - 23 out of 352 pesticide related violations 2006 - 22 out of 275 pesticide related violations 2005 – 23 out of 272 pesticide related violations
Understanding Pesticide Storage Requirements – Why is it so hard? Multiple Agency Jurisdiction A universal seal of approval is not available Resources not readily accessible The belief that a good storage facility will cost lots of money Difficulties finding solutions – Fear of calling attention to their facility – Don’t know who to ask
Multiple Agency Jurisdiction Oregon State Fire Marshal Oregon Department of Environmental Quality Oregon Department of Agriculture Oregon OSHA Local Building Codes US Environmental Protection Agency US Department of Homeland Security
Multiple Agency Jurisdiction Fire Marshal- Fire – exposures to responders, neighbors DEQ- Spills on land, into water, up in smoke – ODFW & US Fish & Wildlife ODA- Use not consistent with the label Oregon OSHA- employee exposures Building codes- tied to fire codes US EPA – following label US Homeland Security – not abetting terrorists
Financial Costs & Pesticide Storage Crop loss from inadvertent contamination in storage Loss of pesticides due to fire Environmental cleanup costs > $1000/hour Loss of pesticides due to theft Liability to neighbors Equipment & structure loss Insurance costs
Pesticide Storage : First Steps Growers need to conduct an inventory of the pesticides they have. OR-OSHA has different regulations for general use pesticides and restricted use pesticides. – General Use: OAR 437-004-1680 (1-5) – Restricted Use: OAR 437-004-1680 (1-9) If restricted use products are present the rule applies to all pesticides in storage (437-004- 1680(1-9). Oregon OSHA looks for HAZARDS.
OR-OSHA Pesticide Requirements General Use -Hazardous chemicals must be stored separately if they could cause hazardous reactions. Label by category
Store Pesticides in Accordance with: Label, packaging, or MSDS Signage required for aluminum phosphide
Follow the Label Do NOT store within 100 feet of a well
Following the Label Is hard to do when there Isn’t one.
Control the Conditions Excessive freezing or heat may cause containers to break, melt, explode, and some pesticides to volatilize, drift, degrade Use exhaust fans to reduce temperature, remove dust and vapor to the outside Keep storage area cool well-ventilated, and dry
Provide Adequate Lighting Lighting equal to 20 foot candles For reading labeling, spotting leaks, and cleaning up spills Use spark-proof fixtures and switches!
OR-OSHA Pesticide Requirements General Use, cont. Storage and removal of hazardous chemicals must not cause hazards to workers.
Personal Protective Equipment Do NOT store with pesticides Store PPE away from Pesticides
Decontamination If pesticides are mixed adjacent to the pesticide storage area: – Soap – Water – Paper towels – Change of coveralls – 15 minute emergency eyewash when mixing Danger or Danger Poison pesticides.
Emergency Eyewash AT MIX SITE ACCEPTABLE NOT ACCEPTABLE AT THE MIX SITE ACCEPTABLE / PORTABLE WHEN?? LABEL SAYS: DANGER DANGER POISON
OR-OSHA Pesticide Requirements General Use - Notes Electrical wiring must comply with Division 4/S When dispensing a flammable or combustible liquid must comply with Division 4/H Chemical storage must comply with appropriate state and local fire codes, NFPA 34 & Division 4/H
OR-OSHA Pesticide Requirements Restricted Use Pesticides Lock the storage area to prevent access by unauthorized employees.
RESTRICTED USE PESTICIDE REQUIREMENTS Store by category, not by the alphabet!
RESTRICTED USE REQUIREMENTS Seal floors and shelves to prevent the absorbtion of hazardous chemicals
Pesticide Storage Regulations Restricted Use When the storage area contains enough chemicals that a leak or spill could cause material to leave the confines of the building, there must be methods or means to contain the material.
SPILLS: Prepare in Advance – Spills in Storage are Concentrates! PREPARE TRAIN PRACTICE LIMITS ECONOMIC IMPACT Cleanup of some chemical spills may fall under Division 4/H (Haz Waste Op & Emergency Response)
Spills Containers can be damaged in transit and can leak, dissolve or be ripped. Receivers should be aware of these problems. Is there a plan for addressing these issues?
Pesticide Spills PPE requirements vary depending on the type of spill. Growers need to know their limit: when is the spill too big to clean up safely. Do they have an outside contractor for cleanup? C ontrol - C ontain - C lean up The 3 C’s WA Ecology
Find an Event Pesticides with the following ingredients will be accepted at no charge* Chlorpyrifos (Dursban, Lorsban) 2, 4, 5-Trichlorphenol (Silvex, Fenoprop) Dicofol (Kelthane) Dinoseb (Dinitro, Premerge) Dyfonate (Fonofos) Bendiocarb (Ficam, Dycarb, Seedox) Azinphos methyl (Guthion) Chlorfenvinphos Carbofuran (Furadan) DDT Aldrin (Aldrex) Dieldrin (Dieldrite) Endosulfan (Thiodan, Thionex) Endrin (Endrix) Heptachlor (Chlorodane) Hexachlorobenzene Lead Arsenate (Gypsine, Security) Lindane (hexachlorocyclohexane, gamma-BHC) (Agrocide, Benexane) Mercury-based pesticides (e.g. mercurous chloride, mercuric chloride) Methoxychlor (Marlate, Chemform, Double-M) Mirex Phosphamdion (Dimecron) Toxaphene *The first 200 pounds of other pesticides will also be accepted at no charge. Additional quantities of other pesticides are accepted at $1.10 per pound. Clackamas event: 18,351 pounds from 51 individuals
Site Security Is important if the location of the pesticide storage area is vulnerable to theft. Encourage inventory awareness to report theft immediately of DANGER/POISON products. Encourage pesticide storage areas to be in a secure location, report suspicious activity. Keep the storage area locked. Inform growers that they don’t want a product from their farm to be implicated in someone’s death.
RESOURCES* Designing Pesticide Storage buildings: see the order form in your handout. Fire Codes: State Fire Marshal Protecting groundwater: DEQ, Soil & Water Conservation Districts Employee safety & Health: Oregon OSHA –call for a FREE consultation! Old chemicals: – ODA, DEQ, Soil & Water Conservation Districts
Photo Credits Garnet Cooke, Pesticide Coordinator, OR- OSHA National Pesticide Applicator Core Manual, Washington State University Extension: Chapter 8. Virginia Tech Pesticide Program – http://www.pesticidepics.org/main.php http://www.pesticidepics.org/main.php