Presentation on theme: "The Top Ten Objections to Christianity"— Presentation transcript:
1The Top Ten Objections to Christianity Equipping UVictory Baptist ChurchFall 2008
2Objection #3 “The Bible is not authentic” “How can I know the Bible is really true?”“Can the Bible be trusted?”“Is the Bible the Word of God?”
3Objection #3 “The Bible is not authentic” Reasons to trust the Bible:Manuscript EvidenceArcheological EvidenceFulfilled prophesyScientific accuracyIndestructibilityUniversal influenceLife-changing effects
4Objection #3 “The Bible is not authentic” Manuscript EvidenceVolumePlato – 7 surviving manuscriptsThucydides – 8Herodotus – 8Livy (Roman historian) – 10Tacitus – 20Homer (Iliad) – 643New Testament – >24,000 surviving manuscripts !5,400 Greek10,000 Latin9,300 Other (Syriac, Slavic, Gothic, Ethiopian, Armenian)
5Objection #3 “The Bible is not authentic” Manuscript EvidenceTime GapsTime between the actual events and the earliest known manuscripts regarding the eventHerodotus – 1300 yearsPliny – 800 yearsHomer – 500 yearsDead Sea Scrolls dated from 150 B.C. to 70 A.D.Dead Sea Scrolls ~250 to 470 years between scrolls and Malachi.New Testament – years between events of Jesus’ life and writing of all New Testament books.
6Objection #3 “The Bible is not authentic” Dead Sea ScrollsDiscovered in in 11 caves on northwest shore of Dead SeaWritten in Hebrew, Aramaic, and GreekWritten by Essens a group of scholarly JewsOver 1000 documents, including non-religious textsEntire Hebrew Bible except book of EstherSome complete, some fragmentsEntire book of Isaiah was in complete textual agreement with the previously oldest text (Massoretic) from around 900 A.D.
7Objection #3 “The Bible is not authentic” “The evidence for our New Testament writings is ever so much greater than the evidence for many writings of classical authors, the authenticity of which no one dreams of questioning…. If the New Testament had been a collection of secular writings, their authenticity would generally be regarded as beyond all doubt.”F.F. Bruce, English scholar
8Objection #3 “The Bible is not authentic” ArcheologyDiscoveries of archeology can be helpful in removing doubts about the historical trustworthiness of the Bible. It can be used to demonstrate the people, places and events of the Bible are true.
9Objection #3 “The Bible is not authentic” ArcheologyBurial SitesJesus – Emperor Constantine locates the tomb under a 2nd century Roman Temple and builds The Church of the Holy Sepulchre on the site.
10Objection #3 “The Bible is not authentic” ArcheologyBurial SitesCaiaphas – high priest of Israel during earthly ministry of Christ. Ossuary discovered in 1990 by Jewish road workers. Contained bones of a 60 year old man. Elaborately decorated and inscribed with his name. First time archeology discovered physical remains of someone named in the Bible.
11Objection #3 “The Bible is not authentic” ArcheologyBurial SitesPatriarchs – Abraham, Isaac, Jacob buried in the Cave of Machpelah in modern Hebron. Writings from 200 B.C. confirm this site. Excavated in 1100s by individuals claiming to have found their bones. Now underneath a Muslim Mosque.
12Objection #3 “The Bible is not authentic” ArcheologyStructures excavatedMoab palace (Ehud assassinates Eglon) – Jud. 3:15-30.Baal Temple in Shechem – Judges 9:4, 46-49Royal palace of Samaria (Northern Kingdom) –I & II KingsPool of Assyria (Ahab’s chariot) – I Kings 22:29-38Hezekiah’s water tunnel – II kings 20:20Babylonian royal palace – Daniel 5Royal palace in Susa – EstherSynagogue in Capernaum – Mark 1:21-28Peter’s home – Matthew 8:14-16
13Objection #3 “The Bible is not authentic” ArcheologyStructures excavatedJacob’s well – John 4Pool of Bethesda (Jerusalem) – John 5:1-14Pool of Siloam – John 9:1-4Corinthian Tribunal – Acts 18:12-17Ephesian Theater – Acts 19:29Herod’s palace – Acts 23:33-35
14Objection #3 “The Bible is not authentic” ArcheologyOld Testament locations and events confirmedJerichoNinevehUr (Abraham’s birthplace)BabylonMeggido (Solomon’s horse stables)TyrePapyrus confirming Sanballat/Tobiah as rulers during Nehemiah rebuilding Jersusalem’s walls.
15Objection #3 “The Bible is not authentic” Fulfilled ProphecyApproximately 2500 prophecies in the BibleAround 2000 already fulfilled –To the letter!500 or so related to future events.Chance of any one prophecy coming true is ~ 1 in 10.Chance of 2000 unrelated prophecies coming true is 1 in !Deuteronomy 18:21-22“And if thou say in thine heart, How shall we know the word which the LORD hath not spoken? When a prophet speaketh in the name of the LORD, if the thing follow not, nor come to pass, that is the thing which the LORD hath not spoken, but the prophet hath spoken it presumptuously: thou shalt not be afraid of him.”
16Objection #3 “The Bible is not authentic” Fulfilled ProphesyJesusMore than 300 were fulfilled with His first coming.> 20 specific Old Testament prophecies were fulfilled during the 24-hour period of his crucifixion.Specific and verifiable.Recorded hundreds of years before His birth.Peter Stoner – mathematicianLooked at 48 specific prophecies concerning Jesus.Odds of all 48 coming true is 1 in !Changed his life and converted to Christianity.
17Objection #3 “The Bible is not authentic” Historical AccuracyBible is more accurate than written histories of Egypt, Assyria and other nations.“No archeological discovery has ever controverted a biblical reference. Scores of archeological findings have been mad which confirm in clear outline or in exact detail historical statements in the Bible.”Dr. Nelson Glueck, archeologist
18Objection #3 “The Bible is not authentic” Scientific AccuracyThe Bible is not a science textbook, however many principles of modern science were recorded as facts of nature in its pages long before scientists and explorers confirmed them experimentally.Roundness of the earth – Isaiah 40:22Almost infinite extent of the universe – Isaiah 55:9Law of conservation of mass/energy – II Peter 3:7Hydrologic cycle – Ecclesiastes 1:7Vast number of stars – Jeremiah 33:22Law of increasing entropy – Psalms 102:25-27Importance of blood in life processes – Leviticus 17:11Atmospheric circulation – Ecclesiastes 1:6Gravitational field – Job 26:7
19Objection #3 “The Bible is not authentic” IndestructibilityEmperor Diocletian A.D. 303Ordered all Bibles destroyed.20 years later, Constantine offered a reward for any remaining Bibles. In 24 hours, 50 were brought to him.Pope Innocent III – 1199 A.D.Orders all Bibles burned.Communist dictators – Joseph StalinYet there are more copies than any other book in history!
20Objection #3 “The Bible is not authentic” Unique Structure66 books written over a 2,000 year period by men of all different walks of life(kings, princes, statesmen, men of science, priests, fisherman, herdsmen, shepherds, etc).Each one lived in their own place in history and did not know what the others had written. None knew there writings would be compiled into one book.Consistent message conveyed throughout the entire Bible – The story of God’s creative and redemptive work on the behalf of mankind.
21Objection #3 “The Bible is not authentic” Universal InfluenceFoundational document of Western CivilizationMagna Carta and Declaration of Independence mention of God or Creator.117 of the world’s most famous paintings are of Biblical characters.Numerous composers of classical music drew on Biblical truth to stir their creative genius.
22Objection #3 “The Bible is not authentic” Life-Changing EffectMillions of changed lives.People willing to endure torture and imprisonment.
23Objection #3 “The Bible is not authentic” Reasons confirming the Bible’s trustworthinessInternally consistentExternally validatedArcheologyFulfilled prophecyMiraculously preservedManuscript evidenceComprehensively accurateHistoricalScientific
24Objection #3 “The Bible is not authentic” Good websites: