Presentation on theme: "Rhiannon Twells. :When food enters your mouth we must first of course chew it !!! :Then your back teeth (Molars) mash it down so its easier to swallow."— Presentation transcript:
:When food enters your mouth we must first of course chew it !!! :Then your back teeth (Molars) mash it down so its easier to swallow
:The food then enters the stomach, which has three mechanical tasks to do. First, the stomach must store the swallowed food and liquid. This requires the muscle of the upper part of the stomach to relax and accept large volumes of swallowed material. The second job is to mix up the food, liquid, and digestive juice produced by the stomach. The lower part of the stomach mixes these materials by its muscle action. The third task of the stomach is to empty its contents slowly into the small intestine.
By the time ingesta reaches the small intestine, foodstuffs have been mechanically broken down and reduced to a liquid by mastication and grinding in the stomach. Once within the small intestine, these macromolecular aggregates are exposed to pancreatic enzymes and bile, which enables digestion to molecules capable or almost capable of being absorbed. The final stages of digestion occur on the surface of the small intestinal epithelium.pancreatic enzymesbile The net effect of passage through the small intestine is absorption of most of the water and electrolytes (sodium, chloride, potassium) and essentially all dietary organic molecules (including glucose, amino acids and fatty acids). Through these activities, the small intestine not only provides nutrients to the body, but plays a critical role in water and acid- base balance.
Excretion is the process of eliminating from an organism waste products of other materials that are of no use In humans the main organs of excretion are the kidneys and accessory urinary organs
Thank you for watching my presentation on the digestion in the human body.