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Regional Climate Change Adaptation Knowledge Network.

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Presentation on theme: "Regional Climate Change Adaptation Knowledge Network."— Presentation transcript:

1 Regional Climate Change Adaptation Knowledge Network

2 Goal  To facilitate climate change adaptation in Asia at local, national and regional levels and strengthen adaptive capacity

3 Regional knowledge sharing system establishedNew knowledge generatedExisting and new knowledge applied Three components

4 Asia-Pacific Climate Change Adaptation Forum 2011 Mainstreaming Adaptation into Development: ADAPTATION in ACTION Acknowledge with thanks



7 Gaps in actions taken to adapting to climate change (policies, institutions, programs, etc.) specifically on the implementation of RAN-PI at both national and local levels; Knowledge and technology needs to enhance adaptive capacity and foster resilience; and, Capacity needs of different stakeholders including the government and national agencies/ institutions to implement adaptation priorities. Objectives

8  Geographically marginal, economically peripheral and ecologically vulnerable provinces  Lesser Sunda Islands (Bali, Nusa Tenggara Barat, Nusa Tenggara Timur) Focus


10 Desa (Village) Kabupaten (District) Provincial National Levels of assessment 06 Sept - 02 Oct 2011 06 Oct 2011

11  Averaged 2 hours  Facilitated by a local facilitator  Number of participants: from 10 to 20 Focus group discussions




15 National FGD

16 LevelPlaceEcosystemNumber of Participants Main occupational characteristic of participants ProvincialMataram17Representatives from various NGOs in NTB and provincial gov’t departments; 1 from academe DesaGili AirIsland13Mix farmers, fishers and tourism industry workers Jambi AnomCoastal13Fishers SuelaForest14Involved in community forestry SembalunMountain11Farmers (Adat community) Karang BajoCoastal21Farmers (Adat community) Kabupaten Lombok Utara Gondang14Mostly government representatives; 2 NGOS Individual interviews Narmada, Darek – Ketara, Tanjung Aan - Kuta 3Darek – livestock farming, labouring Institutional Interview Sulistyono - Koslata1Disaster Risk Reduction Focus group discussions, Nusa Tenggara Barat (n=107)

17 LevelPlaceEcosystemNumber of Participants Main characteristics of participants ProvincialKupang14Representatives from various NGOs in NTT and provincial gov’t departments; 3 from academe DesaLelobatan, Mollo Utara Mountain16Farmers Tuapakas, KualinCoastal97Farmers and fishers Poloh, PaniteAgricultural8Farmers Kabupaten Timor Tengah Selata Soe10Half gov’t, half NGOs Institutional interviewPikul1Community Empowerment, Advocacy Focus group discussions, Nusa Tenggara Timur (n=146)

18 LevelPlaceEcosystemNumber of Participants Main characteristics of participants ProvincialDenpasar20Representatives from various NGOs in Bali and provincial gov’t departments; 1 from academe DesaPelaga, Badung Utara (subak abian) Agricultural17Farmers Geluntung, Margarana, Tabanan (subak sawah) Agricultural14Farmers Kabupaten Tabanan 12A number from government, some NGOs 2 cadre from political parties and 2 entrepreneurs Individual interviews Nusa Ceningan and Lembongan Small island5Fishers, seaweed farmers and tourism employee Institutional interview IDEP1Disaster Risk Reduction, Permaculture Focus group discussions, Bali (n=69)

19 Organisations represented at the National FGD WWF Indonesia, Marine Program Lembaga Penanggulangan Bencana dan Perubahan Iklim, Nahdlatul Ulama Platform Nasional PRB (National Platform for DRR) Air Kita Foundation AMAN WALHI, International Affair and Climate Justice SCDRR (Safer Communities through Disaster Risk Reduction) Mercy Corps Indonesian Earth Institute Humanitarian Forum Indonesia Australian-Indonesian Facilities for Disaster Reduction Dewan Nasional Perubahan Iklim, the National Council for Climate Change DNPI Karitas Indonesia Masyarakat Penanggulangan Bencana Indonesia, Indonesian Community for Disaster Reduction Telapak

20  Gili Air, small island village:  Problem: water scarcity,water management  Water polution from swimming pool maintenance for tourism  Coastal abrasion  Extreme weather  Need: better knowledge on coastal and reef ecosystem  Jambi Anom, coastal village:  Problem: traditional/artisanal fishers hard to cope with extreme and unpredictable weather.  Need: instant alternative livelihood  Suela, community forestry village:  Problem: more and new (unknown)pests  Higher demand for fuelwood for tobacco smoking after government stopped kerosene subsidy.  Need: more participation action research on managing impacts of CC.  Sembalun, mountain agricultural village:  Problem: unpredictable and extreme weather that they used to highly rely on for their live and cultural events.  Need: materials and trainers for their learning and empowerment center for “pesantren pertanian” and adat communities.  Karang Bajo, coastal adat community village:  Problem: unpredictable and extreme weather that they used to highly rely on for their live and cultural events.  Need: materials and trainers for their learning and empowerment center for women and adat communities. Nusa Tenggara Barat

21  Provincial level, Kupang:  Kabupaten level (Timor Tengah Selatan), Soe:  Lelobatan-Mollo Utara, mountain agricultural & adat community village:  Problem: unpredictable weather caused crops failure  food and seed scarcity, insecure sowing season.  Food and seed management in “rumah bulat” disrupted.  Need: instant alternative livelihood, weather proof variety of crops.  Tuapakas-Kualin, coastal & adat community village:  Problem: unpredictable weather caused crops failure  food and seed scarcity, insecure sowing season.  Threats from offshore mining exploration that using dynamite, killing reef-fishes  Alternative income from colour gravel stones mining on the beach, but may cause coastal abrasion in longer term.  Need: alternative livelihood.  Poloh-Panite, agricultural village:  Problem: unpredictable weather caused crops failure  food and seed scarcity, insecure sowing season; very dry arid land, but occassionally flooded in dry season.  Lack of other source of income, but very creative in hand-made textile weaving that might be an asset for safety net.  Need: instant alternative livelihood. Nusa Tenggara Timur

22  Kabupaten level (Tabanan), Tabanan:  Already aware of CC, have done some replanting and reforestation, water management with biopores, catchment-well, etc.  Need: integrated approach for better adaptation ad mitigation for CC.  Pelaga-Badung Utara, subak abian village:  Problem: unpredictable weather caused crops failure, more and unknown pests.  Ecotourism as an alternative livelihood is more promising.  Need: more information about CC and how to adapt with it.  Geluntung-Margarana, Tabanan, subak sawah village:  Problem: not aware of CC, more concerns on agricultural chemical inputs and want to go back to organic farming. Bali

23  Unknown at the kabupaten and village levels. For instance, in North Lombok, only 3 of 15 FGD participants at the kabupaten level knew about the document. Of these three, only one has vaguely read it.  Climate change as such is not so much an issue at the local level but immediate developmental problems such as disruption in traditional natural resource management systems. Summary of initial findings…RAN-PI

24  How much of the survival of groups depend on rights? What are the rights angle of adaptation? Would households with better bundle of rights adapt better to climate change impacts?  Are islands legitimate administrative units to demand government services? What are the bargaining rights of small islands?  What innovations are needed to be able to adapt successfully to food scarcity and heightened impacts of CC? What technologies and seeds that are attuned to drier environments?  How assets are used to adapt to extreme events?  What happened to the seed banks in the villages? Are there seed banks in the village? Rumah bulad – traditional barn – how to build knowledge of seeds to the next generation? How do you store seeds?  How do you document local knowledge on seed management as a form of adaptive management? How is this being affected by aspirational changes and migration of young generation? How gendered is this? How affected by the movement of young women to work as maids in Singapore? Research questions

25  Identify local champions – entry point to empowerment- assistance can only be sustained by working through local champions  More field schools on climate change to educate younger kids (sekolah lapang) – already existing  Supporting multi-stakeholder interests (e.g. business sector) – finding and support a common agenda as a trigger to leverage funds for the players (eg Tabanan) – trigger the experience of positive interaction  How to document local knowledge? Capacity building

26 At the national level the issue is on the integration of CCA and DRR not just assessing how much been implemented. At the community level, both issues (including mitigation) are integrated to solve urgent problems. Differentiating who the players are on CCA and DRR is not relevant Coordination and collaboration among governmental and non-governmental institutions is essential to overcome ego-sectoral approach. Problem: without really looking or assessing how far the RAN PI has been implemented at the lower level, the National Planning Body (Bappenas) is planning to issue the new National Action Plan (RAN) especially addressing CC Adaptation. WALHI complains about too much RAN documents already that their contents are conflicting and overlapping  need real integration at the national level, especially on the masterplan of national and regional spatial planning. And this should be supported with binding regulations. For instance, the RAN PI still needs a national law as a legal basis to be implemented at the lower levels. Result of Discussion…National

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