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Y. PERIOD I 1. Weapon/Classroom Safety 2. Description and Characteristics 3. Nomenclature 4. Clearing 5. Disassembly/Assembly and Function Check 6. Inspection,

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Presentation on theme: "Y. PERIOD I 1. Weapon/Classroom Safety 2. Description and Characteristics 3. Nomenclature 4. Clearing 5. Disassembly/Assembly and Function Check 6. Inspection,"— Presentation transcript:

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2 PERIOD I 1. Weapon/Classroom Safety 2. Description and Characteristics 3. Nomenclature 4. Clearing 5. Disassembly/Assembly and Function Check 6. Inspection, Care, Cleaning and Lubrication y

3 PERIOD I (Continued) 7. Ammunition 8. Loading and Clearing 9. Stoppages, Malfunctions, Immediate Action 10. Installing and Removing Blank Firing Adapter 11. Methods of Destruction y

4 1.Clearing the automatic rifle 2.Full loading the automatic rifle using belted ammunition 3.Clearing belted ammunition from the full-load position 4.Disassembly of the automatic rifle 5.Assembly of the automatic rifle 6.Function check of the automatic rifle 7.Applying immediate action procedures y

5 Violations of Weapon Safety Rules may result in immediate removal from the training area.

6 1.Air cooled 2.Automatic weapon 3.Disintegrating metallic split link belt or magazine fed 4.Fires from the open bolt 5.Fixed headspace 6.Gas operated mm NATO standard ammunition

7 PERFORMANCE LENGTH41 Inches WEIGHT16.5 lbs.

8 RANGES Maximum Range3,600m Maximum adjustable 1000m MAX. EFFECTIVE RANGE Point targets 600m Area targets800m Suppression1000m

9 RATES OF FIRE Sustained – 50 rpm Rapid – 50 rpm Cyclic – 850 rpm

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11 1.Place on fire, lock bolt to rear 2.Safety on 3.Return cocking handle forward 4.Raise cover and feed mechanism and visually inspect chamber, receiver and magazine well 5.Close cover, select fire, and ride the bolt gently forward using the cocking handle while pressing the trigger to rear 6.Weapon remains on fire (bolt forward, weapon on fire)

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13 The weapon must always be CLEARED before disassembling. The Instructor will Demonstrate.

14 1.Remove Operating Group 2.Remove Barrel Group 3.Remove Gas Regulator and Collar 4.Remove Hand-guard assembly 5.Remove Butt stock/shoulder assembly and Trigger assembly 6.Remove Gas Cylinder and Bipod group

15 FIELD STRIP

16 EIGHT MAJOR GROUPS

17 INSPECTION CLEANING LUBRICATION REASSEMBLY

18 1.Clear Weapon 2.Safety off, lock bolt to rear 3.Safety on 4.Pull trigger ( should not fire ) 5.Check fire (a) Safety off (b) Pull trigger, ride bolt forward (c) Bolt forward, remains on fire

19 TYPES AND USES

20 Full load (open cover) Weapon to fire Lock bolt to the rear Safety on Inspect 5 safety points Ammo on tray Close cover

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22 Unloading from a full load: Ensure safety is on Raise cover, remove ammo Inspect 5 safety points Close cover Safety off Ride bolt forward

23 Magazine fed- 1. Weapon to fire 2. Lock bolt to the rear 3. Safety on 4. Inspect 5 safety points 5. Close cover 6. Insert magazine

24 Unloading from a full load: Ensure safety is on Remove magazine Raise cover Inspect 5 safety points Close cover Safety off Ride bolt forward

25 STOPPAGE- MALFUNCTION- IMMEDIATE ACTION-

26 IMMEDIATE ACTION Within 10 seconds Bolt to rear Round ejects -- continue

27 Remedial – Cold Barrel Round not ejected Hold handle to rear Open cover Remove ammo Inspect/clear weapon Round in chamber Close cover Attempt to fire

28 Remedial – Hot Barrel During combat, wait 5 seconds because of the possibility of a hangfire before applying remedial action. During training, wait 15 minutes before clearing a hot weapon and applying remedial action. 0

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30 FIVE METHODS 5. Disposal 4. Demolition 3. Gunfire 2. Burning 1. Mechanical

31 If you do not understand anything covered during Period I, ask now!

32 PERIOD II 1.Roles of the automatic rifle 2.Characteristics of fire 3.Range determination/Lateral distance measurement 4.Principles of fire 5.Engagement of visible targets 6.Limited visibility 7.Predetermined fires

33 ROLES OF THE AUTOMATIC RIFLE Support rifleman Engage intermediate distance targets Heavy volume of fire Assault weapon in close quarters or entry procedures

34 CHARACTERISTICS OF FIRE Trajectory Maximum ordinate Cone of fire Beaten zone Danger space Dead space

35 CHARACTERISTICS OF FIRE Trajectory--path of projectile –Almost flat at 300 meters or less –Beyond 300 meters, trajectory is curved and becomes greater as range increases

36 CHARACTERISTICS OF FIRE Maximum ordinate –Highest point trajectory reaches from muzzle to target –Occurs at 2/3 of distance between gun and target

37 CHARACTERISTICS OF FIRE

38 Cone of fire –Pattern formed by several rounds in a burst, each round taking a slightly different trajectory –Caused by vibration of the gun or variations in ammunition and atmospheric conditions

39 CHARACTERISTICS OF FIRE Beaten zone - area where cone of fire strikes the ground Changes when range to target changes –Uniformly sloping or level terrain, beaten zone is long and narrow –Beaten zone becomes shorter and wider as range to target increases –Terrain sloping down and away, beaten zone becomes longer –Terrain rising, beaten zone becomes shorter –Terrain has no great effect on the width of the beaten zone

40 CHARACTERISTICS OF FIRE

41 Danger space-space between gun and target where trajectory does not rise above 1.8 meters Fired over level terrain – Danger space to 700 meters

42 CHARACTERISTICS OF FIRE Dead space-area that cant be seen or covered by gun position –Caused by depressions, rises, obstructions, etc. –Must be covered by a different weapon position or other type of weapon ie. M203

43 RANGE DETERMINATION Position disclosure Required for reporting adjustment of fire

44 RANGE DETERMINATION METHODS – 100 meter unit of measure Pacing Appearance of Objects Method

45 PRINCIPLES OF FIRE Types of targets –Point –Area –Linear –Deep –Linear with depth

46 PRINCIPLES OF FIRE

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54 If you do not understand anything covered during Period I, ask now!

55 PERIOD III 1.Firing Positions 2.Grip 3.Aiming 4.Trigger Manipulation 5.Mechanical Zero 6.Sight Adjustments 7.Adjusted Aiming Point 8.Firing while wearing CWDE

56 1.Prone position 2.Right handed 3.Feet spread, heels down 4.Shoulder rest up

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58 Grip Right hand on grip Left hand on cover Weapon pulled into shoulder with 3 rd and 4 th fingers of the shooting hand

59 Aiming Sight alignment 1. Front-sight blade centered in rear sight aperture 2. Top of front-sight blade even with center of rear sight aperture

60 Aiming Sight Picture 1.Top of front sight on center base of target 2.Eye focus on front-sight

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62 Trigger Manipulation Pull trigger and release Control rounds in burst

63 Windage Turn sight full left Count number of clicks while turning windage knob full right Back off half the number of clicks to the left

64 Elevation Turn sight full up Count number of clicks while turning sight full down Back off half the number of clicks up

65 Windage knob 1 click = 6 in. at 300 meters Push right / Pull left Elevation knob 1 click = 6 in. at 300 meters Push up / Pull down

66 Firing while wearing CWDE Weapon cant Sight alignment Barrel change

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68 ANY QUESTIONS?

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